List of Japanese cities by population

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The following is a list of cities in Japan by population. The following table indicates all cities in Japan that have a population greater than 200,000 as of the 2010 Japan Census.[1][2] Prefectural capitals are indicated in bold. Japan has many major cities. Many of these cities are crowded into a relatively small area of land along the Pacific coast of Honshu, between Tokyo and Fukuoka. This heavily urbanized strip is known as the Taiheiyō Belt or the Tōkaidō corridor. The latter name refers to the historic highway that connected the cities of Tokyo and Kyoto, which has now been replaced by expressways and the high-speed Shinkansen railway line ("Bullet Train").

List[edit]

Abbreviations:
2010 Pop.: Legal Population, as of October 1, 2010.
2005 Pop.: Legal Population, as of October 1, 2005.
Rank Prefecture City 2010
Pop.[3]
2005
Pop.[4]
Growth
in %
Area
(sq mi)
Density
per mi²
Status
- TokyoTokyo Tokyo 8,949,447 8,489,653 5.42 240.1 37,274 Group of special wards.
001 Kanagawa Yokohama 3,689,603 3,579,628 3.07 168.9 21,845 Government ordinance city
002 OsakaOsaka OsakaOsaka 2,666,371 2,628,811 1.43 85.8 31,077 Government ordinance city
003 Aichi Nagoya 2,263,907 2,215,062 2.21 126.0 17,968 Government ordinance city
004 Hokkaido Sapporo 1,914,434 1,880,863 1.78 432.9 4,422 Government ordinance city
005 Hyōgo KobeKōbe 1,544,873 1,525,393 1.78 213.4 7,239 Government ordinance city
006 Kyoto Kyoto 1,474,473 1,474,811 -0.02 319.7 4,612 Government ordinance city
007 Fukuoka Fukuoka 1,463,826 1,401,279 4.46 131.3 11,149 Government ordinance city
008 Kanagawa Kawasaki 1,425,678 1,327,011 7.44 55.7 25,596 Government ordinance city
009 Saitama Saitama 1,222,910 1,176,314 3.96 84.0 14,558 Government ordinance city
010 Hiroshima Hiroshima 1,174,209 1,154,391 1.72 349.4 3,361 Government ordinance city
011 Miyagi Sendai 1,045,903 1,025,126 2.03 305.2 3,427 Government ordinance city
012 Fukuoka Kitakyūshū 977,288 993,525 -1.63 188.0 5,198 Government ordinance city
013 Chiba Chiba 962,130 924,319 4.09 105.1 9,154 Government ordinance city
014 OsakaOsaka Sakai 842,134 830,966 1.34 57.9 14,545 Government ordinance city
015 Niigata Niigata 812,192 813,847 -0.20 280.3 2,898 Government ordinance city
016 Shizuoka Hamamatsu 800,912 804,032 -0.39 583.5 1,373 Government ordinance city
017 Kumamoto Kumamoto 734,294 727,978 0.87 150.4 4,882 Government ordinance city
018 Kanagawa Sagamihara 717,561 701,620 2.27 127.0 5,650 Government ordinance city
019 Shizuoka Shizuoka 716,328 723,323 -0.97 545.1 1,314 Government ordinance city
020 Okayama Okayama 709,622 696,172 1.93 305.0 2,327 Government ordinance city
021 Chiba Funabashi 609,081 569,835 6.89 33.1 18,401 Core city
022 Kagoshima Kagoshima 605,940 604,367 0.26 211.2 2,689 Core city
023 TokyoTokyo Hachiōji 579,799 560,012 3.53 71.9 8,064
024 Hyōgo Himeji 536,338 536,232 0.02 206.3 2,600 Core city
025 Ehime Matsuyama 517,088 514,937 0.42 165.6 3,123 Core city
026 Tochigi Utsunomiya 511,296 502,396 1.77 160.9 3,178 Core city
027 OsakaOsaka Higashiōsaka 509,632 513,821 -0.82 23.9 21,324 Core city
028 Saitama Kawaguchi 500,311 480,079 4.21 21.5 23,270 Special city
029 Chiba Matsudo 484,639 472,579 2.55 23.7 20,449
030 Hyōgo Nishinomiya 482,790 465,337 3.75 38.6 12,508 Core city
031 Okayama Kurashiki 475,421 469,377 1.29 137.0 3,470 Core city
032 Chiba Ichikawa 474,926 466,608 1.78 22.2 21,393
033 OitaŌita OitaŌita 473,955 462,317 2.52 193.5 2,449 Core city
034 Ishikawa Kanazawa 462,478 454,607 1.73 180.6 2,561 Core city
035 Hiroshima Fukuyama 461,471 459,087 0.52 200.0 2,307 Core city
036 Hyōgo Amagasaki 453,608 462,647 -1.95 19.2 23,625 Core city
037 Nagasaki Nagasaki 443,469 455,206 -2.58 156.9 2,826 Core city
038 TokyoTokyo Machida 426,827 404,544 5.25 27.7 15,409
039 Toyama Toyama 421,890 421,239 0.15 479.5 880 Core city
040 Aichi Toyota 421,552 412,141 2.28 354.6 1,189 Core city
041 Kagawa Takamatsu 419,291 418,125 0.28 144.8 2,896 Core city
042 Kanagawa Yokosuka 418,448 426,178 -1.81 38.9 10,757 Core city
043 Gifu Gifu 413,239 413,357 -0.03 78.3 5,278 Core city
044 Kanagawa Fujisawa 409,734 396,014 3.46 26.8 15,289
045 OsakaOsaka Hirakata 407,997 404,044 0.98 25.1 16,255 Special city
046 Chiba Kashiwa 404,079 380,963 6.07 44.09 9,164 Core City
047 Miyazaki Miyazaki 400,352 395,593 1.20 110.8 3,613 Core city
048 OsakaOsaka Toyonaka 389,359 386,623 0.71 14.0 27,811 Special city
049 Nagano Nagano 381,533 386,572 -1.30 184.9 2,063 Core city
050 Aichi Toyohashi 376,861 372,479 1.18 100.9 3,735 Core city
051 Aichi Ichinomiya 375,621 371,687 1.06 44.0 8,537 Special city
052 Aichi Okazaki 372,472 363,807 2.38 87.6 4,252 Core city
053 Gunma Takasaki 371,352 364,919 1.76 177.4 2,093 Special city
054 Wakayama Wakayama 369,400 375,591 -1.65 81.2 4,549 Core city
055 Nara Nara 366,528 370,102 -0.97 106.9 3,429 Core city
056 OsakaOsaka Takatsuki 357,423 351,826 1.59 40.7 8,782 Core city
057 OsakaOsaka Suita 355,567 353,885 0.48 13.9 25,580 Special city
058 Hokkaidō Asahikawa 347,275 355,004 -2.18 288.6 1,203 Core city
059 KōchiKōchi KōchiKōchi 343,416 348,990 -1.60 119.4 2,876 Core city
060 Saitama Kawagoe 342,714 333,795 2.67 42.1 8,140 Core city
061 Fukushima Iwaki 342,198 354,492 -3.47 475.4 720 Core city
062 Saitama Tokorozawa 341,900 336,100 1.73 27.8 12,299 Special city
063 Gunma Maebashi 340,390 340,904 -0.15 120.3 2,830 Core city
064 Fukushima KoriyamaKōriyama 338,772 338,834 -0.02 292.3 1,159 Core city
065 Shiga ŌtsuŌtsu 337,629 323,719 4.30 144.4 2,338 Core city
066 Saitama Koshigaya 326,423 315,792 3.37 23.3 14,010 Special city
067 Akita Akita 323,363 333,109 -2.93 349.7 925 Core city
068 Okinawa Naha 315,765 312,393 1.08 15.1 20,912
069 Mie Yokkaichi 307,807 303,845 1.30 79.4 3,877 Special city
070 Aichi Kasugai 305,662 295,802 3.33 35.8 8,538 Special city
071 Fukuoka Kurume 302,323 306,434 -1.34 88.7 3,408 Special city
072 Aomori Aomori 299,429 311,386 -3.84 318.3 941 Core city
073 Iwate Morioka 298,572 300,746 -0.72 342.3 872 Core city
074 Fukushima Fukushima 292,280 297,357 -1.71 288.2 1,014
075 Hyōgo Akashi 290,993 291,027 -0.01 19.0 15,315 Special city
076 Mie Tsu 285,728 288,538 -0.97 274.4 1,041
077 Niigata Nagaoka 282,719 288,457 -1.99 344.0 822 Special city
078 Yamaguchi Shimonoseki 280,987 290,693 -3.34 276.5 1,016 Core city
079 Chiba Ichihara 279,601 280,255 -0.23 142.2 1,966
080 Hokkaidō Hakodate 279,110 294,264 -5.15 261.7 1,067 Core city
081 OsakaOsaka Ibaraki 274,832 267,961 2.56 29.5 9,316 Special city
082 Ibaraki Mito 268,818 262,603 2.37 84.0 3,200 Special city
083 OsakaOsaka Yao 268,652 273,487 -1.77 16.1 16,686 Special city
084 Hyōgo Kakogawa 266,869 267,100 -0.08 53.5 4,989 Special city
085 Fukui Fukui 266,831 269,144 -0.86 207.0 1,289 Special city
086 Tokushima Tokushima 264,764 267,833 -1.15 73.8 3,588
087 Nagasaki Sasebo 261,146 269,574 -3.13 140.5 1,859 Special city
088 Kanagawa Hiratsuka 260,776 258,958 0.70 26.2 9,953 Special city
089 TokyoTokyo Fuchū 255,453 245,623 4.00 11.3 22,606
090 Yamagata Yamagata 254,084 256,012 -0.75 147.2 1,726 Special city
091 Shizuoka Fuji 254,049 253,297 0.30 94.6 2,686 Special city
092 Saitama SokaSōka 244,062 236,316 3.28 10.6 23,025 Special city
093 Nagano Matsumoto 243,070 242,541 0.22 355.0 685 Special city
094 Hiroshima Kure 239,553 251,003 -4.56 136.6 1,754 Special city
095 OsakaOsaka Neyagawa 238,244 241,816 -1.48 9.5 25,078 Special city
096 Saga Saga 237,501 241,361 -1.60 166.6 1,426
097 Aomori Hachinohe 237,473 244,700 -2.95 117.8 2,016 Special city
098 Saitama Kasukabe 237,178 238,506 -0.56 25.5 9,301 Special city
099 Kanagawa Chigasaki 235,140 228,420 2.94 13.8 17,039 Special city
100 Kanagawa Yamato 228,180 221,220 3.15 10.4 21,940 Special city
101 Hyōgo Takarazuka 225,587 219,862 2.60 39.3 5,740 Special city
102 Kanagawa Atsugi 224,426 222,403 0.91 36.2 6,200 Special city
103 Saitama Ageo 223,882 220,232 1.66 17.6 12,721
104 TokyoTokyo Chōfu 223,609 216,119 3.47 8.3 26,941
105 Gunma OtaŌta 216,444 213,160 1.54 67.8 3,192 Special city
106 Ibaraki Tsukuba 214,660 200,528 7.05 109.7 1,957 Special city
107 Gunma Isesaki 207,199 202,447 2.35 53.8 3,851 Special city
108 Niigata Jōetsu 203,869 208,082 -2.02 375.8 542 Special city
109 Saitama Kumagaya 203,192 204,675 -0.72 61.7 3,293 Special city
110 Shizuoka Numazu 202,283 208,005 -2.75 72.2 2,802 Special city

List as of 1889[edit]

This is the list of Japanese municipalities by population, as of December 31, 1889. The list includes all the cities, as well as other municipalities with more population than Kurume, the least populous city at the time.

Source: Japanese Wikipedia article of 市制 (City system), retrieved on July 4, 2008.[citation needed]
  • Japanese national population is as of December 31, 1888.[5]
  • Municipal statuses, names, and populations are as of December 31, 1889.
  • Prefectural capital statuses are as of 2008.
  Prefecture Municipality Pop. Status Pref.
capital
  Japan 39,626,600
1 Tokyo Tokyo 1,389,684 City Yes
2 Osaka Osaka 476,271 City Yes
3 Kyoto Kyoto 279,792 City Yes
4 Aichi Nagoya 162,767 City Yes
5 Hyōgo Kobe 135,639 City Yes
6 Kanagawa Yokohama 121,985 City Yes
7 Ishikawa Kanazawa 94,257 City Yes
8 Miyagi Sendai 90,231 City Yes
9 Hiroshima Hiroshima 88,820 City Yes
10 Tokushima Tokushima 61,107 City Yes
11 Toyama Toyama 58,159 City Yes
12 Kagoshima Kagoshima 57,465 City Yes
13 Wakayama Wakayama 56,713 City Yes
14 Nagasaki Nagasaki 55,063 City Yes
15 Fukuoka Fukuoka 53,014 City Yes
16 Hokkaido Hakodate 52,909 Ward No
17 Kumamoto Kumamoto 52,833 City Yes
18 Okayama Okayama 48,333 City Yes
19 Osaka Sakai 48,165 City Yes
20 Niigata Niigata 46,353 City Yes
21 Fukui Fukui 40,849 City Yes
  Okinawa Naha 40,212 Unofficial area Yes
22 Shizuoka Shizuoka 37,664 City Yes
23 Shimane Matsue 35,934 City Yes
24 Ehime Matsuyama 32,738 City Yes
25 Kōchi Kōchi 32,241 City Yes
  Kagawa Takamatsu 32,081 Unofficial area Yes
26 Iwate Morioka 31,153 City Yes
27 Yamanashi Kōfu 31,135 City Yes
28 Tochigi Utsunomiya 30,698 Town Yes
29 Aomori Hirosaki 30,487 City No
30 Shiga Ōtsu 29,941 Town Yes
31 Yamaguchi Akamaseki 29,919 City No
32 Yamagata Yonezawa 29,591 City No
33 Akita Akita 29,568 City Yes
34 Nagano Matsumoto 29,319 Town No
35 Yamagata Yamagata 29,019 City Yes
36 Nagano Nagano 28,980 Town Yes
37 Toyama Takaoka 28,928 City No
38 Tottori Tottori 28,396 City Yes
39 Mie Tsu 28,156 City Yes
40 Gunma Maebashi 28,115 Town Yes
41 Mie Ujiyamada 27,365 Town No
42 Gifu Gifu 27,089 City Yes
43 Hyōgo Himeji 27,055 City No
44 Saga Saga 26,401 City Yes
  Okinawa Shuri 26,205 Unofficial area Yes
45 Osaka Nanba 25,617 Village Yes
46 Ibaraki Mito 25,591 City Yes
47 Fukuoka Kurume 24,859 City No
  • These municipalities changed their names:
    • Akamaseki, now a part of Shimonoseki.
    • Ujiyamada, now a part of Ise.
    • Shuri, now a part of Naha.
    • Nanba, now a part of Chūō Ward, Osaka.
  • Naha, Takamatsu, and Shuri were unofficial place names given to the groups of smaller towns or villages.

References[edit]

See also[edit]