Government of Spain

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Government of Spain
Spanish: Gobierno de España
Logotipo del Gobierno de España.svg
Logo of the Government of Spain
State Kingdom of Spain
Leader Prime Minister
(known in Spanish as President of the Government)
Appointed by Monarch
Main organ Council of Ministers
Responsible to Congress of Deputies and Senate
Headquarters Palace of Moncloa
Website Official website
Escudo de España (mazonado).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Spain is a parliamentary monarchy whose government is defined by the Constitution of Spain. This was approved by a general referendum of the people of Spain in 1978. The final interpretation of the Constitution, in the case of dispute, is the business of the Constitutional Court of Spain.

There are three main institutions known as the Cortes Generales, which are legally independent:

  • The Congress of Deputies, a general assembly of representatives whose controlling faction forms an executive government and proposes legislative changes,
  • The assembly of senators consider the wider implications and compatibility of proposed legislation,
  • The judicial branch composed of a hierarchy of law courts which ensure that any proposed or imposed executive enforcement complies with Spanish and European law.

Head of State[edit]

Heads of Government[edit]

  • President of the Government, sometimes misleadingly called "the Spanish President", is the first minister and is elected by the Congress of Deputies. He is informally but internationally and commonly referred to as the "Prime Minister". The current holder is Mariano Rajoy Brey, who was elected on 21 December 2011. He appoints a number of vice-presidents ordered numerically according to rank and responsible for their respective major ministries such as Finance, Foreign affairs, Domestic administration, etc.

Previous Legislations[edit]

Presidents of the Governments of Spain since the Spanish transition to democracy[edit]

President Party Term of office Legislature
Adolfo Suárez Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 2 April 1979 26 February 1981 I
Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 26 February 1981 2 de December 1982
Felipe González Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 2 de December 1982 5 May 1996 II, III, IV, V
José María Aznar People's Party (PP) 5 May 1996 17 April 2004 VI, VII
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 17 April 2004 21 December 2011 VIII, IX
Mariano Rajoy People's Party (PP) 21 December 2011 Present X, XI, XII

Current government[edit]

The following is the list of members of the Cabinet of Spain formed after the 2016 general election.

Government of Spain (12th Legislature)[1]
Portfolio Minister
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy Brey
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister for the Presidency
María Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría Antón
Minister of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness Luis de Guindos Jurado
Minister of the Treasury and Public Function Cristóbal Ricardo Montoro Romero
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Alfonso María Dastis Quecedo
Minister of Justice Rafael Catalá Polo
Minister of Defence María Dolores de Cospedal García
Minister of the Interior Juan Ignacio Zoido Álvarez
Minister of Public Works Íñigo Joaquín de la Serna Hernáinz
Minister of Education, Culture and Sport Íñigo Méndez de Vigo y Montojo
Minister of Employment and Social Security Fátima Báñez García
Minister of Agriculture, Fishers, Food and Environmental Affairs Isabel García Tejerina
Minister of Industry, Tourism and Digital Diary Álvaro Nadal Belda
Minister of Health, Social Services and Equality Dolors Montserrat Montserrat


Logotipo del Gobierno de España.svg

Shown here is the official logo of the Government of Spain. On the left are the EU and the Spanish flags; in the centre is the coat of arms of Spain and the words Gobierno de España (in English: "Government of Spain"); and on the right side is a representation of La Moncloa, the official residence of the Prime Minister of Spain, where press conferences are given and the Council of Ministers meets. Below it is a variant design for the Ministry of Finance.


  1. ^ "Este es el nuevo Gobierno de Mariano Rajoy". Retrieved 4 November 2016. 

External links[edit]