Santa Paula, California
|City of Santa Paula|
|General law city|
Location in Ventura County and the state of California
|Incorporated||April 22, 1902|
|• State senator||Hannah-Beth Jackson (D)|
|• Assemblymember||Das Williams (D)|
|• U.S. rep.||Julia Brownley (D)|
|• City||4.707 sq mi (12.189 km2)|
|• Land||4.593 sq mi (11.895 km2)|
|• Water||0.114 sq mi (0.294 km2) 2.41%|
|Elevation||279 ft (85 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||30,091|
|• Density||6,200/sq mi (2,400/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|ZIP codes||93060, 93061|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652793, 2411826|
Santa Paula is a city in Ventura County, California, United States. Situated amidst the orchards of the fertile Santa Clara River Valley, the city advertises itself to tourists as the "Citrus Capital of the World." Santa Paula was one of the early centers of California's petroleum industry. The Union Oil Company Building, the founding headquarters of the Union Oil Company of California in 1890, now houses the California Oil Museum. The population was 29,321 at the 2010 census, up from 28,598 at the 2000 census.
The area of what today is Santa Paula was originally inhabited by the Chumash, a Native American people. In 1769, the Spanish Portola expedition, first Europeans to see inland areas of California, came down the Santa Clara River Valley from the previous night's encampment near Fillmore and camped in the vicinity of Santa Paula on August 12, near one of the creeks coming into the valley from the north (probably Santa Paula Creek). Fray Juan Crespi, a Franciscan missionary travelling with the expedition, had previously named the valley Cañada de Santa Clara. He noted that the party traveled about 9 to 10 miles (14 to 16 km) that day and camped near a large native village, which he named San Pedro Amoliano. The arrival of the expedition has been designated California Historical Landmark No. 727.[note 1][note 2]
Franciscan missionaries, led by Father Junipero Serra, became active in the area after the founding of the San Buenaventura Mission and established an Asistencia; the town takes its name from the Catholic Saint Paula. Santa Paula is located on the 1843 Rancho Santa Paula y Saticoy Mexican land grant.
In 1872 Nathan Weston Blanchard purchased 2,700 acres (10.9 km2) and laid out the townsite. Considered the founder of the community, he planted seedling orange trees in 1874. Several small oil companies owned by Wallace Hardison, Lyman Stewart and Thomas R. Bard were combined and became the Union Oil Company in 1890.
The large South Mountain Oil Field southeast of town, just across the Santa Clara River, was discovered by the Oak Ridge Oil Company in 1916, and developed methodically through the 1920s, bringing further economic diversification and growth to the area. While the field peaked in production in the 1950s, Occidental Petroleum continues to extract oil through its Vintage Production subsidiary and remains a significant local employer.
The town has been devastated twice by floods. The first, known as the Great Flood of 1862, began on December 24, 1861. It rained for almost four weeks, reaching a total of 35 inches at Los Angeles. The second was caused by the failure and near complete collapse of the St. Francis Dam, which took place in the middle of the night on March 12, 1928. The dam was holding a full reservoir of 12.4 billion gallons (47 billion liters) of water that with the dam collapsed, began surging down San Francisquito Canyon and emptying into the Santa Clara River. The town was first hit by the waters at approximately 3:00 a.m. Though hundreds of homes and structures were destroyed, the loss of life would have been greater if it were not for two motorcycle police officers that noisily warned as many people as possible. A sculpture called "The Watchers" in downtown Santa Paula depicts this act of heroism.
Mission incident (industrial disaster)
A vacuum truck exploded at the Santa Clara Waste Water plant in the early morning hours of November 18, 2014. Two people were injured in the initial explosion, and 50 others were exposed to fumes from the spill of a highly volatile chemical mixture and required treatment at local hospitals. The driver was transporting waste from a temporary storage drum to a processing center when he stopped to take a meal break. The rear of of the truck exploded, spreading a white liquid over a 300-by-400-foot area (91 by 122 m) that spontaneously combusted as it dried and was sensitive to shock, pressure and the application of water or oxygen. The tires of the first fire truck on the scene and the boots of three firefighters sparked small explosions when they drove and walked over the substance as they went to help the injured workers. The incident evolved into a disaster when later in the morning additional materials began to burn and explode, which resulted in a three-mile-long plume of toxic smoke (4.8 km) and the closing of Highway 126. Chemical smoke drifted over the area and nearby residents and businesses were required to evacuate.
What was initially reported as sewage was found to be about 1,000 US gallons (3,800 l; 830 imp gal) of a chemical mixture consisting of some sort of organic peroxide. In the first days of the investigation, officials speculated that two inert chemicals mistakenly mixed in the truck and created an organic peroxide substance with sulfuric acid appearing to be part of the mix. Organic peroxide combines unstably bound oxygen together with hydrogen and carbon in the same molecule and ignites easily and then burns rapidly and intensely. While field testing was performed on the reactive material for initial identification, the county hazardous materials manager found that laboratories would not test the chemicals over concerns that lab personnel could be injured or their equipment damaged. Three weeks after the incident, the substance was still highly susceptible to friction and seemed to react to something as slight as wind. Sodium chlorite was identified in an internal investigation by the firm in the months following the disaster. The chemical was being using as a water treatment agent for the first time and was stored in the same type of storage container as wastewater according to the facility owner. The worker may have been confused the different materials and combined them in the vacuum truck where the chemical interacted with organic material in the wastewater, causing the explosion. A former county district attorney, retained by a company attorney, issued a report in March 2015 that provided a similar explanation of events. As of March 2015[update], authorities are still trying to determine the events that led to the explosion.
Although the explosion and resulting fumes caused injuries including the lungs of three fire-fighters who remained off-duty indefinitely, the material scattered around the site was found to be non-hazardous for clean-up purposes. The two fire engines that arrived first remained out of service for months and may ultimately have to be scrapped. The Ventura County Sheriff declared a local emergency so the Ventura County Board of Supervisors could ratify the action and allow the county to seek reimbursement for its costs from state disaster relief funds. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency oversaw the decontamination of the site. The material was neutralized and solidified on site. Tons of material were eventually taken to the Chiquita Canyon Landfill in nearby Castaic. Almost three months later on February 10, 2015, the County Supervisors ended the emergency declaration. With the permit to operate suspended, the firm needed to finish removing the waste materials and provide a plan that would show how another such incident would be prevented before being allowed to start accepting liquid waste again. County regulators and county supervisors also wanted the city of Oxnard to agree to accept the waste water again after an analysis of the safety of the pipeline.
On August 7, 2015, a Ventura County grand jury indicted the Santa Clara Waste Water Co. and 10 other defendants. Following the indictment, the district attorney had the 10 defendants arrested on suspicion of several felonies and misdemeanors, including filing a false or forged instrument, dissuading a witness from reporting a crime, known failure to warn of serious concealed danger, withholding information regarding a substantial danger to public safety, conspiracy to commit a crime, causing impairment of an employee’s body, and disposal of hazardous waste.
The facility at 815 Mission Rock Road, Santa Paula, provided service to over 30,000 waste generators. At the time, it had received and processed over 2,000,000,000 US gallons (7.6×109 l) since it opened in 1959. The company says they treat about 100 different streams of waste. The owner of facility said that they never had a major problem such as this since the plant only takes non-hazardous waste. The capacity of the facility was increased to handle up to 100-US-gallon-per-minute (380 l; 83 imp gal) or 140,000-US-gallon-per-day (530,000 L) by 2014. The facility provides an environmentally safe and legal means of treating, disposing and recycling of contaminated but non-hazardous waste as an alternative to dumping untreated wastes into municipal sewer systems or into the environment. The plant uses centrifuges, electrocoagulation, carbon and micron filtration, ozone injection, dissolved air flotation, and chemical treatments. Treated waste water is sent through a pipeline to the Oxnard municipal treatment plant.
A consortium of six major oil companies (Chevron, Exxon, Mobil, Shell, Texaco and Unocal) established Santa Clara Waste Water to service their internal disposal needs. Eventually the site became a full-service disposal facility for most non-hazardous wastewater and was renamed Southern California Waste Water. The site is located in a 91-acre industrial area (37 ha) that is surrounded by agriculture and located about 2-mile southwest (3.2 km) of the Santa Paula city limits. Green Compass that operates the facility also operates a Class II injection well in Kern County that is tailored toward oilfield production and completion fluids. The only other commercial facility for disposal of oil field waste in the county, operated by Anterra Corp. in Oxnard, temporarily expanded operations after the incident.
The city of Santa Paula, according to the United States Census Bureau, has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12 km2), 4.6 square miles (12 km2) of it land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (2.41%) water.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Santa Paula had a population of 29,321. The population density was 6,230.3 people per square mile (2,405.5/km²). The racial makeup of Santa Paula was 18,458 (63.0%) White, 152 (0.5%) African American, 460 (1.6%) Native American, 216 (0.7%) Asian, 24 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 8,924 (30.4%) from other races, and 1,087 (3.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23,299 persons (79.5%).
The Census reported that 29,188 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 44 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 89 (0.3%) were institutionalized.
There were 8,347 households, out of which 4,087 (49.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 4,767 (57.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,267 (15.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 650 (7.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 540 (6.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 45 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,331 households (15.9%) were made up of individuals and 678 (8.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.50. There were 6,684 families (80.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.85.
The population was spread out with 8,722 people (29.7%) under the age of 18, 3,295 people (11.2%) aged 18 to 24, 8,012 people (27.3%) aged 25 to 44, 6,193 people (21.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,099 people (10.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.1 years. For every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.5 males.
There were 8,749 housing units at an average density of 1,859.1 per square mile (717.8/km²), of which 4,694 (56.2%) were owner-occupied, and 3,653 (43.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.1%. 15,528 people (53.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 13,660 people (46.6%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 28,598 people, 8,137 households, and 6,435 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,214.6 inhabitants per square mile (2,400.4/km²). There were 8,341 housing units at an average density of 1,812.6 per square mile (700.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 35.2% White, 5.41% African American, 1.02% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, .37% from other races, and 4.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 61.2% of the population.
There were 8,136 households out of which 44.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.49 and the average family size was 3.86.
In the city the population was spread out with 31.4% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,651, and the median income for a family was $45,419. Males had a median income of $32,165 versus $25,818 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,736. About 12.2% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.
Santa Paula's economy is primarily agriculturally based, originally focusing on the growing of oranges and lemons. Santa Paula's mediterranean climate combined with an estimated 20 feet (6.1 m) of topsoil have made it a prime location for growing citrus. Avocado has also become a major crop and an avocado was added to the city's official seal (Calavo Growers, Inc. is headquartered here).
Santa Paula has very few large retail stores but residents often travel to neighboring cities to purchase hard goods. Santa Paula's Main Street area consists mostly of clothing shops, specialty shops, novelty shops, dollar stores, restaurants, service-oriented businesses and office space. The city also has neighborhood stores and small grocery markets. Many of these small shops and markets have a distinct Latin-American flavor, often selling myriad imported items. In addition some markets also have a meat department which sells a variety of beef, poultry, and seafood.
A 501-acre expansion (203 ha) on the eastern edge of Santa Paula was approved in 2015. This residential and commercial development by Limoneira was known as "East Area One" for the purpose of approval. Officials and residents were hoping this major expansion of the city would create new jobs and increase tax revenue for the cash-strapped city. When the project was first proposed in 1997, concerns were raised that Limoneira was beginning to develop their extensive holdings of prime farmland. Company officials claimed that 83% of the Teague-McKevett parcel was either unsuitable for agriculture or had a low value because of poor soil and drainage.
The Santa Clara Valley represents one of the best preserved examples of a mature Southern California landscape of citrus groves. Tourists find a town with a main street reminiscent of Middle America in an agricultural setting preserved through Ventura County's greenbelt agreements. The California Oil Museum, within the historic Union Oil building, is located downtown, and the Santa Paula Art Museum and Museum of Ventura County Agriculture Museum are just up the street. The Santa Paula Mural Project has completed numerous murals depicting the city's history.
The Santa Paula Water Recycling Facility was built in 2010 for $63 million to treat the city sewage. Santa Paula Water, a partnership of two corporations, financed, built and operated the facility under the agreement with the city. The city purchased the facility for $70.8 million in 2015 to take control and end a dispute over the failure of the plant to sufficiently remove chlorides. Although the new plant used modern treatment methods, the treated wastewater contained contaminants called chlorides that must be removed under state law before being discharged into the Santa Clara River.
The Santa Paula Fire Department provides fire protection and emergency medical services at the basic life support level (BLS) from two fire stations. American Medical Response (AMR) is the paramedic ambulance provider for the City.
The Santa Paula Police Department provides law enforcement services for the City.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
The city has been featured in Hollywood media on numerous occasions. Some examples include:
On the television drama The West Wing, Santa Paula is the hometown of fictional presidential candidate Arnold Vinick (Alan Alda). In early 2005, Santa Paula Mayor Mary Ann Krause began a lobbying campaign to have Santa Paula declared Vinick's hometown. In a publicity move for the town, city officials officially "claim[ed] Senator Arnold Vinick as a resident of Santa Paula," in April 2005, and opened an official campaign headquarters for the fictional Republican Senator in the town's train depot. (Santa Paula for Vinick) On October 14, 2005, NBC released Vinick's official biography and revealed Santa Paula as the town in which he was raised. 
The Santa Paula train depot has been a location for various productions. It was one of the locations for the miniseries The Thorn Birds (1983), starting Richard Chamberlain. Dennis DeYoung, former lead singer of the popular 1970s rock group Styx, filmed the music video for Desert Moon, also the title of his first solo album, at the depot in 1984. The depot was used in the season 3 finale of Glee (2012).
Main Street and other locations featured prominently in the 1990 Winona Ryder film Welcome Home, Roxy Carmichael.
Chaplin (1992) filmed throughout the surrounding area and held a casting call in town for background actors.
The majority of the 1997 film Leave It to Beaver was filmed in Santa Paula, with many Santa Paula residents being cast in minor character roles and as extras. The famous scene of Beaver trapped in the giant coffee cup had Main Street blocked off for almost a week while filming continued.
Other movies that were filmed partially in Santa Paula include The Philadelphia Experiment (1984), the Chinatown sequel The Two Jakes (1990), the Martin Short/Danny Glover buddy comedy Pure Luck (1991), For Love of the Game (1999), Bubble Boy (2001), starring Jake Gyllenhaal, and Bedtime Stories (2008) starring Adam Sandler .
The James M. Sharp House is an historical Italian villa-style house built in 1890. It is located on West Telegraph Road, just outside of Santa Paula, and has been the setting for several movies including Amityville 4 (1989) and The Black Gate (1995), and How To Make An American Quilt (1995).
Various commercials, including a Super Bowl Budweiser commercial, have been filmed in downtown Santa Paula.
Parts of The Rockford Files episode "Coulter City Wildcat" were filmed in Santa Paula.
- Grupo Bryndis: is an internationally known Mexican musical group. Originated in Santa Paula, California, U.S.A . by their leader, guitarist and song-writer Mauro Posadas in 1983. Grupo Bryndis is also a Latin Grammy Award winner for best album in 2007.
- Jim Colborn: Former Major League Baseball pitcher and current pitching coach with the Los Angeles Dodgers.
- Laura Diaz: Southern California newscaster. Most notably with KABC-TV from 1983–2002, KCBS-TV from 2002–2011, and KTTV-TV from 2012–Present.
- Dana Elcar: Actor, played Pete Thornton in the MacGyver television series from 1985-1992. Spent his later years at his home on Laurel Road in Santa Paula.
- Nola Fairbanks: Born Nola Jo Modine, had a notable singing career on Broadway.
- Eric Fleming: Actor, born as Edward Heddy, Jr., July 4, 1925.
- Danny Flores: Musician, a.k.a. Chuck Rio, wrote and played sax on the 1958 song “Tequila”. Also became known as the "Godfather of Latino Rock ‘n’ Roll".
- William Lucking: Actor, played Piney on Sons of Anarchy. Spent much of his early career as a resident, raising two daughters and serving on the school board.
- Steve McQueen: Actor, spent the last two years of his life (1979–1980) in Santa Paula where he spent some of his time flying his biplane from the Santa Paula Airport. He and his soon-to-be wife Barbara lived in his airplane hangar at the Santa Paula Airport for a time until they moved into a home on South Mountain Road just outside of town.
- Charles M. Teague: U.S. Representative from California, was born in Santa Paula and is buried in the local cemetery. He served as director of McKevett Corp. and Teague-McKevett Co.
- Registered on February 5, 1960 at Harding Park, Santa Paula Boys and Girls Club Recreation Center, 1400 block of East Harvard Blvd
- plaque Coordinates of
- "About Us". Santa Paula, California. Retrieved April 19, 2015.
- "City Facts". City of Santa Paula. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- "California's 26th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- "Santa Paula". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
- "Santa Paula (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- "American Fact Finder - Results". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Grimm, Michele; Grimm, Tom (March 30, 1986). "Santa Paula: Citrus Capital of World". Los Angeles Times.
- Bolton, Herbert E. (1927). Fray Juan Crespi: Missionary Explorer on the Pacific Coast, 1769-1774. HathiTrust Digital Library. p. 157. Retrieved April 2014.
- California State Parks "Portolá Expedition" Office of Historic Preservation
- "Historic Resources Report: East Area 1 Specific Plan EIR, Santa Paula, California" (PDF). City of Santa Paula. November 7, 2008.
- "General Plan Conservation & Open Space Element Appendix: Cultural and Historic Resources" (PDF). City of Santa Paula. April 13, 1998.
- (March 12, 2008) "St. Francis Dam disaster: A tale of failure, tragedy and heroism" Ventura County Star
- The Associated Press (November 19, 2014) "Crews try to ID substance in Calif. plant fire" Miami Herald
- Wenner, Gretchen (November 26, 2014) "Oxnard shuts out Santa Clara Waste Water from sewer system" Ventura County Star
- Wilson, Kathleen and Von Quednow, Cindy (November 21, 2014) "Truck explosion near Santa Paula draws scrutiny" Ventura County Star (subscription may be required for this article)
- Von Quednow, Cindy (November 18, 2014) "Santa Paula chemical explosion causes injuries, evacuations, road closures" Ventura County Star
- Rocha, Veronica (November 18, 2014) "2 dozen treated after truck explodes; chemical hits air, ignites" Los Angeles Times
- Kelly, Peggy (November 27, 2014) "‘3-mile plume of toxic smoke’: VC Sheriff declares emergency in wake of SCWW blasts, fires" Santa Paula Times
- Aguilar, Mercedes (Nov 22, 2014) "Evacuation order lifted near Santa Paula explosion site" Ventura County Star
- Von Quednow, Cindy (November 19, 2014) "Officials work to identify, clean up chemical in Santa Paula explosion" Ventura County Star
- Von Quednow, Cindy (November 20, 2014) "Businesses take stock after Santa Paula chemical explosion" Ventura County Star
- Wilson, Kathleen (December 5, 2014) "Cleanup of spill slow as county shuts plant indefinitely" Ventura County Star
- Wilson, Kathleen (February 9, 2015) "Chemical that triggered Santa Paula blast identified" Ventura County Star
- Wilson, Kathleen (March 3, 2015). "Accidental mixture led to blast, former DA says". Ventura County Star.
(subscription may be required for this article)
- Wilson, Kathleen (December 16, 2014) "Crops cleared but farm losses from blast estimated at $1 million" Ventura County Star (subscription may be required for this article)
- Staff (November 27, 2014) "Local emergency declared for Santa Paula explosion, fire" Ventura County Star
- Wilson, Kathleen (January 6, 2015) "Waste company sues insurer over chemical blast cleanup" Ventura County Star
- Wilson, Kathleen (February 10, 2015) "County calls off emergency declaration triggered by plant explosion" Ventura County Star
- W Kathleen, ilson (March 14, 2015). "Santa Paula company moves to reopen plant amid questions". Ventura County Star. (subscription may be required for this article)
- Wilson, Kathleen (August 19, 2015). "DA reports finding falsified records in Santa Clara Waste Water case". Ventura County Star.
- "About Us" Green Compass Environmental Solutions website Accessed 19 November 2014
- Moreno, John A.; Pascucci, Christina; Pamer, Melissa; and Chambers, Rick (November 18, 2014) "Dozens Injured When Vacuum Truck Explodes in Santa Paula Area" KTLA
- "Santa Clara Waste Water using Electrocoagulation" Santa Barbara, California Natural Systems Accessed 21 November 2014
- Wilson, Kathleen (November 20, 2014) "Oil field waste diverted to Anterra in wake of Santa Paula explosion" Ventura County Star (subscription may be required for this article)
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Santa Paula city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- Santa Paula city, California - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder.
- Boyd-Barrett, Claudia (February 18, 2015). "Limoneira gets final go-ahead for massive project in Santa Paula". Ventura County Star. (subscription may be required for this article)
- Green, Nick (July 20, 1997). "Cultivating Change in Santa Paula". Los Angeles Times.
- Foxhall, Emily (February 4, 2015). "How Orange County's namesake was squeezed out—and is being squeezed in". Los Angeles Times.
- California Oil Museum.
- Nash, Bill (January 17, 2008) "Giant murals on Santa Paula walls are visions of city's vibrant past" Ventura County Star
- Kelly, Peggy (December 15, 2010) "Santa Paula’s new water recycling facility officially completed" Santa Paula Times
- Boyd-Barrett, Claudia (February 3, 2015) "Santa Paula will buy wastewater treatment plant" Ventura County Star (subscription may be required for this article)
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: South Mountain
- Johnson, Brett (January 13, 2008) "Steve McQueen turned to quiet life in Santa Paula before 1980 death" Ventura County Star
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