Biju Janata Dal
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|Lok Sabha leader||Bhartruhari Mahtab|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Prasanna Acharya|
|Founded||26 December 1997|
|Headquarters||6R/3, Unit-6, Forest Park, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.|
|Student wing||Biju Chhatra Janata Dal|
|Youth wing||Yuva Biju Janata Dal|
|Women's wing||Biju Mahila Janata Dal|
|Peasant's wing||Biju Krushak Janata Dal|
Social liberalism
Social democracy
|ECI Status||State Party|
|National convener||Naveen Patnaik|
|Seats in Lok Sabha||
19 / 545(currently 532 members + 1 Speaker)
|Seats in Rajya Sabha||
9 / 245
|Seats in Odisha Legislative Assembly||
117 / 147
The Biju Janata Dal (BJD) is a state political party of the Indian state of Odisha led by Naveen Patnaik, the current Chief Minister of Odisha and the son of former Chief minister Biju Patnaik, after whom the party was named. It was founded on 26 December 1997.
Naveen Patnaik took over his father Bijaynanda "Biju" Patnaik's Lok Sabha seat in 1996 as a member of the Janata Dal. In 1997, Patnaik split from Janata Dal over its failure to ally with the BJP, and formed the BJD in December 1997. The BJD has participated in several ruling coalitions with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) both at the Centre and in Odisha. The BJD, however, was one of the main professedly secular parties of the National Democratic Alliance. Much of the popularity and electoral success of the party is credited to Patnaik's image as an incorruptible and 'clean' candidate.
BJD won nine seats in the 1998 general election and Naveen was named the Minister for Mines. In the 1999 general elections, BJD won 10 seats. The party won a majority of seats in the state legislative assembly in the 2000 and 2004 elections in alliance with BJP. The party won 11 Lok Sabha seats in the 2004 elections.
However the BJD parted ways with the BJP for both the Lok Sabha and Assembly elections 2009 citing differences in seat sharing. In the Indian general election, 2009, BJD won 14 seats and secured strong 108 legislative seats out of 147 seats in assembly election of 2009. Biju Janata Dal won a huge victory in the 2014 general election securing 20 of the 21 Lok Sabha seats and 117 of 147 Odisha Legislative Assembly seats.
Naveen Patnaik stepped down as Minister of Mines and left the Lok Sabha after the BJD-BJP victory in the Legislative Assembly Elections in 2000 and became the Chief Minister of Odisha. Naveen Patnaik won second, third and fourth terms as Chief Minister of Odisha in 2004, 2009 and 2014 state elections respectively.
Alliance and break-up
BJD had an alliance with BJP in Odisha and it also supported the NDA in the centre since 1998 till 2009 when Naveen Patnaik decided to break the alliance and go alone in the 2009 general election. The decision gave BJD better result and independence.
List of Chief Ministers
- Naveen Patnaik
- First term (March 5, 2000 – May 16, 2004).
- Second term (May 16, 2004 – May 21, 2009).
- Third term (May 21, 2009 – May 21, 2014).
- Fourth term (May 21, 2014 – present).
- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha Secretariat. Retrieved 27 August 2018.