Romanian presidential election, 2014

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Romanian presidential election, 2014
Romania
2009 ←
2 and 16 November 2014
→ 2019

  Victor Ponta Feb 2014 (cropped).jpg Klausjohannis2005.jpg Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu at a government meeting.jpg
Nominee Victor Ponta[1] Klaus Iohannis Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Party PSD PNL PLR

  Elena Udrea.jpg Kelemen Hunor.jpg Monica Macovei MEP (1).jpg
Nominee Elena Udrea Hunor Kelemen Monica Macovei[2]
Party PMP UDMR Independent

President before election

Traian Băsescu
PDL

Elected President

TBD

Coat of arms of Romania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Romania

A presidential election will take place in Romania in 2014. The election will be held in two rounds, on 2 and 16 November 2014, as decided by the government in February.[3]

Context[edit]

Election will be held in 2014 because, according to the Article 83 of the Constitution of Romania, the "term of office of the President of Romania is five years, being exercised from the date the oath was taken".[4] The last presidential election was held in 2009 and Traian Băsescu was sworn in for his second term on 21 December 2009. He is ineligible for a third term according to the Constitution.

Calendar of election[edit]

  • 5 September: The Supreme Court announces the composition of the Central Electoral Bureau for the presidential election. It is composed of judges from the High Court of Cassation and Justice appointed by lot, representatives of the Permanent Electoral Authority and of the political parties.[5] Judge Veronica Năstasie is elected president of the Central Electoral Bureau.[6]
  • 23 September: Last day in which can be submitted the candidatures and the electoral insignia of the candidates.
  • 3 October–1 November: Electoral campaign.[7]
  • 2 November: First round of the presidential election is scheduled to be held. Over 18.3 million people in the country and 530,000 Romanians abroad are expected to go to the polls.
  • 7–15 November: Electoral campaign.
  • 16 November: If no candidate achieves 50% + 1 of the votes, a runoff is scheduled to be held.

Candidates[edit]

As of September 2014, there are 13 would-be candidates, more than in previous elections, of which three run as independents.[5]

Candidate Candidature launched Alliance Party
Victor Ponta 12 September 2014[8] Social Democratic Union Social Democratic Party
National Union for the Progress of Romania
Conservative Party
Klaus Iohannis 11 August 2014[9] Christian Liberal Alliance National Liberal Party
Democratic Liberal Party
Civic Force
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu 23 July 2014[10] Liberal Reformist Party
Elena Udrea 19 August 2014[11] People's Movement Party
Dan Diaconescu 12 October 2013[12] People's Party – Dan Diaconescu
Hunor Kelemen 17 July 2014[13] Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
Monica Macovei 5 August 2014[14]
Corneliu Vadim Tudor 9 July 2014[15] Greater Romania Party
Gheorghe Funar 2 August 2014[16]
Ioan Ghișe 22 July 2014[17] Romanian Democratic Union
Zsolt Szilágyi 10 August 2014[18] Hungarian People's Party of Transylvania
William Brânză 29 August 2014[19] Romanian Ecologist Party
Marian Rizea 15 September 2014[20]

First round[edit]

A first round will be held on 2 November. If no candidate will get 50% + 1 of the votes, a second round will be held two weeks later, on 16 November.

Opinion polls[edit]

First round[edit]

According to main opinion polls, Victor Ponta is the favourite to win the first round. However, the candidate of the political right, Klaus Iohannis, gains ground. His popularity among electorate increases every month.

Poll source Date Ponta
(USD)
Iohannis
(ACL)
Udrea
(PMP)
Tăriceanu
(PLR)
Macovei
(Ind.)
Vadim
(PRM)
Diaconescu
(PP-DD)
Kelemen
(UDMR)
Ghișe
(Ind.)
Szilágyi
(PPMT)
The Political Rating Agency 16–22 June 2014 41.2% 29.3% 7.1% 5.7% 6.2% 3.5%
Avangarde 25 August–3 September 2014 42% 29% 5% 10%
INSCOP 30 August–4 September 2014 41.1% 28.8% 8.1% 6.7% 3.5% 3.2% 3% 3% 2.1% 0.5%

Second round[edit]

Poll source Date Ponta
(USD)
Iohannis
(ACL)
Operations Research 5–10 June 2014 59% 41%
The Political Rating Agency 16–22 June 2014 Decrease 55% Increase 45%
BCS 3–12 July 2014 Decrease 49.6% Increase 50.4%
Avangarde 25 August–3 September 2014 Increase 55% Decrease 45%
INSCOP 30 August–4 September 2014 Decrease 54% Increase 46%
Poll source Date Ponta
(USD)
Tăriceanu
(PLR)
Avangarde 25 August–3 September 2014 61% 39%
INSCOP 30 August–4 September 2014 54.7% 45.3%
Poll source Date Ponta
(USD)
Udrea
(PMP)
Avangarde 25 August–3 September 2014 73% 27%
INSCOP 30 August–4 September 2014 66.1% 33.9%
Poll source Date Ponta
(USD)
Macovei
(Ind.)
INSCOP 30 August–4 September 2014 66.8% 33.2%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liviu Dadacus (29 June 2014). "Dragnea, la CExN: Colegii vor ca Ponta să candideze la prezidențiale. Ei nu vor alegeri interne". Mediafax.ro. 
  2. ^ Clarice Dinu (5 August 2014). "Monica Macovei candidează la prezidenţiale. Predoiu, pentru Gândul: Macovei a ales un drum în afara PDL". Gândul. 
  3. ^ G.S. (2 February 2014). "Ponta: Alegeri europarlamentare la 25 mai. Alegeri prezidențiale la 2 și 16 noiembrie". Antena 3. 
  4. ^ Constitution of Romania, Article 83
  5. ^ a b Adrian Ilie (16 September 2014). "ALEGERI PREZIDENȚIALE 2014. Calendarul scrutinului pentru Cotroceni. Cine RISCĂ SĂ NU INTRE în cursă". România TV (in Romanian). 
  6. ^ "Proces-verbal încheiat azi 06.09.2014 cu ocazia constituirii Biroului Electoral Central". Central Electoral Bureau (in Romanian). 6 September 2014. 
  7. ^ Laura Mitran (11 September 2014). "Campania pentru alegerile prezidențiale în audiovizual, între 3 octombrie și 1 noiembrie. CNA a decis că va fi gratuită". Mediafax (in Romanian). 
  8. ^ "Victor Ponta a primit oficial susținerea PSD pentru prezidențiale". Digi24 (in Romanian). 12 September 2014. 
  9. ^ Larisa Ciută, Andreea Udrea (11 August 2014). "ANUNȚUL OFICIAL. Klaus Iohannis este candidatul PNL și PDL la prezidențiale. PDL a acordat VOT COVÂRȘITOR pentru susținerea lui Iohannis". Evenimentul Zilei (in Romanian). 
  10. ^ Larisa Ciută (23 July 2014). "Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu: Mă angajez în proiectul PLR, candidând la alegerile prezidențiale". Evenimentul Zilei (in Romanian). 
  11. ^ A.C. (19 August 2014). "Elena Udrea, desemnată candidatul PMP la alegerile prezidențiale: Îi voi cere președintelui să mă susțină în această competiție". HotNews.ro (in Romanian). 
  12. ^ Vasile Magradean (12 October 2013). "Dan Diaconescu, primul loc pe lista PPDD la europarlamentare și candidat la prezidențiale". Mediafax.ro (in Romanian). 
  13. ^ "Alegeri prezidențiale 2014. Kelemen Hunor va fi candidatul UDMR". Știrile Pro TV (in Romanian). 17 July 2014. 
  14. ^ Andreea Nicolae (5 August 2014). "Monica Macovei candidează la prezidențiale ca independent". România Liberă (in Romanian). 
  15. ^ Anca Murgoci (9 July 2014). "Vadim Tudor, candidat la alegerile prezidențiale". DC News (in Romanian). 
  16. ^ Radu Eremia (2 August 2014). "Gheorghe Funar va candida ca independent la alegerile prezidențiale". Adevărul (in Romanian). 
  17. ^ "Ioan Ghișe demisionează din PNL și candidează ca independent la prezidențiale. Iohannis: "Îmi pare rău"". Știrile Pro TV (in Romanian). 22 July 2014. 
  18. ^ "Harghita: Szilágyi Zsolt a fost desemnat candidatul la prezidențiale al PPMT". Agerpres (in Romanian). 10 August 2014. 
  19. ^ "William Brânză candidează la alegerile prezidențiale". B1.ro (in Romanian). 29 August 2014. 
  20. ^ Ionela Marcu (15 September 2014). "ALEGERI PREZIDENȚIALE 2014. Ofițer SRI în rezervă, ultimul candidat intrat în cursa pentru Cotroceni". România TV (in Romanian). 

Further reading[edit]