Romanian presidential election, 2014
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politics and government of
Election will be held in 2014 because, according to the Article 83 of the Constitution of Romania, the "term of office of the President of Romania is five years, being exercised from the date the oath was taken". The last presidential election was held in 2009 and Traian Băsescu was sworn in for his second term on 21 December 2009. He is ineligible for a third term according to the Constitution.
Social Democratic Party
After political turmoil in mid-February 2014 that resulted in the collapse of governing alliance, voices inside PSD have hinted that Prime Minister Victor Ponta would be the best candidate from the party. He repeatedly hesitated to declare PSD option as a certainty, stating that he would like to remain Prime Minister. However, in July, he declared, for the first time firmly, that he will run for president in November, mentioning that will require the support of the party during the National Council of 29 July.
National Liberal Party
A few hours after the displaying of official results of the European Parliament election, Crin Antonescu resigned as President of PNL, invoking poor results at the election. Likewise, he stated in a press conference that he will withdraw from the race for the presidential election. A part of the PNL leaders thinks that Crin Antonescu's successor to the PNL leadership, but also to the candidacy for presidential election, can be Klaus Iohannis, Mayor of Sibiu. PNL and PDL started procedures to strengthen the political right. On 26 July, national liberals and democratic liberals voted at the Palace of the Parliament fusion by amalgamation of the two parties, the new party bearing the name of National Liberal Party. The event was preceded by the Congress of PNL and National Convention of PDL, in the last ratifying the fusion by absorption of Ungureanu's party – Civic Force. Until registration of the new political formation at the Tribunal – at least ten days after Congress, PNL and PDL will operate within the Christian Liberal Alliance, built as an electoral vehicle for the presidential candidate.
Civic Force leader, former prime-minister Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu, was expected to represent FC in the upcoming presidential elections but this is improbable due to his party's inclusion within the new political force resulted from the unification of PDL and PNL.
Liberal Reformist Party
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, former Prime Minister and current President of the Senate of Romania, decided to resign as PNL member earlier in 2014 and established a new party of his own, the Liberal Reformist Party, on July 3. He will represent the new political force in the future presidential elections this fall.
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania
The party leader, Hunor Kelemen, expressed several times his willingness to participate in the race for the presidency. He resigned from government, party members agreeing on 17 July over his appointment as official candidate from UDMR.
People's Party - Dan Diaconescu
Dan Diaconescu, the moral founder of the PP-DD was sentenced to three years imprisonment for extortion in December 2013. In this context, his candidature for the presidential election is improbable.
People's Movement Party
People's Movement Party (PMP) is a new party founded on 26 March 2013. It is grouped around current President Traian Băsescu and formed by close associates and presidential advisors, after the theatrical separation from the Democratic Liberal Party in early 2013. After the party's congress in June 2014, the new president of PMP, Elena Udrea, announced that former presidential advisor to president Băsescu, Cristian Diaconescu, will run in the following presidential elections set for November 2014.
Greater Romania Party
Corneliu Vadim Tudor, known for a long activity within the Greater Romania Party, was removed from the party leadership following a vote organized in a special meeting. In this context, the party has not designated another candidate for presidential election as of February 2014.
|Poll source||Date(s) administered||Sample size||Victor Ponta (PSD)||Crin Antonescu (PNL)||Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu (FC)||Cătălin Predoiu (PDL)||Corneliu Vadim Tudor (PRM)||Kelemen Hunor (UDMR)||Dan Diaconescu (PP-DD)||Other|
|INSCOP||16–21 January 2014||1,054||29.8%||22.4%||11.3%||5.8%||4.5%||4.4%||1.8%||20%|
|CSCI||23–26 April 2014||1,100||40%||12%||14%||6%||8%||5%||6%||9%|
|INSCOP||1–7 May 2014||1,056||41.7%||20.7%||17.1%||8.6%||4.6%||3.8%||3.5%||–|
|Poll source||Date(s) administered||Sample size||Victor Ponta (PSD-UNPR-PC)||Klaus Iohannis (PNL-PDL)||Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu (FC)||Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu (PRL)||Hunor Kelemen (UDMR)||Corneliu Vadim Tudor (PRM)||Cristian Diaconescu (PMP)||Dan Diaconescu (PPDD)||Other|
|INSCOP||1–6 July 2014||1,055||43.6%||31.2%||9.6%||4.5%||3.5%||2.8%||2.6%||2.2%||5.2%|
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