Jajpur district

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*Jajpur Road
Nickname(s): Jajra nagar
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°51′00″N 86°19′59″E / 20.85°N 86.333°E / 20.85; 86.333Coordinates: 20°51′00″N 86°19′59″E / 20.85°N 86.333°E / 20.85; 86.333
Country  India
State Odisha
Headquarters Jajpur
 • Collector Anil Kumar Samal, IAS
 • Member of Lok Sabha Smt. Rita Tarai
 • Total 87.69 km2 (33.86 sq mi)
Elevation 331 m (1,086 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,900,054
 • Density 658/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Official Odia, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 755 xxx
Vehicle registration OD-04,OD-34
Nearest city Bhubaneswar
Literacy 72.19%
Lok Sabha constituency Jajpur
Vidhan Sabha constituency 7
Climate Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 1,014 millimetres (39.9 in)
Avg. summer temperature 38 °C (100 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 12 °C (54 °F)
Website www.jajpur.nic.in

Jajpur is a district of Odisha, India, and an historic place of pilgrimage. As Jajpur was once the capital of the Kalinga kingdom, it is now an area of archeological wealth, including the famous Saktipitha of the Goddess Biraja, as well as the shrines of the Goddess Biraja (Durga), Jangya Baraha (incarnation of Lord Vishnu as the white boar), Sapta Matruka, and a host of other religious figures, all located along the bank of the River Baitarani. Ashokajhar, Chandikhol, Chhatia, Gokarnika, Kuransa, Mahavinayak, Patharajpur, Ratnagiri, Udayagiri, Satyapira, Singhapur, Vyas Sarobar, and Baruneswar Pitha are some of the destinations that attract tourists to the district, and the region's various natural resources support mines and industries.


The district is 2,888 square kilometres (1,115 sq mi) in area, of which 202 square kilometres (78 sq mi) is forested. The population is 1, 622,868 and the literacy rate is 72.19%. The district headquarters is at Jajpur. The district is home to some 1,781 villages and two major towns. Annual rainfall is 1,771.8 millimetres (69.76 in).

Important Places[edit]

  • Biraja Khetra: This is the ancient name of its district headquarters Jajpur town. Jajpur town also known as Biraja Kshetra, the place sacred to Goddess Biraja, the symbol of Sakti(Power). It is a small city surrounded by the river Baitarani in semicircle and a high level canal at the other end. Jajpur town is believed to be the capital of Jajati Keshari the then king of Kalinga Empire during 11th–12th. century AD.[citation needed]
  • Chhatia Batta: Chhatia is famous for Lord Jagannath Temple. It is 25 km from Cuttack. It is believed as the second Shreekhetra of Odisha according to the facts described in Malika. The accommodation facility can be availed at Chandikhol and Cuttack by hiring Hotels and Lodges. For financial purpose, the nearest bank located to this tourist place is S.B.I Chatia. The common languages spoken in the area are Oriya, Hindi and English. PHC, Chatia is nearer to the spot for accessing medical facilities. People wear light cotton in summer and woolen in winter.
  • Chandikhol: Chandikhol, which is 40 km from Cuttack, is an attractive picnic spot with natural springs and scenerY.
  • Dasaswamedha Ghat is situated on the bank of river Baitarani. This famous holy spot was built during the rule of Jajati Kesari.Baruni Snana is a significant occasion when many pilgrims visit the place for holy bath, which is celebrated during the month of February and March. It is believed that you are blessed if you take bath at Dasaswamedha Ghat in any holy day of Hindu calendar. The accommodation facility can be availed at Jajpur Road and Jajpur Town by hiring Hotels and Lodges. For financial purpose, the nearest banks located to this tourist place are S.B.I Chandikhol and a few nationalized banks. The common languages spoken in the area are Oriya, Hindi and English. District Headquarters Hospital, Jajpur is nearer to the spot for accessing medical facilities. People wear light cotton in summer and woolen in winter.
  • Mahabinayak: At a distance of 2 km from Chandikhol to the west, is situated the Mahabinayak. Tourists can enjoy its natural surroundings and the temples of Lord Binayak.
  • Lalitgiri, Ratnagiri and Udayagiri: These three Buddhist monasteries (viharas) are between 60 km and 65 km northeast of Cuttack. They are said to be the ancient seat of Puspagiri, the Buddhist university of the 7th century A.D. Recently a statue of emperor Ashok was excavated at Langudi hill. A new Buddha Vihar at Hatikhal village was discovered in 2012[1]
  • Duburi: At a distance of 38 km from Chandikhol towards the Daitari mines on the Express Highway, Duburi is home to a number of steel plants.
  • Korai: Korai is a Block of Jajpur district, having a Primary Health Centre, a college, a few high schools, a 125-year-old minor school, and one of the oldest police stations of the erstwhile Cuttack district. This is an Assembly constituency of Odisha State. It is situated on the Calcutta Madras railway Line of Indian Railway having a railway station named Jajpur keonjhar road and about 9 km from National highway No.5 linking Calcutta.
  • Baruneswar Temple: Situated in the village of Arei. The Baruneswar Temple stands beside a small stream named Kushabhadra branched off from the river Baitarani on the South Eastern Limit of the Triangular Biraja Kshetra. The Siva Lingam is submerged under water. It is a famous spot for devotees and tourists during Rain and winter season. Makar Mela/Baruneswar Mela is one of the biggest fair in Odisha. Every year it begins on 14 January (Makarasankranti i.e. 1st day of Magha). This is the right time for a visitor to visit this holy place. This place is 15 km from Jajpur Town.
  • Vyasa sarovar mela (now called Vyasa Mahotsava) is most famous festival in Jajpur Road. Kalinga Nagar Mahotsav is being held at Jakhapura on June 30 every year.
  • Jajpur Road Atta & Haripur in the Sukinda block. Situated near the Brahamni River Sukinda visit place is the Ashokjhar.
Singhpur : Some historians believe that Simha Bahu, father of Prince Vijaya contemporary of Lord Buddha, who was exiled to Srilanka  was ruling from this place as its capital. can any Historian improve it?

At the beginning of the chronicle, the king of Kalinga is married to the daughter of the King of a provincial kingom of Kalinga most likely its capital subsequently named as Singhpur near Jajpur , the area called Lata Desh ( Dense Creeper Forest Area then north west of Dantapur) in the Kalinga Kingdom now Modern Odisha. Their daughter, Suppadevi, was not only 'very fair and very amorous', but was also prophesied to consummate a 'union with the king of beasts' - in the Mahavamsa, a lion. When this duly happened, she gave birth to two children - Sinhabahu and Sinhasivali. 'Sinhabahu' means 'Lion-Armed', and the young prince himself is described as having "hands and feet...formed like a lion's." The family lived together in the lion's cave, blocked in by a large rock the lion had placed to prevent their exit. Eventually, however, Suppadevi and her two children flee the cave. Later Sinhabahu kills his father with an arrow. Then, marrying his sister, he establishes a kingdom based on a city called Singhapur on the bank of river Kharasrota, perhaps named after him near Jajpur city of Kalinga (Odisha). Sinhasivali bears him a series of twins; their eldest child is named Vijaya, and his younger twin brother Sumitta. However, a critical twist and serious study by scholars and researchers with further references suggest that the king of Sinhpur/Sinhapura (Sihor) region's very ancient telltales and references about Prince Vijaya, his exile, his route, are the ones which connect strongly to the history of Sri Lanka and to the Sinhalese people and culture. It is possible and even probable that Vijaya (`The Conqueror') himself is a composite character combining in his person...two conquests' of ancient Sri Lanka. Vijaya is a Kalinga (ancient Orissa) prince, the eldest son of King Sinhabahu ("Man with Lion arms") and his sister Queen Sinhasivali. Both these Sinhala leaders were born of a mythical union between a lion and a human princess. The Mahavamsa states that Vijaya landed on the same day as the death of the Buddha (See Geiger's preface to Mahavamsa). The story of Vijaya and Kuveni (the local reigning queen) is reminiscent of Greek legend, and may have a common source in ancient Proto-Indo-European folk tales.


Kalinga Nagar is situated in Danagadi Block where currently six big steel plants are operating like Jindal Stainless Limited, Neelanchal Ispat Nigam Limited, VISA Steel, Maithan Ispat Ltd., Mesco Steel, TATA STEEL and other seven are on their way to start production like Brahmani River Pellets Ltd or BRPL, Maharastra Seamless Ltd etc.


There are seven Vidhan Sabha (seats in the lower house).

Block Tehsil Subdivisions[edit]

  1. Badachana
  2. Bari
  3. Binjharpur
  4. Dangadi
  5. Dasarathpur
  6. Darpan
  7. Dharmasala
  8. Jajpur
  9. Jajpur sadar
  10. Korai
  11. Panikoili
  12. Rasulpur
  13. Sukinda

The district has 2 municipalities, 6 tehsils and 242 gram panchayats.


According to the 2011 census Jajpur district has a population of 1,826,275,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Kosovo[3] or the US state of Nebraska.[4] This gives it a ranking of 261st in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 630 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,600/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 12.43%.[2] Jajapur has a sex ratio of 972 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 80.44%.[2]


Vidhan Sabha Constituencies[edit]

The following is the 7 Vidhan sabha constituencies[5][6] of Jajapur district and the elected members[7] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
48 Binjharpur SC Binjharpur, Dasarathpur (part) Smt. Pramila Mallik BJD
49 Bari None Bari, Jajpur (part), Rasulpur (part) Debasis Nayak BJD
50 Barchana None Barchana Amar Prasad Satpathy BJD*
51 Dharmasala None Dharmasala, Rasulpur (part) Pranaba Balabantray BJD
52 Jajpur None Jajpur (M), Jajpur (part), Dasharathpur (part) Pranab Prakash Das BJD
53 Korei None Vyasanagar (M), Vyasanagar (O. G), Korei, Rasulpur (part) Akash Das BJD
54 Sukinda None Sukinda, Dangadi Pritiranjan Ghadai BJD


  • N.C. Autonomous College, Jajpur Town
  • Vyasanagar Autonomous College, Vyasanagar, Jajpur Road
  • Kalinganagar Polytechnic,Tarapur,Pahanga,Jajpur Road
  • S G College, Kanikapada, Jajpur
  • A.P.College, Sujanpur
  • Biraja Women's College, Jajpur
  • Biraja Law College, Jajpur
  • Indira Gandhi Women's College,jajpur Road
  • G.C.College, Ramchandrapur
  • Kanhu Charana Mahavidyalaya,korai
  • L.B.Jew College, Angalo
  • Mangalpur Women's College, Mangalpur
  • Regional College, Rambag
  • P.K.Mohabidyalaya, Baitarini Road
  • B.B.Mohabidyalaya, Chandikhole
  • Sahaspur College, Sahaspur
  • M.H.D.Mohabidyalaya, Chatia
  • B.S.College, Nuahat
  • U.N.S Mohabidyalaya, Mugupal
  • Madhupur Collge, Kalan
  • Brahmabarada Mohabidyalaya, Barada Vihar
  • Kharasrota Mahabidyalaya, Singhapur
  • Baruneswar Mohabidyalaya, Arei
  • Junabhadra College, Bitana
  • A.B.J.Women's College, Alkund
  • Chitalo Mohavidyalaya,Birajakshetra,Jajpur.
  • Dharmasala Mahabidyalaya, Dharmasala
  • Jenapur College, Jenapur
  • Sukinda College, Sukinda
  • Jhadeswar College, Tolkani
  • B.V.Mohabidyalaya, Haripur
  • Dasarathpur college,Dasarathpur
  • Bajragiri Mahavdyalay Boudhavihar,Kotpur


  1. ^ "Buddha Vihar Unearthed in Odisha's Jajpur district, Odisha Current News". orissadiary.com. 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2012. The remains of a Buddha vihar along with some stone images of Lord Buddha, Ganesh, Saraswati, Padmapani and others were unearthed from a land in village Hatikhal in Jajpur district 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Kosovo 1,825,632 July 2011 est. 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nebraska 1,826,341 
  5. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  6. ^ Seats of Odisha
  7. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME 

External links[edit]