A 'tranquilizer or tranquilliser (British English); see spelling differences refers to a drug which is designed for the treatment of anxiety, fear, tension, agitation, and disturbances of the mind, specifically to reduce states of anxiety and tension.
Tranquilizer, as a term, was first used by F.F. Yonkman (1953), from the conclusions of investigative studies using the drug Reserpine, showed the drug had a calming effect on all animals it was administered to. Reserpine, is a Centrally Acting Rauwolfia Alkaloid. The word directly refers to the state of tranquility in a person and other animals.
The term is generally used as a synonym for sedative. When used by health care professionals, it is usually qualified or replaced with more precise terms:
- minor tranquilizer usually refers to anxiolytics.
- major tranquilizer might refer to antipsychotics.
- Britannica article - tranquilizerEncyclopædia Britannica Accessed 12 October 2017
- D. Coon, J.O. Mitterer - Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior page 207 Cengage Learning, 29 December 2008 ISBN 0495599115 Accessed 12 October 2017
- D. Healy - The Creation of Psychopharmacology page 99 Harvard University Press, 2009 ISBN 0674038452 page 99 Accessed 14 October 2017
- D. Healy - Medicating Modern America: Prescription Drugs in History page 54 NYU Press, 8 January 2007 ISBN 0814783473 Accessed 14 October 2017
- H.J. Bein - Psychotropic Agents: Part I: Antipsychotics and Antidepressants Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology page 46 Springer Science & Business Media, 6 December 2012 ISBN 3642675387 Accessed 14 October 2017
- "tranquilizer" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
- J. Scott Werry (29 June 2013) - Practitioner’s Guide to Psychoactive Drugs for Children and Adolescents Springer Science & Business Media ISBN 1489900861 Accessed 12 October 2017
- "WordNet Search - 3.0". Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- Tranquilizing+Agents at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)