List of wars involving Spain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of wars and armed conflicts fought by the Kingdom of Spain, its predecessor states or in Spanish territory.

Ancient[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Barcid conquest of Hispania

(237–218 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Iberians

Celtiberians

Carthaginian Empire Carthaginian Victory
  • Expansion of Carthaginian Iberia
Roman conquest of Hispania (220–17 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula, Western Europe, Italian Peninsula, North Africa and Mediterranean Sea

Pre-Roman Iberia

Roman popularis exiles

Roman Republic

Celtic tribes vassal to Rome

Roman Victory
Siege of Saguntum

(219 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Saguntines Carthaginian Empire Carthaginian Victory
Second Punic War

(218–201 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula, North Africa and Mediterranean Sea

Carthaginian Empire

Allies:

Roman Republic

Allies:

Roman Victory
Indibilis and Mandonius Revolt

(206–205 BC)

Ilergetes

Ausetani Sedetani Celtiberians Roman mutineers

Roman Republic Roman Victory
Iberian revolt

(197–195 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Iberian rebels:

Roman Republic

Roman victory and re-establishes of control over Hispania
First Celtiberian War

(181–179 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Celtiberian tribes

Vaccaei Vettones

Roman Republic Roman Victory
  • Rome submits certain tribes, but allows them to keep autonomy
Second Celtiberian War

(154–151 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Celtiberian tribes

Vaccaei

Roman Republic Roman Victory
Lusitanian War

(155–139 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Roman Republic

Celtic tribes vassal to Rome

Lusitanian tribes

Celtic tribes

Roman Victory
Numantine War

(143–133 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Roman Republic Roman Victory
  • Expansion of the Roman territory through Celtiberia.
Roman conquest of Gallaecia

(132–19 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Gallaeci

Celts

Roman Republic Roman Victory
Roman conquest of Majorca

(123–121 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Balearic slinger Roman Republic Roman Victory
Sertorian War

(80–72 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Roman popularis exiles

Native Iberians

Native Celts

Native Aquitanians

Roman Senate Roman Senate Victory
Caesar's civil war (49–45 BC)

Location: Hispania, Italia, Graecia, Illyria, Aegyptus, Africa

Pompeians

Numidia

Ptolemaic kingdom

Pontus

Caesarians

Mauretania

Caesarian victory.
Cantabrian Wars

(29–19 BC)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Astures

Cantabri

Gallaeci[1]

Roman Empire Roman Victory
Crisis of the Third Century

(235–285 AD)

Location: Western Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, North Africa, Middle East

Roman Empire Roman usurpers
Sasanian Persia
Germanic tribes
Roman Victory
  • Gallic Empire fails in their attempt to control Hispania (conquered from 261 to 269).
  • Emperor Aurelian re-conquers both the Palmyrene and Gallic Empires, and emperor Diocletian puts an end to the civil war.
Invasions in the West of the Empire

(258–260)

Location: Western Europe and Southern Europe

Roman Empire Franks

Alemanni Marcomanni Quadi Iazyges Roxolani

Roman Victory and invasion repelled
Crossing of the Rhine

(406–411)

Location: Western Europe and Southern Europe

Western Roman Empire Sarmatian and Germanic Barbarians

Roman usurpers

Defeat
  • Start of Barbarian invasions into the Roman Empire.
Invasion of Roman Gallaecia by the Germanic Suebi

(409)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Hispania Germanics Defeat
Invasion of Hispania by the Germanic Vandals

(409)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Hispania Germanics

Sarmatian Alans

Defeat
Invasion of Hispania by the Germanic Visigoths

(410)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Hispania Germanics Defeat
Visigothic Campaign on Hispania

(416–418)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and Southern France

Western Roman Empire

Visigoths

Vandals

Alans

Roman-Visigothic Victory
  • Wallia got a Visigothic settle in Aquitania by the Romans, quiting from Hispania.
War between The Suevi and the Hasdingi Vandals

(419)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Suebi

Hispania

Hasdingi Vandals Roman-Suevi Victory
Vandal War in Hispania

(422)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Hispania Hasdingi Vandals

Sarmatian Alans

Roman defeat
Vandal pirate incursions on the Mediterranean[2]

(424–429)

Location: Iberian Peninsula, North Africa and Balearic Islands

Hispania

Mauretania Tingitana

Hasdingi Vandals Vandal success in their piracy activities.
War between the Alans and the Suevi

(428)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Suebi

Hispania

Sarmatian Alans Defeat at the Battle of Mérida.
War between the Visigoths and the Vandal–Alanic alliance

(429)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Visigothic Kingdom Vandals

Sarmatian Alans

Visigoth victory
Bagaudae Revolts

(284–456)

Western Roman Empire Bagaudae
  • Peasant rebels

Germanic tribes

Roman victory
Gothic War in Spain (456)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Western Roman Empire

Visigothic Kingdom Burgundians

Franks

Suebi Visigothic victory
Gothic War (457–458)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and Gallia

Western Roman Empire Visigothic Kingdom Roman Victory
  • Visigoths had to relinquish their recent conquests in Hispania and return to federate status
Roman reconquest of Hispania

(459–461)

Location: Iberian Peninsula, Mediterranean Sea

Western Roman Empire

Huns

Suebi

Vandal Kingdom

Inconclusive
Visigoth invasion of Hispania

(461)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Hispania Visigothic Kingdom Indecisive
Visigoth conquest of Hispania

(469–474)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Hispania

Suebi

Visigothic Kingdom Visigoth victory
  • Roman empire, Julius Nepos recognise the conquests of Euric, Visigoth Lord of Hispania.

Medieval[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Franco-Visigothic Wars

(492–508)

Location: Southern France

Visigothic Kingdom

Supported by:

Kingdom of the Ostrogoths

Kingdom of the Burgundians (pre-507)

Alemanni

Frankish kingdom

Supported by:

Armorica

Kingdom of the Burgundians (post-507)

Eastern Roman Empire

Frankish victory.
Burdunellus Revolt

(496–497)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Visigothic Kingdom Hispano-Romans Visigothic victory
Tarraconense Revolt

(507)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Visigothic Kingdom Hispano-Romans Visigothic victory
Vandalic War

(533–534)

  • part of Vandalic Wars

Location: North Africa, Balearic Islands, Sardinia, Corsica and Mediterranean Sea

Vandal Kingdom
  • Balearic domains
Byzantine Empire Byzantine victory
Gothic War

(535–554)

Location: Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Dalmatia

Byzantine Empire

Huns

Heruli

Sclaveni

Lombards

Byzantine victory against Ostrogoths, then plans for revenge against Visigoths due to its support to Ildibad and Totila.
Visigothic revolts against Agila I

(550–554)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Visigothic Kingdom loyal to Agila I Visigoths loyals to Athanagild

Hispano-Romans from Córdoba


Byzantine Empire
Rebels victory and legitimation for a Byzantine intervention on Spain.
Byzantine conquest of Visigothic Baetica
(551–555)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands

Visigothic Kingdom Byzantine Empire Byzantine victory
Visigothic conquest of Spania
(570–624)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Visigothic Kingdom Byzantine Empire Visigothic victory
Visigothic conquest of Córdoba
(572)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Visigothic Kingdom Byzantine Empire Visigothic victory
Visigothic conquest of Sabaria
(573)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Visigothic Kingdom Sappi Visigothic victory
Visigothic conquest of Cantabria
(574)

Location: Southern France

Visigothic Kingdom Cantabri Visigothic victory
Second Visigothic–Suevic War
(575–577)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Visigothic Kingdom Kingdom of the Suebi Visigothic victory
Visigothic–Vasconic War
(581)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and Pyrenees

Visigothic Kingdom Vascones Visigothic victory
Third Visigothic–Suevic War
(585–586)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Visigothic Kingdom Kingdom of the Suebi Visigothic victory
First Muslim invasion of Iberian Peninsula (650s)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and Mediterranean Sea

Visigothic Kingdom

co-beligerant:

Byzantine Empire

Rashidun Caliphate Stalemate
Byzantine incursion against Visigoth Spain

(694/702/703)

Location: Southern Iberian Peninsula and Mediterranean Sea

Visigothic Kingdom Byzantine Empire Visigothic victory
  • Theodemir success in the defense of the Visighotic mediterranean coasts.
Muslim incursions on the Balearic Islands

(VIII century–X century)

Location: Balearic Islands and WesternMediterranean Sea

Byzantine Empire

Carolingian Empire (799-815)

Umayyad Caliphate (until 750)

Emirate of Córdoba (since 759)

Arab victory
Visigothic Civil War

(710–711)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Achila II forces from northeast Hispania Roderic forces from southwest Hispania Inconclusive due to Arab-Berber Invasion.
Umayyad conquest of Hispania
(710–780)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and Mediterranean Sea

Visigothic Kingdom Umayyad Caliphate Umayyad victory.

Start of Spanish Reconquista.

Umayyad invasion of Gaul (719–759)

Location: Southern Gaul (now France)

Frankish kingdom

Lombard Kingdom

Duchy of Gascony

Umayyad Caliphate Frankish victory
Battle of Covadonga
(722)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias Umayyad Caliphate Asturian victory
Berber Revolt

(740–743)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and North Africa

Berber insurgents on North Africa and Hispania
Kingdom of Asturias
Umayyad Caliphate
Yemeni Revolt (745–756)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

1st phase

Supports of Abu'l-Khattar al-Husam ibn Darar al-Kalbi

2nd phase Supports of Abd al-Rahman


Revolt of Amer bin Amr al-Abdari
Basques of Pamplona
1st phase

Supports of Tuwaba ibn Salama al-Judhami

2nd phase Supports of Yusuf ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Fihri

  • Initial victory of the north Arab faction in the first phase. Then of the south Arab faction in the second phase.
  • The fugitive Umayyad prince, Abd al-Rahman I, establish an independent Emirate of Córdoba.
  • End of al-Andalus rule by governors sent from Damascus or appointed by the recommendation of the Umayyad regional governors of Ifriqiya.
  • Christian Iberic kingdom conquers territory of the Upper March.
Abbasid attempt to conquest Al Andalus (763)[3][4] Location: Iberian Peninsula Emirate of Córdoba Abbasid Caliphate Umayyad victory
Revolts against Emirate of Cordoba (771–774)[5]Location: Iberian Peninsula Emirate of Córdoba Syrians rebels under Abd al-Ghaffar
Arab and Berber tribes
Abd al-Rahman's enemies
Revolts suppressed.
Battle of Montecubeiro
(774)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias Galician rebels Asturian victory
Barcelona Muslim revolt (777)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Emirate of Córdoba Arab wāli of Barcelona and Girona Revolt suppressed.
Iberian revolt in 778–779

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Emirate of Córdoba Abbasid Caliphate Umayyad victory
Charlemagne's campaign in the Iberian Peninsula (778–816)

Location: Iberian Peninsula, Southern France and Mediterranean Sea

Frankish kingdom (Carolingian Empire)

supported by:

Emirate of Córdoba (Moors)

Basques (Pagan)

supported by:

Zaragoza Muslim revolt in 781–783

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Emirate of Córdoba Arab wāli of Zaragoza Revolt suppressed
Battle of the Burbia River
(791)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Lutos
(794)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Asturian victory
Battle of Las Babias
(795)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Andalusian raids on Sardinia[7]

(807–822)

Emirate of Córdoba Byzantine Empire Defeat
Louis the Pious' attempt to control the Marca Hispanica and Vasconia (814–824)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and Southern France

Basque and Muslim victory
  • Navarre and Aragon became completely independent from the power of the Frankish rulers
Revolt of the Arrabal

(818)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Emirate of Córdoba Citizens of the suburb of Saqunda Emirate victory
Muslim conquest of Sicily

(827–902)

Location: Mediterranean Sea, Sicily

Abbasid Caliphate

occasional assistance from:

Emirate of Cordoba

Duchy of Naples

Byzantine Empire

occasional assistance from:

Venice

Aghlabid conquest of Sicily with andalusian support.
Viking expedition of 844

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias

Emirate of Córdoba

Norwegian Vikings of Noirmoutier

Francia

Asturian and Córdoban victory
Battle of Albelda (851)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias

Duchy of Gascony West Francia

Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Guadalacete
(852)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias
Kingdom of Pamplona
Toledo rebels
Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Swedish raids in the Mediterranean Sea (859)

Location: Iberian Peninsula, Italian Peninsula and Mediterranean Sea

Kingdom of Asturias

Emirate of Córdoba Carolingian Empire

Kingdom of Italy

Swedes and Danes Vikings Defeat
Battle of the Morcuera
(865)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Polvoraria
(878)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Asturian victory
First Battle of Cellorigo
(882)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Asturian victory
Second Battle of Cellorigo
(883)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Asturian victory
Raid of 897 against Barcelona (897)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of West Francia Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Day of Zamora
(901)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Asturian victory
Muslim conquest of Majorca

(902/903–910/911)

Location: Balearic Islands

Byzantine Majorca Emirate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of San Esteban de Gormaz
(917)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León Emirate of Córdoba Leonese victory
Battle of Alhandic
(939)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León Caliphate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Simancas
(939)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León
County of Castile
Caliphate of Córdoba Leonese victory
Hungarian raid in Spain (942)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and Southern Europe

Caliphate of Córdoba

Catalan Counties

Principality of Hungary Initial Hungarian victory.

Lacking food stores and finding insufficient forage, the Hungarians retired after a few days.

Battle of Aguioncha (966)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Galicia County of Portugal Defeat

Culmination of a Galician–Portuguese civil war in the Kingdom of León.

Sack of Santiago de Compostela (968)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Galicia Norwegian Vikings Defeat
Battle of Rueda
(981)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León
County of Castile
Kingdom of Navarre
Caliphate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Cervera
(1000)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León
County of Castile
Kingdom of Pamplona
Caliphate of Córdoba Defeat
Battle of Calatañazor
(1002)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León
County of Castile
Kingdom of Pamplona
Caliphate of Córdoba Christian victory
Mujahid's invasion of Sardinia

(1005–1015)

Location: Sardinia

Taifa of Dénia Republic of Pisa

Republic of Genoa

Sardinian medieval kingdoms

Defeat
Fitna of al-Andalus (1009–1031)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Muslim rebels Caliphate of Córdoba The caliphate crumbled in 1031 into a number of independent taifas, including the Taifa of Córdoba, Taifa of Seville and Taifa of Zaragoza.
Normand expedition of 1014

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León Norwegian Vikings Defeat
Castilian-Leonese War (1034–1037)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

County of Castile

Kingdom of Pamplona

Kingdom of León Castillian victory
Battle of Graus
(1063)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

County of Castile
Taifa of Zaragoza
Kingdom of Aragon Castilian–Zaragozan victory
Crusade of Barbastro
(1064)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Aragon
County of Urgell
Duchy of Aquitaine
Papal States
Emirate of Lārida Christian victory
Battle of Paterna
(1065)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León Taifa of Valencia Leonese victory
War of the Three Sanchos
(1065–67)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Kingdom of Navarre
Kingdom of Aragon
Castilian victory
  • Castile annexes La Bureba, Montes de Oca and Pancorbo
Castilian-Leonese War of 1068

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Kingdom of León Castilian victory
Battle of Pedroso

(1071)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Galicia County of Portugal Victory

García II of Galicia declaring himself King of Portugal.

Castilian-Leonese War of 1072

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Kingdom of León Castilian victory
Battle of Almenar (1082) Catalan counties

Muslim Taifa of Lérida

Muslim Zaragoza Defeat
Battle of Piedra Pisada
(1084)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Christian Aragon Muslim Zaragoza Defeat
Battle of Morella

(1084)

Kingdom of Navarre
Kingdom of Aragon

Muslim Taifa of Lérida

Muslim Zaragoza Victory
Siege of Toledo[8]
(1084–85)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Taifa of Toledo Castilian victory
Battle of Sagrajas
(1086)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of León
Kingdom of Aragon
Almoravids Defeat
Siege of Toledo (1090)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Almoravids Castilian victory
Siege of Valencia [ca][8]
(1092–1094)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Taifa of Valencia
Almoravids
Castilian victory
First Crusade (1095–1099)

Location: Middle East (Levant and Anatolia)

Crusaders Muslims : Victory:
Battle of Bairén
(1097)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Aragon
Valencia under Cid's rule
Kingdom of Castile
Almoravid dynasty Aragonese/Castilian/Valencian victory
Battle of Consuegra
(1097)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of León
Almoravid dynasty Defeat
Norwegian Crusade (1107–1110)

Location: Iberia, Balearic Islands, Palestine

Kingdom of Jerusalem Kingdom of Jerusalem

Norway Norwegian Realm Republic of Venice Republic of Venice

Fatimid Caliphate

Almoravid Empire

Taifa of Badajoz

Taifa of Majorca

Barbary pirates of Majorca

Crusader victory.
Battle of Uclés
(1108)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of León
Almoravid dynasty Defeat
1113–1115 Balearic Islands expedition

Location: Mediterranean Sea (Balearic Islands)

Republic of Pisa
Catalan counties
County of Provence
Giudicato of Torres
Papal States
Taifa of Majorca
Almoravids
Christian victory
Battle of Martorell

(1114)

Catalan counties Almoravid dynasty Catalan victory
Conquest of Zaragoza (1118)

Location: Zaragoza

Kingdom of Aragon
Kingdom of Navarre
Viscounty of Béarn
Almoravid dynasty Christian victory
Battle of Cutanda
(1120)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Aragon
Duchy of Aquitaine
Almoravid dynasty Christian victory
Crusade of Alfonso I of Aragon in Andalusia

(1125–1126) Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Aragon Almoravid dynasty Christian Tactic Victory
Battle of São Mamede
(1128)
  • Part of Kingdom of León civil war and War of Portuguese independence

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León County of Portugal

Supported by:

Kingdom of Galicia

Defeat
Secession of the County of Portugal which becomes a kingdom with Afonso Henriques.
Luso-Leonese War

(1130–37)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León County of Portugal Stalemate
War of Navarrese-Aragonese succession

(1134–46)

1° phase (1134-35)

Loyals to García Ramírez of Navarre


Union of Castile-León

2° phase (1135)

Union of Castile-León

3° phase (1135-36)

Union of Castile-León

4° phase (1136-40)

Union of Castile-León-Aragon

5° phase (1139-49)

Union of Castile-León

Union of Aragon-Barcelona

6° phase (1139-46)

Union of Castile-León

1° phase (1134-1135)

Loyals to Ramiro II of Aragon

2° phase (1135)

Union of Aragon-Navarre

3° phase (1135-36)

Kingdom of Aragon

4° phase (1136-40)

Kingdom of Aragon

County of Barcelona


Kingdom of Navarre

County of Portugal (since 1137)

5° phase (1139-40)

Kingdom of Navarre

6° phase (1139-46)

Union of Aragon-Barcelona

1° Phase: Pact of Vadoluengo: Navarre-Aragon union is mantained, with Navarre loyal to García Ramirez as vassals to Aragon loyal to Ramiro II, joining forces against Castilan invasion (which conquered Kingdom of Zaragoza).

2° Phase: García of Navarre declared himself a vassal of Alfonso VII of Castile and León, so supporting Alfonso's claims to Aragon crown.

3° Phase: Alfonso VII and Ramiro II consolidates an alliance in the Treaty of Alagon (during the short time that all iberian kingdoms were vassals of Castile, Alfonso VII declared himself Imperator totius Hispaniae). However, Garcia of Navarre rebels against Castile, while also in war with Aragon.

4° phase: Aragonese nobility rejects alliance with Castille, so pacts an alliance with Catalan County of Barcelona on the Capitulations of Barbastre, donating Ramiro II his realm to Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona. Aragonese-Castilian conflict ends with the Treaty of Carrion (ending the conflict of sucession in Aragon). 5° phase: After a failed attempt of partitioning Navarre between Castile and Aragon, Castilian-Navarrese conflict ends with the Peace of Calahorra (ending Conflict of sucession in Navarra).

6° phase: The Aragonese-Navarrese conflicts continues until 1146 with the Truce of San Esteban de Gormaz, in which Castile quits of the war.

Siege of Oreja
(1139)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of Galicia
Kingdom of León
Kingdom of Toledo (Christians)
Almoravids (Muslims) Christian victory
Battle of Cerneja

(1139)

  • Part of War of Portuguese independence

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León County of Portugal Defeat
Battle of Valdevez

(1140)

  • Part of War of Portuguese independence

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León County of Portugal Defeat

The Treaty of Zamora (1143) recognized Portuguese independence from the Kingdom of León.

Baussenque Wars (1144–62)

Location: Burgundy, Kingdom of Arles (Modern France)

County of Barcelona
County of Provence

Vicomté d'Albi et de Carcassonne

 County of Toulouse

Foix County of Foix

Lords of Baux

Victory for Catalan party.
Revolt against Almoravids

(1145)

Almohad Caliphate

Taifa of Cuenca Kingdom of Castile

Taifa of Valencia

Taifa of Murcia Taifa of Rueda de Jalón

Stalemate
Second Crusade (1147–50)

Location: Middle East and North Africa (Near East, Anatolia, Levant, Egypt) and Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Jerusalem
Kingdom of France
Holy Roman Empire
Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of Castile
County of Barcelona
Kingdom of León
Byzantine Empire
Kingdom of England
Seljuk Empire
Emirate of Zengids
Abbasid Caliphate
Fatimid Caliphate
Almoravids
Status quo ante bellum
  • Decisive Seljuk Turks victory in Anatolia
  • Decisive Crusader victories in Iberia
Siege of Almería (1147)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Union of Castile-León

Union of Aragon-Barcelona Kingdom of Navarre

Republic of Genoa

Almoravids (Muslims) Christian victory
Navarrese-Aragonese War (1148–1156) Union of Aragon-Barcelona

Union of Castile-León-Galicia (since 1151)

Union of Castile-León-Galicia (until 1150)

Kingdom of Navarre

Stalemate
Henry II of England campaign on Toulouse[9]

(1159)

Location: Southern France

Kingdom of England (Angevin)

House of Aragon[10]

Lordship of Montpellier

Kingdom of France Royal Domain of France (Capet)

County of Toulouse

Truce
Conflict over the regency of Alfonso VIII (1158–1169)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

House of Lara

Kingdom of Castile

House of Castro

Supported by:

  • Victory for House of Castro.
  • Start of Castillian-Leonese War, Castillian-Navarrese War and Castillian-Aragonese war.
Castilian-Leonese War (1162–1166)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile

Kingdom of Portugal

Kingdom of León

Kingdom of Navarre

Castillian Victory
Luso-Leonese War (1167–1169)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of León

Almohad Caliphate

Kingdom of Portugal Leonese-Moroccan Victory
Aragon-Toulouse War over Provence[11]

(1166–1176)

Location: Southern France

Crown of Aragon

House of Baux

House of Trencavel (until 1171)

Kingdom of England (Angevin) (until 1173)

Republic of Genoa (until 1167)

County of Toulouse

House of Trencavel (since 1771)

Republic of Genoa (since 1168)

Aragonese victory
Siege of Huete

(1172)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Almohad Caliphate Castillian Victory
Conquest of Cuenca

(1177)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile

Kingdom of León

Kingdom of Aragon

Almohad Caliphate Castillian victory
Castilian-Leonese War (1178–1180)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile

Kingdom of Portugal

Kingdom of León Inconclussive
  • Conference of Tordesillas
Aragon-Toulouse War of 1179-1185

Location: Southern France

Crown of Aragon

Viscounty of Narbonne

Republic of Pisa (since 1183)


Cathars
County of Toulouse

Kingdom of England (Angevin) County of Forcalquier (since 1183)

Republic of Genoa (since 1183) County of Provence (1183-1184)

Aragonese victory
Raid of Ceuta (1180)[12]

Location: North Africa

Kingdom of Portugal Almohad Caliphate Portuguese Victory
Battle of Ceuta (1182)

Location: North Africa

Kingdom of Portugal Almohad Caliphate Moroccan Victory
Siege of Moya

(1183)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Almohad Caliphate Castillian victory
Siege of Santarém

(1184)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Portugal

Kingdom of León

Almohad Caliphate Victory
Castilian-Leonese War of 1188-1194[13]

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile League of Huesca Inconclusive
  • Castillian military victory until Papal mediation cease the conflict in a mission to unifiy all Iberian Christian Kingdoms against Almohads.
  • Treaty of Tordehumos: Leonese political victory.
Third Crusade (1189–92)

Location: Middle East (Levant and Anatolia), Mediterranean Europe (Sicily, Iberia, Balkans)

Kingdom of France
Holy Roman Empire

Kingdom of Hungary Republic of Genoa

Kingdom of Portugal

Kingdom of Navarre
Kingdom of León

Republic of Pisa

Kingdom of Denmark
Angevin Empire

Kingdom of Jerusalem

Armenian Cilicia

Sunni Muslim:
Shia Muslim:
Eastern Christian opponents:
Treaty of Jaffa (1192)
Castilian-Aragonese War of 1190-1191[13]

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Borja Alliance

Kingdom of Portugal (since 1191)

Kingdom of León (since 1191)

Stalemate
Battle of Alarcos
(1195)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Order of Santiago
Order of Évora
Almohad Caliphate Defeat
Castilian-Leonese War of 1196-1197[13]

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile

Kingdom of Aragon

Kingdom of León

Kingdom of Navarre Almohad Caliphate

Ceasefire
Luso-Leonese War (1196–1200)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Portugal

Kingdom of Castile (until 1197)

Kingdom of León

Kingdom of Navarre Almohad Caliphate

Status Quo Ante Bellum
Almohad conquest of Balearic islands

(1203)

Almoravid dynasty Almohad Caliphate Almohad victory
Castilian-Leonese War of 1204-1206[13]

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Kingdom of León Stalemate
Albigensian Crusade (1209–1229)

Location: Southern France (Languedoc and Occitania)

Cathars Churches

Faidit

England Kingdom of England

Crusaders:

Catholic Church

Kingdom of France Kingdom of France

County of Aurenja

Duchy of Austria

Defeat
Siege of Al-Dāmūs
(1210)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon
Knights Hospitaller
Knights Templar
Almohad Caliphate Christian victory
Castilian-Leonese War of 1212[13]

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Kingdom of León

Kingdom of Portugal

Truce of Coimbra
Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa
(1212)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Crown of Aragon
Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of Navarre
Order of Santiago
Order of Calatrava
Knights Templar
Kingdom of France French volunteers
Leonese volunteers
Almohad Caliphate Christian victory
  • 100,000 Muslims killed[14]
  • 25–30 Christians killed[14]
Battle of Muret
(1213)

Location: Muret (Modern France)

Crown of Aragon
County of Toulouse
County of Comminges
County of Foix
Viscounty of Carcassonne
Crusaders
Kingdom of France
French-Crusader victory
Castilian-Leonese War of 1217-1218[13]

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Kingdom of León Unnamed truce between Alfonso IX of León, and Fernando III with Queen Berenguela of Castile.
First Nobiliary Revolt against James I of Aragon (1220)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon Lordship of Albarracín

Rodrigo de Liçana forces Pero Ferrández de Açagra forces

Victory
Second Nobiliary Revolt against James I of Aragon

(1223)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon Nobiliary leagues

Ferdinand of Aragon forces

Defeat
Conquest of Valencia

(1225–1304)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon Almohad Caliphate

Taifa of Valencia Taifa of Murcia Emirate of Granada


Crown of Castile
Victory
Conquest of Majorca
(1228–31)

Location: Mediterranean Sea (Balearic Islands)

Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon
Marseille
Narbonne
Republic of Genoa
Knights Templar
Order of Malta
Almohad Caliphate

territory of Majorca

Aragonese victory
Siege of Burriana
(1233)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon
Knights Hospitaller
Knights Templar
Senyoria d'Albarrasí
Taifa of Valencia Aragonese victory
Conquest of Ibiza

(1235)

Location: Mediterranean Sea (Balearic Islands)

Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon

Kingdom of Portugal

Almohad Caliphate Aragonese victory
Siege of Córdoba (1236)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Moors Castilian victory
Battle of the Puig
(1237)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon Taifa of Valencia Aragonese victory
  • Conquest of Valencia
Castillian conquest of Murcia[15]

(1243–1245)

Crown of Castile

Taifa of Murcia

Muslim Murcians Castillian victory
Great Interregnum[16]

1245/50–1273/5

Location: Germany and Italy

Hohenstaufen party Welf party Compromise
Siege of Jaén (1245–1246)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Order of Santiago
Taifa of Jayyān (جيان)
Emirate of Granada
Castilian victory
Siege of Seville
(1247–48)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Order of Santiago
Knights Templar
Knights Hospitaller
Order of Calatrava
Almohad Caliphate
Taifa of Niebla
Castilian victory
Seventh Crusade (1248–54)

Location: North Africa (Egypt)

Kingdom of France

Kingdom of Navarre Kingdom of Jerusalem

Knights Templar
Knights Hospitaller

Ayyubids

Bahris

Defeat
  • Status quo ante bellum
Portuguese–Castillian war of 1250–1253

(1250–1253)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Kingdom of Portugal Defeat
Mudéjar revolt (1264–1266)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile

Kingdom of Aragón

Order of Calatrava

Order of Santiago

Muslim (Mudéjar):

Emirate of Granada

  • Rebellion defeated.
  • Expulsion of Muslim populations.
  • Aragonese troops abolish Taifa of Murcia, and then give the territory to Castile, according to Treaty of Almizra.
  • Payment of tribute from Granada to Castile.
  • Crown of Castile granted a Fuero to Murcians, so Kingdom of Murcia is constituted.
Crusade of the Infants of Aragon

(1269)

Location: Levant

Crown of Aragon

Ilkhanate of Persia of the Mongol Empire Kingdom of Jerusalem

Mamluk Sultanate Defeat
Eighth Crusade (1270)

Location: North Africa (Tunisia)

Kingdom of France

Kingdom of Aragon

Kingdom of Sicily

Kingdom of Navarre

County of Luxembourg

Scottish volunteers

Mamluk Sultanate Inconclusive due to Death of Louis IX of France
Battle of Écija (1275)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Marinid Sultanate
Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Battle of Algeciras (1278)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Order of Santa María de España
Marinid Sultanate
Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Siege of Algeciras (1278–1279)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Order of Santa María de España
Marinid Sultanate
Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Battle of Moclín (1280)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Order of Santa María de España
Emirate of Granada Defeat
War of the Sicilian Vespers
(1282–1302)

Location: Southern Italy

Crown of Aragon
Kingdom of Trinacria
 Byzantine Empire
Angevin Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of France

Republic of Pisa Kingdom of Majorca
Papal States

Aragonese victory
Aragonese expedition to Tunez (1282–86)

Location: Mediterranean Sea and North Africa (Algeria and Tunisia)

Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Hafsid dynasty Defeat
Battle of Malta
(1283)

Location: Mediterranean Sea (Malta)

Crown of Aragon Kingdom of Naples Aragonese victory
Siege of Albarracín (1284)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Aragón House of Lara
Señorío de Albarracín
Aragonese victory
Battle of the Gulf of Naples
(1284)

Location: Italian Peninsula

Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Kingdom of Naples Aragonese victory
Aragonese Crusade
(1284–85)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon Papal States
Kingdom of France
Kingdom of Navarre
Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of Majorca
Lordship of Albarracín
Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Battle of Les Formigues
(1285)

Location: Mediterranean Sea

Kingdom of Sicily
Crown of Aragon
France
Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Battle of the Col de Panissars
(1285)

Location: Pyrenees

Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Kingdom of France Aragonese victory
Battle of the Counts
(1287)

Location: Italian Peninsula

Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Kingdom of Naples
Papal States
Aragonese victory
Conquest of Menorca

(1287)

Location: Mediterranean Sea (Balearic Islands)

Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Almohad Caliphate Aragonese victory
Castilian-Aragonese War of 1288-1291

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon

Castillian Rebels Emirate of Granada

Aragonese victory
War of the Strait

(1292–1350)

Location: Mediterranean Sea (Strait of Gibraltar)

Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon

Kingdom of Castile

Kingdom of Portugal

Supported by:

Kingdom of Navarre

Kingdom of France

Kingdom of England

Republic of Genoa

Marinid Sultanate

Emirate of Granada

Victory
  • End of Moroccan hegemony in the Strait of Gibraltar. No more offensive or expansion attempts against the Christian Kingdoms would be done by Marinids, being just at the defensive for the rest of the reconquista.
2nd conquest of Murcia

(1296–1304)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Kingdom of Murcia Aragonese Victory
Battle of Iznalloz
(1295)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Order of Calatrava
Emirate of Granada Defeat
Luso-Castilian War (1295–1297)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Kingdom of Portugal

Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon

Stalemate
Castilian-Aragonese War of 1296-1304

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon

Kingdom of Portugal (until 1297)


Emirate of Granada
Aragonese militar victory

Castillian political victory

Battle of Cape Orlando
(1299)

Location: Italian Peninsula

Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Kingdom of Sicily Aragonese victory
Battle of Ponza (1300)

Location: Italian Peninsula

Kingdom of Aragon flag Crown of Aragon Kingdom of Naples
Supported by:
Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Catalan campaign in Asia Minor

(1303–19)

Location: Asia minor, Balkans and Mediterranean Sea (modern-day Turkey and Greece)

Kingdom of Aragon flag Catalan Company

 Byzantine Empire (until 1305)

Various Anatolian Turkish Beyliks
Republic of Genoa
 Byzantine Empire (after 1305)[17]

Duchy of Athens

Against Turks:
  • Indecisive.

Against Genoese

  • Victory.

Against Byzantines:

Castilian-Granada War (1309–19)

Location: Iberian Peninsula, North Africa and Strait of Gibraltar

Kingdom of Castile

Crown of Aragon

Marinid Sultanate

Emirate of Granada Victory
Siege of Algeciras (1309–10)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Order of Santiago
Order of Calatrava
Emirate of Granada Defeat
Second Siege of Gibraltar
(1315)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and Mediterranean Sea

Kingdom of Castile Emirate of Granada Castilian victory
Catalan campaign on Achaea (1315–16)

Location: Southeast Europe (modern Greece)

Isabella of Sabran forces Matilda of Hainaut forces Defeat
Shepherds' Crusade (1320)

Location: Normandy (modern France)

Kingdom of France

 Crown of Aragon

Civilians (especially Jews)

French peasant crusaders Franco–Aragonese victory
  • Crusaders dispersed
Aragonese conquest of Sardinia
(1323–26)

Location: Mediterranean Sea, Sardinia

Crown of Aragon

Kingdom of Majorca
Giudicato of Arborea

Republic of Pisa
Republic of Genoa

Sassari Republic

Aragonese victory
Siege of Villa di Chiesa
(1323–24)

Location: Mediterranean Sea, Sardinia

Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon
Giudicato of Arborea
Republic of Pisa Aragonese victory
Battle of Lucocisterna
(1324)

Location: Mediterranean Sea, Sardinia

Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon Republic of Pisa Aragonese victory
Battle of Teba
(1330)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Emirate of Granada Castilian victory
Genoese–Catalan War
(1330–36)

Location: Western Mediterranean Sea

Crown of Aragon Republic of Genoa

 Monaco

Status quo ante bellum
Haffsid conquest of Djerba (1335)[19]

Location: North Africa

Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon Hafsid dynasty Defeat
Luso-Castillian War
(1336–39)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile Kingdom of Portugal Castilian victory
Hundred Years' War (1337–1453)

Location: Western Europe (France, the Low Countries, Great Britain and the Iberian Peninsula)

France

Burgundian State (1337–1419 and 1435–53)

Kingdom of Scotland

Crown of Castile

Republic of Genoa

Kingdom of Bohemia

Crown of Aragon

Avignon Papacy[a]

Kingdom of England

Burgundian State (1419–35)

Kingdom of Portugal

Kingdom of Navarre

County of Flanders

Hanseatic League

Ghent Rebels[b]

Papal States[c]

French Victory
English Channel naval campaign
(1338–39)

Location: English Channel

Kingdom of France
Genoese mercenaries
Castilian mercenaries
Kingdom of England
County of Flanders
Indecisive
Battle of Río Salado
(1340)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile
Kingdom of Portugal
Marinid Sultanate
Emirate of Granada
Portuguese-Castilian victory
War of the Breton Succession (1341–65)

Location: Brittany (modern France)

Stalemate
Battle of Estepona
(1342)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon Marinid Sultanate Aragonese victory
Siege of Algeciras (1342–1344)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Republic of Genoa
Kingdom of Aragon
Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of Navarre
European crusaders
Marinid Sultanate
Emirate of Granada
Castilian victory
War of the Union (1347–1348)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Aragonese Flag Royalist Fraternity Union of Aragon

Union of Valencia

Royalist victory
Battle of Llucmajor
(1349)

Location: Mediterranean Sea, Balearic Islands

Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon Kingdom of Majorca Aragonese victory
War of the Straits

(1350–1355)

Location: Southeast Europe (modern Greece and European Turkey)

 Republic of Venice

 Crown of Aragon

Military support:

 Byzantine Empire

 Republic of Genoa

Logistical support:

Ottoman Beylik

Aydinids

Indecisive
Battle of Winchelsea
(1350)

Location: Southern England

Kingdom of Castile Kingdom of England Defeat
Sardinian–Aragonese war

(1353–1420)

Location: Mediterranean Sea (Sardinia)

 Crown of Aragon Judicate of Arborea

House of Doria

Republic of Genoa

Aragonese victory
  • Arborea is annexed to Aragon Sardinia.
Sardinian Revolt

(1353–55)

Location: Sardinia

Aragonese Flag Republic of Venice
Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon
 Republic of Genoa Judicate of Arborea Victory
Siege of Alghero
(1354)

Location: Mediterranean Sea, Sardinia

Aragonese Flag Republic of Venice
Aragonese Flag Crown of Aragon
Republic of Genoa Aragonese victory
War of the Two Peters
(1356–75)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile
With the support of:
Kingdom of England
Republic of Genoa
Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of Navarre
Kingdom of Granada
Crown of Aragon
With the support of:
Henry of Trastámara
Kingdom of France
Indecisive
  • Overthrowing of Peter I of Castile
Battle of Linuesa
(1361)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of Jaén
Order of Calatrava
Emirate of Granada Castilian victory
Battle of Guadix
(1362)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of Jaén
Order of Calatrava
Emirate of Granada Defeat
Castilian Civil War
(1366–69)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Forces of Pedro of Castile
Kingdom of England
Kingdom of Navarre
Kingdom of Granada
Forces of Henry of Trastámara
Kingdom of France
Crown of Aragon
Victory for Henry of Trastámara
Siege of León
(1368)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile – Henry's side Crown of Castile – Pedro's side Victory for Henry of Trastámara
Battle of Montiel
(1369)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Castilians
Granada
Castilians
France
Franco-Castilian victory
Siege of Algeciras (1369)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Emirate of Granada Defeat
First Fernandine War

(1369–1370)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile Kingdom of Portugal

Supported by:

Crown of Aragon

Castilian victory
Battle of La Rochelle
(1372)

Location: Modern France

Crown of Castile Kingdom of England Castilian victory
Second Fernandine War

(1372–1373)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile Kingdom of Portugal Castilian victory
Jaime IV of Majorca War

(1374) Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon Kingdom of Majorca Aragonese victory
Castilian invasions of England

(1374–1380)[23][24][25]

Location: Southern England

Crown of Castile

Supported by

Kingdom of France

Kingdom of England Castilian victory
War of the Bands (1375–1500)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Stalemate
Navarrese conquest of Albania[26]

(1376)

Location: Adriatic Sea and Balkans (Modern Albania)

Duchy of Durazzo

Kingdom of Navarre

Kingdom of France

Kingdom of Albania Victory
Sicilian War

(1378–1386)[27][28]

Location: Mediterranean Sea (Southern Italy and Aegean Islands)

Aragonese Party Sicilian Party Victory
  • Revolt Suppressed and realization of a compromise with Italians.
Navarrese intervention in Greece (1378–1396)

Location: Aegean Sea and Balkans (Modern Greece)

Navarrese Company

Knights Hospitaller (until 1380)

Acciaioli family (until 1382)

Latin Empire (since 1382)

 Republic of Venice (since 1387)

Angevin Kingdom of Naples

Crown of Aragon (1379–1381)

 Byzantine Empire (since 1382)

Acciaioli family (1382–1389)

 Republic of Venice (1382–1387)

 Duchy of Savoy (since 1391)
Ottoman Empire[29]
Stalemate
  • Navarrese conquered much of Messenia and the towns of Androusa and Kalamata for James of Baux on 1381. Then Navarrese governed the entire Morea under the auspices of James.
  • Navarrese fail in their offensive against Duchy of Athens. But obtain alliance with Venetians (since 1382) and Ottomans (just on 1395).
  • After death of James, navarrese got complete control of the region. Pedro de San Superano and his family got the Principality of Achaea in 1396 to 1404.
  • Conflict against Morea ends due to Byzantine–Ottoman wars and the start of an alliance between Byzantines and Navarrese against common enemy.
Aragonese conquest of Athens

(1380)[30]

  • Part of Sicilian War

Location: Aegean Sea and Balkans (Modern Greece)

Crown of Aragon Kingdom of Sicily Victory
Armañagues War

(1380–91)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and Southern France

Crown of Aragon Armanyac County Catalan Victory
Third Fernandine War
(1381–82)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of England
Castilian victory
1383–1385 Portuguese interregnum
(1383–1385)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile

Supported by:
Kingdom of France
Crown of Aragon

Kingdom of Portugal

Supported by:
Kingdom of England

Defeat
  • Consolidation of Portuguese independence
Florentine conquest of Catalan Greek counties

(1385–90)

Location: Aegean Sea and Balkans (Modern Greece)

Crown of Aragon Principality of Achaea Defeat
  • Acciaioli family conquers all of the Catalan territories on the Eastern Mediterranean Sea.
Razia of 1386

(1386)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon Emirate of Granada Defeat
Invasion of Castile by John of Gaunt

(1386–1388)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile

co-belligerant: Kingdom of France

Supportes of John of Gaunt

Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of England

Victory
Anti-Jewish Revolt

(1391)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile Crown of Aragon
Jews
Anti-semitic rebels Defeat of the Government. Jewish population lost it's legal protection due to anti-semitic presions and Pogroms. Most of them are forced to convert to Catholicism or be expelled of Spain.
Majorcan Rebellion

(1391)

Location: Balearic Islands

Kingdom of Majorca
Jews
Menestrals and Peasants Nobiliary victory
Crusade of Nicopolis (1396)

Location: Balkans (Modern Bulgaria)

Crusade: Ottoman Empire

Moravian Serbia[36]

Defeat
Aragon Succession War (1396–1398)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Martin of Aragon forces Matthew, Count of Foix forces Victory of Marty of Aragon
Sack of Torreblanca (1398)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon Kingdom of Tlemcen (Zayyanid dynasty) Algerian Victory
Crusade of Tedelis (1398)

Location: North Africa (Algeria), Modern France (Avignon)

Crown of Aragon
Antipope Benedict XIII forces
Kingdom of Tlemcen
 Kingdom of France
Aragonese Victory
Bona crusade (1399)

Location: North Africa (Algeria)

Crown of Aragon Hafsid Dynasty Defeat
Siege of Smyrna (1402)

Location: Anatolia

 Knights Hospitaller

Papal States Republic of Genoa

Crown of Aragon

 Timurid Empire Defeat
Conquest of the Canary Islands
(1402–96)
Location: Africa (Canary Islands)
Crown of Castile Guanches Castilian victory
Battle of Collejares
(1406)

Location: North Africa (Algeria)

Crown of Castile Emirate of Granada Castilian victory
Battle of Sanluri
(1409)

Location: Sardinia

Crown of Aragon
Kingdom of Sicily
Giudicato of Arborea
Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Aragonese Interregnum (1410-1412)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Cortes Loyals to Ferdinand of Antequera

Supported by: Crown of Castile

Cortes Loyals to James II, Count of Urgell Victory of Ferdinand Antequera, who swears to the Catalan constitutions in the Courts of 1413.
Sixth siege of Gibraltar

(1411)

Location: Iberian Peninsula, Strait of Gibraltar

Emirate of Granada Marinid Sultanate Granada victory
  • End of Moroccan interventions on European Al-Andalus affairs.
Count of Urgell's revolt

(1413–14)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon

Supported by: Kingdom of Castile

James II, Count of Urgell forces

Supported by: Kingdom of England

Victory
Conquest of Ceuta

(1415)

Location: North Africa (Ceuta)

Kingdom of Portugal Marinid Sultanate Portuguese victory and anexation of Ceuta for Christians
Siege of Ceuta

(1419)

Location: North Africa (Ceuta)

Kingdom of Portugal Marinid Sultanate

Emirate of Granada

Portuguese victory
Battle of La Rochelle (1419)

Location: Modern France

Crown of Castile Kingdom of England
Hanseatic League
Castilian victory
Mediterranean Campaign of Alfonso V (1420–24)

Location: Mediterranean Sea and Italian Peninsula

Crown of Aragon

Angevin Kingdom of Naples (until 1423)

County of Provenze

Angevin Kingdom of Naples (since 1423)

Republic of Genoa

Papal States

Corsicans allies

Defeat
Wars in Lombardy

(1423–1454)

Location: Mediterranean Sea and Italian Peninsula

Venetian Republic

Florentine Republic (until 1450)

Crown of Aragon

Duchy of Savoy

March of Montferrat

Duchy of Milan

Republic of Genoa

Marquisate of Mantua

Republic of Lucca

Republic of Siena

Florentine Republic (from 1450)

Kingdom of France

Stalemate
Expedition to Tunis

(1424)

Location: North Africa (Tunisia)

Crown of Aragon Tunisian pirates Aragonese victory
Castilian–Aragonese War
(1429–32)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile Crown of Aragon

Kingdom of Navarre

Castilian victory
Battle of La Higueruela
(1431)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Nasrid dynasty Castilian victory
Irmandiño revolts (1431–69)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile

Kingdom of Portugal Supported by: Andrade, Lemos and Moscoso families

Galician rebels Castilian victory
Aragonese expedition to Tunisia

(1432)

Location: North Africa, Tunisia

Crown of Aragon Hafsid dynasty Aragonese victory
Aragonese conquest of Naples

(1435–42)

Location: Mediterranean Sea (Tyrrhenian Sea) and Southern Italy

Crown of Aragon

Duchy of Milan

Kingdom of Naples

Republic of Genoa Papal States

Aragonese victory
Nobiliiary Revolt

(1438–45)

Crown of Castile Crown of Aragon Castilian victory
Skanderbeg's rebellion

(1443–68)

Location: Balkans (Modern Albania, North Macedonia, Montenegro, and Kosovo)

League of Lezhë

Crown of Aragon (since 1450)[37][38][39]

 Republic of Venice (since 1463)

 Ottoman Empire

 Republic of Venice (1447–1448)

Albanese victory
Aragonese-Venice War

(1449–50)[40]

Location: Adriatic Sea

Crown of Aragon (since 1450)  Republic of Venice Kingdom of Bosnia[39]
 Ottoman Empire
Indecisive
Forana Revolt

(1450–53)

Location: Balearic Islands

Kingdom of Majorca
  • NobilityItalian mercenaries
Peasants of Part Forana and Artesans of Mallorca Nobiliary victory
Navarrese Civil War
(1451–64)

Location: Iberian Peninsula and Pyrenees

Forces of Charles IV of Navarre
Crown of Castile
Forces of John II of Aragon
Crown of Aragon
County of Foix
Victory for John II of Aragon
Battle of Los Alporchones
(1452)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Kingdom of Castile Emirate of Granada Castilian victory
Catalan-Genoese War

(1454–58)[41]Location: Mediterranean Sea

Crown of Aragon

 Republic of Venice

Republic of Genoa

Angevin Dinasty

Stalemate
Enrique IV war of Granada
(1455–58)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Crown of Castile Emirate of Granada Inconclusive
Angevin-Aragonese War (1460–1464)

Location: Italian Peninsula and Mediterranean Sea

Aragonese Dinasty

Duchy of Milan

Papal States

Angevin Dinasty

Principality of Taranto

Victory
Catalan uprising of 1460-1461

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Principality of Catalonia Catalan elite Inconclusive
Catalan Civil War
(1462–72)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Principality of Catalonia
Crown of Castile
Kingdom of Portugal

Duchy of Lorraine

Forces of John II of Aragon
Kingdom of France
Victory for John II of Aragon
Ottoman–Venetian War (1463–1479)

Location: Morea (Peloponnese), Negroponte (Euboea), Albania, Aegean Sea, Anatolia, Balkan and the Black Sea.

 Republic of Venice

Papal States

League of Lezhë

Principality of Zeta

Kingdom of Hungary

Sovereign Military Order of Malta Knights Hospitaller[42]

Crown of Aragon[42]

Kingdom of Naples

Aq Qoyunlu

Duchy of Burgundy Duchy of Burgundy[43]

 Holy Roman Empire[44]

Principality of Moldavia

Kingdom of Croatia

Duchy of Saint Sava

Kingdom of France[45]

Republic of Ragusa

Grand Duchy of Lithuania[44]

Crown of Castile

Florence[44]

Karamanids

Maniots

Greek rebels

 Ottoman Empire Defeat
Sardinian Revolt (1470–1478)

Location: Sardinia

Crown of Aragon Sardinian rebels lead by Leonardo Alagon Victory
Aragonese-French conflict over Perpignan

(1473–1493)

Crown of Aragon Kingdom of France Stalemate
War of the Castilian Succession
(1475–79)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Isabella Supporters
Crown of Aragon
Juana Supporters
Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of France
Peace Treaty
Siege of Ceuta (1476)[46]Location: North Africa (Ceuta) Kingdom of Portugal

Crown of Castile (Juana Supporters)

Marinid Sultanate Victory
Battle of Guinea
(1478)

Location: Africa, Gulf of Guinea (Near Elmina)

Crown of Castile Kingdom of Portugal Defeat
Ottoman conquest of Otranto (1480–81)

Location: Italian Peninsula

Kingdom of Naples

Crown of Aragon

Kingdom of Sicily

Kingdom of Hungary

 Papal States

Kingdom of Portugal[47]

 Ottoman Empire Victory
  • Ottomans conquer Otranto and gain foothold in Southern Italy
  • Ottoman garrison surrender the city after 13 months
Granada War
(1482–92)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Castile–Aragon Union
Military Orders
European crusaders
Emirate of Granada Victory
Pallars War (1484–91)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Castile–Aragon Union County of Pallars Sobirà

Supported by: Kingdom of France

Victory
Mad War (1485–1488)

Location: Western Europe, Modern France

Duchy of Lorraine

Duchy of Brittany

Lordship of Albret

Principality of Orange

County of Angoulême

Supported by:

Holy Roman Empire

Kingdom of England

Kingdom of Castile-León

Kingdom of France Defeat
French-Breton War (1487–1491)

Location: Western Europe, Modern France

Duchy of Brittany

Holy Roman Empire

Kingdom of England

Kingdom of Castile-León

Kingdom of France Defeat
Ottoman expedition on Granada

(1487–1495)

Location: Western Mediterranean Sea (Iberian Peninsula and Italian Peninsula)

Castile–Aragon Union  Ottoman Empire Supported by: Inconclusive

Catholic Monarchy[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
First Italian War
(1494–1498)

Location: Italian Peninsula, Mediterranean Sea

League of Venice:

 Papal States
 Republic of Venice
 Kingdom of Naples
Kingdoms of Spain
Duchy of Milan
 Holy Roman Empire
 Republic of Florence
Duchy of Mantua
 Kingdom of England (from 1496)

 Kingdom of France

Duchy of Milan (before 1495)

Victory
  • Forced French retreat
Spanish conquest of Haiti[48]
(1494–1509)
Location: Americas, Caribbean Sea, Hispaniola
 Crown of Castile Taínos Victory
Conquest of Melilla
(1497)

Location: North Africa

Castile and Aragon Wattasid dynasty Victory
Rebellion of the Alpujarras

(1499–1501)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Castile–Aragon Union Muslims of Granada Victory
  • Rebellion defeated
  • Mass forced conversions of all Muslims in Granada
Second Ottoman–Venetian War
(1499–1503)

Location: Adriatic, Ionian and Aegean Seas

 Republic of Venice
Castile and Aragon
 Ottoman Empire Defeat
Second Italian War
(1499–1501)

Location: Italian Peninsula, Mediterranean Sea

Victory,
Ottoman raid on the Balearic Islands (1501)

Location: Mediterranean Sea, Balearic Islands

Castile and Aragon  Ottoman Empire Supported by:

Moriscos

Victory
Third Italian War
(1502–1504)

Location: Italian Peninsula

Castile and Aragon  Kingdom of France Victory
Guelders Wars

(1502–1543)

Location: Low Countries, Frisia

Habsburg:

 Habsburg Monarchy

Spain

County of Holland

County of Flanders

Duchy of Brabant

Duchy of Luxemburg


Imperial Frisia (Saxony) (1514–15)
Bishopric of Utrecht (1508–28)
Guelders:

Duchy of Guelders

Groningen & Ommelanden (1514–36)

Frisian rebels (1514–23)

Jülich-Cleves-Berg (1538–43)

Supported by:

Kingdom of France


County of East Frisia (1514–17)
Utrecht rebel groups (1520–28)
Habsburg victory
  • Guelders, Utrecht, Frisia and Groningen annexed
  • Overijssel and Drenthe detached from Utrecht
  • Jülich and East Frisia remain independent
Spanish crusade[49]
(1503–12)

Location: North Africa (modern Maghreb countries), Mediterranean Sea

 Crown of Castile
Crown of Aragon
Kingdom of Tlemcen
Hafsid dynasty

Wattasid dynasty

Victory
War of the League of Cambrai
(1508–16)

Location: Western Europe (Italian Peninsula, Iberian Peninsula, Modern France and England)

1508–10:
 Venice
1510–11:
 Papal States
 Venice
1511–13:
Holy League:
 Papal States
 Venice
Spain
 Holy Roman Empire
 England
Old Swiss Confederacy Swiss mercenaries
1513–16:
 Papal States
Spain
 Holy Roman Empire
 England
Duchy of Milan
Old Swiss Confederacy Swiss mercenaries
1508–10:
League of Cambrai:
 Papal States
 France
 Holy Roman Empire
Spain
Duchy of Ferrara
1510–11:
 France
Duchy of Ferrara
1511–13:
 France
Duchy of Ferrara

 Scotland  Florence 1513–16:
 Venice
 France
Duchy of Ferrara

Defeat
Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre (1512–1529)

Location: Iberian Peninsula

Castile and Aragon  Kingdom of Navarre
 France
Victory
Spanish conquest of Puerto Rico[48]
(1508–1511)

Location: Americas, Caribbean Sea, Puerto Rico

 Crown of Castile Taínos Victory
Spanish conquest of Cuba[48]
(1511–13)

Location: Americas, Caribbean Sea, Cuba

 Crown of Castile Taínos Victory
Taíno rebellion of 1511
(1511–13)

Location: Americas, Caribbean Sea, Puerto Rico

 Crown of Castile Taínos of Boriken and allies from The Antilles Victory
Spanish conquest of the Maya

(1511–1697)

Location: Mesoamerica and Central America

Spain Late Postclassic Maya states Victory
Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre

(1511–1529)

Location: Pyrenees

Spain Kingdom of Navarre

Supported by:

 France

Castilian-Aragonese victory
  • Navarre south of the Pyrenees is annexed to Spain, while north of the Pyrenees to France.

Habsburg Spain[edit]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Spanish-Ottoman Wars of 1515–1577