Erode district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Erode.
Erode district
ஈரோடு மாவட்டம்
District
Confluence of the Bhavani and Kaveri Rivers
Confluence of the Bhavani and Kaveri Rivers
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°21′N 77°44′E / 11.350°N 77.733°E / 11.350; 77.733Coordinates: 11°21′N 77°44′E / 11.350°N 77.733°E / 11.350; 77.733
Country India
State Tamil Nadu
Region Western Tamil Nadu (Kongu Nadu)
Headquarters Erode
Revenue Division Erode, Gobichettipalayam
Government
 • Collector V K Shanmugam IAS
Area
 • Total 2,198 sq mi (5,692 km2)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,251,744
 • Density 1,030/sq mi (397/km2)
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 638***
Telephone code 0424 (Erode)
04285 (Gobichettipalayam)
04256 (Bhavani)
04295 (Sathyamangalam)
ISO 3166 code ISO 3166-2:IN
Vehicle registration TN 33 (Erode East)
TN 36 (Gobichettipalayam)
TN 56 (Perundurai)
TN 86 (Erode West) [1]
Largest city Erode
Sex ratio M-51%/F-49% /
Literacy 72.96%
Lok Sabha seats 3
Vidhan Sabha seats 8
Central location: 11°15′N 77°19′E / 11.250°N 77.317°E / 11.250; 77.317
Precipitation 700 millimetres (28 in)
Avg. summer temperature 35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 18 °C (64 °F)
Website www.erode.tn.nic.in

Erode District (previously known as Periyar District) is a district in the western part (Kongu Nadu) of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The headquarters of the district is Erode and it is divided into two revenue divisions namely Erode and Gobichettipalayam. Periyar district was a part of Coimbatore District before its bifurcation on September 17, 1979 and was renamed as Erode District in 1996. As of 2011, the district had a population of 2,251,744 with a sex-ratio of 993 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Erode district had a population of 2,251,744 with a sex-ratio of 993 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[2] A total of 195,213 were under the age of six, constituting 99,943 males and 95,270 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 16.41% and .97% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 66.29%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[2] The district had a total of 658,071 households. There were a total of 1,195,773 workers, comprising 173,376 cultivators, 331,414 main agricultural labourers, 48,960 in house hold industries, 557,301 other workers, 84,722 marginal workers, 4,794 marginal cultivators, 38,798 marginal agricultural labourers, 5,362 marginal workers in household industries and 35,768 other marginal workers.[3]

Geography[edit]

The district is bounded by Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka to the north, and by Kaveri River to the east. Across the river lies Salem, Namakkal and Karur districts. Tirupur District lies immediately to the south, and Coimbatore and the Nilgiris district lie to the west. Erode District is landlocked and is situated at between 10 36” and 11 58” north latitude and between 76 49” and 77 58” east longitude. The district forms the meeting point of Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats separated by Bhavani River.

Eastern Ghats as seen from Gobichettipalayam

The district comprises a long undulating plain, sloping gently towards the Kaveri River in the south-east. Three major tributaries of river Kaveri, the Bhavani, Noyyal and Amaravati, run across the long stretch of mountains in the north. Palar River constitutes the boundary between Erode district and Karnataka in the north. The Bhavanisagar Dam and Kodiveri Dam provide storage facilities and numerous canals along with these rivers provide proper drainage and facilities for irrigation in the district.

Administration[edit]

Erode District is divided into two revenue divisions namely: Erode and Gobichettipalayam. The district presently contains six taluks namely: Anthiyur, Bhavani, Erode, Gobichettipalayam, Perundurai, and Satyamangalam. (Five as of the 2011 census,[4] with the sixth taluk created in 2012 out of parts of Bhavani and Gobichettipalayam[5]) Erode District consists of the municipal corporation of Erode and four other municipalities:[6]

Politics[edit]

Erode District is divided between 3 Parliamentary Constituencies namely: Erode, Nilgiris and Tirupur. The district consists of 8 assembly constituencies namely Anthiyur, Bhavani, Bhavani Sagar, Erode East, Erode West, Gobichettipalayam, Modakurichi and Perundurai.

Assembly
Constituency
Political
Party
Elected
Representative
Anthiyur AIADMK S. S. Ramanitharan
Bhavani AIADMK P. G. Narayanan
Bhavani Sagar CPI P. L. Sundaram
Erode East DMDK V. C. Chandhirakumar
Erode West AIADMK K. V. Ramalingam
Gobichettipalayam AIADMK K. A. Sengottaiyan
Modakurichi AIADMK R. N. Kittusamy
Perundurai AIADMK N. D. Venkatachalam
Lok Sabha
Constituency
Political
Party
Elected
Representative
Erode AIADMK S. Chinnayan
Tirupur AIADMK V. Sathyabama
Nilgiris AIADMK C. Gopalakrishnan
Source: Indian Elections / Election Commission of India.[7][8]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the most important income source of this district. Paddy, Plantain, Groundnut, cotton, turmeric, coconut and sugarcane are some of the agricultural products. With 43% share, the district is the top turmeric producer in Tamil Nadu.[1]. Erode is also known as "The Turmeric City" as is one of the largest turmeric producers in the world. Erode District is an important market center for turmeric, a spice commonly used in curries. Turmeric is also used as a fabric dye. Erode district is also the leading producer of plantain, coconuts and white silk in Tamil Nadu.

Gobichettipalayam is well known for its white silk, cotton, plantain and coconut production. The country's first automated silk reeling unit is in Gobichettipalayam. Erode is also well known for handloom, powerloom textile products and ready-made garments and hence called the powerloom city of India. Products such as cotton sarees, bed spreads, carpets, lungies, printed fabrics, towels, dhotis are marketed there. In mid-2005, Bhavani Jamakkalam (Bhavani Bedsheets) is registered as a Geographical Indication by the Government of India. Chennimalai is also famous for textiles. Punjai Puliampatti has a weekly Sandy (Market), which is the second place in Tamil Nadu. Its area is 12.75 Acres, which is running from this Sandy, and Annual Income is 23.75 Lakhs for the Municipality. and it is one of the leading tobacco producers in Tamil Nadu. Anthiyur and Modachur shandy are famous for cattle.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

The transportation system in the district is already well developed. Erode, being one of the prominent trading centers in the state, is well connected with all modern means of transport except air transport. The district is accessible by both road and rail from the state capital Chennai and other major cities. The district is divided into two RTO sub-divisions namely Erode and Gobichettipalayam.

Railways[edit]

The district has one major railway station namely, Erode Junction. It was built by the British to connect the west coast of India to the east coast of India. There are state of art ISO certified diesel and electric locomotive sheds at Erode Junction. Erode Junction, which has the distinction of being the third cleanest railway junction in India serves as the hub for water filling facilities and food provisions.

Roadways[edit]

The district is well connected by road. The following is the list of major arterial roads:

National Highways

Proposed Highways

State Highways

The Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation Coimbatore division-II headquartered at Erode (originally called as Jeeva Transport Corporation) services the inter and intra city routes. The State Express Bus Corporation (SETC) operates express services to major cities across the state. Erode Central Bus Terminus, which serves as a major hub is one of the largest in the state.

Distances of Taluk Headquarters from Erode[edit]

Sl no Town Distance
(km)
1 Anthiyur 30
2 Bhavani 15
3 Gobichettipalayam 35
4 Perundurai 20
5 Sathyamangalam 65

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.tn.gov.in
  2. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Erode district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "NPR Report: Tamil Nadu: Erode". National Population Register, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Archived from the original on 28 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Anthiyur becomes separate taluk in Erode district". The Hindu. 22 November 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  6. ^ http://www.tn.gov.in/cma/municipalities/municipalities_gradewise.html
  7. ^ "Election results". Indian Elections. 
  8. ^ "Parties Statistics". Election Commission of India. 

External links[edit]