List of military aircraft of the United States (naval)

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Naval aviation of the United States, as it is predicted to be by 2020

This list of military aircraft of the United States (naval) includes prototype, pre-production and operational types designations under the 1922 United States Navy aircraft designation system, which was used by the United States Navy, the United States Marine Corps, and the United States Coast Guard.

Prototypes are normally prefixed with "X" and often unnamed (note that these are not the same as the experimental X-planes, which are not generally expected to go into production), while pre-production models are usually prefixed "Y".

For aircraft designations prior to the adoption of this system, see List of military aircraft of the United States (1909–19).

For aircraft designations under the U.S. Army Air Force/U.S. Air Force USAF system or the post-1962 Tri-Service system and aircraft currently in service, see List of military aircraft of the United States.

Airborne early warning, 1952–1962[edit]


Commissioned vessels, 1922–1935[edit]

This series of four airships (two one-offs and two production Akron-class vessels) were the only airships in American history to be commissioned as ships of the United States Navy. ZR-2 is missing from the list as that airship (the British R-38) crashed and was destroyed before delivery.[1]

Airborne Early Warning, 1952–1962[edit]

Patrol, 1947–1962[edit]

Scout, 1954–1962[edit]

Training, 1947–1962[edit]

Ambulance, 1943–1962[edit]

Anti-submarine, 1946–1962[edit]

In 1946, the "S for Scout" designation was replaced by "S for anti-Submarine", however, the numbers in the 'S' series were not restarted.

Attack, 1946–1962[edit]

AD Skyraider, United States, 2003


Bomber, 1931–1943[edit]

Bomber fighter, 1934–1937[edit]

Bomber drone, 1944[edit]

Bomber torpedo, 1942–1945[edit]

Foreign-built bomber aircraft, 1910–1962[edit]


Antisubmarine, 1959–1962[edit]

Assault, 1944[edit]

  • BDR - Interstate

Target, 1942–1946[edit]

Unpiloted, 1946–1955[edit]

  • UC - Culver TD4C

Unified sequence, 1945–1962[edit]


Fighter, 1910–1922[edit]

Fighter, 1922–1962[edit]

Foreign-built fighters, 1910–1962[edit]


Bomb glider[edit]

Trainer glider, 1941–1945[edit]

Transport glider, 1941–1945[edit]

Foreign-built glider, 1910–1962[edit]


Antisubmarine, 1951–1962[edit]

Crane, 1952–1955[edit]

Observation, 1944–1962[edit]

Trainer, 1944–1948[edit]

Trainer, 1948–1962[edit]

Transport, 1944–1962[edit]

Utility, 1944–1949[edit]

Utility, 1950–1962[edit]

Hospital, 1929–1942[edit]

Marine Expeditionary, 1922–1923[edit]


Observation, 1922–1962[edit]

Observation scout, 1935–1945[edit]

Foreign-built observation aircraft, 1920–1962[edit]


Patrol, 1910–1923[edit]

Patrol, 1923–1962[edit]

P2V-2 Neptune over NAS Jacksonville, 1953

Patrol bomber, 1935–1962[edit]

A flight of PBY-5 Catalinas over the Aleutian Islands

Patrol torpedo bomber, 1937–1962[edit]

Foreign-built patrol aircraft, 1910–1962[edit]

Pursuit, 1923[edit]

Racer, 1922–1928[edit]

Research aircraft, 1910–1962[edit]

Rotorcycle, 1954–1959[edit]


Scout, 1922–1946[edit]

Scout bomber, 1934–1946[edit]

Scout observation, 1934–1946[edit]

Scout trainer, 1939–1948[edit]

Foreign-built scout aircraft, 1920–1962[edit]

Tanker, 1958–1962[edit]


Torpedo, 1910–1922[edit]

Torpedo, 1922–1935[edit]

Torpedo bomber, 1935–1946[edit]

Grumman TBF Avenger in mid-1942

Torpedo scout, 1943–1946[edit]

Foreign-built torpedo aircraft, 1920–1962[edit]


Trainer, 1910–1922[edit]

Trainer, 1922–1948[edit]

Trainer, 1948–1962[edit]

An SNJ-5 Texan flying in an airshow in 2004

Foreign-built trainer aircraft, 1910–1962[edit]


Transport, 1931–1962[edit]

Transport (late 50s)[edit]

Transport, single engine, 1939–1941[edit]


Utility, 1910–1931[edit]

Utility, 1931–1955[edit]

Utility transport, 1935–1955[edit]

Utility, 1955–1962[edit]

Foreign-built utility aircraft, 1920–1962[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Smith, Alfred Emanuel (21 September 1921). "Lessons of the ZR-2". The Outlook. 129: 80, 82. Retrieved 30 July 2009.


  • Andrade, John M. (1979). U.S. Military Aircraft Designations and Serials Since 1909. Midland Counties Publications. ISBN 0-904597-22-9.
  • Bedford, Alan (May–June 1999). "Early American Carrier Jets: Evolving Jet Operations with the US Fleet, Part One". Air Enthusiast (81): 13–19. ISSN 0143-5450.
  • Bedford, Alan (July–August 1999). "Early American Carrier Jets: Evolving Jet Operations with the US Fleet, Part Two". Air Enthusiast (82): 18–23. ISSN 0143-5450.
  • Bedford, Alan (September–October 1999). "Early American Carrier Jets: Evolving Jet Operations with the US Fleet, Part Three". Air Enthusiast (83): 62–67. ISSN 0143-5450.
  • Fahey, James C. 1946 U.S. Army Aircraft 1908-1946
  • Grossnick, Roy A. United States Naval Aviation 1910–1995. Naval Historical Center

External links[edit]