|Place of origin||Thailand|
|Main ingredients||Piper sarmentosum or Erythrina fusca leaves, coconut, shallots, bird's eye chili, ginger, garlic, lime, among others|
Miang kham (or "mieng kham", miang kam, miang kum; Thai: เมี่ยงคำ, pronounced [mîaŋ kʰām]) is a traditional snack from Thailand and Laos (Lao: ໝ້ຽງ Lao pronunciation: [mȉaːŋ]). It was introduced to the Siamese court of King Rama V by Princess Dara Rasmi.
The name "miang kham" translates to "one bite wrap", from miang (food wrapped in leaves) and kham (a bite).
Miang kham mostly consists of raw fresh Piper sarmentosum (Thai: ชะพลู, RTGS: chaphlu) or Erythrina fusca (Thai: ทองหลาง, RTGS: thonglang) leaves that are filled with roasted coconut shavings and the following main ingredients chopped or cut into small pieces:
- Fresh red or green bird's eye chili peppers
- Lime (Citrus aurantifolia), including the peel
- Roasted Coconut
- Chopped unsalted peanuts or cashew nuts
- Small dried shrimps
Miang kham is a snack food that originated in the northern part of Thailand, originally using pickled tea leaves (called miang in the northern Thai language). The dish is mentioned in “Epic of the Verse of foods”, a book written by the King Rama II. In Thailand, Miang kham is usually eaten with family and friends. It is also popular in the Central Region of Thailand. This dish is mostly eaten during the raining season for it is then that cha phlu leaves are abundantly available, as it grows new leaves and shoots.
- In Vientiane, the capital of Laos, miang is often folded in cooked cabbage leaves (kaalampii) or lettuce. Alternately, other leaves, such as spinach, can be used.
A variation called miang pla includes pieces of deep-fried fish in addition to the standard ingredients.
- In Thai royal cuisine in the central part of Thailand, have alternate of wrap that adept the dish to represent of beautiful and social status e.g. Miang Kreep Bua or Miang Kham Bua Lhuang
Miang Kham Bua Lhuang (Thai:เมี่ยงคำบัวหลวง) is a snack dish originated in Thai royal cuisine in the central part of Thailand. Miang Kham Bua Lhuang (Eng: Lotus petals wrapped bite size appetizer) is usually eaten with family and friends . This dish is mostly eaten as appetizer or snack during the meals. The name “Miang Kham” means “one bite-size wrap”. Form Miang (snack wrapped in piper sarmentosum leaves) and Kham (one bite) in Thailand (Miang Kham, 2018.). Normally, this dish can have many types of wrap such as Piper sarmentosum (Thai:ใบชะพลู) and pickled tea leaves (Thai:ใบเมี่ยง)which are originated in the north of Thailand.
When talk about “lotus” most of people might think of lotus as offering to monks and buddha. Actually, lotus petals can be eaten with many nutritional benefits e.g. high fiber for detoxifying and nourishing health. Also it can be cooked in good side dishes such as Ingredients of Miang Kham Bua Lhuang (Miang Kham Bua Lhuang ,2012), with other ingredient e.g. shallots, chili peppers, gingers, garlic, limes, coconut sugar. (Miang Kham Bua Lhuang Thai traditional snack food for good health,2012). These main ingredients are have good benefits for eater as follows.
- Chopped Fresh chili peppers help expel intestinal gas in body.
- Chopped ginger for good and healthy eyes.
Roasted coconuts helps enhance appetite.
- Coconut sugar helps detoxify body and internal organs.
- Chopped limes help anti constipation.
- Unsalted cashew nuts for help expel intestinal gas.
- Small dried shrimps have high protein and calcium.
- "เมี่ยงคำ ; Miang kham - A royal leaf wrap appetizer". Thaifoodmaster. 2016-05-23. Retrieved 2016-05-24.
- ทองหลาง[permanent dead link]
- "Miang kham"
- "Rama II"
- Pictures of the Miang kam preparation process Archived 2011-09-04 at the Wayback Machine.
- Miang Kam recipe Archived 2012-07-31 at Archive.is
- "Miang kham". Wikipedia. 2018-01-27.
- "สูตรอาหาร "เมี่ยงคำบัวหลวง" ทั้งอร่อยทั้งดีต่อสุขภาพ". MThai Food. 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
- "เมี่ยงคำบัวหลวง อาหารไทยเพื่อสุขภาพ". MThai Food. 2012-05-28. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
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