USL League Two

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USL League Two
USL League Two vert dark logo.svg
Organizing bodyUnited Soccer League
Founded1995; 27 years ago (1995)
First season1995
CountryUnited States
Other club(s) fromBermuda
ConfederationU.S. Soccer
Number of teams84
Level on pyramid4 (unofficial)
Domestic cup(s)U.S. Open Cup
Current champion(s)Des Moines Menace
Most championshipsFlint City Bucks (4th title)
TV partnersEleven Sports
Current: 2021 USL League Two season

USL League Two (USL2), formerly the Premier Development League (PDL), is a semi-professional developmental soccer league sponsored by United Soccer Leagues in the United States, Bermuda, and Canada, forming part of the United States soccer league system. The league features 83 teams for 2021, split into twelve regional divisions across four conferences. Unofficially, it is considered to be the fourth tier of competition, behind Major League Soccer (Division I), USL Championship (Division II), USL League One and NISA (Division III), and roughly equal with National Premier Soccer League (unofficial Division IV). USL League Two is headquartered in Tampa, Florida.[1]

Des Moines Menace are the current champions, having defeated North Carolina Fusion 1–0 in the 2021 USL League Two Championship game on July 31, 2021.[2]

Competition format[edit]

USL League Two is divided into 4 conferences (Eastern, Central, Southern, and Western), comprising 12 divisions. The league season runs from May through July, with the playoffs decided through July and August. All teams play a regular season schedule of 14 games, seven home and seven away, within their division.


The USL2 playoffs see division winners and each conference's best second-place finisher advance to the conference semifinals. All matches in the playoffs are played in single match elimination format, with each conference winner hosting a four-team conference championship weekend. The four conference champions advance to national semifinals and the league Championship, both played at the home of the higher seed.



In 1995 the United States Interregional Soccer League (USISL) changed its name to the United States International Soccer League, and split into two leagues, one professional (the 'Professional League', which ultimately became the USL Second Division) and one amateur (the 'Premier League'). The purpose for the split was to expand into and improve the soccer capabilities of many urban areas throughout the United States and Canada, while offering current college soccer players the opportunity to continue playing during the summer months without losing their college eligibility. The inaugural season of the new USISL Premier League featured 27 teams, and the Richmond Kickers won the first title, beating the Cocoa Expos 3–1 in the championship game.[3] Gabe Jones of the Austin Lone Stars was the league's top scorer and MVP.

The United States International Soccer League changed its name again in 1996, to the United Systems of Independent Soccer Leagues, and before the season, there was substantial movement of teams between the Pro League, the Premier League and the newly created Select League (which would later merge with the A-League, and eventually become the USL First Division). The Premier League grew to 34 teams in its second year, with the Central Coast Roadrunners from San Luis Obispo, California beating the San Francisco Bay Seals in the championship game to take the title.[4] Pasi Kinturi of the Nashville Metros was the league's top scorer and MVP.

Brian Ching was the PDL Rookie of the Year in 1998

The Premier League renamed itself the Premier Development Soccer League (PDSL) in 1997, and the Central Coast Roadrunners repeated as national champions, the first team to do so, beating the Cocoa Expos in the PDSL championship game.[5] Lester Felicia of the Jackson Chargers was the league's MVP, while Rodrigo Costa of the Detroit Dynamite was the leading scorer and the league's Rookie of the Year, tallying 21 goals and 2 assists for 44 points. In 1998 the PDSL took to the field with 33 teams, including four associate members from the Pacific Coast Soccer League who played shortened schedules after their PCSL season was over. In the championship game the San Gabriel Valley Highlanders upset regular season champions Jackson Chargers 3–2, taking the trophy to California for the third straight year. Rodrigo Costa of the Detroit Dynamite was the league MVP, Boniventure Manati of the Jackson Chargers was the league's top scorer, and a young striker by the name of Brian Ching from the Spokane Shadow was named Rookie of the Year.[6]

In 1999 the umbrella USISL changed its name to the United Soccer Leagues, and the Premier Development Soccer League dropped the 'soccer' part of its name and became known as the United Soccer Leagues Premier Development League, or PDL. The league took in several teams from the D3Pro league, expanding to 42 teams in six divisions. Expansion franchise Chicago Sockers ultimately won the league, beating Spokane Shadow 3–1 for the title in a tight championship game. Fabio Eidenwein of the Sioux City Breeze was named League MVP and was the top scorer, with 20 goals.[7]


The PDL expanded by a further eight franchises in 2000, and the Chicago Sockers won their second straight title, beating the Mid-Michigan Bucks in a close 1–0 championship game. The single goal was scored by Rodrigo Costa who, having received a pass from teammate Hamid Mehreioskouei, chipped Bucks goalkeeper Eric Pogue from 18 yards through a crowded penalty area. Fernando Salazar of the Los Angeles-based San Fernando Valley Heroes was the league's MVP, while his teammate Arshak Abyanli took the honors as top goalscorer.[8]

The league grew from 41 to 44 teams in 2001 through the usual mix of relegation from D3Pro, teams folding and new franchises being added. In the semi-finals, the Westchester Flames defeated Sioux Falls Spitfire 5–1 and Calgary Storm defeated Des Moines Menace 2–1; in the final, Westchester defeated Calgary 3–1 to take their first league title.[9] Des Moines and Chicago Fire Reserves dominated the 2002 regular season, but both teams stuttered in the playoffs; the PDL final saw the Cape Cod Crusaders defeating the Boulder Rapids Reserve 2–1 to bring the title to the Northeast for the second year in a row. 2002 also saw the debut of the soon-to-be PDL legend, Tomas Boltnar of Des Moines Menace, who secured an unprecedented triple-crown of PDL MVP, Top Scorer and Rookie of the Year.[10]

The mid-2000s was a period of steady growth and consolidation for the PDL. A TV agreement with Fox Soccer Channel saw the PDL Championship game being broadcast live on national television in North America for the first time, and professional teams began investing in the league by adding U-23 development sides as an addition to their senior rosters. Cape Cod repeated as PDL champs in 2003, beating the Chicago Fire Reserves in the final[11] (and despite the presence of Jürgen Klinsmann playing for Orange County Blue Star), while 2004 saw the title head to Florida for the first time as the Central Florida Kraze overcame perennial bridesmaids Boulder Rapids Reserve.[12]

Des Moines Menace took the PDL Championship trophy back to Iowa in 2005 after beating the El Paso Patriots 6–5 on penalty kicks, following a 0–0 draw in the PDL Championship game.[13][14] 2006 saw the beginning of two seasons of dominance for two teams: the Michigan Bucks and the Laredo Heat. Both teams made the PDL Final in 2006 and 2007, with the Bucks emerging victorious in '06 with a 2–1 win thanks to goals by Kenny Uzoigwe and Ty Shipalane,[15][16] only for Laredo to get their revenge the following year with an epic penalty kicks win after a 0–0 tie in regulation time.

Laredo became the first team to make three consecutive PDL championship games in 2008, but fell at the final hurdle to Thunder Bay Chill, who became the first ever Canadian side to win the PDL following their 4–1 penalty shootout victory.[17] The PDL had grown to 68 teams by 2009, and to reflect their growing reputation, introduced a new scheme called PDL-Pro, whereby certain teams would be allowed to act as professional clubs, paying players, while still adhering to NCAA collegiate eligibility rules, and the USL's own age restriction policy. Ventura County Fusion returned the PDL title to Southern California for the first time in over a decade with a stoppage-time victory over Chicago Fire Premier, and in doing so became the lowest-seeded team to claim the national title.[18]

USL League Two is located in the United States
AC Connecticut
AC Connecticut
Black Rock FC
Black Rock FC
Boston Bolts
Boston Bolts
GPS Portland Phoenix
GPS Portland Phoenix
Seacoast United Phantoms
Seacoast United Phantoms
Western Mass Pioneers
Western Mass Pioneers
Evergreen FC
Evergreen FC
FC Bermuda Bascome
FC Bermuda Bascome
Lehigh Valley United
Lehigh Valley United
Ocean City Nor'easters
Ocean City Nor'easters
Philadelphia Lone Star FC
Philadelphia Lone Star FC
Reading United A.C.
Reading United A.C.
West Chester United SC
West Chester United SC
F.A. Euro
F.A. Euro
Long Island Rough Riders
Long Island Rough Riders
Manhattan SC
Manhattan SC
New York Red Bulls U23
New York Red Bulls U23
Westchester Flames
Westchester Flames
AFC Ann Arbor
AFC Ann Arbor
Cincinnati Dutch Lions
Cincinnati Dutch Lions
Dayton Dutch Lions
Dayton Dutch Lions
Flint City Bucks
Flint City Bucks
Grand Rapids FC
Grand Rapids FC
Louisville City U23
Louisville City U23
Oakland County FC
Oakland County FC
South Bend Lions FC
South Bend Lions FC
Fort Wayne FC
Fort Wayne FC
Chicago FC United
Chicago FC United
Des Moines Menace
Des Moines Menace
FC Manitoba
FC Manitoba
Green Bay Voyageurs FC
Green Bay Voyageurs FC
Kaw Valley FC
Kaw Valley FC
St. Louis Lions
St. Louis Lions
Thunder Bay Chill
Thunder Bay Chill
AHFC Royals
AHFC Royals
Brazos Valley
Brazos Valley
Corpus Christi FC
Corpus Christi FC
Houston FC
Houston FC
Mississippi Brilla
Mississippi Brilla
Texas United
Texas United
Asheville City SC
Asheville City SC
Charlotte Eagles
Charlotte Eagles
Charlotte Independence
Charlotte Independence
Dalton Red Wolves SC
Dalton Red Wolves SC
East Atlanta FC
East Atlanta FC
Peachtree City MOBA
Peachtree City MOBA
SC United Bantams
SC United Bantams
South Georgia Tormenta FC 2
South Georgia Tormenta FC 2
Southern Soccer Academy Kings
Southern Soccer Academy Kings
Lionsbridge FC
Lionsbridge FC
North Carolina FC U23
North Carolina FC U23
North Carolina Fusion U23
North Carolina Fusion U23
Tobacco Road FC
Tobacco Road FC
Tri-Cities Otters
Tri-Cities Otters
Virginia Beach United
Virginia Beach United
Wake FC
Wake FC
West Virginia Alliance FC
West Virginia Alliance FC
FC Miami City
FC Miami City
The Villages SC
The Villages SC
Weston FC
Weston FC
Ogden City SC
Ogden City SC
Park City Red Wolves SC
Park City Red Wolves SC
Calgary Foothills FC
Calgary Foothills FC
Eastside FC
Eastside FC
Lane United FC
Lane United FC
Portland Timbers U23
Portland Timbers U23
Vancouver TSS FC Rovers
Vancouver TSS FC Rovers
FC Golden State Force
FC Golden State Force
San Francisco City FC
San Francisco City FC
SF Glens FC
SF Glens FC
Santa Cruz Breakers
Santa Cruz Breakers
Southern California Seahorses
Southern California Seahorses
Ventura County Fusion
Ventura County Fusion
Locations of USL League Two franchises.

Blue pog.svg Eastern Conference   Orange pog.svg Southern Conference   Green pog.svg Central Conference   Red pog.svg Western Conference

(Not shown: FC Bermuda Bascome)


The 2010s began with a record, as the Portland Timbers U23s ended the season as national champions, beating Thunder Bay Chill 4–1 in the 2010 PDL Championship game.[19] The Timbers also had the best regular season record, winning all their 16 games, scoring 53 goals and conceding just six along the way. In doing so the Timbers became the first team to post a perfect PDL regular season record since the Jackson Chargers in 1998,[20] the first regular season champion to win the playoffs since the Central Coast Roadrunners in 1996, and the first team in PDL history to go through an entire PDL regular season and playoff campaign without posting a loss or a tie. Portland Timbers U23s striker Brent Richards was named League MVP and Rookie of the Year for his stellar campaign with the national champions. Players from Canadian side Thunder Bay Chill led the majority of the statistical categories, with striker Brandon Swartzendruber leading the league with 15 goals, while his teammate Gustavo Oliveira led the league with 13 assists. Portland Timbers U23s goalkeeper Jake Gleeson enjoyed the best goalkeeping statistics, allowing just five goals in 15 games and earning with a 0.360 GAA average.[21]

Western Conference teams dominated the league in 2011 for the third year in a row, with the Kitsap Pumas ending the season as national champions, beating Laredo Heat 1–0 in the 2011 PDL Championship game. Kitsap, who lost just one game and conceded just ten goals all season, were the second team from the Northwest Division to win the national title in a row, while Laredo were contesting their fourth championship game in six years. Kitsap also were the first PDL-Pro team to win the championship, a milestone for the league. Kitsap's Western Conference rivals Fresno Fuego had the best regular-season record, posting an unbeaten 13–0–3 record. Fresno midfielder Milton Blanco was named League MVP, after leading the league in points (38) and assists (14) and helping his team to the Southwest Division title. Two Michigan Bucks players – Stewart Givens and Mitch Hildebrandt – were given end-of-season awards as Defender of the Year and Goalkeeper of the Year respectively, while their coach Gary Parsons was named Coach of the Year. Jake Keegan of the Westchester Flames was named Rookie of the Year after tallying 16 goals in 16 games to take the league goal-scoring crown. Keegan accounted for 64 percent of Westchester's goals in 2011 and also finished third in the league in points with 34.[22]

The 2012 PDL season would see a resurgence of the Eastern Conference, as the Michigan Bucks would claim the regular season title, with Canadian rivals Forest City London winning their first ever PDL Championship in an East coast contest, defeating Carolina Dynamo 2–1.[23] Canadian clubs would also have another strong season in 2013, with four of eight Canadian clubs finishing in the final eight and two, the Victoria Highlanders and Thunder Bay Chill, advancing to the semi-finals.[24] After a final four finish in 2012, The Chill would repeat their strong season, winning the 2013 regular season title but falling to the Austin Aztex in the Championship final 3–1 in front of a crowd of 4,253 fans, the largest attendance for a final since 2007.[25][26]

In 2014, the Michigan Bucks would claim their second PDL Championship, defeating the Kitsap Pumas 1–0 on August 3, 2014, following a strong regular season campaign with a record of 9–2–3.[27]

With USL Pro re-branding as the United Soccer League in February 2015,[28] the PDL dropped the "USL" descriptor from their name, simply operating as the "Premier Development League".

The 2015 season would see league newcomers, New York Red Bulls U-23, put forth a very strong showing, finishing first in the Mid Atlantic Division and making it all the way to the Championship Final, before falling to the lower-seeded K-W United FC, who emerged from the very competitive Great Lakes Division, fending off perennial contenders and rivals Forest City London and the defending champions Michigan Bucks on their path to the final. United would come away winners 4–3 over the Red Bulls on August 3, 2015, at Starfire Stadium in Tukwila, Washington to claim their first ever Championship and the third for a Canadian club.[29][30]

In May 2018, the league did not permit Calgary Foothills FC to sign Stephanie Labbé, a goalkeeper for the Canadian women's team, even though the team had offered her a position. The decision was made due to her gender.[31][32] Labbé filed a lawsuit against the league.[33]

In 2018, it was announced that the PDL would be renamed as USL League Two in advance of the 2019 season.[34]


The league was forced to cancel the 2020 season due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[35]


As USL League Two seasons take place during the summer months, the player pool is drawn mainly from elite college soccer players seeking to continue playing high-level soccer during their summer break, which they can do while still maintaining their college eligibility, as USL2 is not considered a professional league.[36]

Formerly, teams such as Laredo Heat, New Orleans Jesters, Vancouver Whitecaps FC U-23, Kitsap Pumas and the Hollywood United Hitmen had embraced partial professionalism through the PDL-Pro program, whereby teams could choose to employ players who were paid for their performances,[37] but who still met the age eligibility criteria. This did not contravene NCAA rules, which state that college players cannot play alongside professionals, but may play against them. What this also meant, however, is that PDL-Pro teams could not have any active NCAA players on their rosters, but could employ NAIA and community college players, ex-NCAA players who have already graduated, or other local players who do not play college soccer at all.

Currently, all USL2 teams field amateur U-23 squads. Additionally, USL2 squads often also include standout high school and junior club players, as well as former professionals seeking to continue competing at a high level, often having been forced to retire from top flight competition due to age or injury. League rules dictate that a maximum of eight players on each team's 26-man roster can be over 23 years old, while at least three players on each team's roster must be 18 or younger.

Increasingly, League Two is seen as a 'shop window' for professional clubs looking to discover and identify aspiring professional players who may enter the MLS SuperDraft in future years. Many of the players currently playing in Major League Soccer and elsewhere began their careers in the league.


Current teams[edit]

The following teams are current members of USL League Two.[38][39]

Team City/area Stadium Founded Debuted Head coach
Eastern Conference
Northeast Division
Black Rock FC Manchester Center, Vermont Applejack Stadium 2013 2018 United States Brad Agoos
Boston Bolts[a] Newton, Massachusetts Alumni Field 2015 2016 Republic of Ireland Aidan Byrne
AC Connecticut[b] Hartford, Connecticut Dillon Stadium 2011 2012 England Alex Harrison
United States Joe Mingachos
Pathfinder FC[c] Pleasant Valley, New York Pathfinder Field 2013 2021 England George Jermy
Seacoast United Phantoms[d] Epping, New Hampshire Seacoast United Outdoor Complex 1996 2008 England Paul Baber
England Alex Ryan
Western Mass Pioneers Ludlow, Massachusetts Lusitano Stadium 1998 2010 Argentina Federico Molinari
Mid Atlantic Division
Lehigh Valley United Bethlehem, Pennsylvania Rocco Calvo Field 2009 2015 United States Andrew Adlard
Northern Virginia FC[e] Leesburg, Virginia Evergreen Sportsplex 1998 2006 England Ian Bishop
Ocean City Nor'easters[f] Ocean City, New Jersey Carey Stadium 1996 2003 Republic of Ireland Alan McCann
Philadelphia Lone Star FC Philadelphia, Pennsylvania South Philadelphia Athletic Super Site 2001 2020* Sierra Leone Fatoma Turay
Reading United AC[g] Reading, Pennsylvania Don Thomas Stadium 1996 2004 United States Casey Moore
Real Central New Jersey West Windsor, New Jersey Mercer County Community College 2020 2021 United States Patrick Snyder
West Chester United SC West Chester, Pennsylvania Kildare's Field 1976 2020* United States Blaise Santangelo
Metropolitan Division
Cedar Stars Rush Teaneck, New Jersey Fairleigh Dickinson University 2018 2019 United States Anthony Nixon
FA Euro New York Brooklyn, New York Poly Prep Country Day School 2012 2013 Italy Joe Balsamo
Long Island Rough Riders South Huntington, New York Hofstra University Soccer Stadium 1994 2007 Wales Tom Bowen
Manhattan SC New York City, New York Gaelic Park / Randall's Island 1997 2019 United States Colin Hodge
Morris Elite SC Livingston, New Jersey Livingston High School 2016 2021 Ecuador Javier Velasco
FC Motown Morristown, New Jersey Ranger Stadium 2012 2021 Northern Ireland Alan McClintock
New Jersey Copa FC Metuchen, New Jersey St. Joseph High School 2004 2021 United States Fernando Barboto
New York Red Bulls U-23 Hanover, New Jersey Red Bull Training Facility 2009 2015 United States Samuel Castellanos
Westchester Flames New Rochelle, New York City Park Stadium 1999 1999/2005 United States Edson Buddle
Central Conference
Great Lakes Division
AFC Ann Arbor Ann Arbor, Michigan Concordia University Ann Arbor 2014 2016 United States Eric Rudland
Dayton Dutch Lions West Carrollton, Ohio DOC Stadium 2009 2010/2015 Netherlands Sid van Druenen
Flint City Bucks[h] Flint, Michigan Atwood Stadium 1995 1996 England Andrew Wagstaff
Fort Wayne FC Fort Wayne, Indiana Shields Field 2019 2021 United States Mike Avery
Kalamazoo FC Kalamazoo, Michigan Soisson-Rapacz-Clason Field 2015 2021 United States Shane Lyons
Kings Hammer SC Cincinnati, Ohio Corcoran Field 1993 2021 England Paul Nicholson
Oakland County FC Clawson, Michigan Clawson Stadium 2015 2020* United States Vincent Vasilevski
South Bend Lions FC South Bend, Indiana TCU School Field 2019 2020 Brazil Thiago Pinto
Toledo Villa FC Toledo, Ohio Paul Hotmer Field 2017 2021 United States Mathius Johnson
Heartland Division
Chicago FC United Bridgeview, Illinois Bridgeview Sports Dome 2003 2017 United States Jamie Smith
Des Moines Menace Des Moines, Iowa Valley Stadium 1994 1994 Republic of Ireland Mark McKeever
Green Bay Voyageurs FC Ashwaubenon, Wisconsin Capital Credit Union Park 2018 2019 United States Brian Kamler
Kaw Valley FC Lawrence, Kansas/Topeka, Kansas Rock Chalk Park 2017 2018 United States Alex Nichols
Peoria City Peoria, Illinois Shea Stadium 2020 2020* United States Tim Regan
St. Louis Lions[40][41] St. Louis, Missouri Tony Glavin Soccer Park 2006 2006 United States Tony Glavin
St. Louis Scott Gallagher Fenton, Missouri World Wide Technology Soccer Park 2008 2021 United States Steve Trittschuh
FC Wichita Wichita, Kansas Stryker Soccer Complex 2013 2021 United States Bryan Pérez
Mid South Division
AHFC Royals Houston, Texas Campbell Road Sports Park 2017 2018 United States Josh Gardner
Brazos Valley Cavalry FC Bryan, Texas Nutrabolt Stadium 2017 2017 United States Gareth Glick
Corpus Christi FC Corpus Christi, Texas Dugan Stadium 2017 2018 Italy Adriano Versari
Houston FC Houston, Texas Sorrels Field 2017 2017 United States Bruce Talbot
Little Rock Rangers Little Rock, Arkansas War Memorial Stadium 2016 2021 United States Will Montgomery
Mississippi Brilla Clinton, Mississippi Clinton High School 2006 2007 United States Luke Sanford
Round Rock SC Round Rock, Texas Round Rock Multipurpose Complex 2017 2021 Libya Malek Ben-Musa
Texas United Richardson, Texas University of Texas at Dallas Soccer Fields 2017 2017 United States Arez Ardalani
Southern Conference
Deep South Division
Asheville City SC Asheville, North Carolina Memorial Stadium 2016 2020* United States Mick Giordano
Charlotte Eagles Charlotte, North Carolina Sportsplex at Matthews 1991 2015 United States Michael Kovach
Charlotte Independence II Rock Hill, South Carolina Manchester Meadows Soccer Complex 2019 2020 Republic of Ireland Dave Carton
Dalton Red Wolves SC Dalton, Georgia Lakeshore Park 2018 2019 United States Saif Alsafeer
East Atlanta FC Atlanta, Georgia Friends Field 2019 2020* England Sam Walker
Peachtree City MOBA Peachtree City, Georgia MOBA Soccer Academy 2013 2016 United States Jim Robbins
SC United Bantams[i] Columbia, South Carolina SC United Soccer Center at Monticello Road 2012 2012 England Lee Morris
South Georgia Tormenta FC 2[j] Statesboro, Georgia Eagle Field 2016/2019 2016/2019 England Tom Morris
Southern Soccer Academy Kings Dallas, Georgia North Paulding High School 2012 2020* Republic of Ireland Kelham O'Hanlon
South Atlantic Division
Lionsbridge FC Newport News, Virginia TowneBank Stadium 2017 2018 England Chris Whalley
North Carolina FC U23[k] Cary, North Carolina WakeMed Soccer Park 2017 2002/2017 United States Tom Harris
North Carolina Fusion U23 Greensboro, North Carolina Macpherson Stadium 1993 2003 United States Chris Williams
Tobacco Road FC Durham, North Carolina Durham County Stadium 2013 2017 United States Cedric Burke
Tri-Cities Otters Johnson City, Tennessee TVA Credit Union Ballpark 2016 2016 United States David Strickland
Virginia Beach United FC Virginia Beach, Virginia Virginia Beach Sportsplex 2019 2019 United States Matt Ellinger
Wake FC Holly Springs, North Carolina Ting Park 2001 2019 United States Eddie Rodriguez
West Virginia United[l] Dunbar, West Virginia Shawnee Sports Complex 2003 2003 Scotland Daniel Smee
Southeast Division
Florida Elite SA St. Johns, Florida Creekside High School 2014 2019 England Sean Bubb
FC Miami City Lauderhill, Florida Central Broward Park 2014 2015 Colombia Julian Pedraza
Tampa Bay United SC Tampa, Florida Ed Radice Sports Complex 2021 2021 United States Brian Johnson
The Villages SC Summerfield, Florida The Villages SC Complex 2016 2016 Brazil Anderson DaSilva
Treasure Coast Tritons[m] Port St. Lucie, Florida Club Med Sandpiper Bay 2016 2016 United States Tom Durkin
Weston FC Weston, Florida Weston Regional Park 2017 1998 Venezuela Luis Mendoza
Western Conference
Mountain Division
Colorado Rush SC Lakewood, Colorado Denver Christian High School 1998 2020* France Elliot Prost
Ogden City SC Ogden, Utah Spence Eccles Ogden Community Sports Complex 2017 2018 United States Eric Landon
Park City Red Wolves SC Park City, Utah Dozier Field 2018 2019 England Scott Mackenzie
Northwest Division
Lane United FC Eugene, Oregon New Civic Stadium 2013 2014 Portugal Manny Martins
OVF Alliance Albany, Oregon South Albany High School 2014 2021 United States Logan Hoffman
PDX FC Portland, Oregon Hilken Community Stadium 2017 2021 United States Luke Babson
Portland Timbers U23s Salem, Oregon McCulloch Stadium 2008 2009 United States Matt Broadhead
Southwest Division
FC Golden State Force Whittier, California Rio Hondo College 2016 2016 United States Jon Spencer
Project 51O Oakland, California Merritt College 2020 2021 Wales Mikey Hannon
San Francisco City FC San Francisco, California Kezar Stadium 2001 2016 England Paddy Coyne
San Francisco Glens SC San Francisco, California Boxer Stadium 1961 2018 United States Jimmy Conrad
Santa Cruz Breakers FC Santa Cruz, California Santa Cruz High School 1992 2018 United States Mike Runeare
Southern California Seahorses La Mirada, California La Mirada High School 2001 2001 United States Todd Elkins
Ventura County Fusion Ventura, California Ventura College 2006 2007 United States Rudy Ybarra

Future teams[edit]

Team City/area Stadium Founded Joining Ref
Chicago City SC Chicago, Illinois TBD 2013 2022 [42]
Christos FC Baltimore, Maryland TBD 1997 2022 [43]
Minneapolis City SC Minneapolis, Minnesota Edor Nelson Field 2016 2022 [44]
NONA FC Orlando, Florida TBD 2021 2022 [45]
One Knoxville SC Knoxville, Tennessee TBD 2021 2022 [46]
Vermont Green FC Burlington, Vermont Virtue Field 2021 2022 [47]
Saint Croix SC Stillwater, Minnesota TBD 1984 2022 [48]
Louisiana Krewe FC Lafayette, Louisiana TBD 2019 2022 [49]
Marin FC Marin County, California TBD 2004 2022 [50]
Midwest United FC Grand Rapids, Michigan Aquinas College 1990 2022 [51]
Ballard FC Seattle, Washington Interbay Stadium 2021 2022 [52]
Chicago Dutch Lions FC Lisle, Illinois Benedictine University Stadium 2020 2022 [53]
AC Houston Sur South Houston, Texas TBD 2021 2022 [54]
Hudson Valley Hammers Hudson, New York TBD 2021 2022 [55]
Patuxent Football Athletics Patuxent, Maryland TBD 2018 2022 [56]
Blackwatch Rush Albany, New York TBD 2021 2022 [57]
Tennessee SC Franklin, Tennessee TBD 2012 2022 [58]
Lansing City Football Lansing, Michigan TBD 2016 2022 [59]
Miami AC Miami, Florida TBD 2021 2022 [60]
Commonwealth Cardinals FC Fredericksburg, Virginia TBD 2021 2022 [61]
Caledonia SC Lakeland, Florida TBD 2022 2022 [62]
Blue Goose SC Shreveport, Louisiana TBD 2021 2022 [63]
Baton Rouge USL2 Baton Rouge, Louisiana TBD 2022 2022 [64]
Springfield ASC Springfield, Illinois TBD 2021 2022 [65]
Cleveland Force SC Cleveland, Ohio TBD 2011 2022 [66]
Davis Legacy SC Davis, California TBD 1989 2022 [67]

On hiatus[edit]

Team City/area Stadium Founded Joined Returning Ref
FC Bascome Bermuda Bermuda National Sports Centre 2005 2020* 2022 [68]
FC Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba Ralph Cantafio Soccer Complex 2010 2011 2022 [69]
Thunder Bay Chill Thunder Bay, Ontario Fort William Stadium 2000 2000 2022 [70]


Season Playoff champions Regular season champions
USISL Premier League
1995 Richmond Kickers San Francisco All-Blacks United
1996 Central Coast Roadrunners Central Coast Roadrunners
USISL Premier Development Soccer League
1997 Central Coast Roadrunners Spokane Shadow
1998 San Gabriel Valley Highlanders Jackson Chargers
USL Premier Development League
1999 Chicago Sockers Jackson Chargers
2000 Chicago Sockers Mid-Michigan Bucks
2001 Westchester Flames Calgary Storm
2002 Cape Cod Crusaders Des Moines Menace
2003 Cape Cod Crusaders New Orleans Shell Shockers
2004 Central Florida Kraze Chicago Fire Reserves
2005 Des Moines Menace Orange County Blue Star
2006 Michigan Bucks Carolina Dynamo
2007 Laredo Heat Hampton Roads Piranhas
2008 Thunder Bay Chill Michigan Bucks
2009 Ventura County Fusion Reading Rage
2010 Portland Timbers U23s Portland Timbers U23s
2011 Kitsap Pumas Fresno Fuego
2012 Forest City London Michigan Bucks
2013 Austin Aztex Thunder Bay Chill
2014 Michigan Bucks Des Moines Menace
2015 K–W United FC Michigan Bucks
2016 Michigan Bucks Michigan Bucks
2017 Charlotte Eagles New York Red Bulls U-23
2018 Calgary Foothills FC Des Moines Menace
USL League Two
2019 Flint City Bucks Des Moines Menace
2020 Season cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic[71]
2021 Des Moines Menace Des Moines Menace


(Defunct teams in italics)

Playoff championships[edit]

USL League Two MVPs[edit]

Season Player Club College
1995 United States Gabe Jones Austin Lone Stars Davidson
1996 Finland Pasi Kinturi Nashville Metros Campbell University (TN)
1997 Trinidad and Tobago Lester Felicia Jackson Chargers Bellhaven University (MS)
1998 Brazil Rodrigo Costa Detroit Dynamite Union College (KY)
1999 Brazil Fabio Eidelwein Sioux City Breeze St. Edward's University (TX)
2000 Mexico Fernando Salazar San Fernando Valley Heroes N/A
2001 United States Beau Brown Lafayette Lightning West Texas A&M
2002 Czech Republic Tomas Boltnar Des Moines Menace California University of Pennsylvania
2003 Czech Republic Tomas Boltnar Des Moines Menace California University of Pennsylvania
2004 United States Ruben Mingo South Jersey Barons Mercer County Community College (NJ)
2005 Mexico Daniel Frias El Paso Patriots N/A
2006 Canada Frederico Moojen Augusta FireBall Lincoln Memorial University (TN)
2007 Brazil Pablo Campos Fresno Fuego Fresno Pacific University
2008 Mexico Junior Garcia Yakima Reds Wenatchee Valley College (WA)
2009 United States Aaron Wheeler Reading Rage Lenoir–Rhyne University (NC)
2010 United States Brent Richards Portland Timbers U23s University of Washington
2011 United States Milton Blanco Fresno Fuego Fresno Pacific University
2012 Brazil Sullivan Silva Thunder Bay Chill Oklahoma Baptist
2013 United States Kris Tyrpak Austin Aztex Houston Baptist
2014 Bosnia and Herzegovina Dzenan Catic Michigan Bucks Davenport University (MI)
2015 Jamaica Anthony Grant Seacoast United Phantoms Bowling Green State University
2016 Jamaica Chevaughn Walsh Ocean City Nor'easters Jefferson College (MO)
2017 United States Brian White New York Red Bulls U-23 Duke University
2018 Japan Ryosuke Kinoshita Des Moines Menace Marshalltown Community College (IA)
2019 England Deri Corfe Ocean City Nor'easters Wright State
2020 Season cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic
2021 Argentina Nicolas Molina West Virginia United University of North Carolina Wilmington


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  4. ^ "The Year in American Soccer, 1996". Retrieved February 28, 2012.
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  6. ^ "The Year in American Soccer, 1998". Retrieved February 28, 2012.
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  1. ^ Boston Bolts was known as FC Boston until the end of the 2018 season
  2. ^ AC Connecticut was known as CFC Azul until the end of the 2014 season
  3. ^ Pathfinder FC was known as FC Málaga City New York in 2021
  4. ^ Seacoast United Phantoms was known as New Hampshire Phantoms until the end of the 2011 season
  5. ^ Northern Virginia FC was previously known as Northern Virginia Royals, D.C. United U-23, and Evergreen FC
  6. ^ Ocean City Nor'easters were known as South Jersey Barons until the end of the 2009 season
  7. ^ Reading United AC was known as Reading Rage until the end of the 2009 season
  8. ^ Flint City Bucks were known as the Mid-Michigan Bucks from 1996 to 2003 and the Michigan Bucks from 2004 to 2019
  9. ^ SC United Bantams was known as Palmetto United Bantams until the end of the 2014 season
  10. ^ Tormenta FC 2 shares its history in the PDL with the first team from 2016 through 2018
  11. ^ North Carolina FC U23 has previously been known as Raleigh CASL Elite, Carolina RailHawks U23s, and Cary Clarets while in the PDL
  12. ^ West Virginia United was previously known as West Virginia Chaos and West Virginia Alliance
  13. ^ Treasure Coast Tritons were previously known as South Florida Surf in 2016 and 2017 and North Country United in 2018

External links[edit]