List of sovereign states in the 1920s

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This is a list of sovereign states in the 1920s, giving an overview of states around the world during the period between 1 January 1920 and 31 December 1929. It contains entries, arranged alphabetically, with information on the status and recognition of their sovereignty. It includes widely recognized sovereign states, and entities which were de facto sovereign but which were not widely recognized by other states.

Sovereign states[edit]

Name and capital city Information on status and recognition of sovereignty

A[edit]


Abkhazia – Socialist Soviet Republic of Abkhazia (from March 31, 1921 to March 12, 1922)
Capital: Kabul
Widely recognized independent state

Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanistan
Capital: Kabul
Widely recognized independent state

Albania Albania
Capital: Tirana
Widely recognized independent state.

Andorra – Principality of Andorra
Capital: Andorra La Vella
Widely recognized independent state.

 Argentina – Argentine Republic
Capital: Buenos Aires
Widely recognized independent state. LON founding member state from January 10, 1920

Armenia Armenia (March 12, 1922)
Capital: Yerevan
  • Republic of Armenia (to November 29, 1920)
  • Armenian Socialist Soviet Republic (from November 29, 1920 to March 12, 1922)
Widely recognized independent state.

Asir – Emirate of Asir (to October 21, 1926)
Capital: Sabya
Widely recognized independent state.

Asir, Upper – Emirate of Upper Asir (to August 1920)
Capital: Abha
Widely recognized independent state.

 Australia – Commonwealth of Australia
Capital: Canberra
Widely recognized independent state. LON founding member state from January 10, 1920. Australia administers 2 League of Nations Mandates:
  • Australia Nauru (administered by Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom from December 17, 1920)
  • Australia New Guinea – Territory of New Guinea (administered by Australia from December 17, 1920)

Austria Austria – Federal State of Austria
Capital: Vienna
Widely recognized independent state. LON member state from December 15, 1920

Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
Capital: Baku
  • Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (to April 28, 1920)
  • Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic (from April 28, 1920 to March 12, 1922)
Widely recognized independent state.

B[edit]


 Belgium – Kingdom of Belgium
Capital: Brussels
Widely recognized independent state. LON founding member state from January 10, 1920.

 Bolivia – Republic of Bolivia
Capital: Sucre
Widely recognized independent state. LON founding member state from January 10, 1920.

 Brazil – Republic of the United States of Brazil
Capital: Brasília
Widely recognized independent state. LON founding member state from January 10, 1920.

 Bulgaria – Kingdom of Bulgaria
Capital: Sofia
Widely recognized independent state. LON member state from December 16, 1920.

C[edit]


 Canada – Dominion of Canada
Capital: Ottawa
Widely recognized independent state.

Central America – Federation of Central America (to February 7, 1922)
Capital: Guatemala City
Widely recognized independent state.

 Chile – Republic of Chile
Capital: Santiago
Widely recognized independent state.

 China – Republic of China

Capital: Nanking, Peking, Chungking

Widely recognized independent state.

 Colombia – Republic of Colombia
Capital: Bogotá
Widely recognized independent state.

 Costa Rica – Republic of Costa Rica
Capital: San José, Costa Rica
Widely recognized independent state.

 Cuba – Republic of Cuba
Capital: Havana
Widely recognized independent state.

Bohemia Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Capital: Prague
  • Czecho-Slovak Republic (to 1920)
  • Czechoslovak Republic (from 1920)
Widely recognized independent state.

D[edit]


 Danzig – Free City of Danzig (from November 15, 1920)
Capital: Danzig
Widely recognized independent state from November 15, 1920.

 Denmark – Kingdom of Denmark
Capital: Copenhagen
Widely recognized independent state.

 Dominican Republic
Capital: Santo Domingo
Widely recognized independent state.

E[edit]


Flag of Ecuador (1900-2009).svg Ecuador – Republic of Ecuador
Capital: Quito
Widely recognized independent state.

 Egypt – Kingdom of Egypt (from February 28, 1922)
Capital: Cairo
Widely recognized independent state.

 El Salvador – Republic of El Salvador (to October 1, 1921, from February 4, 1922)
Capital: San Salvador
Widely recognized independent state.

 Estonia – Republic of Estonia
Capital: Tallinn
Widely recognized independent state.

 Ethiopia – Ethiopian Empire
Capital: Addis Ababa
Widely recognized independent state.

F[edit]


 Finland – Republic of Finland
Capital: Helsinki
Widely recognized independent state.

 Fiume – Free State of Fiume (from November 12, 1920 to March 3, 1924)
Capital: Fiume
Widely recognized independent state from November 12, 1920.

France France – French Republic
Capital: Paris
Widely recognized independent state.

G[edit]


Georgia – Democratic Republic of Georgia (to February 11, 1921)
Capital: Tbilisi
Widely recognized independent state.

 Germany – German Reich
Capital: Berlin
Widely recognized independent state.

Kingdom of Greece Second Hellenic Republic Greece
Capital: Athens
  • Kingdom of Greece (to March 25, 1924)
  • Hellenic Republic (from March 25, 1924)
Widely recognized independent state.

 Guatemala – Republic of Guatemala (to October 1, 1921, from January 14, 1922)
Capital: Guatemala City
Widely recognized independent state.

H[edit]


Ha'il – Emirate of Ha'il (to November 2, 1921)
Capital: Ha'il
Widely recognized independent state.

 Haiti – Republic of Haiti
Capital: Port-au-Prince
Widely recognized independent state.

Kingdom of Hejaz  Hejaz – Kingdom of Hejaz (to January 8, 1926)
Capital: Mecca
Widely recognized independent state.

Honduras – Republic of Honduras (to October 1, 1921, from February 7, 1922)
Capital: Tegucigalpa
Widely recognized independent state.

Hungary Hungary – Kingdom of Hungary (from March 1, 1920)
Capital: Budapest
Widely recognized independent state from March 1, 1920.

I[edit]


Iceland – Kingdom of Iceland
Capital: Reykjavik
Widely recognized independent state.

 Ireland – Irish Free State (from December 6, 1922)
Capital: Dublin
Widely recognized independent state.

 Italy – Kingdom of Italy
Capital: Rome
Widely recognized independent state.

J[edit]


 Japan – Empire of Japan
Capital: Tokyo
Widely recognized independent state.

L[edit]


Latvia Latvia (Disputed between two governments to January 13, 1920)
Capital: Riga
Widely recognized independent state.

 Liberia – Republic of Liberia
Capital: Monrovia
Widely recognized independent state.

Liechtenstein  Liechtenstein – Principality of Liechtenstein
Capital: Vaduz
Widely recognized independent state.

 Lithuania – Republic of Lithuania
Capital: Vilnius
Widely recognized independent state.

 Luxembourg – Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Capital: Luxembourg City
Widely recognized independent state.

M[edit]


 Mexico – United Mexican States
Capital: Mexico City
Widely recognized independent state.

 Monaco – Principality of Monaco
Capital: Monaco City
Widely recognized independent state.

Mongolia (from July 11, 1921)
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
  • Mongolian People's Government (to November 26, 1924)
  • Mongolian People's Republic (from November 26, 1924)
Widely recognized independent state.

N[edit]


Sultanate of Nejd (to January 8, 1926)
Capital: Riyadh
  • Emirate of Nejd (to August 22, 1921)
  • Sultanate of Nejd (from August 22, 1921 to January 8, 1926)
Widely recognized independent state.

Nejd and Hejaz – Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz (Personal Union, from January 8, 1926)

Capital: Mecca (Hejaz), Riyadh (Nejd)

  • Nejd (from January 8, 1926)
    • Sultanate of Nejd (to January 29, 1927)
    • Kingdom of Nejd and its Dependencies (from January 29, 1927)
  • Hejaz – Kingdom of Hejaz (from January 8, 1926)
Widely recognized independent state.

Nepal – Kingdom of Nepal
Capital: Kathmandu
Widely recognized independent state.

 Netherlands – Kingdom of the Netherlands
Capital: Amsterdam
Widely recognized independent state.

 Newfoundland – Dominion of Newfoundland
Capital: St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador
Widely recognized independent state.

New Zealand New Zealand – Dominion of New Zealand
Capital: Wellington
Widely recognized independent state.

 Nicaragua – Republic of Nicaragua
Capital: Managua
Widely recognized independent state.

 Norway – Kingdom of Norway
Capital: Oslo
Widely recognized independent state.

O[edit]


 Ottoman Empire – Sublime Ottoman State (to November 1, 1922)
Capital: Constantinople
  • Turkey (from November 1, 1922)
Widely recognized independent state.

P[edit]


 Panama – Republic of Panama
Capital: Panama City
Widely recognized independent state.

 Paraguay – Republic of Paraguay
Capital: Asunción
Widely recognized independent state.

Iran Persia
Capital: Tehran
Widely recognized independent state.

 Peru – Peruvian Republic
Capital: Lima
Widely recognized independent state.

Poland Poland – Republic of Poland
Capital: Warsaw
Widely recognized independent state.

 Portugal – Portuguese Republic
Capital: Lisbon
Widely recognized independent state.

R[edit]


 Romania – Kingdom of Romania
Capital: Bucharest
Widely recognized independent state.

 Russia – Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (to December 30, 1922)
Capital: Moscow
Widely recognized independent state to December 30, 1922

S[edit]


 San Marino – Most Serene Republic of San Marino
Capital: City of San Marino
Widely recognized independent state.

 Serbs, Croats and Slovenes- Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (to January 6, 1929), Yugoslavia (from January 6, 1929)
Capital: Belgrade
Widely recognized independent state.

 Siam – Kingdom of Siam
Capital: Bangkok
Widely recognized independent state.

Union of South Africa  South Africa – Union of South Africa

Capital: Cape Town, Pretoria, Bloemfontein, and Pietermaritzburg

Widely recognized independent state.

Soviet Union – Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (from December 30, 1922)
Capital: Moscow
Widely recognized independent state.

Spain Spain – Kingdom of Spain
Capital: Madrid
Widely recognized independent state.

 Sweden – Kingdom of Sweden
Capital: Stockholm
Widely recognized independent state.

  Switzerland – Swiss Confederation
Capital: Bern
Widely recognized independent state.

T[edit]


 Transcaucasia – Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (from March 12 to December 30, 1922)
Capital: Tiflis
Widely recognized independent state.

 Turkey (from November 1, 1922)
Capital: Tiflis
  • Turkey (from July 24, 1923 to October 29, 1923)
  • Republic of Turkey (from October 29, 1923)
Widely recognized independent state.

U[edit]


 United Kingdom
Capital: London
Widely recognized independent state. The following are colonies, and territories of the United Kingdom:

 United States – United States of America
Capital: Washington, D.C.
Widely recognized independent state. The following are territories of the United States of America:

 Uruguay – Eastern Republic of Uruguay
Capital: Montevideo
Widely recognized independent state.

V[edit]


 Venezuela – United States of Venezuela
Capital: Caracas
Widely recognized independent state.

Y[edit]


Yemen – Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen
Capital: Sana`a
Widely recognized independent state.

Other states[edit]

  • Alash – Alash Autonomy (to August 26, 1920)
  • Ararat – Republic of Ararat (from October 28, 1927)
  • Armenia Armenia, Mountainous (from April 26 to July 1921)
  • Azadistan
  • Baranya-Baja – Serb-Hungarian Baranya-Baja Republic (from August 14 to August 25, 1921)
  • Weimar Republic Bottleneck – Free State Bottleneck (to February 23, 1923)
  • Bukharan (from October 8, 1920 to February 17, 1925)
    • Bukharan People's Soviet Republic (from October 8, 1920 to 1924)
    • Bukharan Socialist Soviet Republic (from 1924)
  • Byelorussia – Byelorussian Socialist Soviet Republic (from August 1, 1920 to December 30, 1922)
  • Carnaro – Italian Regency of Carnaro (from September 8 to December 30, 1920)
  • Central Lithuania – Republic of Central Lithuania (from October 12, 1920)
  • Don – Don Republic (to 1920)
  •  Far Eastern Republic (from April 6, 1920 to November 15, 1922)
  • Galicia – Galician Socialist Soviet Republic (from July 8 to September 21, 1920)
  • Georgia, Soviet – Socialist Soviet Republic of Georgia (from February 11, 1921 to March 12, 1922)
  • Gilan – Persian Socialist Soviet Republic (from June 1920)
  • Republic of Ireland Ireland – Irish Republic (to December 6, 1922)
  • Khiva (to April 30, 1920),
  • Khorasan – Autonomous Government of Khorasan (from April 2, 1921 to October 6, 1921)
  • Khorezm (from April 30, 1920 to February 17, 1925)
    • Khanate of Khiva (to April 30, 1920)
    • Khorezm People's Soviet Republic (from April 30, 1920 to October 20, 1923)
    • Khorezm Socialist Soviet Republic (from October 20, 1923 to February 17, 1925)
  •  Kuban – Kuban People's Republic (to March 17, 1920)
  • Kurdistan – Kingdom of Kurdistan (from February 1925 to April 14, 1925)
  •  Labin – Labin Republic (from March 2 to April 8, 1921)
  • Lajtabánság – Banate of Leitha (from October 4 to November 5, 1921)
  • Lemko-Rusyn – Lemko-Rusyn Republic (to March 1920)
  • Mirdita – Republic of Mirdita (from July 17 to November 20, 1921)
  • Mongolia (from February 21 to July 11, 1921)
  •  Morocco – Sultanate of Morocco (de jure sovereign state under french and Spanish protectorate)[2][3]
  • North Caucasian Emirate (to 1923)
  • Northern Caucasus – Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus (to June 1920)
  • North Ingria – Republic of North Ingria (to December 20, 1920)
  •  Mandatory Palestine – Mandatory Palestine (from April 25, 1920)
  • Rhineland – Rhenish Republic (from October 21, 1923)
  • Rif – Confederal Republic of the Tribes of the Rif (from September 18, 1921 to May 27)
  • Siberia, Autonomous – Provisional Government of Autonomous Siberia (to February 7, 1920)
  • Tannu Tuva (from August 14, 1921)
    • People's Republic of Tannu Tuva (to November 24, 1926)
    • Tuvan People's Republic (from November 24, 1926)
  • Tavolara – Kingdom of Tavolara
  • Tibet
  • Ukraine, Soviet – Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic (to December 30, 1922)

League of Nations Mandates[edit]

  • British Cameroons (administered by the United Kingdom)
    Capital: Buea
  • Gold Coast (British colony) British Togoland (Administered by the United Kingdom)
    Capital: Ho
  • France French Cameroons (administered by France)
    Capital: Yaoundé
  • France French Togoland (administered by France)
    Capital: Lomé
  • Australia Nauru (administered by Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom)
  • Australia New Guinea – Territory of New Guinea (administered by Australia)
    Capital: Rabaul
  • United Kingdom Palestine (administered by the United Kingdom from September 29, 1923)
    Capital: Jerusalem
    • Jordan Transjordan – Emirate of Transjordan (administered by the United Kingdom from September 29, 1923)
      Capital: Amman
  • Belgium Ruanda-Urundi (administered by Belgium)
    Capital: Usumbura
  • Empire of Japan South Pacific Mandate (administered by Japan)
    Capital: Koror City
  • Union of South Africa South-West Africa (administered by South Africa)
    Capital: Windhoek
  • France Syria and Lebanon (administered by France from September 29, 1923)
    • Alawite (administered by France from September 29, 1923)
      Capital: Latakia
      • Alawite Territory (to January 1, 1925)
      • Alawite State (from January 1, 1925)
    • Lebanon (administered by France from September 29, 1923)
      • State of Greater Lebanon (to September 1, 1926)
      • Lebanese Republic (from September 1, 1926)
    • Syria (administered by France from September 29, 1923)
      • Syrian Federation (from September 29, 1923 to December 1)
      • State of Syria (from December 1)
        • Aleppo – State of Aleppo (administered by France from September 29, 1923 December 1, 1924)
        • Damascus – State of Damascus (administered by France from September 29, 1923 December 1, 1924)
    • Souaida (Jabal ad-Druze) – State of Souaida (State of Jabal ad-Druze) (administered by France from September 29, 1923)
  • Tanganyika Tanganyika – Tanganyika Territory (administered by the United Kingdom)
  • New Zealand Western Samoa (administered by New Zealand)

Not enacted

  • United Kingdom Iraq Mesopotamia – Kingdom of Iraq (from August 23) (administered by the United Kingdom)

References[edit]