Khanom chin

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Khanom chin
Khanom Chin - Thai rice noodles.JPG
Fresh batch of khanom chin
TypeRice noodles
Place of originThailand
Region or stateCentral Thailand
Main ingredientsRice

Khanom chin (Thai: ขนมจีน, pronounced [kʰà.nǒm t͡ɕīːn]; also spelled khanohm jeen) are fresh, thin rice noodles in Thai cuisine which are made from rice sometimes fermented for three days, boiled, and then made into noodles by extruding the resulting dough through a sieve into boiling water. Khanom chin is served in many kinds of stock: coconut milk, fish curry, and chilli. Although chin means "Chinese" in Thai, this type of noodle originated from the Mon people who inhabited the region which is now central Thailand before the arrival of the Thai people from southern China.[1] The word khanom chin is probably derived from the Mon words hanom cin (Mon: ခၞံစိန်), or "boiled noodles."[2][3]

These noodles are used as a staple food in a variety of Thai dishes. Some popular dishes are:

  • Khanom chin nam ya, served with a hot and spicy fish-based sauce
  • Khanom chin nam phrik, served with a sweet peanut-based sauce
  • Khanom chin kaeng kiao wan kai, served with green chicken curry
  • Khanom chin nam ngiao, a northern Thai speciality, the sauce contains pork blood
  • Khanom chin sao nam, a salad with coconut milk, ground sun-dried prawns, and fresh pineapple
  • Khanom chin tai pla, a southern Thai spicy soup

Another popular combination is to serve Thai papaya salad together with this noodle.

There are two types of khanom chin noodles:

  • Khanom chin noodles made with fermented flour, usually made in the northeast. The brown noodle is stickier than fresh flour and can keep for a long time. This is the ancient method of khanom chin making.
  • Khanom chin noodle made with fresh flour. The noodles are bigger than fermented flour and softer too. Khanom chin noodle is white and easy to make.

Similar noodles are also found in other cuisines: mi xian is from Yunnan Province, China; num banh chok from Cambodia; and bún from Vietnam.

Eating khanom chin[edit]

When khanom chin is served, stock is added. Each locality has a different stock such as coconut stock, fish, curry sauce, chili sauce, and curry with coconut milk such as green curry, spicy pork sauce, and fish organ sour soup. Moreover, for children there is also a sweet stock without spices combined with nuts.

Kanom chin is eaten with fresh vegetables and pickles as condiments. In the north, pickled cabbage and raw sprouts are typical. In the central region, banana blossoms, lentils, cucumbers, sprouts, raw papaya, basil, guto kola, bitter melon, and morning glory. Another condiment is half-boiled egg and roasted peppers. In the northeast, fresh vegetables such as white popinac, climbing wattle, and parsley. In the south, fresh vegetables such as parkia, white popinac, olives, and pickles.

Khanom chin nam ngiao
Khanom chin nam ya
Khanom chin kaeng khiao wan kai

The neighborhoods are notable for the Kanom chin in Bangkok includes Banglampoo in Phra Nakhon, only here are two eateries.[4] [5] And another place is Wongwian Yai in Thonburi side.[6]

Variations[edit]

Khanom chin nam ya is Thai for "noodles with fish curry." Khanom chin nam ya is spicy like many other dishes in Thai cuisine, such as Tomyamkung, Somtum, and yum. Nam ya (English: fish curry) originates from Central Thailand. The ingredients of Khanom chin nam ya include Khanom chin, boiled fish, fish ball, dried guinea pepper, salt, kha sliced, lemongrass sliced, garlic sliced, turmeric sliced, fingerroot, shrimp paste, shallots, undiluted coconut milk, diluted coconut milk, fish sauce, palm sugar, noodles, boiled egg and fresh vegetables. First, pounded the dried guinea papper, salt, kha, lemongrass, shallots, garlic, fingerroot and turmeric pounded until break, then put the boiled fish and shrimp paste to pounded continue. Second, boiled the coconut milk by use middle temperature, then input the spices in first step, when the coconut milk is boiling, then input fish ball and season. Last, input Khanom chin in dish and pour the fish curry in to dish, it ready to eat with boiled egg and fresh vegetables.[7]

Khanom chin nam ngiao is a noodle soup or curry of the cuisine of the Tai Yai people who live in the northeast of Myanmar, the southwest of Yunnan province, China, and in northern Thailand, mainly in Mae Hong Son Province. The dish has become famous through the northern Thai cuisine.[8] Nam ngiao has a characteristic spicy and tangy flavor.[9]

Khanom chin kai khua is Thai for "noodles with stir-fried chicken." Khanom chin kai khua is similar to the Khanom chin nam ya. However, there is a difference in ingredients used minced chicken served with fried chili oil, chicken blood pudding, chopped onion and coriander. The dish is considered a rare food, it is made and sold only two places are Kudi Chin, which was a small community of Thai Portuguese located at the Chao Phraya River bank near Santa Cruz Church in Thonburi neighborhood, and the Ban Yuan near Immaculate Conception Church in Samsen neighborhood, which was community of Roman Catholic Thai Vietnamese.[10] Assumed that it originated from the Portuguese spaghetti white sauce. It is also called Khanom chin Portugal.[11] (although, some academic believe that it was originated from Khmer cuisine)[12]

Khanom chin Pradok or Khanom chin Ban Pradok is famous and popular in Nakhon Ratchasima Province or Korat. It is served with tasty curry which is the result of the careful cooking procedure. Ban Pradok is a muban (village in Thai) in Muen Wai Sub-District, Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District, Nakhon Ratchasima Province. This village has produced boiled rice noodles for a long time. Presently, they are available in restaurants lining both sides of the road in Ban Khok Phai area. The noodles are also served with other dishes such as Pad mi Korat (stir-fried noodles like Pad thai), Som tam (spicy papaya salad), Kai yang (grilled chicken), and desserts.[13]

Khanom chin Lom Sak is a famous noodles of Lom Sak District, Phetchabun Province, northern Thailand. Local people here are very popular eating noodles, because their ancestors are of Lao descent. It is said that they eat three main meals per day. There are a lot of restaurants lining the roads. Rice noodles here are colorful, made from various herbs, it is unique not like other noodles.[14]

Similar dishes[edit]

Khao poon also called Lao laksa, kapoon, and khao pun. Khao poon is a popular type of spicy Lao "rice vermicelli" (rice noodles, sticky rice) soup from Laos. Khao poon is available in Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, and the United States. The main ingredients of khao poon are minced chicken, fish, or pork and seasoned Lao ingredients, for example fish sauce, lime leaves, galangal, garlic, shallots, Lao chilies, and perilla. Khao poon usually in two versions which are "khao poon nam prik" (with coconut milk) and "khao poon nam jaew" (without coconut milk). Khao poon is always served with shredded cabbage, carrots, and banana blossoms with bean sprouts.

Mohinga is a rice noodle and fish soup from Myanmar which is usually served for breakfast. The main ingredients of mohinga are catfish, vermicelli noodle, fish sauce, fish pate, ginger, banana stem, lemongrass, onions, garlic, and chickpea flour. It is an essential part of Myanmar cuisine. Fish used for making stock is often fried and added to the soup upon serving.

Bún chả is a Vietnamese dish of grilled pork and noodles which is originally from Hanoi. The main ingredients of bun cha are rice vermicelli, grilled pork, and fresh herbs. Bun cha is served with white noodles, grilled fatty pork, and herbs as a side dish.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brian L. Foster. "ETHNIC IDENTITY OF THE MONS IN THAILAND" (PDF). Siamese-heritage.org. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Khanom Jeen! - Austin Bush Photography". austinbushphotography.com.
  3. ^ Hanuman Thaifoodmaster. "[Thaifoodmaster] Fermented Rice Flour Noodles (เส้นขนมจีน ; sen khanohm jeen)". Thaifoodmaster.
  4. ^ ""ขนมจีนบ้านผู้การ" สูตรโบราณ รสทีเด็ด". Manager Online (in Thai). 2011-07-17.
  5. ^ "ขนมจีนน้ำยา ตรอกข้างห้างตั้งฮั่วเส็ง บางลำพู". wongnai (in Thai).
  6. ^ "สนามข่าวชวนกิน : ทับทิมกรอบแม่ดวงพร วงเวียนใหญ่ กทม". Channel 7 (in Thai). 2018-01-14.
  7. ^ "สูตรอาหารไทย - ขนมจีนน้ำยา". Ezythaicooking.com. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  8. ^ Romero-Frias, Xavier. "On the Role of Food Habits in the Context of the Identity and Cultural Heritage of South and South East Asia". Academia.edu. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  9. ^ "Khanomchin nam-ngeo - Lanna Food - Northern Thai Information Center, Chiang Mai University Library". Library.cmu.ac.th. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  10. ^ "ชุมชนคอนเซ็ปชัญสืบทอดประเพณีฉลอง "แม่พระไถ่ทาส"". TPBS (in Thai). 2012-09-30.
  11. ^ ปานชื่น, ปิ่นอนงค์ (2017-01-27). "เปิดสำรับโปรตุเกส-ไทย บ้านสกุลทอง". Bangkokbiznews (in Thai).
  12. ^ "สามเสน...ประวัติศาสตร์บรรพชนคนนานาชาติ ต้นกำเนิดการประปาแห่งกรุงรัตนโกสินทร์". TPBS (in Thai). 2012-05-04.
  13. ^ "ขนมจีนประโดก". isertblog (in Thai). 2017-01-28.
  14. ^ ใช่แล้ว.....ผมเองครับ (2005-04-24). "พาไปกินขนมจีนหล่มสัก". Pantip.com (in Thai).

External links[edit]

Media related to Khanom chin at Wikimedia Commons