|• Density||322/km2 (830/sq mi)|
|• Official||Telugu, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Precipitation||603 millimetres (23.7 in)|
|Avg. annual temperature||21.0 °C (69.8 °F)|
|Avg. summer temperature||50.9 °C (123.6 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||23.5 °C (74.3 °F)|
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Culture
- 6 Famous pilgrimages
- 7 Notable people
- 8 Economy
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Karimnagar was originally called Elagandala, by its native people. The district was a major center for Vedic learning and was the heart of the great Satavahana Empire. Later, Nizams changed the name to Karimnagar, derived from the name of Syed Karimullah Shah Saheb Quiladar.
Karimnagar district occupies an area of 11,823 square kilometres (4,565 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to the Philippines' Panay Island. It borders Adilabad District in the north, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh in the northeast, Warangal District in the south, Medak District in the southwest and Nizamabad District in the west.
Karimnagar district has 57 Mandals (revenue and administrative units):
In 2006, the Indian government named Karminagar as one of the country's 250 most impoverished districts (out of 640). It is one of thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) interviewed 1005 households in 40 villages across the district. The IIPS found that 92.8% had access to electricity, 94.9% to drinking water, 36.9% to toilet facilities, and 16.8% lived in a pucca (permanent) home. 24.8% of girls wed before the legal age of 18 and 79.1% of interviewees carried a BPL card.
According to the 2011 census Karimnagar district has a population of 3,811,738, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oregon. This gives it a ranking of 67th in India (out of 640). The district has a population density of 322 inhabitants per square kilometre (830 /sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 9.16%. Karimnagar has a sex ratio of 1009 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 64.87%.
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Vemulawada (or Vemulavada) is a town 58 km from Karimnagar, in the Andhra Pradesh state, India. It is known for the Sri Raja Rajeshwara Swamy Temple complex, a site of pilgrimage for Hindu worshippers, particularly devotees of Shiva.
Dharmapuri attained religious importance for the shrine dedicated to Narasimha Swamy, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Particular sites include Siva with Dakshinamurthy, Vinayaka and Sapitha Mathrukas carved on a single slab of stone; and Mahishasuramardhani, the sixty pillared temple, Mahalakshmi temple, Akkapalle Rajanna, and over five hundred year old sri Sita Rama Swami temple.
Kondagattu is a temple about 35 km from the district headquarters, dedicated to Lord Anjaneya Swamy. According to folklore, the temple was constructed by a cowherd in the 18th century. The present day temple was built in the 19th century by Krishna Rao Deshmukh. It is believed that if a woman offers puja for 40 days at this temple then she will be blessed with a child. It is about 30 km from Vemulavada. There is a Ghatroad from hilltop to base station.
Kaleshwaram is the site of the famous Shiva temple called "Kaleswara muktheswara swamy". Significance of the Mukteshwara Swamy Temple is the unique presence of two Shiva Lingas found on a single pedestal—one is Lord Shiva and the other Lord Yama—collectively known as Kaleswara Mukteswara Swamy. This place is also called Dakshina Triveni Sangamam. Kaleshwaram village is in Mahadevpur mandal of Karimnagar district, 125 kilometres from the town of Karimnagar and 60 kilometres from Manthani. Kaleshwaram is located exactly at the merging point of the Godavari River and its tributary, the River Pranahita.
- P. V. Narasimha Rao, Former Prime Minister of India
- Dr. C. Narayana Reddy, writer, Jnanpith Award recipient.
- Justice N. Kumarayya, Retired Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh & ex-judge, World Bank Administrative Tribunal
- Midde Ramulu (Oggu Katha artist from Hanmajipet village)
- Anabheri Prabhakar Rao- Telangana rebellion revolutionary and freedom fighter
- Mallojula Koteswara Rao
- G. Ram Reddy, architect of distance education and the father of open learning in India.
- Paidi Jairaj, film actor, director and producer. He was recipient of Dadasaheb Phalke Award for lifetime achievement in 1980.
- Siva Reddy, popular Telugu language comedian and actor.
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There are 5806 small scale industries in the district as on 31 March 2006. The bulk of the industries is based on agriculture, engineering, forest and mineral sectors and animal husbandry providing employment of about 42619 people. These units are mostly consisting of rice mills, saw, oil, dhall and other grain mills, seed and other processing mills. Some important small sector industries are of general jobbing and engineering, manufacture of paper and tiles, stone dressing and crushing, cement concrete pipes, repairing of motor vehicles etc. The major industries in the district are National Thermal Power Corporation, at Ramagundam Singareni Collories at Godavarihani,Nizam Sugar factory at Mutyampet.
National Thermal Power Corporation
NTPC Ramagundam, a part of National Thermal Power Corporation, is a 2600 MW Power station situated at Ramagundam in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the current largest power station in South India. It is the first ISO 14001 certified "Super Thermal Power Station" in India.
This Navaratna Public sector undertaking has completed 25 years of service. The Corporation during this period grew to be a front runner in the Indian Power Sector and is ranked as the 6th largest Power Generator in the world, with an installed capacity of 19,435 MW.
Singareni Collories Company Limited
The Company's accredited function is to explore and exploit the coal deposits in the Godavari valley coalfield, which is the only repository of coal in South India. Mining activities of SCCL are presently spread over four districts of Andhra Pradesh Viz. Adilabad, Karimnagar, Khammam and Warangal.
Kesoram Cement Factory
Kesoram Cement is one of the Birla group of companies.It was incorated in 1967. The plant is one of the biggest in south India and can produce cement with a capacity of 2500 metric tones per day. The technical objectives of the company are to develop indigenous technology and integrate foreign technology wherever necessary.
Karimnagar district is known for its popular Tan Brown and Maple Red variety of granite. The granite from Karimnagar district in general and Odyaram village in particular was used extensively by China during the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Ever since, China has been using granite from Karimnagar district. It has become a popular brand the world over and all the Asian countries, including Japan, have started using the granite for various projects. Several countries began using the granite because of its low cost and superior quality. In Karimnagar district, there are over 600 stone quarries spread over several mandals such as Karimnagar, Manakondur, Mallial, Kesavapatnam etc. However, the popular quarries, which have a sway in the global market, number around 20. Every month about 10,000 to 12,000 cubic meters of granite stones are being exported to China and other countries. Each cubic metre of granite costs around Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 15,000. Every year, the granite stone business turnover crosses over Rs. 5 billion in the district. It has also become a good source of income for the railways, which has constructed special platforms for transportation of granite from Karimnagar, Gangadhara and Uppal railway stations in the district to Kakinada and Chennai ports for export to China. The stone is exported to China where it is polished and then marketed to Japan and other Asian countries. The cranes deployed for lifting of huge blocks of granite at the railway stations were also earning lakhs of rupees. Besides, it is also providing employment to several labourers and others.
- "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
- "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Panay 12,011"
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
- "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. "To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females."
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Oregon 3,831,074"
- NATIOINAL THERMAL POWER CORPORATION Ltd(NTPC)Ramagundam,Karimnagar. Karimnagar.nic.in (17 January 2012).
- SINGARENI COLLORIES,Ramagundam,Karimnagar. Karimnagar.nic.in (17 January 2012).
- Kesoram Cement Factory,Basantnagar,Karimnagar. Karimnagar.nic.in (17 January 2012).
- Granite industry in Karimnagar. Fukushima.org.ua.
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||Adilabad district||Gadchiroli district, Maharashtra|
|Nizamabad district||Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh|
|Medak district||Warangal district|