List of names for cannabis

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420, a code-name for cannabis, written on a train in New Jersey

Cannabis has many different names, including more than 1,200 slang terms. Additionally, there are many names to describe the state of being under the influence of cannabis.[1]

Names for cannabis[edit]

Latin, scientific names[edit]

Cannabis is the Latin, or scientific name for the entire plant hemp, legally named marijuana or marihuana in some jurisdictions.[2] Names for three recognized species include:

Common, traditional names[edit]

Hemp is the English, or common name for the cannabis plant.[4] Traditional language names for cannabis include:

  • Bhaṅgā (Sanskrit)[5]
  • Bhangi (Swahili)[6]
  • Bhenbin (Myanmar)[5]
  • Chamba (Malawi)[7]
  • Chanvre (French)[5]
  • Dagga (Afrikaans)[8]
  • Diamba (Sierra Leone)[9]
  • Esrar (Turkish)[10]
  • Gandia (Mauritius)[11]
  • Ganja (Hindi)[4]
  • Ganjika (Sanskrit)[5]
  • Hanf (German)[5]
  • Hemp (English)[4]
  • Injaga (Rwanda)[12]
  • Kan-jac (Panama)[13]
  • Ma (Chinese)[14]
  • Maconha (Portuguese)[15]
  • Maria (Italian)
  • Mbanje (Zimbabwe)[16]
  • Mutokuane (South Africa)[17]
  • Potiguaya (Spanish)[4]
  • Sam-gwa (Korean)[18]
  • Soruma (Mozambique)[19]
  • Spak brus (Papua New Guinea)[20]
  • Taima (Japanese)[21]
  • Uluwangula (Zambia)[22]
  • Yamba (Senegal)[23]
  • Njagaa (Uganda)
  • Patjie (Lesotho/Botswana)
  • Igbo (Nigeria)

Slang names for cannabis[edit]

The slang word marihuana was first used in the United States in the early part of the twentieth century, and was popularized to demonize and eventually ban cannabis in the 1930s. Most slang names for cannabis date to the jazz era. Weed is a commonly used slang name for cannabis. New slang names, like trees, came into use early in the twenty-first century.[2][4][24]

Slang names[edit]

Names for good-quality cannabis[edit]

Names for poor-quality cannabis[edit]

Slang names for a cannabis cigarette[edit]

Names for cannabis strains[edit]

Traditional names for heirloom strains[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis strains[edit]

Controversial strain names[edit]

Several names for cannabis strains have been controversial.[35] Disputed strain names include:

Categorized names for strains[edit]

Cannabis breeders and retailers have named strains to describe effects.[37] Classification system strain names include:

Names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Traditional names for preparations of cannabis[edit]

Slang names for cannabis preparations[edit]

Industry trade names for cannabis extracts[edit]

Terms for consuming cannabis[edit]

Names describing methods of consuming cannabis[edit]

Cannabis is consumed for its therapeutic effects in several ways, including:

Slang names for cannabis consumption[edit]

Terms describing cannabis' effects[edit]

English names for the effects of cannabis[edit]

  • Appetite

Slang names for cannabis' effects[edit]

Terms relating to the cannabis subculture[edit]

Slang names for a cannabis consumer[edit]


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External links[edit]