Kulgam district consists of 7 blocks: Quimoh, Pahloo, D.H.Pora , Devsar, Jammu and Kashmir, Kulgam. Frisal and Behibagh. Each block consists of a number of panchayats. Population of per Blocks as: District has 7 administrative units ( Tehsils) i.e. Kulgam, D.H pora, Devsar, Frisal, Pahloo, yaripora and qaimoh. Dist. kulgam has seven important towns 1. Bhan 2. Frisal 3. Yaripora 4. Kulgam 5. Devsar 6. Qaimoh 7. D.H Pora. Five have already got municipality status and DH Pora is still get a municipality. Police dist. at Kulgam Police station at Kulgam, yaripora, qazigund and DH Pora Police posts at Mirbazar,Frisal, qaimoh, behibagh and devsar. Kulgam is divided in two sub-divisions i.e. Kulgam and D.H pora.
Kulgam District has 4 assembly constituencies: Noorabad, Kulgam, Homshailibugh and devsar. Homshallibugh j&K 39th assembly segment has three municipal towns, Frisal, Yaripora and Qaimoh.Yaripora is an education and health block, while qaimoh is agriculture as well as education and health blocks. Frisal is a CD block. Qaimoh yaripora and Frisal are tehsil headquarters as well. There are various political parties the evident political parties are Indian National Congress, PDP, National Conference & CPI(M). The MLA's of Devsar is from INC & Homshailibugh constituency are from NC, MLA of Noorabad is from PDP & MLA of Kulgam Constituency is from CPI(M).
Kulgam a picturesque town is situated at 75° 268’ E longitude and 33°1584’ N latitude nestled in the lap of Peer Panchal Ranges overlooking the left bank of River Veshaw and has come up along a sloppy Karewa from Larow to Chawalgam. Be it the interaction with other civilizations, absorption of religious and other socio economic movements having swept sub-continent/Asia and above all the mythology associated with river Veshaw, emanating from the Kounsernag and flowing with majesty as well as ferociously depending upon the season and climatic conditions and at times resembling the prowess of mythological God/Angel when viewed in the context of its irrigation potential and utilization thereof in the District becoming the main source.Kulgam has the distinction of having contributed in the evolution of present-day soda-cultural ethos of Kashmir hinged in sobriety, compassion, non-violence, yearning for learning and receptiveness for new ideas and reformation with no parallel in terms of recorded history in the sub-continent. Tazkira Sadat-i-Simanania, compiled by Swaleh Reshi, a reputed scholar and poet of the 13th century, contains the name of place as “Shampora” which was later on renamed as Kulgam by Syed Hussain Simnani when beholden with the myriad number of Canals and streams flowing through the village. The word Kulgam denotes “Kul” meaning thereby the “Whole” and the “Gam” in Arabic to “teach righteousness”. It is he who is stated to have invited Hazrat Amir Kabir Mir Hamdani to Kashmir and famous poet and poetess like Sheikh Noor-ud-din Noorani and Lal Ded respectively to Kulgam where their disciples manifesting the composite culture promoted and encouraged it even when the dissension in rest of the Asiatic countries was taken as heretics. Kulgam as such is believed to be a place acting as a torch bearer for righteousness in the circumspection of myriad streams running through the area. The form of administration which was rudimentary but gained semblance of a structured system during Shair Shah Suri’s reign led to creation of a Tehsil eventually during Mughal Rule through the aegis of Sheikh Hamza Makhdoom with jurisdiction encompassing places like Doru, Banihal, Gulabgarh, Shopian and thereafter the status continued but in the process, its constituent units like Pulwama and now along with it Shopian, Reasi attained the status of a District. Such is the climatic and topographical treasure in the District that from Mughal Emperors to Dogra Rulers the area has had been a hunting place especially for Shahanshah Shah Jehan who laid the Chinarbagh and Maharaja Hari Singh who discovered the virgin potential of sanctuary at Kutbal. From out of the spiritual, great poets and statesman like politicians the District has distinction of being the birthplace of Sheikh Noor-ud-din Noorani, the founder of Reshi culture and native place of the forefathers of Alama Iqbal and Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru.
As a result of creation of 8 new districts in the State, district Kulgam like other newly created districts came into existence after being carved out from district Anantnag and made functional administratively with effect from 2 April 2007. Nallah Veshav which drains most of the northern face of Pir Panjal is the main left bank tributary of river Jhelum and traverses through District Kulgam. Before confluence of Veshev with the Jhelum it gets broken off into a number of channels providing drinking water facilities and irrigation to huge tracts of the land of the District.
Town Kulgam is situated at a distance of about 68 km from Srinagar and about 17 km from Anantnag. It has road connectivity with its neighboring districts like Shopian, Pulwama, Anantnag and Ramban. Town of Kulgam is linked with far flung areas of the District by a dependable road network. Besides places of spiritual interest the district has tourist spots like “Ahrabal water fall” on Veshev Nallah which is a place of sight-seeing in the extreme south-west of district Kulgam. Kongwattan and Gurwattan ahead of Ahrabal, Charenbal and Nandimarg high land pastures are also places of tourist attraction apart from virgin meadows in the area from Kund to Ladigasan (ahead of Aherbal clefts). The District also has super abundance of natural water resources in the shape of various famous springs such as, Kounsernag (ahead of Aherbal), Waseknag (Kund), Khee Nag (Khee Jogipora), etc.
Beginning in the 1990s there was an upsurge of militants in the district, particularly the Lashkar-e-Taiba. In addition to assassination and inciting riots, the militants encourage the populace to boycott elections.
Kulgam has following roads connecting it to various assembly segments and with NH1A ( Major District Roads)
- Anantnag-Ashmuji-Kulgam Main Road
- Wanpoh-Qaimoh-Kulgam Road
- NH1A Mirbazar to Kulgam via Akhran, Hablishi,Kilam & Pirpora
- NH1A Manigam to Kulgam via Manigam, Hablishi,Kilam & Pahloo
- Qaimoh-Turigam Devbugh-Kadder-Shopian Road
- Arwani-Frisal-Yaripora-kulgam Road
- Qazigund-Devsar-Pahloo-Kulgam Road
- Kulgam-Shopian Road
- Kulgam-Damhal- Aharabal Road
- Kulgam-Devsar-Adigam Road
- Khudwani—Frisal-babpora Road
Other Important Roads are
- Ashmuji-Bugam via Srandoo & Kulpora
- Yaripora-Kathpora- Munad Guffan Road
- Frisal- Tenjan-Buchroo Road
- Kanjikul-Hanger-Behibagh Road
- Mirbazar-Zangalpora-Kilam Road
- Manigam-Kilam Pahloo Road
- Turigam Devbugh - Nonmai- Zaban Road
According to the 2011 census Kulgam district has a population of 422,786, roughly equal to the nation of Malta. This gives it a ranking of 554th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 925 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,400/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 7.3%. Kulgam has a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 60.3percent. Leading towns in education having literacy rate above 60 percent are Kulgam, Qaimoh,yaripora, Frisal, Ashmujibaan,devsar and Qazigund.
Health facilities and education
- BUGAM KULGAM IS THE BIGGEST VILLAGE IN DRISTRICT KULGAM HAVING HIGHEST POPULATION
- HAFIA INSTITUTE BUGAM KULGAM AT BUGAM (PRIVATE HIGH SCHOOL)
- District Hospital at Kulgam
- Sub district hospitals at Yaripora, Qazigund and D H Pora
- PHC at Frisal, K B Pora, Qaimoh, Bugam, Pahloo, Devsar, Behibagh Mohammad Pora, Katrsoo,Kilam, Akhran, Manzgam Etc.
- Govt. Unani & Ayurvrdic (ISM)Dispensary, Turigam Devbugh
- Govt. degree college at Kulgam, DH pora and Kilam (Devsar)
- Higher secondary schools at Kulgam, Bugam, Ashmuji, Damhal, Devsar, Qaimoh, Frisal,Munadguffan, Yaripora, Kilam,wanpoh etc.
- F.B Institute (Private high School) at Ashmuji
- A number of Private run High and higher secondary schools are working in all 4 segments of district.
- Noor Study Circle Hablishi ( Private High School)
- English Medium Public High School Malipora ( Private High School)
- Kashmir Public School, Kulgam
- Sunshine National School Kulgam (Private School)
- Hanfiya high school at Frisal and yaripora.
- Red Jewels Educational Garden Brazloo (Private School)
- Baba Reshi Hafiya High School Chawalgam (Private School)
- Leeds Convent School Kulgam (Private School)
- Govt. Girls Middle School, Turigam Devbugh
- Govt. Boys Middle School, Turigam Devbugh
- Govt. High School Mirhama Kulgam
- Jehlum Valley educational Institute Yaripora
- Public Mission High School Yaripora
- Sunshine Public High School Devsar(Devsar)
- Syed Karamullah English Medium school Adigam (Middle School)
- Hanfia Model institute Ashmuji, Kulgam (High School)
- Mohamadiya Salfiya Institute English Medium Manzgam(private school)
- Darsgah Islamiya Manzgam (private school)
- Alamdhar memorial institute chawalgam(private school)
Habitation & Environment
- The main source of livelihood in the district is Agriculture & Horticulture. The low lying ares of Kulgam are very fertile for rice cultivation (known for best yield) so it is considered as 'Rice Bowl of Kashmir'. On the other hand, the upper ares are known for production of quality apple. Live stock & sheep rearing is a subsidiary occupation in rural population particularly in the upper areas.
- The District Kulgam is covered by mighty & majestic Pir Panjal mountain range on the north west side acting as a massive topographical protection. The area is significantly covered in forestation.
Town Kulgam is situated at a distance of about 68 km from Srinagar and about 17 km from Anantnag. It has road connectivity with its neighboring districts like Shopian, Pulwama, Anantnag and Ramban etc. and Town besides being linked with far flung areas of the District by a dependable road network. Besides places of spiritual interest the district has tourist spots like ‘’Ahrabal water fall’’ on Veshev Nallah which is a place of sight-seeing in the extreme south-west of district Kulgam. , Kongwattan and Gurwattan ahead of Ahrabal, Charenbal and Nandimarg high land pastures are also places of tourist attraction apart from virgin meadows in the area from Kund to Ladigasan (ahead of Aherbal clefts). The District also has super abundance of natural water resources in the shape of various famous springs such as, Kounsernag ( ahead of Aherbal ), Waseknag (Kund), Khee Nag( Khee Jogipora), etc.
- Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
- "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- "Top Lashkar-e-Taiba militant killed". NDTV. 16 September 2007. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007.
- "Gunbattle on between militants, security forces in south Kashmir". The Times of india. 25 May 2014. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014.
- "J-K: 2 militants killed in Kulgam, 3 miscreants arrested in Srinagar". One India News. 1 November 2010. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014.
- Pandit, M. Saleem (24 April 2014). "Low voter turnout in Kashmir due to militants' poll boycott call". The Times of india.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Malta 408,333 July 2011 est.line feed character in
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||Badgam district||Shopian district||Pulwama district|
|Poonch district||Anantnag district|
|Rajouri district||Reasi district||Ramban district|