|• Total||1,918 km2 (741 sq mi)|
|Elevation||41 m (135 ft)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|• Official||Maithili, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||0.9109 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Begusarai|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Begusarai|
Begusarai is a city and a municipal corporation in Begusarai district in the state of Bihar, India. Begusarai district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar and Begusarai town is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district lies on the northern bank of the Ganga river . It is located at latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E. Begusarai is the birthplace of famous Hindi poet Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh and eminent historian Professor Ram Saran Sharma. Begusarai is the part of historic Mithila region. Begusarai had traditionally been a communist stronghold and was earlier also referred to as the Leningrad of Bihar.
The name of the district apparently comes from "Begum" (queen) and "Sarai" (inn). The Begum of Bhagalpur used to visit "Simaria Ghat" (holy place on the banks of the Ganges) for a month of pilgrimage, which later took to the slang of Begusarai. Begusarai was established in 1870 as a subdivision of Munger District. In 1972, it was given district status after a strong pressure on the government by Late Rai Saheb Bhubneshwari Sahai, a charismatic leader of the local community who was also the first person in the district to be awarded the prestigious title of Rai Saheb under the British Raj.
Begusarai is located at  It has an average elevation of 41 metres (134 feet). It has an area of 1879 square km..
Being part of the Gangetic plains of the Indian subcontinent, the district experiences three climatic seasons – the summer season from March to mid June, the monsoon season from mid June to October and the winter season from November to February. The month of February & March fall in the transitional season from winter to summer described as Spring or “Basant”. Similarly the months of September & October falls in the transitional season from the monsoon season to the winter season and described as “Shishir”.
As per 2011 census Begusarai Municipal Corporation had a total population of 251,136, out of which 133,931 were males and 117,205 were females. It had a sex ratio of 875. The population below 5 years was 37,966. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 84.35 per cent.
Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar' (रामधारी सिंह 'दिनकर') (September 23, 1908– April 24, 1974) was an Indian Hindi poet, essayist and academician, who is considered as one of the most important modern Hindi poets. Dinkar emerged as a rebellious poet with his nationalist poetry in pre-Independence days. His poetry ekxuded veer rasa, and he has been hailed as a Rashtrakavi ("National poet") evoking the spirit of nationalism on account of his inspiring patriotic composition. Dinkar was born in a poor Hindu family.
|No. of Sub-Division||5|
|No. of Blocks||18|
|No. of Pancha||257|
|*No. of Revenue Villages||1229|
|*No. of Habitations||1198|
Sub Divisions: Begusarai, Manjhaul, Ballia, Bakhri, Teghara
There are many Ancillary Industries here. The three main Industries are Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), Barauni Thermal Power Station (BTPS), Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Limited (HFCL)(Closed) Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy. 88.33% people depend upon agriculture. Main cash crops of the district are oilseeds, tobacco, jute, potato, red chilies, tomato and andi.
|Total irrigated land||74,225.57|
|Wasteland and non arable||2,118|
Natural water sources : Begusarai district is located in the middle Ganges plain. Main rivers are Burhi Gandak, Balan, Bainty, Baya and Chandrabhaga.
Kaver Jheel: Kaver Jheel one of Asia’s largest freshwater lakes, also famous for bird sanctuary.
Minerals : No minerals of economic importance
Irrigation : Mostly by Tubwells
Begusarai is well connected to other parts of Bihar and India through railways as well as roads. New Delhi - Guwahati railway line passes through Begusarai. It is a station on the Barauni-Katihar section of East Central Railway. There is a small aerodrome in Ulao, five km from the district headquarters. Barauni Railway Junction holds major importance in east-central Bihar. A number of important trains originate from this station for major cities like Delhi, Guwahati, Amritsar, Varanasi, Lucknow, Mumbai, Chennai etc. Rajendra Setu on the Ganges is connected to Mokama and Hathidah. There are 18 railway stations in this district. Interior parts of the district are well connected to the main roads. The National Highways 28 and 31 link this district to the other parts of the country. Their total length is 95 km. State roads have a total length of 262 km. 95% of the all the villages are linked to the rural and urban road facilities.Transport area is also connected to hotels for customer stay.
All colleges are affiliated to L.N.Mithila University, Darbhanga. Most prominent colleges are Ganesh Dutt College, Cooperative College, Mahila College, C.A.B.S. Inter College, Khamhar, Begusarai and A.P.S.M.College Barauni. Some of the schools are, Ramnik Baba PD Academy,gandhi shikshan sansthan,Prabhat Tara English School, BSS Inter Collegiate High School, BP High School, RTS Viswa Vidyapeeth (Behind G.D. College), St. Paul's School, Mussoorie Public Schools, Sun Flower School Kapasia Chowk, DAV Barauni, B R DAV (IOC), KV IOC, DAV Itwa Nagar, Cyberschool, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, R.K.C.High school Barauni.Ramkumari Ayodhya Vidhi(Law) Mahavidyalaya (Donated by Late Hira Babu). Ayodhya Shivkumari Ayurved Mahavidyalaya Begusarai (Donated by Late Hira Babu). Natya Vidyalaya, Near west Rly Cabin, Begusarai (Established by Anil Patang)
Places to visit
- Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary which contains rare and endangered migratory birds and has a large Oxbow lake, Jai Mangla Temple (at Kanwar Lake), Nawlakha temple and the bank of the Ganges at Simaria (known as the birth Place of India's National Poet Ramdhari Singh Dinkar) are worth visiting, Chhourahi Bakhadda is also one of the best place to visit.There are many pious temples to visit such as Kalisthan, Karpuristhan and Ram janki mandir (inside township campus).
There are some specimens of Pala, stone sculptures of Vishnu, Ganesh, Sun, Buddha, Nandi etc. Thousands of coins make a property of this museum. The coins displayed here represent a long span of time right from Mauryan India to that under British Rule. Accordingly, potteries of different cultural strata – Black and Red ware, NBP, Black ware, Red ware, Muslim ware etc. are displayed here. The Museum has a collection of terracottas and Manuscripts as well.
- Arun Kumar (2009-03-23). "ULB launches poll campaign". The Times of India. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Begusarai
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- Biography and Works www.anubhuti-hindi.org.
- Sahitya Akademi Award Citation