1964 Tour de France

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1964 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 22 June–14 July 1964
Stages 22 (25 including split stages)
Distance 4,504.2 km (2,799 mi)
Winning time 127h 09' 44" (35.420 km/h or 22.009 mph)
Palmares
Winner  Jacques Anquetil (France) (Saint Raphael)
Second  Raymond Poulidor (France) (Mercier)
Third  Federico Bahamontes (Spain) (Margnat)

Points  Jan Janssen (Netherlands) (Pelforth)
Mountains  Federico Bahamontes (Spain) (Margnat)
Team Pelforth
1963
1965

The 1964 Tour de France was the 51st Tour de France, taking place June 22 to July 14, 1964. The total race distance was 22 stages over 4504 km, with riders averaging 35.419 km/h.[1] Stages 3, 10 and 22 were all two part stages with one the first half being a regular stage and the second half being a team or individual time trial. It was the only Tour de France to include a mid-stage climb to the L'Alpe D'Huez ski resort. The race was eventually won by Jacques Anquetil following an epic shoulder to shoulder battle with Raymond Poulidor during Stage 20.

Participants[edit]

The 1964 Tour started with 132 cyclists, divided into 12 teams of 11 cyclists:[2]

The main favourite was defending champion Jacques Anquetil. He had won the 1964 Giro d'Italia earlier that year, and was trying to win a Tour-Giro double, which at that moment had only been done by Fausto Coppi.[2]

Race details[edit]

Anquetil, who was looking for his fifth Tour victory, was superior in the time trials, of which he won all three. But Raymond Poulidor dominated in the mountains, and Anquetil was close to losing.

The ninth stage finished in Monaco, where the riders would ride one extra lap, crossing the finish line twice. When the first group, including Poulidor and Anquetil, reached the finish line for the first time, Poulidor had forgotten the extra lap, and sprinted in avail for the victory. When the group reached the finish line for the second time, Anquetil won the sprint, and one minute of bonification time.[3]

In the second part of the tenth stage, the time trial, Anquetil won. Poulidor finished in second place, losing 36 seconds, with a flat tire costing him some time.[3][4]

In the rest day between the thirteenth and the fourteenth stage, Anquetil had joined a lamb barbecue, and in the fourteenth stage he was immediately dropped. His team director gave him a bottle of champagne, which washed away the indigestion, and then Anquetil was able to get back to Poulidor.[4] Poulidor then broke a spoke, the repair cost him some time, even more because a team mechanic, trying to help him gain speed, made him fall.[3]

Poulidor attacked in the fifteenth stage, and stayed away. He won the stage, and in the general classification climbed to third place, nine seconds behind second-placed Anquetil.[3]

Anquetil won the time trial of stage 17, and became the leader; Poulidor was in second place, only 56 seconds behind. In the twentieth stage, Poulidor did not have the right bicycle for the climb, but did not tell it to his team director. Poulidor dropped Anquetil in the climb, but the margin was not big enough for him to take over the lead, and Anquetil remained leader of the race by 14 seconds.[3]

In the final time trial, Anquetil was the favourite, being the specialist. Poulidor rode as fast as he could, and with all other cyclists but Anquetil finished, had the best time. Anquetil was the last rider to ride the time trial, and was five seconds slower at the intermediate time check, which gave Poulidor hope that he could emerge as winner. However, Anquetil was clearly faster in the second part, and won the time trial.[3] Anquetil won the Tour by only 55 seconds,[4] which was at that moment the smallest margin in history.[5]

Stages[edit]

The 1964 Tour de France started on 22 June, and had one rest day in Andorra.[6]

Stage results[2][7]
Stage Date Route Terrain Length Winner
1 22 June RennesLisieux Plain stage 215 km (134 mi)  Edward Sels (BEL)
2 23 June Lisieux – Amiens Plain stage 208 km (129 mi)  André Darrigade (FRA)
3A 24 June Amiens – Forest Plain stage 197 km (122 mi)  Bernard Vandekerkhove (BEL)
3B Forest – Forest Team time trial 21 km (13 mi) Kas-Kaskol
4 25 June Forest – Metz Plain stage 292 km (181 mi)  Rudi Altig (GER)
5 26 June Metz – Freiburg Plain stage 161 km (100 mi)  Willy Derboven (BEL)
6 27 June Freiburg – Besançon Plain stage 200 km (120 mi)  Henk Nijdam (NED)
7 28 June Besançon – Thonon-les-Bains Plain stage 195 km (121 mi)  Jan Janssen (NED)
8 29 June Thonon-les-Bains – Briançon Stage with mountain(s) 249 km (155 mi)  Federico Bahamontes (ESP)
9 30 June Briançon – Monaco Stage with mountain(s) 239 km (149 mi)  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
10A 1 July Monaco – Hyères Plain stage 187 km (116 mi)  Jan Janssen (NED)
10B Hyères – Toulon Individual time trial 21 km (13 mi)  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
11 2 July Toulon – Montpellier Plain stage 250 km (160 mi)  Edward Sels (BEL)
12 3 July Montpellier – Perpignan Plain stage 174 km (108 mi)  Jo de Roo (NED)
13 4 July Perpignan – Andorra Stage with mountain(s) 170 km (110 mi)  Julio Jiménez (ESP)
14 6 July Andorra – Toulouse Stage with mountain(s) 186 km (116 mi)  Edward Sels (BEL)
15 7 July Toulouse – Luchon Stage with mountain(s) 203 km (126 mi)  Raymond Poulidor (FRA)
16 8 July Luchon – Pau Stage with mountain(s) 197 km (122 mi)  Federico Bahamontes (ESP)
17 9 July Peyrehorade – Bayonne Individual time trial 43 km (27 mi)  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
18 10 July Bayonne – Bordeaux Plain stage 187 km (116 mi)  André Darrigade (FRA)
19 11 July Bordeaux – Brive Plain stage 215 km (134 mi)  Edward Sels (BEL)
20 12 July Brive – Puy de Dôme Stage with mountain(s) 217 km (135 mi)  Julio Jiménez (ESP)
21 13 July Clermont-FerrandOrléans Plain stage 311 km (193 mi)  Jean Stablinski (FRA)
22A 14 July Orléans – Versailles Plain stage 119 km (74 mi)  Benoni Beheyt (BEL)
22B Versailles – Paris Individual time trial 27 km (17 mi)  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)

Classification leadership[edit]

Stage General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification Team classification
1  Edward Sels (BEL)  Edward Sels (BEL)  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Wiel's
2  Jan Janssen (NED)  Robert Poulot (FRA)
3a  Bernard Van De Kerckhove (BEL) Solo
3b KAS
4  Rudi Altig (FRG)  Julio Jiménez (ESP) Pelforth
5  Rudi Altig (FRG)  Rudi Altig (FRG)
6
7  Jan Janssen (NED)  Julio Jiménez (ESP)
8  Georges Groussard (FRA)
9  Federico Bahamontes (ESP)
10a
10b
11
12
13
14  Rudi Altig (FRG)
15  Jan Janssen (NED)
16
17  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
18
19
20
21
22a
22b
Final  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)  Jan Janssen (NED)  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) Pelforth

Results[edit]

There were several classifications in the 1964 Tour de France, two of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[8]

Additionally, there was a points classification. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[8]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey.[8]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps.[9]

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Name Team Time
1  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Saint Raphael 127h 09' 44"
2  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier +55"
3  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) Margnat +4' 44"
4  Henry Anglade (FRA) Pelforth +6' 42"
5  Georges Groussard (FRA) Pelforth +10' 34"
6  André Foucher (FRA) Pelforth +10' 36"
7  Julio Jiménez (ESP) KAS +12' 13"
8  Gilbert Desmet 1 (BEL) Wiel's +12' 17"
9  Hans Junkermann (GER) Wiel's +14' 02"
10  Vittorio Adorni (ITA) Salvarani +14' 19"

Points classification[edit]

The points classification was won by Jan Janssen.

Final points classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Jan Janssen (NED) Pelforth 208
2  Ward Sels (BEL) Solo 199
3  Rudi Altig (FRG) Saint Raphael 165
4  Gilbert Desmet (BEL) Wiel's 147
5  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier 133
6  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Saint Raphael 111
7  Benoni Beheyt (BEL) Wiel's 103
7  Henk Nijdam (NED) Televizier 103
9  Vittorio Adorni (ITA) Salvarani 83
10  André Darrigade (FRA) Margnat 78

Mountains classification[edit]

The Mountains classification was won by Federico Bahamontes.

Final mountains classification (1–10)[10]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) Margnat 173
2  Julio Jiménez (ESP) KAS 167
3  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier 90
4  Hans Junkermann (FRG) Wiel's 47
5  Henri Anglade (FRA) Pelforth 44
6  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Saint Raphael 34
7  André Foucher (FRA) Pelforth 33
8  Karl-Heinz Kunde (FRG) Wiel's 27
9  Vittorio Adorni (ITA) Salvarani 26
10  Martín Piñera (ESP) KAS 23

Team classification[edit]

The team classification was won by Pelforth.

Final team classification[10]
Rank Team Time
1 Pelforth 381h 33' 36"
2 Wiel's +30' 24"
3 Saint Raphaël +30' 52"
4 Margnat +53' 09"
5 KAS +1h 07' 34"
6 Salvarani +1h 50' 42"
7 Mercier +2h 02' 53"
8 Ferrys +2h 11' 22"
9 Peugeot +2h 27' 35"
10 Flandria +4h 32' 17"
11 Solo +4h 39' 05"
12 Televizier +5h 35' 10"

Other classifications[edit]

The combativity award was given to Henri Anglade.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, Part 6" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 10 May 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d "51ème Tour de France 1964" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Boyce, Barry (February 2012). ""Pou-Pou" and the Cruel Tour of 1964". Cycling Revealed. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Amaury Sport Organisation. "The Tour - Year 1964". letour.fr. Retrieved 10 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Contador’s winning margin is fourth smallest in Tour de France history". VeloNews. 25 July 2010. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  6. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, Part 4" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010. 
  7. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  9. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c Lonkhuyzen, Michiel van. "Tour-Giro-Vuelta". www.tour-giro-vuelta.net. Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.