List of names for cannabis

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420, a code-name for cannabis, written on a train in New Jersey

Cannabis has many different names, including more than 1,200 slang terms. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of cannabis.[1]

Names for cannabis[edit]

Latin, scientific names[edit]

Cannabis is the Latin, or scientific name for the entire plant hemp, legally named marijuana or marihuana in some jurisdictions.[2] Names for three recognized species include:

Common, traditional names[edit]

Hemp is the English, or common name for the cannabis plant.[4] Traditional language names for cannabis include:

  • Bhaṅgā (Sanskrit)[5]
  • Bhangi (Swahili)[6]
  • Bhenbin (Myanmar)[5]
  • Chamba (Malawi)[7]
  • Chanvre (French)[5]
  • Dagga (Afrikaans)[8]
  • Diamba (Sierra Leone)[9]
  • Esrar (Turkish)[10]
  • Gandia (Mauritius)[11]
  • Ganja (Hindi)[4]
  • Ganjika (Sanskrit)[5]
  • Hanf (German)[5]
  • Hemp (English)[4]
  • Injaga (Rwanda)[12]
  • Kan-jac (Panama)[13]
  • Ma (Chinese)[14]
  • Maconha (Portuguese)[15]
  • Maria (Italian)
  • Mbanje (Zimbabwe)[16]
  • Mutokuane (South Africa)[17]
  • Potiguaya (Spanish)[4]
  • Sam-gwa (Korean)[18]
  • Soruma (Mozambique)[19]
  • Spak brus (Papua New Guinea)[20]
  • Taima (Japanese)[21]
  • Uluwangula (Zambia)[22]
  • Yamba (Senegal)[23]
  • Njagaa (Uganda)
  • Patjie (Lesotho/Botswana)
  • Igbo (Nigeria)

Slang names for cannabis[edit]

The slang word marihuana was first used in the United States in the early part of the twentieth century, and was popularized to demonize and eventually ban cannabis in the 1930s. Most slang names for cannabis date to the jazz era. Weed is a commonly used slang name for cannabis. New slang names, like trees, came into use early in the twenty-first century.[2][4][24]

Slang names[edit]

Names for good-quality cannabis[edit]

Names for poor-quality cannabis[edit]

Slang names for a cannabis cigarette[edit]

Names for cannabis strains[edit]

Traditional names for heirloom strains[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis strains[edit]

Controversial strain names[edit]

Several names for cannabis strains have been controversial.[35] Disputed strain names include:

Categorized names for strains[edit]

Cannabis breeders and retailers have named strains to describe effects.[37] Classification system strain names include:

Names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Traditional names for preparations of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis extracts[edit]

Terms for consuming cannabis[edit]

Names describing methods of consuming cannabis[edit]

Cannabis is consumed for its therapeutic effects in several ways, including:

Slang names for cannabis consumption[edit]

Terms describing cannabis' effects[edit]

English names for the effects of cannabis[edit]

  • Appetite

Slang names for cannabis' effects[edit]

Terms relating to the cannabis subculture[edit]

Slang names for a cannabis consumer[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb Steinmetz, Katy (April 20, 2017). "420 Day: Why There Are So Many Different Names for Weed". Time. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Yagoda, Ben (March 5, 2014). "How Weed Became the Hippest Slang Term for Marijuana". Lexicon Valley.
  3. ^ a b c Loran C. Anderson (1980). "Leaf variation among Cannabis species from a controlled garden". Harvard University Botanical Museum Leaflets. 28 (1): 61–69.
  4. ^ a b c d e Linder, Courtney (April 19, 2015). "Pot patois: A comprehensive etymology of marijuana". The Pitt News.
  5. ^ a b c d e Torkelson 1996.
  6. ^ Medical Proceedings: Mediese Bydraes. Juta and Company. 1958.
  7. ^ World Health Organization. Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse (2005). Mental Health Atlas 2005. World Health Organization. pp. 296–. ISBN 978-92-4-156296-6.
  8. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary".
  9. ^ Emmanuel Akyeampong; Allan G Hill; Arthur M Kleinman (1 May 2015). The Culture of Mental Illness and Psychiatric Practice in Africa. Indiana University Press. pp. 39–. ISBN 978-0-253-01304-0.
  10. ^ Franz Rosenthal (1971). زهر العريش في احكام الحشيش: Haschish Versus Medieval Muslim Society. Brill Archive. p. 35. GGKEY:PXU3DXJBE76.
  11. ^ Tom Cleary (1 April 2011). Mauritius - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture. Kuperard. pp. 137–. ISBN 978-1-85733-546-0.
  12. ^ Christian Rätsch (March 2001). Marijuana Medicine: A World Tour of the Healing and Visionary Powers of Cannabis. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 128–. ISBN 978-0-89281-933-1.
  13. ^ Rowan Robinson (1996). The Great Book of Hemp: The Complete Guide to the Environmental, Commercial, and Medicinal Uses of the World's Most Extraordinary Plant. Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. pp. 58–. ISBN 978-0-89281-541-8.
  14. ^ Jann Gumbiner Ph.D. (May 10, 2011), "History of Cannabis in Ancient China", Psychology Today
  15. ^ Gabriel G. Nahas (28 July 2017). Revival: Cannabis Physiopathology Epidemiology Detection (1992). CRC Press. pp. 322–. ISBN 978-1-351-36781-3.
  16. ^ Zim to legalise mbanje . . . Govt considers drug use for medical purposes - Sunday News
  17. ^ David Livingstone (1859). Travels and researches in South Africa ... To which is added a historical sketch of discoveries in Africa, etc. J. W. Bradley. pp. 199–.
  18. ^ 한반도 자생식물 영어이름 목록집: English Names For Korean Native Plants. Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 386. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5.
  19. ^ Mozambiquefile: A Mozambique News Agency Monthly. AIM. 2006.
  20. ^ Cyndi Banks (2000). Developing Cultural Criminology: Theory and Practice in Papua New Guinea. Institute of Criminology. ISBN 978-1-86487-321-4.
  21. ^ Mitchell, Jon (December 5, 2014), "The Secret History of Cannabis in Japan 日本における大麻の秘史", Asia-Pacific Journal, 12 (49)
  22. ^ African Economic History. University of Wisconsin, African Studies Program. 1976. p. 21.
  23. ^ West Africa. West Africa Publishing Company Limited. 1980. p. 227.
  24. ^ a b McKee Simmons, Kate (June 16, 2017). "The ABCs of Marijuana Slang From the DEA". Westword.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Embrace 4/20 With These Nicknames For All Things Weed". The Huffington Post. April 20, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg Green, Johnny (April 29, 2011). "List of Marijuana Slang Terms". The Weed Blog.
  27. ^ Tom Dalzell (25 July 2008). The Routledge Dictionary of Modern American Slang and Unconventional English. Routledge. p. 673. ISBN 1-134-19478-1.
  28. ^ Thomas Kemper Hitch; Robert M. Kamins (1992). Islands in Transition: The Past, Present, and Future of Haiwaii's Economy. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 225–. ISBN 978-0-8248-1498-4.
  29. ^ Wright, Julia (May 6, 2016). "Bye Bye, Baggie: 5 Elegant Storage Boxes For Your Stash". Civilized.
  30. ^ Stoned, I.M. (2014). "Dope: The 200 Most Awesome Things About Weed". Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9781440586231.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Marin, Cheech; Chong, Tommy (2013). "Cheech & Chong's Almost Legal Book for Stoners". Running Press. pp. 166–170. ISBN 9780762449873.
  32. ^ "Joint". Dictionary.reference.com. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Escondido, Nico (October 9, 2014). "25 Greatest Strains of All Time". High Times.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Schleuss, Jon (2017). "Medical marijuana name game". Los Angeles Times.
  35. ^ a b c d e Guy, Nice (May 24, 2017). "Oregon Liquor Control Commission Deems Strain Names Unsuitable For Children". Cannabis Chronicles.
  36. ^ a b c d e William, David (March 8, 2017). "What's in a Name? Cannabis Grower Creates New Consumer-Friendly Marijuana Classifications". Small Business Trends.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Olson, Al (March 30, 2017). "Green Crack? This Cannabis Grower Wants To Lose The Silly Marijuana Strain Names: Gorilla Glue? Hog's Breath? California cultivator has a better way". The Fresh Toast.
  38. ^ Rahn, Bailey (May 5, 2015). "What Are Cannabis Oil, Shatter, and Wax Extracts?". Leafly.
  39. ^ a b "Hashish". drugs.com. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  40. ^ David McDonald; Rhonda Moore; Jennifer Norberry; Grant Wardlaw; Nicola Ballenden (1994), "Cannabis in context: history, laws and international treaties", Legislative options for cannabis use in Australia
  41. ^ Woo, Elaine (April 13, 1999). "'Brownie Mary' Rathbun Dies; Advocated Medical Marijuana". Los Angeles Times.
  42. ^ Colella, Kristin (February 6, 2014). "Cooking With Cannabis: 8 Delicious Marijuana Recipes". TheStreet.com.
  43. ^ Tom Dalzell; Terry Victor (31 October 2007). Vice Slang. Routledge. pp. 116–. ISBN 978-1-134-19484-1.
  44. ^ a b "Why marijuana concentrates are cause for confusion". The Cannabist. June 18, 2015.
  45. ^ Bennett, Patrick. "What Are Live Resin Cannabis Concentrates?". Leafly. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
  46. ^ a b "Wellness Center - Marijuana". American University. 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  47. ^ Nall, Elizabeth (August 8, 2017). "Minnesota's medical marijuana can be rubbed into your skin". The Laughing Grass.
  48. ^ Gieringer, Dale H.; Joseph St. Laurent; Scott Goodrich (2004). "Cannabis Vaporizer Combines Efficient Delivery of THC with Effective Suppression of Pyrolytic Compounds" (PDF). Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics. 4 (1): 7–27. doi:10.1300/J175v04n01_02. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  49. ^ "Vape". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  50. ^ Ernest Small (14 October 2016). Cannabis: A Complete Guide. CRC Press. pp. 341–. ISBN 978-1-315-35059-2.
  51. ^ Roberts, Michael (September 22, 2014). "Urban Dictionary for Pot? Ten Definitions From Ganjapreneur's Marijuana Slang Site". Westword.
  52. ^ Booth, Martin (2004), Cannabis: A History, St. Martin's Press, p. 212.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]