Vrschikasana (Sanskrit: वृश्चिकासन) or scorpion pose is an asana in hatha yoga. It is an inverted posture consisting of a forearm balance and backbend, a variant of the headstand pose (Adho Mukha Vrksasana) and part of a headstand cycle in some yoga traditions.
The name of this pose is from Sanskrit वृश्चिक "vrschika", "scorpion", and आसन "asana", "posture" or "seat". Because it requires strength, balance, and flexibility it is described as an advanced posture: Light on Yoga grades it as level 32 out of 60. In the basic pose, the body is balanced as in headstand, but the legs are bent and the back is lightly arched, and the head is lifted from the ground so the body is supported only by the forearms. A more advanced variant has the back arched further so the feet touch the top of the head. A second advanced variant has the legs held straight out horizontally above the head and arms, resembling the scorpion's tail stretched in a threat posture forwards over its body. The pose can also be executed in a variant with straight arms. Whether resting on forearms (as in Piñcha Mayūrāsana) or with arms in handstand, the asana can be worked towards with the use of a chair to support the feet.
Light on Yoga distinguishes Vrschikasana I (forearm balance, feet on head, plates 536 and 537) and Vrschikasana II (handstand, feet on head, plate 538), describing the second as an "extremely difficult" balance. The placing of the feet on the head is stated to indicate an attempt to subjugate the ego with its "deadly" scorpionlike emotions.
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- Yoga poses: Scorpion Pose — Vrschikasana (photographs with basic pose and variants)