Lockhart, Texas

Coordinates: 29°52′55″N 97°40′34″W / 29.88194°N 97.67611°W / 29.88194; -97.67611
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Lockhart, Texas
Caldwell County Courthouse
Barbecue Capital of Texas
Location of Lockhart, Texas
Location of Lockhart, Texas
Coordinates: 29°52′55″N 97°40′34″W / 29.88194°N 97.67611°W / 29.88194; -97.67611
CountryUnited States
Home rule city
 • TypeCouncil – Manager
 • MayorLew White
 • Mayor Pro TemAngie Gonzales-Sanchez
 • Total15.64 sq mi (40.50 km2)
 • Land15.61 sq mi (40.44 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
515 ft (157 m)
 • Total14,379
 • Density905.15/sq mi (349.49/km2)
DemonymLockhartisan or Lockhartizen
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code512 & 737
FIPS code48-43240[2]
GNIS feature ID1374644[3]
A view of downtown Lockhart
First Lockhart National Bank building across from the county courthouse

Lockhart is a city and the county seat of Caldwell County, Texas, United States.[4] According to the 2020 census, its population was 14,379.[5]


Another view of downtown Lockhart

The city of Lockhart is named after Byrd Lockhart, an assistant surveyor of Green DeWitt and reportedly the first Anglo to set foot in Caldwell County. Lockhart was the site of a victory of the Texans over the Comanche, at the Battle of Plum Creek in 1840. Lockhart was originally called "Plum Creek", but the name was later changed to Lockhart.

The town's economic growth began with the arrival of the railroad in the late 19th century, when the town became a regional shipping center for local cotton. Following the arrival of the railroad, immigrants arrived in Lockhart and opened various businesses.

Lockhart has several claims to fame. In 1999, the Texas Legislature proclaimed Lockhart the "Barbecue Capital of Texas";[6] Lockhart has four major barbecue restaurants. The Dr. Eugene Clark Library is the oldest operating public library in Texas. Lockhart was also the subject of an article by the architectural historian and critic Colin Rowe and architect John Hejduk, first published in Architectural Record in 1957 and republished in the collection of his writings As I Was Saying (1996). Rowe and Hejduk see Lockhart as a "curiously eloquent" example of a Victorian post-frontier American town.

Lockhart has played host to many film sets, as this quaint, small town is located just 30 miles (48 km) south of Austin. The 1996 Christopher Guest comedy film Waiting for Guffman and the 1993 drama What's Eating Gilbert Grape[7] were filmed partly in Lockhart, including the historic courthouse and the town square. The city's Walmart store was featured in the 2000 film Where the Heart Is.

On July 30, 2016, a hot air balloon struck a power line and caught on fire, killing all 16 people on board when it crashed near the unincorporated community of Maxwell.[8]


Lockhart is located at 29°52′55″N 97°40′34″W / 29.88194°N 97.67611°W / 29.88194; -97.67611 (29.881870, –97.676040).[9] Located near central Texas, Lockhart is 30 miles (48 km) south of downtown Austin on U.S. Highway 183. It is 70 miles (110 km) northeast of San Antonio and 156 miles (251 km) west of Houston.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.6 square miles (40.4 km2), of which 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2), or 0.14%, is covered by water.[5]


Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen climate classification subtype for this climate is humid subtropical climate, Cfa.[10]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
Lockhart racial composition as of 2020[13]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 5,314 36.96%
Black or African American (NH) 931 6.47%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 41 0.29%
Asian (NH) 96 0.67%
Pacific Islander (NH) 2 0.01%
Some Other Race (NH) 54 0.38%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 340 2.36%
Hispanic or Latino 7,601 52.86%
Total 14,379

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 14,379 people, 4,503 households, and 2,944 families residing in the city.

As of the census[2] of 2000, 11,615 people, 3,627 households, and 2,691 families were residing in the city. The population density was 1,032.7 people per sq mi (398.6/km2). The 3,871 housing units averaged 344.2 per sq mi (132.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 65.42% White, 12.68% African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 18.00% from other races, and 2.82% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 47.41% of the population.

Of the 3,627 households, 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 16.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.8% were not families. About 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81, and the average family size was 3.28.

In the city, the age distribution was 26.5% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,762, and for a family was $41,111. Males had a median income of $29,329 versus $20,923 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,621. About 12.2% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 18.1% of those age 65 or over.


Lockhart is served by a seven-person city council. The mayor and two council members are elected at large. The remaining four council members are elected from single-member districts.[16]

  • Mayor – Lew White
  • City Council At-Large – Angie Gonzales-Sanchez
  • City Council At-Large – Brad Westmoreland
  • City Council District 1 – Juan Mendoza
  • City Council District 2 – David Bryant
  • City Council District 3 – Kara McGregor
  • City Council District 4 – Jeffry Michelson


Lockhart is served by the Lockhart Independent School District and is home to the Lockhart High School Lions.

The city has a museum, the Southwest Museum of Clocks and Watches.

Movies shot in Lockhart[edit]

The following are some of the films that have been shot in whole or in part in Lockhart:[17]

Significant historic buildings[edit]

Notable people[edit]



  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Lockhart city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  6. ^ "Official Capital Designations". Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  7. ^ "What's Eating Gilbert Grape (1993)". IMDb. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  8. ^ "Officials: No Apparent Survivors in Texas Balloon Crash". ABC News. Retrieved 2016-07-31.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "Lockhart, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "QuickFacts: Lockhart city, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-24.
  14. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  15. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  16. ^ "The City of Lockhart". Archived from the original on 24 January 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  17. ^ "Films in Lockhart". Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  18. ^ Craig, Algerene Akins (2010). "Fuller, Maud Anna Berry". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[14][15]

External links[edit]