1968 Tour de France
|Dates||June 27–July 21, 1968|
|Stages||22 + prologue, including three split stages|
|Distance||4,684 km (2,911 mi)|
|Winning time||133h 49' 42" (34.894 km/h or 21.682 mph)|
|Winner||Jan Janssen (Netherlands)||(Netherlands)|
|Second||Herman Van Springel (Belgium)||(Belgium A)|
|Third||Ferdinand Bracke (Belgium)||(Belgium B)|
|Points||Franco Bitossi (Italy)||(Italy)|
|Mountains||Aurelio González (Spain)||(Spain)|
|Combination||Franco Bitossi (Italy)||(Italy)|
The 1968 Tour de France was the 55th Tour de France, taking place June 27 to July 21, 1968. It consisted of 22 stages over 4684.8 km, ridden at an average speed of 34.894 km/h. Eleven national teams of 10 riders competed, with three French teams, two Belgian teams and one from Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, and a combined Swiss/Luxembourgian team.
It was the last edition in which the cyclists participated in national teams; from 1969 on, commercial teams were used.
- 1 Changes from the 1967 Tour de France
- 2 Participants
- 3 Race details
- 4 Stages
- 5 Classification leadership
- 6 Results
- 7 Doping cases
- 8 References
Changes from the 1967 Tour de France
The jersey for the points classification leader was red in 1968, unlike all other years since its introduction in 1953, when it was green. In 1968, the combination classification was introduced. The leader was identified by a "macaron" on his jersey. This was won by Franco Bitossi, who also won the points classification.
The leader of the mountains classification, which had been calculated since 1933 but had never had a jersey, also became identifiable by a "macaron" on his jersey.
The 1968 Tour started with 110 cyclists, divided into 11 teams of 10 cyclists:
- France A
- France B
- France C
- Belgium A
- Belgium B
- Great Britain
- Switzerland/Luxembourg (combined)
In the fifteenth stage, Raymond Poulidor was hit by a motor and had to give up. The Tour ended with a time trial, and before the time trial, Herman Van Springel was leading, followed by San Miguel at 12 seconds, Janssen at 16 seconds and Bitossi at 58 seconds. Janssen won the final time trial, with Van Springel in second place, but the margin was large enough for Janssen to win the Tour.
The 1968 Tour de France started on 27 June, and had two rest days, in Royan and Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via.
|1a||27 June||Vittel||Individual time trial||6.1 km (3.8 mi)||Charly Grosskost (FRA)|
|1b||28 June||Vittel – Esch-sur-Alzette||Plain stage||189 km (117 mi)||Charly Grosskost (FRA)|
|2||29 June||Arlon – Forest||Plain stage||210.5 km (130.8 mi)||Eric de Vlaeminck (BEL)|
|3A||30 June||Forest||Team time trial||22 km (14 mi)||Belgium A|
|3B||Forest – Roubaix||Plain stage||112 km (70 mi)||Walter Godefroot (BEL)|
|4||1 July||Roubaix -– Rouen||Plain stage||238 km (148 mi)||Georges Chappe (FRA)|
|5A||2 July||Rouen – Bagnoles-de-l'Orne||Plain stage||165 km (103 mi)||André Desvages (FRA)|
|5B||Bagnoles-de-l'Orne – Dinard||Plain stage||154.5 km (96.0 mi)||Jean Dumont (FRA)|
|6||3 July||Dinard – Lorient||Plain stage||188 km (117 mi)||Aurelio González Puente (ESP)|
|7||4 July||Lorient – Nantes||Plain stage||190 km (120 mi)||Franco Bitossi (ITA)|
|8||5 July||Nantes – Royan||Plain stage||223 km (139 mi)||Daniel van Ryckeghem (BEL)|
|9||7 July||Royan – Bordeaux||Plain stage||137.5 km (85.4 mi)||Walter Godefroot (BEL)|
|10||8 July||Bordeaux – Bayonne||Plain stage||202.5 km (125.8 mi)||Gilbert Bellone (FRA)|
|11||9 July||Bayonne – Pau||Plain stage||183.5 km (114.0 mi)||Daniel van Ryckeghem (BEL)|
|12||10 July||Pau – Saint-Gaudens||Stage with mountain(s)||226.5 km (140.7 mi)||Georges Pintens (BEL)|
|13||11 July||Saint-Gaudens – La Seu d'Urgell||Stage with mountain(s)||208.5 km (129.6 mi)||Herman van Springel (BEL)|
|14||12 July||La Seu d'Urgell – Perpignan||Stage with mountain(s)||231.5 km (143.8 mi)||Jan Janssen (NED)|
|15||14 July||Font-Romeu-Odeillo-Via – Albi||Plain stage||250.5 km (155.7 mi)||Roger Pingeon (FRA)|
|16||15 July||Albi – Aurillac||Plain stage||199 km (124 mi)||Franco Bitossi (ITA)|
|17||16 July||Aurillac – Saint-Étienne||Stage with mountain(s)||236.5 km (147.0 mi)||Jean-Pierre Genet (FRA)|
|18||17 July||Saint-Étienne – Grenoble||Stage with mountain(s)||235 km (146 mi)||Roger Pingeon (FRA)|
|19||18 July||Grenoble – Sallanches||Stage with mountain(s)||200 km (120 mi)||Barry Hoban (GBR)|
|20||19 July||Sallanches – Besançon||Stage with mountain(s)||242.5 km (150.7 mi)||Jozef Huysmans (BEL)|
|21||20 July||Besançon – Auxerre||Plain stage||242 km (150 mi)||Eric Leman (BEL)|
|22A||21 July||Auxerre – Melun||Plain stage||136 km (85 mi)||Maurice Izier (FRA)|
|22B||Melun – Paris||Individual time trial||55.2 km (34.3 mi)||Jan Janssen (NED)|
||Mountains classification||Combination classification||Team classification|
|1a||Charly Grosskost (FRA)||Charly Grosskost (FRA)||no award||no award||France B|
|1b||Eric Leman (BEL)||Italo Zilioli (ITA)||France A|
|2||Eric De Vlaeminck (BEL)|
|3a||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Belgium A|
|4||Jean-Pierre Genet (FRA)||France A|
|5a||Georges Vandenberghe (BEL)||Georges Vandenberghe (BEL)||Georges Vandenberghe (BEL)|
|5b||Franco Bitossi (ITA)|
|7||Franco Bitossi (ITA)|
|9||Walter Godefroot (BEL)|
|10||Franco Bitossi (ITA)|
|11||Walter Godefroot (BEL)|
|12||Andrés Gandarias (ESP)||Spain|
|13||Aurelio González (ESP)||Franco Bitossi (ITA)|
|14||Georges Vandenberghe (BEL)|
|16||Rolf Wolfshohl (FRG)||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||Franco Bitossi (ITA)|
|17||Aurelio González (ESP)|
|18||Gregorio San Miguel (ESP)|
|19||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Franco Bitossi (ITA)|
|22b||Jan Janssen (NED)|
|Final||Jan Janssen (NED)||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||Aurelio González (ESP)||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||Spain|
There were several classifications in the 1968 Tour de France, two of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification. In other years, this cyclist is identified by a green jersey, but in 1968 it was a red jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey in 1968.
A newly introduced classification was the combination classification. This classification was calculated as a combination of the other classifications. The leader was not identified by a jersey, but wore a patch on his regular jersey.
The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1968, this classification had no associated jersey.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification wore yellow caps.
|1||Jan Janssen (NED)||Netherlands||133h 49' 42"|
|2||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Belgium A||+38"|
|3||Ferdinand Bracke (BEL)||Belgium B||+3' 03"|
|4||Gregorio San Miguel (ESP)||Spain||+3' 17"|
|5||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||France A||+3' 29"|
|6||Rolf Wolfshohl (FRG)||Germany||+3' 46"|
|7||Lucien Aimar (FRA)||France B||+4' 44"|
|8||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||Italy||+4' 59"|
|9||Andrés Gandarias (ESP)||Spain||+5' 05"|
|10||Ugo Colombo (ITA)||Italy||+7' 55"|
|Final general classification (11–63)|
|11||Antonio Gómez del Moral (ESP)||Spain||+8' 11"|
|12||Georges Pintens (BEL)||Belgium A||+10' 26"|
|13||Aurelio González (ESP)||Spain||+10' 42"|
|14||André Poppe (BEL)||Belgium A||+12' 31"|
|15||Silvano Schiavon (ITA)||Italy||+14' 09"|
|16||Antoon Houbrechts (BEL)||Belgium B||+17' 23"|
|17||Charly Grosskost (FRA)||France B||+17' 26"|
|18||Georges Vandenberghe (BEL)||Belgium B||+18' 02"|
|19||Flaviano Vicentini (ITA)||Italy||+18' 19"|
|20||Walter Godefroot (BEL)||Belgium B||+18' 28"|
|21||Jean Dumont (FRA)||France C||+20' 08"|
|22||André Bayssière (FRA)||France C||+21' 30"|
|23||Vicente Lopez-Carril (ESP)||Spain||+21' 38"|
|24||Adriano Passuello (ITA)||Italy||+22' 01"|
|25||Carlo Chiappano (ITA)||Italy||+23' 42"|
|26||Arie Den Hartog (NED)||Netherlands||+29' 34"|
|27||Bernard Guyot (FRA)||France A||+30' 49"|
|28||Michael Wright (GBR)||Great Britain||+38' 53"|
|29||Carlos Echevarria (ESP)||Spain||+39' 27"|
|30||Julio Jiménez (ESP)||Spain||+39' 56"|
|31||Jean-Pierre Ducasse (FRA)||France B||+39' 58"|
|32||Jozef Huysmans (BEL)||Belgium A||+42' 28"|
|33||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Great Britain||+43' 28"|
|34||Frans Brands (BEL)||Belgium A||+43' 29"|
|35||Karl Brand (SUI)||Switzerland/Luxembourg||+47' 56"|
|36||Dieter Puschel (FRG)||Germany||+48' 48"|
|37||Michel Grain (FRA)||France B||+49' 07"|
|38||Sebastian Elorza (ESP)||Spain||+52' 08"|
|39||Willy Spuhler (SUI)||Switzerland/Luxembourg||+58' 18"|
|40||Gilbert Bellone (FRA)||France B||+1h 04' 56"|
|41||Jean-Pierre Genet (FRA)||France A||+1h 07' 26"|
|42||Georges Chappe (FRA)||France B||+1h 08' 00"|
|43||Maurice Izier (FRA)||France C||+1h 10' 54"|
|44||Herbert Wilde (FRG)||Germany||+1h 11' 47"|
|45||Christian Raymond (FRA)||France A||+1h 13' 07"|
|46||Daniel Van Rijckeghem (BEL)||Belgium A||+1h 13' 31"|
|47||Jean Monteyne (BEL)||Belgium B||+1h 18' 21"|
|48||Serge Bolley (FRA)||France B||+1h 19' 15"|
|49||Marcel Maes (BEL)||Belgium A||+1h 21' 51"|
|50||Anatole Novak (FRA)||France A||+1h 33' 58"|
|51||Eric De Vlaeminck (BEL)||Belgium B||+1h 37' 42"|
|52||Eric Leman (BEL)||Belgium B||+1h 40' 48"|
|53||Edward Weckx (BEL)||Belgium A||+1h 41' 17"|
|54||Victor Nuelant (BEL)||Belgium B||+1h 43' 14"|
|55||Eddy Beugels (NED)||Netherlands||+1h 44' 21"|
|56||Evert Dolman (NED)||Netherlands||+1h 46' 50"|
|57||Willy In' t Ven (BEL)||Belgium A||+1h 47' 29"|
|58||Jean-Marie Leblanc (FRA)||France B||+1h 49' 36"|
|59||Jean-Louis Bodin (FRA)||France C||+1h 49' 50"|
|60||Remy Van Vreckom (BEL)||Belgium B||+1h 51' 12"|
|61||Mino Denti (ITA)||Italy||+1h 56' 47"|
|62||Vic Denson (GBR)||Great Britain||+2h 23' 29"|
|63||John Clarey (GBR)||Great Britain||+2h 43' 28"|
|1||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||Italy||241|
|2||Walter Godefroot (BEL)||Belgium B||219|
|3||Jan Janssen (NED)||Netherlands||200|
|4||Daniel Van Rijckeghem (BEL)||Belgium A||167|
|5||Georges Vandenberghe (BEL)||Belgium B||155|
|6||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Belgium A||119|
|7||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Great Britain||113|
|8||Georges Pintens (BEL)||Belgium A||95|
|9||Michael Wright (GBR)||Great Britain||92|
|10||Rolf Wolfshohl (FRG)||Germany||89|
|1||Aurelio González (ESP)||Spain||96|
|2||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||Italy||84|
|3||Julio Jiménez (ESP)||Spain||72|
|4||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||France A||65|
|5||Andrés Gandarias (ESP)||Spain||57|
|6||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Great Britain||50|
|7||Gregorio San Miguel (ESP)||Spain||30|
|8||Jean-Pierre Ducasse (FRA)||France B||28|
|9||Arie Den Hartog (NED)||Netherlands||26|
|10||Silvano Schiavon (ITA)||Italy||25|
|1||Spain||403h 47' 51"|
|2||Belgium A||+12' 12"|
|3||France B||+21' 45"|
|5||Belgium B||+25' 16"|
|6||France A||+44' 27"|
|7||France C||+46' 39"|
|10||Great Britain||+1h 53' 52"|
The Switzerland/Luxembourg team finished with only two cyclists.
|1||Franco Bitossi (ITA)||Italy||11|
|2||Jan Janssen (NED)||Netherlands||18.5|
|3||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||France A||20|
|4||Herman Van Springel (BEL)||Belgium A||20.5|
|5||Gregorio San Miguel (ESP)||Spain||26|
Intermediate sprints classification
|1||Georges Vandenberghe (BEL)||Belgium B||59|
|2||Michael Wright (GBR)||Great Britain||45|
|3||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Great Britain||43|
|4||Eric Leman (BEL)||Belgium B||27|
|5||Serge Bolley (FRA)||France B||20|
|1||Roger Pingeon (FRA)||France A||307|
|2||Aurelio González (ESP)||Spain||243|
|3||Jean Dumont (FRA)||France C||219|
|4||Barry Hoban (GBR)||Great Britain||215|
|5||Rolf Wolfshohl (FRG)||Germany||168|
In the 1968 Tour de France, 163 doping tests were performed. Two returned positive:
- José Samyn, after the sixth stage
- Jean Stablinski, after the eleventh stage, for amphetamines
Both were removed from the race, suspended for one month and given a fine.
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- "55ème Tour de France 1968" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, Part 4" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
- Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
- Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Other Classifications & Awards". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
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- "Clasificaciones". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 22 July 1968. p. 21. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
- "Laatste controles op doping negatief". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch) (Koninklijke Bibliotheek). 23 July 1968. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "Fransman Samyn wegens doping uit de Tour". Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch) (Koninklijke Bibliotheek). 6 July 1968. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "Stablinski uit de Tour verbannen". De tijd (in Dutch) (Koninklijke Bibliotheek). 15 July 1968. Retrieved 3 January 2014.