PSLV-C34

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PSLV-C34
PSLV.svg
Model of the PSLV rocket
Mission typeDeployment of 20 satellites.
OperatorISRO
WebsiteISRO website
Mission duration26:30 minutes
Distance travelled505 Km
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftPolar Satellite Launch Vehicle
Spacecraft typeLaunch vehicle
ManufacturerISRO
Launch mass320,000 kilograms (710,000 lb)
Payload mass1,288 kilograms (2,840 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date09:26:00, 22 June 2016 (UTC) (2016-06-22T09:26:00Z) (IST)
RocketPSLV
Launch siteSatish Dhawan Space Centre
ContractorISRO
Deployment date22 June 2016
End of mission
DisposalPlaced in graveyard orbit
Deactivated22 June 2016
Orbital parameters
RegimeSun-synchronous orbit
Payload
Cartosat-2 satellite (primary) and 19 other satellites from Canada, Germany, India, Indonesia & USA.
Transponders
HPBW
First stage
Propellant mass211,400 kg (466,100 lb)
FuelHTPB based
Second stage
Propellant mass42,000 kg (93,000 lb)
FuelLiquid UH 25 + N2O4
Third stage
Propellant mass7,600 kg (16,800 lb)
FuelHTPB based
Fourth stage
Propellant mass2,500 kg (5,500 lb)
FuelLiquid MMH + MON-3
 

PSLV-C34 (also known as Cartosat-2 series satellite) was the 36th mission of the PSLV program and 14th mission of PSLV in XL configuration. The PSLV-C34 successfully carried and deployed 20 satellites in the Sun-synchronous orbit. With a launch mass of 320,000 kilograms (710,000 lb) and payload mass of 1,288 kilograms (2,840 lb), the C34 set a new record of deploying the maximum number of satellites by Indian Space Research Organisation in a single mission. The PSLV-C34 carried One Cartosat-2 satellite, SathyabamaSat (satellite from Sathyabama University, Chennai), Swayam (satellite from College of Engineering, Pune) & 17 other satellites from USA, Canada, Germany & Indonesia.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Mission parameters[edit]

  • Mass:
    • Total liftoff weight: 320,000 kilograms (710,000 lb)
    • Payload weight: 1,288 kilograms (2,840 lb)
  • Overall height: 44.4 metres (145.7 ft)
  • Propellant:
  • Altitude: 526.877 kilometres (327 mi)
  • Maximum velocity: 7,606.61 metres per second (24,956 ft/s) (recorded at time of Cartosat-2 separation)
  • Inclination: 97.48°
  • Period: 26 minutes 30 seconds

Source:[7]

Launch[edit]

PSLV-C34 was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at 09:26 IST on 22 June 2016. The PSLV carried total 20 satellites including the primary payload Cartosat-2C. Cartosat-2C was placed in low Earth orbit at 9:44 IST. The entire mission lasted 26 minutes and 30 seconds.[1][2][3][4][5][6] The PSLV-C34 is a more advanced, expendable version of the rocket used to launch the Indian Mars Orbiter in 2014.[8]

Mission milestones[edit]

The mission marked:

  • 36th flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle.
  • 14th flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle in XL configuration.
  • Record number of satellites carried on a single flight by ISRO.

Sources:[4][7]

Record launch[edit]

On 28 April 2008, by placing 10 satellites on PSLV-C9 (PSLV-CA), Indian Space Research Organisation created a world record for the highest number of satellites launched in a single mission. This record was broken by NASA in 2013 (by launching 29 satellites) and was further improved by ISRO when they launched 104 satellites. PSLV-C34 launch was the biggest launch (in terms of number of satellites) by ISRO until PSLV-C37.

Payload[edit]

PSLV-C34 carried and deployed total 20 satellites. Following are the details of the payload.[7]

Country Name Nos Mass Type Objective
Canada Canada M3MSat 1 85 kg Microsatellite technology demonstration Study of AIS from Low Earth orbit.
GHGSat-D 1 25.5 kg Earth observation microsatellite Measuring atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases.
Germany BIROS 1 130 kg Earth observation microsatellite Remote sensing of high-temperature events.
India India Cartosat-2C 1 727.5 kg Earth observation satellite Primary payload. For LIS & GIS uses.
SathyabamaSat 1 01.5 kg Earth observation nanosatellite Collect data on greenhouse gases.
Swayam 1 01 kg Earth observation nanosatellite To provide point-to-point messaging services to HAM community.
Indonesia LAPAN-A3 1 120 kg Earth observation microsatellite For land use, natural resource and environment monitoring.
United States USA SkySat Gen2-1 1 110 kg Earth observation microsatellite Capable of capturing sub-meter resolution imagery and High-definition video.
Flock-2P 12 04.7 kg Earth observation nanosatellites Earth imaging.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "PSLV-C34". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b "SATHYABAMASAT". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  3. ^ a b "SWAYAM". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "India sets new record in space mission; PSLV C34 successfully injects 20 satellites into orbit". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Big boost to India's space mission: ISRO sets record". The Economic Times. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  6. ^ a b "ISRO's 20-in-1 mission successful". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  7. ^ a b c "PSLV-C34 brochure" (pdf). Indian Space Research Organisation website. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Big money for India in space". Deccan Chronicle. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2016.