Sundergarh district

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Sundargarh District
District
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 22°06′58″N 84°00′58″E / 22.116°N 84.016°E / 22.116; 84.016Coordinates: 22°06′58″N 84°00′58″E / 22.116°N 84.016°E / 22.116; 84.016
Country India
StateOdisha
HeadquartersSundargarh
Government
 • Collector & District MagistrateShri Nikhil Pavan Kalyan, IAS
 • Divisional Forest Officer Cum Wildlife WardenShri Arun K. Mishra, [OFS-1]
 • Superintendent of PoliceMs. Saumya Mishra, IPS
Area
 • Total9,712 km2 (3,750 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,093,437
 • Density216/km2 (560/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English, Sadri, The main medium of Communication is Sundargadi, a form of Odia language.
 • Other local languageMundari, Ho[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
769 xxx, 770 xxx
Vehicle registrationOD-16, OD-14
Literacy73.34%
Lok Sabha constituencySundargarh(ST)
Vidhan Sabha constituency7
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,657.1 millimetres (65.24 in)
Websitewww.sundargarh.nic.in

Sundargarh District is a district in the northwestern part of Odisha state in eastern India.

Sundargarh district is bounded by Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh in the west, Jashpur district of Chhattisgarh in the North-West, Simdega district of Jharkhand in the North, West Singhbhum district of Jharkhand and Keonjhar district of Odisha in the east and Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Deogarh and Angul districts of Odisha in the South. The town of Sundargarh is the district headquarters.

Geography[edit]

The Sundargarh district forms the northwestern part of the Odisha state and is the second largest district in the state accounting for 6.23% of the total area. The geographical area of the district is 9712 km2. The district spreads from 21°36′N to 22°32′N and from 83°32′E to 85°22′E.[2]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Sundargarh district has a population of 2,093,437,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Macedonia[4] or the US state of New Mexico.[5] This gives it a ranking of 221st in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 214 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 13.66%.[3] Sundargarh has a sex ratio of 973 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 73.34%.[3]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 45.96% of the population in the district spoke Odia, 23.38% Hindi, 8.81% Munda, 5.57% Kurukh, 4.57% Kisan, 4.38% Kharia, 2.14% Urdu, 1.52% Bengali, 0.80% Mundari, 0.47% Telugu and 0.43% Santali as their first language.[6]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901277,173—    
1911362,138+2.71%
1921377,449+0.41%
1931436,860+1.47%
1941490,708+1.17%
1951552,203+1.19%
1961758,617+3.23%
19711,030,758+3.11%
19811,337,871+2.64%
19911,573,617+1.64%
20011,830,673+1.52%
20112,093,437+1.35%
source:[7]

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sundargarh one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[8] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[8]

Politics[edit]

Vidhan Sabha constituencies[edit]

The following is the 7 Vidhan Sabha constituencies[9][10] of Sundargarh district and the elected members[11] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
8 Talsara ST Subdega, Balisankara, Baragaon, Lephripara (part) Prafulla Majhi INC
9 Sundargarh ST Sundargarh (M), Sundargarh, Tangarpali, Hemgiri, Lephripara (part) Jogesh Kumar Singh INC
10 Biramitrapur ST Biramitrapur (M), Kuarmunda, Nuagaon, Bisra (part) George Tirkey SKD
11 Raghunathpali SC Rourkela (Township), Lathikata (part) Subrat Tarai BJD
12 Rourkela None Rourkela (M), Kulunga (O.G.), Bisra (part) Dilip Ray BJP
13 Rajgangpur ST Rajgangpur (M), Rajgangpur, Kutra, Lathikata (part) Mangala Kisan BJD
14 Bonai ST Gurundia, Bonaigarh, Lahunipara, Koira Laxman Munda CPI(M)

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.orissapost.com/tribals-seek-official-tag-for-ho-language/
  2. ^ "Sundargarh District At A Glance :". Sundergarh.nic.in. 1 January 1948. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Macedonia 2,077,328 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Mexico – 2,059,179
  6. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  7. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  9. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  10. ^ Seats of Odisha
  11. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME

External links[edit]