Oldham East and Saddleworth (UK Parliament constituency)
|Oldham East and Saddleworth|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Oldham East and Saddleworth in Greater Manchester.
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
|Electorate||72,249 (December 2010)|
Shaw and Crompton
|Member of parliament||Debbie Abrahams (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Littleborough & Saddleworth and Oldham Central & Royton|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
Boundaries and constituency profile
1997–2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Oldham wards of Crompton, Lees, St James', St Mary's, Saddleworth East, Saddleworth West, Shaw, and Waterhead, and the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale ward of Milnrow.
2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Oldham wards of Alexandra, Crompton, St James', St Mary's, Saddleworth North, Saddleworth South, Saddleworth West and Lees, Shaw, and Waterhead.
Oldham East and Saddleworth is the largest constituency in Greater Manchester by area, and is one of three covering the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham. According to the Manchester Evening News it is "... a juxtaposition of downbeat urban terraces and the rolling Pennine hills."
UK Polling Report describes it as "A constituency at the eastern side of Greater Manchester, reaching from central Oldham up into the Pennines and Saddleworth Moor.", and characterises East Oldham as "an area of deprived terraces and racial tensions", Shaw and Crompton as "relatively prosperous" and Saddleworth as composed of "middle-class villages and hamlets".
Within its bounds are the eastern fringes of Oldham (such as Derker, Glodwick, Greenacres, and Sholver), Shaw and Crompton, Lees, and Saddleworth (the latter of which includes the rural villages of Denshaw, Diggle, Dobcross, Greenfield and Uppermill). Between 1997 and 2010, Oldham East and Saddleworth incorporated the suburban town of Milnrow in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale when boundary changes placed it in the neighbouring Rochdale constituency.
For the 2011 by-election The Guardian described the constituency as "[Culturally] ... a shotgun marriage [likened to] ... Coronation Street meets Last of the Summer Wine, Salford combined with Holmfirth."
The seat was established for the 1997 general election from parts of the former Littleborough and Saddleworth and Oldham Central and Royton constituencies. Oldham Central and Royton was a safe Labour seat whereas Littleborough and Saddleworth had had a Conservative MP, Geoffrey Dickens, from its creation until a 1995 close three-party fought by-election where it was lost to a Liberal Democrat. Ahead of the 1997 general election the seat was notionally Conservative, however since 1997 the seat has been a Labour/Liberal Democrat marginal.[n 1] Although Phil Woolas of the Labour Party (defeated candidate in the mentioned 1995 by-election) was victorious in all three general elections since, his majorities have not been substantial and the Conservative vote increased from 16% to 24%.
At the 2001 general election, the far-right British National Party gained over 5,000 votes (an 11.2% share), retaining their deposit partly as Nick Griffin stood in the neighbouring West seat. Along with the BNP's showing in the neighbouring Oldham West and Royton constituency, this was interpreted as a reaction to the 2001 Oldham race riots. At the 2005 election the BNP's share of the vote dropped to 4.9%.
After losing the 2010 general election by 103 votes, Liberal Democrat candidate Elwyn Watkins submitted a petition for a hearing by an election court, claiming that campaign literature issued by his Labour opponent Phil Woolas breached the Representation of the People Act 1983 by making false statements about his personal character. On 5 November 2010, the election court[n 2] upheld the petition and declared the election void after finding Phil Woolas guilty of making false election statements. Woolas sought a judicial review of the decision in the Administrative Division of the High Court, which upheld the decision of the Election Court in relation to two statements, whilst quashing the decision in relation to a third. As a result, the Oldham East and Saddleworth by-election, 2011 was needed. By the time it was held, the Liberal Democrats had supported an increase in tuition fees, despite a manifesto commitment to oppose any such increase. This caused a significant drop in their polling numbers nationally, but one media report nevertheless stated the seat was "ultra-marginal between Labour and the Liberal Democrats". The by-election took place on 13 January 2011 and was contested by ten candidates. The Labour Party candidate Debbie Abrahams won the largest percentage majority since the seat's creation before 1997.
Members of Parliament
|2011 by-election||Debbie Abrahams||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Jonathan Smith||1,683||3.6||-9.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Marbrow||5,718||12.9||−18.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Elwyn Watkins||11,160||31.9||+0.3|
|Monster Raving Loony||Nick "The Flying Brick" Delves||145||0.4||N/A|
|English Democrat||Stephen Morris||144||0.4||N/A|
|Bus-Pass Elvis||David Bishop||67||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Elwyn Watkins||14,083||31.6||−0.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Tony Dawson||14,378||33.2||+0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Howard Sykes||14,811||32.6||−2.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Davies||19,157||35.4||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||John Smith||470||0.9||N/A|
|Natural Law||Ian Dalling||146||0.3||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- The phrase comes from the estimated size of the winner's majority.
- Determined by High Court of England and Wales Judges Mr Justice Nigel Teare and Mr Justice Griffith Williams
- "Oldham East & Saddleworth: Constituency – Telegraph". London: Ukpolitics.telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "UKPollingreport – Constituency Guide » Oldham East and Saddleworth". Ukpollingreport.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Oldham East and Saddleworth – Manchester Evening News". Menmedia.co.uk. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Greater Manchester: New Constituencies Ward Breakdown". Electoralcalculus.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- Michael White (7 January 2011). "Oldham byelection race remains too close to call | Politics". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Losing candidate challenges Oldham election result". BBC. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-28.
- Election Petition submitted to the High Court – Part 1, Part 2 Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. and Part 3. Parts 2 and 3 includes copies of the election literature challenged. (Oldham Council website. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
- "Watkins v Woolas 2010 EWHC 2702 (QB)". British and Irish Legal Information Institute. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- Oldham East and Saddleworth UK Polling Report
- Judges order election re-run in ex-minister's seat BBC News. 2010-11-05
- "R on the application of Woolas v The Parliamentary Election Court and others (2010) EWHC 3169 (Admin)". British and Irish Legal Information Institute. 3 December 2010. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
- "Judges order election re-run in ex-minister's seat". BBC. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
- "Ten Candidates To Fight By-Election". Saddleworth News. 23 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
- Oldham East and Saddleworth, London: Guardian.co.uk, archived from the original on 4 July 2008, retrieved 2011-01-21
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "O"
- "Oldham East & Saddleworth parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election 2015 – Oldham East & Saddleworth". BBC News. Retrieved 2015-10-13.
- "BNP's Nick Griffin in bid for Phil Woolas' Oldham seat". thejc.com. Retrieved 2010-12-09.
- "Three On Labour's Saddleworth Shortlist". Saddleworth News. 10 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
- "Official Monster Raving Loony Party Homepage". Omrlp.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Election 2010 – Oldham East & Saddleworth". BBC News. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "UK General Election results May 2010". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
- "UK General Election results May 2005". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
- "Oldham East & Saddleworth, 1997 and 2001". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 24 December 2010.