Bhadrak district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°04′00″N 86°30′00″E / 21.0667°N 86.5000°E / 21.0667; 86.5000Coordinates: 21°04′00″N 86°30′00″E / 21.0667°N 86.5000°E / 21.0667; 86.5000
 • CollectorSri Gyana Ranjan Das
 • Member of ParliamentManjulata Mandala, BJD
 • Total2,505 km2 (967 sq mi)
 • Total1,506,337
 • Rank12
 • Density601/km2 (1,560/sq mi)
 • OfficialOdia, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code06784
Vehicle registrationOD-22
Sex ratio981 /
Precipitation1,427.9 millimetres (56.22 in)
Avg. summer temperature48 °C (118 °F)
Avg. winter temperature17 °C (63 °F)

Bhadrak is an district of Odisha state in eastern India.

Origin of name[edit]

The district is named after goddess Bhadrakali.


The district includes Rakta Tirtha Eram in Basudevpur, where about 30 people along with a woman named Pari Bewa were killed by the British police, DSP Kunjabihari Mohanty while fighting for independence. The legendary history of Bhadrak District dates back to the age of the Puranas when Odisha achieved thriving maritime and agrarian prosperity. As far as the history is concerned, king Mukunda Dev was the last sovereign indigenous ruler of Bhadrak. The Muslim population began to settle in the District around the year 1575 following the discomfiture of the Afghans under Usman at the hand of Raja Man Singh. During the Mughal period Bhadrak District survived as a Subha under the Nawabs of Bengal. When the majestic Mughals diminished from the political scenario of Bhadrak District. In course of time Bhadrak District has passed on to different hands and colonized by different dynasties till the British occupied the entire region of Odisha.

Since independence, the history of Bhadrak has been the history of multifarious progress in Education, Industry, Agriculture, Trade and commerce and with the birth of a new star it is leaping towards the twenty-first century with hope and promise.

There are many historical places and monuments to visit in the Bhadrak District. Palia is famous for Biranchi Narayan Temple. Sri Radha Madanmohan temple is one of the most visited temples of Bhadrak District. Aradi situated at a distance of 10 km from Chandabali is famous for the temple of Akhandalamani. Chandabali is the first port to be established in odisha.

On 1 April 1993, this district was carved out from the Balasore District and became a separate entity.

Administrative Division[edit]

It consists of 1370 villages which constitute 7 Blocks. There are 4 urban bodies. They are Bhadrak and Basudevpur municipality and Chandabali and Dhamnagar NAC.


The district has an area of 2,505 km². Bhadrak town is situated at a distance of 125 km from the state capital, Bhubaneswar. Salandi River passes by this district. Baitarani flows by Chandabali town and falls into the Bay of Bengal at Dhamara.


Agriculture is the main income of the district. But many people in the coastal area Dhamara of Chandabali Block to Padhuan of Basudevpur Block are depending upon the Fishing. Major fishing harbors are located at Dhamara, Kasia & Chudamani Some people in the Municipality area have sound small business.

As per District's economy is concerned Bhadrak District has some big industries like FACOR, one of the largest manufacturers of quality Ferro Chrome in the country and a large number of small industries like AB Electricals, Abhigoura Rice Mill and Aloknath Ice Factory etc. Bhadrak District has a District Industries Centre, which in addition to the promotion of the different industries, performs other functions like implementation of different self employment programmes, undertaking of surveys for potential enterprises and recommending for quality certifications like EPM/ISO for products and enterprises etc.

Tourist places[edit]

  • Bhadrak has a special identity for ERAM VILLAGE which is known as "2ND JALIANAWALABAGH". It is 07 km from Basudevpur. A memorial was built for the martyrs of Eram massacre.[1]
  • Akhandalmani Temple is on the bank of river Baitarani, the Akhandalamani Temple is the abode of Lord Shiva. The Patana Mangala ( Lankeswari ) in Chatrapada village is famous for Mangala temple with the biggest pond of Odisha. Chief interest of the place is its legendary history. As the history runs, king Niladri Samara Singha Mohapatra started worshipping the God Akhandalamani some 350 years ago, when the black glazed granite stone was found underground and the king dreamt of the god. However the religious and historical significance with which the place is invested, constitute it to be a center of special interest in the tourism of Bhadrak. Moreover, the artistic carvings of the temple deserve special worth to the tourist. Surrounding the temple many fairs and festivals are organized, the chief among which is the Mahashivaratri. During this festival, tourists, including a vast chunk of pilgrims, flock into the core of the temple. On the month of Sravana, people from nationwide assemble here to pour the holy water on the Siva Linga and to offer their worship to Lord Shiva. The Akhandalamani Temple is the principal source of the profitable development of the tourism industry of Bhadrak.
  • Dhamra Port is an ancient port on the banks of the river Baitarani, around 5 km from Kanika Palace. The highlights are the direction tower and some ancient structures.
  • Jagannath Temple :- Nilok This is a sacred place of Hindus (Vaisava).
  • The BIRANCHINARAYAN Temple (Lord Brahmha) is one of the most ancient temple of Odisha in PALIA village that have a distance of 13 km from Bhadrak in Bhadrak-Chandbali route. Every year between January – February (In Odia Magha Masa from the date of Magha Purnima/Aghira purnima/Agni utshav Purnima) a Three day Mela is observed around the temple. This the best time to visit the temple for Picnic or for Puja.
  • Bhadrakali temple is one of the religious temple in the district from which the name "Bhadrak" is created.
  • It is well known for its famous kalipuja in the bhadrak city.


Bhadrak railway station is the biggest railway station of Bhadrak district and serves Bhadrak city. An important upcoming town in Bhadrak district is Dhamara, which is upcoming newly built mega-port of the district. New railway line from Bhadrak to Dhamra is constructed. Dhamra Airport is proposed to be built by the Dhamra Port Company Limited, 20 km from Dhamra Port[2]

Also Chennai- Kolkata NH-16 is passing through Bhadrak city.


According to the 2011 census Bhadrak district has a population of 1,506,337,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[4] or the US state of Hawaii.[5] This gives it a ranking of 332nd in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 601 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,560/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 12.95%.[3] Bhadrak has a sex ratio of 981 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 83.25%.[3]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 90.56% of the population in the district spoke Odia, 6.61% Urdu, 1.46% Bengali and 0.47% Santali as their first language.[6]


Kharida Binayakpur, Dhamara, and Guamala Nuasasan are some other places of tourist interest.

  • Nalanga, a village in Gelpur Panchayat is famous for Lord Naleswar (Shiva). The Naleswar Temple is one of the oldest temples in Odisha. Nalanga is the birthplace of Lokakavi Jagannath Pani, the teacher of Baishnav Pani.
  • Kharida Binayakpur is another village in Basudevpur constituency of this district is famous for Maa Ankudeswari Temple and its Moha vishuba Sankranti, Ravan Podi during Durga puja also famous in this village.
  • Brahmangan, another village in Basudevpur constituency of this district is famous for its century-old Prasanna Khemeswar mahadeva temple and its melana jatra during holi. Durga puja & Jagar also famous in this village.
  • Biggest Pond in Odisha and Famous Maa Patana Mangala Temple (Chhatrapada) is about 38.0 km (43 min) away from Bhadrak.
  • Banta, Basantia, Basudebpur blocks & villages respectively in which village various melas are organised in various days of the year out of which Panchuka Purnima which is celebrating in a very great fun of people in which boat is sailed in the big pond of Basantia village in the memories of Oriya Sadhabas, who was going to make their business in the near islands like Java and Borneo, Indonesia for too many days.
  • The Dash family is in the village of Nuagaon near to the historical place eram is largest members of family in the district. This family gave many eminent personalities to the motherland. Late Panu Dash is one of them who martyred in second jaliwala bag fight. Now his son sj. Chaitanya prashad Dash is doing all type of social activities. He has seven sons. All are equally sharing all type of great deeds with his father. Two of his sons (Mr.Sreedhar Dash and Mr.Padmolochan Dash) served Indian army for long time. Also in this mela big Operas also comes here to show their shows.[7][8]
  • Pirahat, the place in tihidi block is historical and cultural area which is famous for durga puja, kali puja, and other festivals. Durga Puja of the village Barabatia completing 400 years shows the greatness of place. Many freedom fighters are also born in Pirahat. The Gandhi statue at Pirhat Kali Padia is the emblem of freedom fighters.

Notable personalities[edit]

  • Kantakavi Laxmikanta Mohapatra (1888–1953), poet, writer, nationalistfrom Talapada, Tihidi
  • Chandrakanta Nath (born 1960), novelist, columnist and media icon from Sandhagada village.
  • Inspector Prafula Mohapatra, well-known police inspector of British Time
  • Chakradhar Behera (1894–1973), freedom fighter who has become immortal for leading the masses against tyranny of zamidar of Kanika.
  • IAS Dr. Hrusikesh Panda (born 1955) (1979 Batch IAS) (an eminent writer) Post Graduation in Chemistry, Diploma Pers. Mgt., MBA in Admn. Finance Economics, PhD in Philosophy English.
  • IAS Madhu Sudan Padhi (born 1962) (1991 Batch IAS), Sainik School Bhubaneswar, Regional Engineering College, 1984.
  • Mr Apurba Ranjan Ray, an eminent writer who has written more than 60 books, great speaker, founder of 'Bhadrak Pujyapuja Sansad', awardee of Sahitya Academy and more than 100 awards in his name for the contribution to the Odia culture. He is the regular speaker in Akashbani, Script writer of Dordarshan, Founder of many schools.
  • Late Ganesha Chandra Tripathy. Leader of freedom fighter from earm village.
  • Late Arjun charana Biswal, well-known freedom fighter from earm village.
  • Late Panu Dash, an eminent activist from Nuagaon village, Dash Sahi, fought against British and had a vital role in Second Jaliwala Bag and got martyrdom.


Bhadrak district has been doing good in every consideration.the city is developing fast. A new palace type collectorate is constructed and being in service since 2016. The roads and environment is so clean to eyes. It has a large bus stand near Dakshinkali Temple and by NH-5.Every types of modern malls are there. It is the city of brotherhood between Hindu and Muslims. Both celebrate their ceremonies together with each other. In Puruna Bazaar there Budha Ganesh puja is celebrated by both Hindus and Muslims. It has Bhadrak autonomous college, which is soon going to be a university. New medical site is being started construction having 100 nursing training seats. It has been declared as the first nectar city of Odisha. It has Dhamara port which is so large and going to be the largest port in Asia. A polytechnic university is going to be started soon.


Vidhan sabha constituencies[edit]

The following is the 5 Vidhan sabha constituencies[9][10] of Bhadrak district and the elected members[11] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 15th Assembly Party
43 Bhandaripokhari None Bhandaripokhari, Bonth Prafulla Samal BJD
44 Bhadrak None Bhadrak (M), Bhadrak Sanjib Mallick BJD
45 Basudevpur None Basudevpur, Basudevpur, Tihidi (part) Bishnubrata Routray BJD
46 Dhamnagar SC Dhamnagar, Tihidi (part) Bishu Sethi BJP
47 Chandabali None Chandabali, Tihidi (part) Byomkesh Ray BJD

Parliamentary constituency[edit]

Bhadrak district belongs to Bhadrak Loksabha constituency. Its member of parliament is Manjula Mandala (BJD)


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Adani Group plans airport at Dhamra". The Times of India. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gabon 1,576,665
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Hawaii 1,360,301
  6. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  7. ^ Bhadrak district Archived 16 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Orissa Diary
  8. ^ Bhadrak District Archived 1 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine, District Info
  9. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  10. ^ Seats of Odisha
  11. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME

External links[edit]