Romanian presidential election, 2014

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Romanian presidential election, 2014
Romania
2009 ←
2 and 16 November 2014
→ 2019

  Victor Ponta Feb 2014 (cropped).jpg Klausjohannis2005.jpg Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu at a government meeting.jpg
Nominee Victor Ponta[1] Klaus Iohannis Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Party PSD PNL PRL

  CDiaconescu5082009.jpg Kelemen Hunor.jpg
Nominee Cristian Diaconescu Hunor Kelemen
Party PMP UDMR

President before election

Traian Băsescu
PDL

Elected President

TBD

Coat of arms of Romania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Romania

A presidential election will take place in Romania in 2014. The election will be held in two rounds, on 2 and 16 November 2014, as decided by the government in February.[2]

Context[edit]

Election will be held in 2014 because, according to the Article 83 of the Constitution of Romania, the "term of office of the President of Romania is five years, being exercised from the date the oath was taken".[3] The last presidential election was held in 2009 and Traian Băsescu was sworn in for his second term on 21 December 2009. He is ineligible for a third term according to the Constitution.

Candidates[edit]

Social Democratic Party[edit]

After political turmoil in mid-February 2014 that resulted in the collapse of governing alliance, voices inside PSD have hinted that Prime Minister Victor Ponta would be the best candidate from the party. He repeatedly hesitated to declare PSD option as a certainty, stating that he would like to remain Prime Minister. However, in July, he declared, for the first time firmly, that he will run for president in November, mentioning that will require the support of the party during the National Council of 29 July.[4]

National Liberal Party[edit]

A few hours after the displaying of official results of the European Parliament election, Crin Antonescu resigned as President of PNL, invoking poor results at the election.[5] Likewise, he stated in a press conference that he will withdraw from the race for the presidential election. A part of the PNL leaders thinks that Crin Antonescu's successor to the PNL leadership, but also to the candidacy for presidential election, can be Klaus Iohannis, Mayor of Sibiu.[6] PNL and PDL started procedures to strengthen the political right. On 26 July, national liberals and democratic liberals voted at the Palace of the Parliament fusion by amalgamation of the two parties, the new party bearing the name of National Liberal Party. The event was preceded by the Congress of PNL and National Convention of PDL, in the last ratifying the fusion by absorption of Ungureanu's party – Civic Force. Until registration of the new political formation at the Tribunal – at least ten days after Congress, PNL and PDL will operate within the Christian Liberal Alliance, built as an electoral vehicle for the presidential candidate.[7]

Voices inside PDL, including former Prime Minister Emil Boc, argue that Klaus Iohannis would be the perfect candidate for presidential office.[8]

Civic Force leader, former prime-minister Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu, was expected to represent FC in the upcoming presidential elections but this is improbable due to his party's inclusion within the new political force resulted from the unification of PDL and PNL.[9]

Liberal Reformist Party[edit]

Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, former Prime Minister and current President of the Senate of Romania, decided to resign as PNL member earlier in 2014 and established a new party of his own, the Liberal Reformist Party, on July 3. He will represent the new political force in the future presidential elections this fall.[10]

Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania[edit]

The party leader, Hunor Kelemen, expressed several times his willingness to participate in the race for the presidency. He resigned from government, party members agreeing on 17 July over his appointment as official candidate from UDMR.

People's Party - Dan Diaconescu[edit]

Dan Diaconescu, the moral founder of the PP-DD was sentenced to three years imprisonment for extortion in December 2013.[11] In this context, his candidature for the presidential election is improbable.

People's Movement Party[edit]

People's Movement Party (PMP) is a new party founded on 26 March 2013. It is grouped around current President Traian Băsescu and formed by close associates and presidential advisors, after the theatrical separation from the Democratic Liberal Party in early 2013.[12] After the party's congress in June 2014, the new president of PMP, Elena Udrea, announced that former presidential advisor to president Băsescu, Cristian Diaconescu, will run in the following presidential elections set for November 2014.

Greater Romania Party[edit]

Corneliu Vadim Tudor, known for a long activity within the Greater Romania Party, was removed from the party leadership following a vote organized in a special meeting.[13][14] In this context, the party has not designated another candidate for presidential election as of February 2014.

Opinion polls[edit]

Poll source Date(s) administered Sample size Victor Ponta (PSD) Crin Antonescu (PNL) Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu (FC) Cătălin Predoiu (PDL) Corneliu Vadim Tudor (PRM) Kelemen Hunor (UDMR) Dan Diaconescu (PP-DD) Other
INSCOP[15] 16–21 January 2014 1,054 29.8% 22.4% 11.3% 5.8% 4.5% 4.4% 1.8% 20%
CSCI[16] 23–26 April 2014 1,100 40% 12% 14% 6% 8% 5% 6% 9%
INSCOP[17] 1–7 May 2014 1,056 41.7% 20.7% 17.1% 8.6% 4.6% 3.8% 3.5%
Poll source Date(s) administered Sample size Victor Ponta (PSD-UNPR-PC) Klaus Iohannis (PNL-PDL) Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu (FC) Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu (PRL) Hunor Kelemen (UDMR) Corneliu Vadim Tudor (PRM) Cristian Diaconescu (PMP) Dan Diaconescu (PPDD) Other
INSCOP[18] 1–6 July 2014 1,055 43.6% 31.2% 9.6% 4.5% 3.5% 2.8% 2.6% 2.2% 5.2%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liviu Dadacus (29 June 2014). "Dragnea, la CExN: Colegii vor ca Ponta să candideze la prezidențiale. Ei nu vor alegeri interne". Mediafax.ro. 
  2. ^ G.S. (2 February 2014). "Ponta: Alegeri europarlamentare la 25 mai. Alegeri prezidențiale la 2 și 16 noiembrie". Antena 3. 
  3. ^ Constitution of Romania, Article 83
  4. ^ "E oficial: Victor Ponta candidează la președinție". Digi24.ro. 24 July 2014. 
  5. ^ Sebastian Zachmann, Mădălina Mihalache, Iulia Marin (26 May 2014). "Alegeri europarlamentare 2014. Crin Antonescu a demisionat din fruntea PNL. Tăriceanu a fost dat afară "în mod elegant". Orban va candida la șefia PNL". Adevărul. 
  6. ^ "PNL strânge rândurile în jurul lui Iohannis după retragerea lui Crin Antonescu". Realitatea.net. 31 May 2014. 
  7. ^ Cristian Andrei (26 July 2014). "Congresul de fuziune PNL - PDL. Blaga și Iohannis își spun „DA” în mod oficial". Gândul. 
  8. ^ Andreea Tobias, Vasile Magradean (4 June 2014). "Boc: Iohannis pare a fi candidatul PNL și PDL la prezidențiale, îl susțin și îi voi face campanie". Mediafax.ro. 
  9. ^ Mădălina Mihalache (25 October 2013). "Ungureanu, Tomac și Cristian Preda, împreună într-un nou proiect politic: MRU candidat la Președinție". Adevărul. 
  10. ^ "Tăriceanu candidează la alegerile prezidențiale". Ziare.com. 27 June 2014. 
  11. ^ I.C. (18 December 2013). "Dan Diaconescu, condamnat la 3 ani de închisoare cu executare pentru șantaj". HotNews.ro. 
  12. ^ Ioana Câmpean (25 May 2013). "Fundația "Mișcarea Populară" face partid: Membrii-fondatori au decis începerea formalităților legale pentru înființarea unui partid de centru-dreapta". Mediafax. 
  13. ^ "Corneliu Vadim Tudor a fost suspendat de la șefia PRM de membrii a 24 de filiale". Știrile TVR. 15 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Gheorghe Funar: Consiliul Național Extraordinar al PRM a demis conducerea partidului". Agerpres. 15 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "INSCOP: 29.8% of Romanians would vote for Victor Ponta in presidential elections, 22.4% - Crin Antonescu". Agerpres. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  16. ^ "Sondaj CSCI: Ponta - 40% din voturi la alegerile prezidențiale, Ungureanu - 14%, Antonescu - 12%". Jurnalul Național. 29 April 2014. 
  17. ^ Stanciu, Adela (14 May 2014). "PNL: Johannis might replace Antonescu". Nine O'Clock. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  18. ^ Sebastian Zachmann (14 July 2014). "SONDAJ Cine câștigă finala prezidențială". Adevărul. 

Further reading[edit]