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Model of the PSLV rocket
Mission type Deployment of 20 satellites.
Operator ISRO
Website ISRO website
Mission duration 26:30 minutes
Distance travelled 505 Km
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
Spacecraft type Launch vehicle
Manufacturer ISRO
Launch mass 320,000 kilograms (710,000 lb)
Payload mass 1,288 kilograms (2,840 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 09:26:00, 22 June 2016 (2016-06-22T09:26:00) (IST)
Rocket PSLV
Launch site Satish Dhawan Space Centre
Contractor ISRO
Deployment date 22 June 2016
End of mission
Disposal Placed in graveyard orbit
Deactivated 22 June 2016
Orbital parameters
Regime Sun-synchronous orbit
Cartosat-2 satellite (primary) and 19 other satellites from Canada, Germany, India, Indonesia & USA.
First stage
Propellant mass 211,400 kg (466,100 lb)
Fuel HTPB based
Second stage
Propellant mass 42,000 kg (93,000 lb)
Fuel Liquid UH 25 + N2O4
Third stage
Propellant mass 7,600 kg (16,800 lb)
Fuel HTPB based
Fourth stage
Propellant mass 2,500 kg (5,500 lb)
Fuel Liquid MMH + MON-3

PSLV-C34 (also known as Cartosat-2 series satellite) was the 36th mission of the PSLV program and 14th mission of PSLV in XL configuration. The PSLV-C34 successfully carried and deployed 20 satellites in the Sun-synchronous orbit. With a launch mass of 320,000 kilograms (710,000 lb) and payload mass of 1,288 kilograms (2,840 lb), the C34 set a new record of deploying the maximum number of satellites by Indian Space Research Organisation in a single mission. The PSLV-C34 carried One Cartosat-2 satellite, SathyabamaSat (satellite from Sathyabama University, Chennai), Swayam (satellite from College of Engineering, Pune) & 17 other satellites from USA, Canada, Germany & Indonesia.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Mission parameters[edit]

  • Mass:
    • Total liftoff weight: 320,000 kilograms (710,000 lb)
    • Payload weight: 1,288 kilograms (2,840 lb)
  • Overall height: 44.4 metres (145.7 ft)
  • Propellant:
  • Altitude: 526.877 kilometres (327 mi)
  • Maximum velocity: 7,606.61 metres per second (24,956 ft/s) (recorded at time of Cartosat-2 separation)
  • Inclination: 97.48°
  • Period: 26 minutes 30 seconds



PSLV-C34 was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at 09:26 IST on 22 June 2016. The PSLV carried total 20 satellites including the primary payload Cartosat-2C. Cartosat-2C was placed in low Earth orbit at 9:44 IST. The entire mission lasted 26 minutes and 30 seconds.[1][2][3][4][5][6] The PSLV-C34 is a more advanced, expendable version of the rocket used to launch the Indian Mars Orbiter in 2014.[8]

Mission milestones[edit]

The mission marked:

  • 36th flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle.
  • 14th flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle in XL configuration.
  • Record number of satellites carried on a single flight by ISRO.


Record launch[edit]

On 28 April 2008, by placing 10 satellites on PSLV-C9 (PSLV-CA), Indian Space Research Organisation created a world record for the highest number of satellites launched in a single mission. This record was broken by NASA in 2013 (by launching 29 satellites) and was further improved by ISRO when they launched 104 satellites. PSLV-C34 launch was the biggest launch (in terms of number of satellites) by ISRO until PSLV-C37.


PSLV-C34 carried and deployed total 20 satellites. Following are the details of the payload.[7]

Country Name Nos Mass Type Objective
Canada Canada M3MSat 1 85 kg Microsatellite technology demonstration Study of AIS from Low Earth orbit.
GHGSat-D 1 25.5 kg Earth observation microsatellite Measuring atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases.
Germany BIROS 1 130 kg Earth observation microsatellite Remote sensing of high-temperature events.
India India Cartosat-2C 1 727.5 kg Earth observation satellite Primary payload. For LIS & GIS uses.
SathyabamaSat 1 01.5 kg Earth observation nanosatellite Collect data on greenhouse gases.
Swayam 1 01 kg Earth observation nanosatellite To provide point-to-point messaging services to HAM community.
Indonesia LAPAN-A3 1 120 kg Earth observation microsatellite For land use, natural resource and environment monitoring.
United States USA SkySat Gen2-1 1 110 kg Earth observation microsatellite Capable of capturing sub-meter resolution imagery and High-definition video.
Flock-2P 12 04.7 kg Earth observation nanosatellites Earth imaging.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "PSLV-C34". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "SATHYABAMASAT". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "SWAYAM". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "India sets new record in space mission; PSLV C34 successfully injects 20 satellites into orbit". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Big boost to India's space mission: ISRO sets record". The Economic Times. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "ISRO's 20-in-1 mission successful". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c "PSLV-C34 brochure" (pdf). Indian Space Research Organisation website. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  8. ^ "Big money for India in space". Deccan Chronicle. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2016.