Mohammedan Sporting Club, founded in 1891 at Kolkata, is one of the oldest and leading football clubs in India. The club currently plays in the I-League and premier division of CFL. Mohammedan Sporting is one of the most popular football clubs in India with a support base in all parts of the country.
The club was founded as "Jubilee Club" in 1887 under the leadership of Nawbab Aminul Islam. Then this name was changed into "Crescent Club". Crescent club's name again changed into "Hamidia Club". Finally this "Hamidia Club" came to be known as "Mohamedan Sporting Club" in 1891.
After their establishment in 1891, Mohammedan Sporting Club first tasted success when the won the Calcutta Football League in 1934 and then went on to create history by becoming the first Indian club to win the Calcutta Football League continuously for 5 years from 1934 to 1938. Again the club won the league in 1940 and 1941 along with the IFA Shield Championship. It was also the first Indian team to break the monopoly of the British football teams in the Durand Cup, the oldest football tournament in India, when they became champions in the year 1941.
Mohammedan Sporting Club has the distinction of winning the first Durand Cup. The Durand Cup is the oldest football tournament in India. MSC beat Royal Warwickshire Regiment 2-1. MSC also won the Rovers Cup in 1940. MSC won the IFA Shield in 1941 by beating "K.O.S.B" 2-0. Rashid and Sabu were goal scorers from MSC. In 1942 Mohammedan Sporting lifted IFA Shield for the third time after beating East Bengal 1-0 in the final. The winning goal came from Noor Mohammed (Senior).
In 1956 MSC went on to win the "Rovers Cup" for the second time MSC beats MB 3-1 in the final. This Rovers Cup win paved the way again to get back those Golden Era. In 1957, MSC bagged the "Double" by winning both the League and IFA Shield. In the league, MSC defeated East Bengal by a point and defeated Railway Sports 3-0 in IFA Shield Final.
The next success came after exactly 10 years later. Mohammedan Sporting Club won the Calcutta League in 1967 without losing a single match. They were the unbeaten champion and registered their 10th league title. In 1971, MSC won the IFA Shield by defeating Tollygunge Agragami 2-0 in the final. MSC won that year's IFA Shield without conceding a goal.
In the 8th decade, the success came at the beginning. MSC won the Calcutta League in 1981 with a point clear from Mohun Bagan. MSC were the unbeaten champion in the 1981 league. This was the third time in the History of Mohammedan Sporting Club. In 1983 Mohammedan Sporting Club won the Federation Cup for the first time by defeating Mohun Bagan 2-0 and also in 1983 Mohamedan Won Pearless trophy in Calcutta by Beating Mohun Bagan 3-1 in the tie-breaker. In 1983 Mohammedan also won the Rovers Cup by beating East Bengal 1-0 in Mumbai and became Runners up in the DCM trophy in Delhi. In the next year in 1984 MSC won the Federation Cup by defeating East Bengal 1-0.
After a long Trophy drought 2013-14 season Mohammedan Sporting won two giant title in Indian football, Durand Cup and IFA Shield. In the final of IFA Shield -2014 they beat Sheikh Jamal Dhanmondi Fc of Bangladesh 5-4 in penalty shootout. They qualified to the 2013–14 I-League by being the runner-up in the 2013 I-League 2nd Division, but were again relegated to 2015 I-League 2nd Division, as they were placed last in the season.