Model of the PSLV rocket
|Mission type||Deployment of 20 satellites.|
|Mission duration||26:30 minutes|
|Distance travelled||505 Km|
|Spacecraft||Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle|
|Spacecraft type||Launch vehicle|
|Launch mass||320,000 kilograms (710,000 lb)|
|Payload mass||1,288 kilograms (2,840 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||09:26:00, 22 June 2016IST)(|
|Launch site||Satish Dhawan Space Centre|
|Deployment date||22 June 2016|
|End of mission|
|Disposal||Placed in graveyard orbit|
|Deactivated||22 June 2016|
|Cartosat-2 satellite (primary) and 19 other satellites from Canada, Germany, India, Indonesia & USA.|
|Propellant mass||211,400 kg (466,100 lb)|
|Propellant mass||42,000 kg (93,000 lb)|
|Fuel||Liquid UH 25 + N2O4|
|Propellant mass||7,600 kg (16,800 lb)|
|Propellant mass||2,500 kg (5,500 lb)|
|Fuel||Liquid MMH + MON-3|
PSLV-C34 (also known as Cartosat-2 series satellite) was the 36th mission of the PSLV program and 14th mission of PSLV in XL configuration. The PSLV-C34 successfully carried and deployed 20 satellites in the Sun-synchronous orbit. With a launch mass of 320,000 kilograms (710,000 lb) and payload mass of 1,288 kilograms (2,840 lb), the C34 set a new record of deploying the maximum number of satellites by Indian Space Research Organisation in a single mission. The PSLV-C34 carried One Cartosat-2 satellite, SathyabamaSat (satellite from Sathyabama University, Chennai), Swayam (satellite from College of Engineering, Pune) & 17 other satellites from USA, Canada, Germany & Indonesia.
- Total liftoff weight: 320,000 kilograms (710,000 lb)
- Payload weight: 1,288 kilograms (2,840 lb)
- Overall height: 44.4 metres (145.7 ft)
- Altitude: 526.877 kilometres (327 mi)
- Maximum velocity: 7,606.61 metres per second (24,956 ft/s) (recorded at time of Cartosat-2 separation)
- Inclination: 97.48°
- Period: 26 minutes 30 seconds
PSLV-C34 was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at 09:26 IST on 22 June 2016. The PSLV carried total 20 satellites including the primary payload Cartosat-2C. Cartosat-2C was placed in low Earth orbit at 9:44 IST. The entire mission lasted 26 minutes and 30 seconds. The PSLV-C34 is a more advanced, expendable version of the rocket used to launch the Indian Mars Orbiter in 2014.
The mission marked:
- 36th flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle.
- 14th flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle in XL configuration.
- Record number of satellites carried on a single flight by ISRO.
On 28 April 2008, by placing 10 satellites on PSLV-C9 (PSLV-CA), Indian Space Research Organisation created a world record for the highest number of satellites launched in a single mission. This record was broken by NASA in 2013 (by launching 29 satellites) and was further improved by ISRO when they launched 104 satellites. PSLV-C34 launch was the biggest launch (in terms of number of satellites) by ISRO until PSLV-C37.
PSLV-C34 carried and deployed total 20 satellites. Following are the details of the payload.
|Canada||M3MSat||1||85 kg||Microsatellite technology demonstration||Study of AIS from Low Earth orbit.|
|GHGSat-D||1||25.5 kg||Earth observation microsatellite||Measuring atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases.|
|BIROS||1||130 kg||Earth observation microsatellite||Remote sensing of high-temperature events.|
|India||Cartosat-2C||1||727.5 kg||Earth observation satellite||Primary payload. For LIS & GIS uses.|
|SathyabamaSat||1||01.5 kg||Earth observation nanosatellite||Collect data on greenhouse gases.|
|Swayam||1||01 kg||Earth observation nanosatellite||To provide point-to-point messaging services to HAM community.|
|LAPAN-A3||1||120 kg||Earth observation microsatellite||For land use, natural resource and environment monitoring.|
|USA||SkySat Gen2-1||1||110 kg||Earth observation microsatellite||Capable of capturing sub-meter resolution imagery and High-definition video.|
|Flock-2P||12||04.7 kg||Earth observation nanosatellites||Earth imaging.|
- "PSLV-C34". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "SATHYABAMASAT". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "SWAYAM". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "India sets new record in space mission; PSLV C34 successfully injects 20 satellites into orbit". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Big boost to India's space mission: ISRO sets record". The Economic Times. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "ISRO's 20-in-1 mission successful". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "PSLV-C34 brochure" (pdf). Indian Space Research Organisation website. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Big money for India in space". Deccan Chronicle. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2016.