Jharsuguda district

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Jharsuguda
District
Jharsuguda railway station
Jharsuguda railway station
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°51′00″N 84°00′58″E / 21.85°N 84.016°E / 21.85; 84.016Coordinates: 21°51′00″N 84°00′58″E / 21.85°N 84.016°E / 21.85; 84.016
Country India
StateOdisha
HeadquartersJharsuguda
Government
 • Member of Lok SabhaDr.Pravas Kumar Singh
Area
 • Total2,081 km2 (803 sq mi)
Population
(2001)
 • Total514,853
 • Density245/km2 (630/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
768 xxx
Vehicle registrationOD-23
Nearest citySambalpur, Rourkela
Sex ratio1.057 /
Literacy71.4%
Lok Sabha constituencyBargarh
Vidhan Sabha constituency2, 1.Brajarajnagar, 2.Jharsuguda
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,527 mm (60.1 in)
Avg. summer temperature46.7 °C (116.1 °F)
Websitewww.jharsuguda.nic.in

Jharsuguda is a district in Odisha, India with Jharsuguda town as its headquarters. The district once had an airport during World War II. This region is rich in coal and other mineral reserves. Of late, many small and medium scale iron and steel units have been set up in the vicinity of Jharsuguda town, giving impetus to the industrial growth of the district.

Geography[edit]

Jharsuguda district has three urban agglomerations, municipalities of Jharsuguda town and Brajrajnagar and municipality of Belpahar.

Economy[edit]

There are lot of Coal mines situated in this area.

Brajrajnagar is an industrial town, being of the prime location for Open Cast Coal Mine of Ib Valley Coalfield of Mahanadi Coalfields Limited. Brajrajnagar also boasts of a large scale paper mill, i.e., Orient Paper Mills of the Birla Group of Industries. However, this mill has been defunct for more than a decade now.[when?] Brajrajnagar is also a tourist hub as there are a lot of big temples like Brajeswari temple near railway station, Ramchandi Mandir, Laxmi Narayan Mandir, Jagannath Temple, Shiv Mandir in Lamtibahal, Shani Mandir in college road, Mukteswar Temple in hill top colony, Shiv Mandir in Rampur as well as Shiv Temple of G.M. Office, Aditya Mandir in jharsuguda road, Mangala and Tarini Mandir in college road.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Jharsuguda one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1]

Divisions[edit]

The district comprises five blocks, primary being Lakhanpur, Kolabira, Laikera, Kirmira and Jharsuguda.

Belpahar sub-division includes 12 villages and two town. The most populous village is Chhualiberna. The main festival of Chhualiberna is Narsingh Puja which held on month of December. Brajrajnagar is also famous of rampur's ramchandi mandir bank of the Ib river. Rampur colliery is famous for the oldest coal mines in India, another one most popular gram panchayat is Hirma, which is under Jharsuguda block; it is 10 km (6.2 mi) from dist. headquarter, and the main festival is Samalei Bali Jatra (Kandagarh) and election.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Jharsuguda district had a population of 579,499,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[3] or the US state of Wyoming.[4] This gives it a ranking of 530th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district had a population density of 274 inhabitants per square kilometre (710/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 13.69%.[2] Jharsuguda had a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1,000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 78.36%.[2]

Politics[edit]

Vidhan sabha constituencies[edit]

The following is the 2 Vidhan sabha constituencies[5][6] of Jharsuguda district and the elected members[7] of that area.

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
6 Brajarajnagar None Brajarajnagar (M), Belpahar (NAC), Lakhanpur, Jharsuguda (part) Radharani Panda BJP
7 Jharsuguda None Jharsuguda (M), Kirmira, Laikera, Kolabira, Jharsuguda (Part) Naba Kishore Das INC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ US cia.gov. "Country Comparison: Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est.
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Wyoming 563,626
  5. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  6. ^ Seats of Odisha
  7. ^ "List of Members in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME

External links[edit]