The station was originally opened on 5 August 1856 by the Caterham Railway. It was closed on 1 January 1900 by the South Eastern and Chatham Railway, which opened a new station of the same name that day.
Today the station and all trains serving it are operated by the Southern train operating company. It has a single island platform with a one-storey ticket office dating from just before the turn of the 20th century. There is a carriage siding on the western (Up) side of the station.
While the administrative centre of the district is Oxted the largest town is Caterham.
Five of the nine post towns are in the district: Caterham, Godstone, Lingfield, Oxted and Warlingham which does not denote these are necessarily towns.
This list includes localities not notable as encyclopedic articles, arranged by post town.