Elections in Oklahoma
Constitution provisions 
|“||All elections shall be free and equal. No power, civil or military, shall ever interfere to prevent the free exercise of the right of suffrage, and electors shall, in all cases, except for treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance on elections and while going to and from the same.||”|
—Section 5, Article 3, the Oklahoma Constitution
Voter qualifications 
Subject to such exceptions as the Oklahoma Legislature may prescribe, all citizens of the United States, over the age of eighteen and who are residents of this state, may register to vote as a qualified elector of Oklahoma.
Types of elections 
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Politics and government of
General election 
The general election for all elected state, district and country officers is held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November every two years. Those offices whose term expires the year following the general election must face election in that general election. For the state wide elected executive offices (the Governor of Oklahoma, Attorney General of Oklahoma, etc.), they must face election in the general election held two years after the last election for President of the United States. Thus, the most recent gubernatorial election was held in 2006 as the most recent presidential election was held in 2008,
Primary election 
A primary election must be held for a political party to nominate its candidates for the offices to the filled at the next general election. Such primaries are held on the last Tuesday in July of each year in which a general election is to be held. No candidate's name may be printed on the general election ballot unless such candidate has been nominated by his political party by a primary election. However, nonpartisan candidates need not seek primary election nominations in order to appear on the general election ballot.
Runoff primary election 
If at any primary election no candidate for the nomination for office of any political party receives a majority of all votes cast for all candidates of the party for the office, then the two candidates receiving the highest number of votes shall be placed on the official ballot as candidates for such nomination at a Runoff Primary Election to be held on the fourth Tuesday of August in the same year. The winner of the runoff primary shall be the political party’s nomination for the office to be filled.
Election provisions 
Closed primaries 
Oklahoma operates a modified closed primary system, in which only members of a given political party may vote in that party’s primary and runoff primary elections. The system is "modified" in that the chairman of each political party may allow registered Independents to vote in that party's primary election, but is not required to do so. Moreover, should Independents be allowed to vote in a primary election, the Independent may not vote in more than one political party’s primary elections.
Substitute candidates 
In the event of the death of a political party's nominee for office prior to the date of the general election, a substitute candidate is permitted to have his name placed on the general election ballot. If the nominee was a candidate for a state office, the state central committee of the party affected must the Secretary of the State Election Board of the name of an alternative candidate to be placed on the general election ballot. Such notice must be submitted in writing within five days after the death has occurred and must be signed by at least two members of the political party's state central committee.
If the death of the political party’s nominee should occur five days or more following the Runoff Primary Election date, a special general election shall be called by the Governor of Oklahoma. For such special general election, the candidates for office are the substitute candidate named by the central committee, the nominee of other political parties nominated for office, and any previously filed independent candidates.
Political parties 
Party Recognition 
Any group of people may form a recognized political party at any time except during the period between June 1 and November 15 of any even-numbered year. To form a party, the group must submit their intent in writing to the Secretary of the State Election Board.
After such notice is filed, petitions seeking recognition of a political party, in a form to be prescribed by the Secretary of the State Election Board, must be filed with such Secretary. Such petitions must bear the signatures of registered voters equal to at least five percent of the total votes cast in the last general election. Petitions may be circulated a maximum of one year after notice is filed and must be filed with the Secretary no later than May 1 of an even-number year. Petitions may not be circulated between May 1 and November 15 of any even-numbered year.
Within thirty days after receiving a petition to form a political party, the State Election Board shall determine the sufficiency of such petitions. If the Board determines there are a sufficient number of valid signatures of registered voters, the party becomes recognized under the laws of the State of Oklahoma with all rights and obligations relating to political parties.
If a party's nominee for Governor, or nominees for electors for President and Vice President, fail to receive at least ten percent of the total votes cast for said offices in the most recent general election, that party's Oklahoma party recognition automatically ceases, and that party must once again go through the process of gaining recognition.
Current recognized parties 
Current active parties 
- Green Party
- America's Independent Party of Oklahoma
- Libertarian Party
- Constitution Party
- Pirate Party of Oklahoma
See also