Powder Springs, Georgia

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Powder Springs, Georgia
City
Downtown Powder Springs
Downtown Powder Springs
Motto: "Small enough to know you...Large enough to serve you"[1]
Location in Cobb County and the state of Georgia
Location in Cobb County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 33°51′57″N 84°40′49″W / 33.86583°N 84.68028°W / 33.86583; -84.68028Coordinates: 33°51′57″N 84°40′49″W / 33.86583°N 84.68028°W / 33.86583; -84.68028
Country United States
State Georgia
County Cobb
Government
 • Mayor Al Thurman
Area
 • Total 7.18 sq mi (18.60 km2)
 • Land 7.17 sq mi (18.57 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 945 ft (288 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,940
 • Density 1,945/sq mi (750.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 30127
Area code(s) 770/678/470
FIPS code 13-62524[2]
GNIS feature ID 0356480[3]
Website www.cityofpowdersprings.org

Powder Springs is a city in Cobb County, Georgia, United States. The population was 13,940 at the 2010 census,[4] with an estimated population for 2015 of 14,826.[5]

In 2015 the city elected its first black mayor, Al Thurman. He was the first African American to be elected as mayor in Cobb County,[6] but was one of several elected in small towns in Georgia in 2015.[7]

History[edit]

The town of Powder Springs was incorporated as Springville in 1838 in the lands of two Cherokee Indian leaders. Gold had been discovered in Georgia ten years earlier, and the first European-American settlers came to find gold. The settlers found little gold in the mines at Lost Mountain and off Brownsville Road. It was at about this time that the Cherokee people were forced off their land and removed to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River on the Trail of Tears.

Springville was renamed as Powder Springs in 1859. The name was derived from the seven springs in the city limits.[8] The water in these springs contains some 26 minerals that turn the surrounding sand black like gunpowder – hence the earlier name of Gunpowder Springs.[9]

Civil War history includes a skirmish at Lattermore's Mills on June 20, 1864, that was a part of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain and General Sherman's Atlanta Campaign.[10] Many slaves escaped the plantations in this area to join Sherman's forces and gain freedom.

Geography[edit]

Powder Springs is located in southwestern Cobb County at 33°51′57″N 84°40′49″W / 33.86583°N 84.68028°W / 33.86583; -84.68028 (33.865933, -84.680349).[11] U.S. Route 278 (C. H. James Parkway) passes through the city west of its center, leading 5 miles (8 km) southeast to Austell and 11 miles (18 km) northwest to Dallas. Downtown Atlanta is 22 miles (35 km) to the east via US 278 and Interstate 20.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Powder Springs has a total area of 7.2 square miles (18.6 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.17%, is water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 262
1900 280 6.9%
1910 315 12.5%
1920 336 6.7%
1930 342 1.8%
1940 431 26.0%
1950 619 43.6%
1960 746 20.5%
1970 2,559 243.0%
1980 3,381 32.1%
1990 6,893 103.9%
2000 12,481 81.1%
2010 13,940 11.7%
Est. 2015 14,826 [5] 6.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 12,481 people, 4,004 households, and 3,267 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,969.2 people per square mile (760.1/km²). There were 4,101 housing units at an average density of 647.0 per square mile (249.7/km²) The racial makeup of the city was 57.89% African American, 37.38% Caucasian, 0.20% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.72% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.32% of the population.

There were 4,004 households out of which 50.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.4% were non-families. 14.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.39.

In the city, the population was spread out with 33.8% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 36.9% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $56,486, and the median income for a family was $59,392. Males had a median income of $41,345 versus $31,774 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,776. About 5.8% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Education[edit]

Powder Springs city hall

Powder Springs Public Schools are part of the Cobb County School District, and is home to McEachern High School, located on the site of the former Native American burial ground and the former Seventh District Agricultural and Mechanical (A&M) School.

The late Georgia Senator Richard B. Russell attended the Seventh District A&M School. The administrative building of McEachern High School is named for Senator Russell.

Other schools serving Powder Springs include Hillgrove High School, Tapp Middle School, Dobbins Middle School, Powder Spring Elementary School, Lovinggood Middle School, Varner Elementary, Compton Elementary, Kemp Elementary, Still Elementary, and Vaughan Elementary.[16]

Media[edit]

The Bright Side is a newspaper serving Powder Springs and several other small cities.[7]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official Website of Powder Springs, Georgia". Official Website of Powder Springs, Georgia. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Powder Springs city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Carolyn Cunningham, "Powder Springs runoff elects a new mayor and a council member", AJC, 1 December 2015; accessed 12 December 2016
  7. ^ a b c Timothy Pratt, "New black mayors make a difference, one Georgia town at a time", Aljazeera (US), 16 February 2016; accessed 12 December 2016
  8. ^ "Profile for Powder Springs, Georgia, GA". ePodunk. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  9. ^ georgia.gov - City of Powder Springs
  10. ^ Skirmish at Lattermore's Mills/Powder Springs Georgia June 20 in History
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ http://www.cityofpowdersprings.org/index.aspx?NID=333
  14. ^ Powder Springs, GA - Official Website - Trails
  15. ^ Silver Comet Trail, Powder Springs Trailhead Facts - Powder Springs, GA
  16. ^ "Cobb County School District". Cobb County School District. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Cannon, Arthur Patrick (Pat), (1904 - 1966)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  18. ^ Filmreference.com: Robyn Lively
  19. ^ http://alt.coxnewsweb.com/blogs/content/shared-blogs/accessatlanta/movies/entries/2008/05/16/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ "City Council Members and Mayor", City of Powder Springs

External links[edit]