De teaching

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The De teaching or Deism (Chinese: 德教 Dejiao, "teaching of virtue", the concept of De) is an organised teaching of the Chinese traditional religion, rooted in Taoism. It is popular both in China and amongst expatriate Chinese populations.[1]


Originally a reaction of Chaozhou shamans to the Japanese occupation of Chaozhou, it blossomed in the wave of religious innovation after the Second World War.[2] After the communist takeover in Mainland China in 1949 the De faith spread to Overseas Chinese communities in Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia.[2] In recent years, it has spread back to China and started a world wide expansion effort.[2]


  1. ^ Formoso 2010.
  2. ^ a b c Formoso 2007.


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