Purley railway station
|Local authority||London Borough of Croydon|
|Number of platforms||6|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||0.570 million|
|– interchange||0.560 million|
|– interchange||0.848 million|
|– interchange||0.829 million|
|– interchange||0.140 million|
|Original company||London & Brighton Railway|
|Pre-grouping||London, Brighton & South Coast Railway|
|12 July 1841||Opened as Godstone Road|
|1 October 1847||Closed|
|5 August 1856||Reopened as Caterham Junction|
|1 October 1888||Renamed Purley|
|London transport portal|
Purley railway station is in the London Borough of Croydon on the Brighton Main Line, 13 miles 29 chains (21.50 km) measured from London Bridge (15 miles 13 chains (24.40 km) from Charing Cross), in Travelcard Zone 6. It is a junction, with branches to Caterham and Tattenham Corner.
Purley station has been known by three different names.
The station was opened by the London and Brighton Railway on 12 July 1841 as Godstone Road. Due to low passenger traffic, this was closed on 1 October 1847 by the London Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR), which had opened the new Stoat's Nest station 1 mile (1.6 km) away at Coulsdon.
In 1855 a proposal by a local company to connect the sandstone quarries at Caterham to the main line railway became embroiled in a long-running dispute between the LB&SCR and the rival South Eastern Railway (SER), which resulted in the reopening of the station as Caterham Junction. The proposed line was in the territory of the SER, and was to be operated by that company. It would have to join the railway system on a section of the LB&SCR, where the SER had running powers but no stations. The new railway had to sue the LB&SCR to force it to allow the junction with its line and to reopen the station. On 5 August 1856 the station reopened with the opening of the single track Caterham branch.
The station was renamed Purley on 1 October 1888, and rebuilt between c. 1896 and 1899 during the widening of the main line between East Croydon and the beginning of the new Quarry Line at Coulsdon North in 1899. The SER built a line from Purley to Kingswood railway station, extended to Tattenham Corner railway station between 1897 and 1901. By the latter date it had become the South Eastern and Chatham Railway. The main station building facade reads 1899 as the year of construction.
Accidents and incidents
On 22 December 1894, a collision between a light engine and a passenger train injured six people.
On the night of Friday 5 July 2002 a fire occurred on the 23:15 service from Caterham to London Bridge. A rail attendant, Philip Cable, helped put out the fire, and suffered an asthma attack and collapsed. He died at Mayday Hospital in Croydon a few hours later. A charge of manslaughter was laid against Karl Lacey, who was aged 16 at the time of the fire, and had set fire to newspapers and cushions in the carriage. After being found guilty, he was sentenced to four years' youth custody.
Platform 1 and 2 are normally used only on early mornings and when engineering works dictate. At all other times, services on the Brighton Main Line run limited stop between East Croydon and Brighton: these trains, together with Gatwick Express and Thameslink services, pass through platforms 1 and 2. During 2008 a fence was erected to prevent access to Platform 2, for safety reasons. Gates at both end of this fence are opened by staff for the few trains that stop.
Platform 5 and 6 serve the branch lines to Tattenham Corner and Caterham. Both these platforms can be used by trains in either direction, though platform 5 is primarily northbound towards London and platform 6 is usually southbound.
The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is:
- 2 tph to London Victoria (semi-fast)
- 4 tph to London Bridge (2 of these run non-stop from East Croydon and 2 are stopping services via Peckham Rye)
- 2 tph to Reigate via Redhill
- 4 tph to Caterham
- 2 tph to Tattenham Corner
Thameslink also operate an hourly night service between Bedford and Three Bridges although this service does not call at London Bridge.
Thameslink services at Purley are operated using Class 700 EMUs.
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|Purley Oaks||British Rail Southern Region
Several London Buses routes serve the station.
- "Network Map". Southern. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- Yonge, John (November 2008) . Jacobs, Gerald (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 5: Southern & TfL (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. map 14C. ISBN 978-0-9549866-4-3.
- Chronology Of London Railways by H.V.Borley
- Southern Region Record by R.H.Clark
- Forgotten Stations of Greater London by J.E.Connor and B.Halford
- "Banking Obituaries". The Bankers' Magazine. 33: 1053–1054. 1873. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Kidner, R. W. (1977) . The South Eastern and Chatham Railway. Tarrant Hinton: The Oakwood Press. p. 49.
- Till, Joanna (2 February 2011). "Memorial to Purley train crash victims is now a fitting crash tribute". This is Croydon Today. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2011.
- "Teenager jailed for manslaughter". BBC. 11 June 2004. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- https://www.networkrail.co.uk/running-the-railway/timetabling/electronic-national-rail-timetable/ (Timetable Nos. 177, 181, and 183 May 2018)
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