Redbox

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Redbox Automated Retail, LLC.
Private
IndustryEntertainment
Founded2002; 18 years ago (2002)
FounderGregg Kaplan
Headquarters,
Area served
United States
Key people
Galen C. Smith (CEO)
ProductsFilms
TV series
ServicesDVD rental
streaming services
OwnerApollo Global Management
DivisionsRedbox Entertainment
Websitewww.redbox.com

Redbox Automated Retail LLC is an American video rental company specializing in DVD, Blu-ray, 4K UHD rentals, and formerly video games via automated retail kiosks. Redbox kiosks feature the company's signature red color and are located at convenience stores, fast food restaurants, grocery stores, mass retailers, and pharmacies.

As of the end of November 2012, Redbox had over 42,000 kiosks at more than 34,000 locations.[1] As of September 2016, Redbox had 51.8% market share of the physical rental market.[2]

History[edit]

Redbox former logo

Redbox Automated Retail LLC was initially started by McDonald's Corporation business development team. Originally the kiosks sold convenience store products under the name Ticktok Easy Shop, however in late 2003 McDonald's ended its use of the kiosks for these products. Instead, Gregg Kaplan decided to use the kiosks for DVD rentals which was tested in 2004 Denver.[3] The company also employed a ‘return anywhere’ policy, different from competitors, which allowed consumers to return their rental to any Redbox kiosk, not just the one from which they originally rented the unit.[4] Kiosks rented both films and video games.[5]

In 2005, Coinstar bought 47 percent of the company for $32 million,[6] after unsuccessful attempts to sell half the company to Blockbuster and Netflix.[7] In early 2008, Coinstar exercised an option to increase its share from 47% to 51%.[6] In February 2009, Coinstar paid McDonald's between $169 and $176 million for the remainder of the company.[8] While traditional brick and mortar rental stores were closing at a high rate, Redbox moved into existing retail locations such as supermarkets, and placed kiosks within them or outside of them in order to gain that consumer base.[9]

The company surpassed Blockbuster in 2007 in number of U.S. locations,[10] passed 100 million rentals in February 2008,[11] and passed 1 billion rentals in September 2010.[12] Current and former competitors include Netflix, Blockbuster, Movie Gallery and its subsidiary Hollywood Video, West Coast Video and Family Video along with other DVD by mail rental services. In Q2 2011, kiosks accounted for 36 percent of the disc rental market, with 38 percent of that attributable to rent-by-mail services and 25 percent to traditional stores, according to the NPD Group. As of Q2 2011, 68 percent of the U.S. population lived within a five-minute drive of a Redbox kiosk.[13] The numbers for Q2 2013 shows that the Redbox rentals had surpassed 50 percent of the total disc rentals in the country.[14]

Mitch Lowe joined Redbox in 2003 after spending five years as an executive at Netflix. At Redbox, he started first as a consultant and then as VP of Purchasing & Operations. In 2005, he became the Chief Operating Officer of Redbox.[15] Lowe owned and operated a video rental company named Video Droid from 1982 through 1997. Video Droid attempted a VHS rental vending machine concept, though the idea was quickly deemed impractical.[16] Lowe was named President of Redbox in April 2009.

With growing concern in 2009 that DVD kiosks might jeopardize movie studio income from DVD sales and rentals, three major movie studios, 20th Century Fox, Warner Bros., and Universal Studios, separately refused to sell DVDs to Redbox until at least 28 days after their arrival in stores.[16] Fox and Warner Bros. represented 62 percent of home video rental revenue in 2008–09.[17][18] Redbox responded by filing lawsuits, first, against Universal in October 2008,[19] then against 20th Century Fox and Warner Bros. in August 2009.[20][21] In August 2009, the federal judge hearing the Universal case allowed an antitrust claim to continue.[22] In October 2009, 20th Century Fox and Warner Bros. filed motions to dismiss Redbox's lawsuits against them.[23][24] During this time, Redbox continued to rent films from these companies, purchasing them retail from places like Walmart instead of receiving them from the movie studios, which in some cases saved Redbox in costs due to the discounted prices offered by retailers.[25] Other major studios — Sony Pictures, Paramount Pictures, and Lionsgate — signed distribution deals with Redbox.[16] The Walt Disney Company permits third-party distributors to sell to Redbox, but has not entered into a direct relationship with the company.[16] Both sides of the studio lawsuits pointed to these revenue-sharing deals to shore up their argument, with Redbox president Mitch Lowe saying, "our growth can lead to theirs [the studios' growth]. For example, Redbox currently estimates we will pay more than a combined $1 billion over the next five years to Sony, Lionsgate and Paramount to purchase and then rent new-release DVDs to consumers,"[26] while Warner Bros. says the deals are proof that far from being shut out by Hollywood, "Redbox’s business has thrived since its suit against Universal, underscored by lucrative distribution deals with Paramount Home Entertainment, Sony Pictures Home Entertainment, and Lionsgate."[24] Redbox entered into an agreement with Warner on February 16, 2010,[27] followed by Universal[28] and Fox[29] on April 22, 2010. In the agreements, which settle Redbox's lawsuits, Redbox agreed to not make available for rental films from these studios until 28 days after their initial home-video releases. Redbox continued to sign additional and new distribution deals with these and other movie studios;[30] by 2017, titles from Fox and Warner became available on Redbox seven days after their initial home-video release.[31]

In July 2010, Redbox announced that they were beginning to rent Blu-ray movies at 13,000 kiosks nationwide, and Blu-ray Discs were available across the Redbox network by the fall of 2010.[32] In October 2010, the company began testing video game rentals in Reno, Nevada; Orlando, Florida; Stevens Point, Wisconsin; Austin, Texas; Wilmington, North Carolina; and Corvallis, Oregon. In June 2011, Redbox launched video game rentals nationwide.[33] Games for all major platforms are offered, including PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and Nintendo Switch at select locations. In 2019 Redbox confirmed video game rentals would be discontinued.

In February 2012, Redbox announced the purchase of former competitor Blockbuster Express from NCR for $100 million.[34] The acquisition included over 10,000 DVD kiosks, certain retailer contracts, and DVD inventory. As part of the agreement, Redbox entered a supplier arrangement of purchasing product and services from NCR.[35] On June 27, 2012, Redbox completed the purchase of Blockbuster Express on June 23.[36] The company sold some Blockbuster Express kiosks in less competitive markets to third party providers in June 2013.[37]

The company announced in February 2012 the deployment of kiosks in Canada to test the market in that country,[38] but in early 2015 shut down their Canadian operation, citing low demand.[39]

The company partnered with New Era Tickets and Sparkart to launch Redbox Tickets in October 2012 as a test on existing kiosks in the greater Philadelphia area followed by an early 2013 expansion in Los Angeles.[40] Redbox also rolled out its Rubi coffee kiosk featuring Seattle's Best Coffee in 2012 at up to 500 locations.[41] Outerwall, formerly Coinstar, decided to close its Rubi business in December 2013[42] then sold that business in 2014 to Feniks, a Seattle start up food tech company.[43]

In August 2012, Redbox's founder, Gregg Kaplan, exited Coinstar as president and COO of Redbox. Anne Saunders became the new president of Redbox.[44] In July 2013, Redbox announced its 3 billionth rental of a disc, counting both movies and games.[45]

The number of items rented from kiosks annually peaked in 2013, with 772.87 million rentals. There were then 717.13 million units rented, and in 2015 the number was 587.55 million,[46] a decline due to the increasing consumer shift from physical media to streaming and other online services. That year the company also moved its 1,400 kiosks in Canada to other locations in the United States.[47] Still, as of 2014, Redbox represented half of the physical media rental market.[48] As of July 2016, Redbox offered Xbox One and PlayStation 4 games.[49]

Apollo subsidiary[edit]

Throughout most of 2016, parent company Outerwall was seeking a buyer based on shareholder input. In early September, Outerwall was sold to Apollo Global Management and its three units (Coinstar, ecoATM and Redbox) were split into separate operating companies. In late September 2016, Outerwall CFO Galen Smith was announced as the new CEO of Redbox.[50] The company had approximately 40,000 kiosks in the United States as of January 2017. The kiosks are shifting around the country to different geographic locations in order to track consumer trends and in reaction to under performing neighborhoods.[51] Most locations only have one kiosk, however in some cases there will be more than one to deal with high traffic locales.[52]

In 2017, Disney sued Redbox, accusing them for violating copyrights by selling codes to download Disney movies such as Star Wars: The Force Awakens and Beauty and the Beast.[53]

On December 13, 2017, Redbox offered a new video streaming service called Redbox On Demand.[54] The percentage of consumers renting or purchasing movies from Redbox rose in the fourth quarter of 2017 from the third quarter, according to a TiVo survey.[55]

Redbox acquired Benjamin indie movie for a 90-day release period via its kiosks and on demand service on April 23, 2019 as a Redbox Original.[56] In October 2019 Redbox formed its film and TV series production division, Redbox Entertainment, with Marc Danon as senior advisor of content acquisition.[57]

Redbox announced on December 9, 2019 that it would no longer be renting video games, and will continuing selling used video game copies through the end of the year.[58] Redbox Free Live TV was soft launched in early February 2020 with a nationwide launch on February 18.[59]

Services[edit]

Redbox Free Live TV[edit]

Redbox Free Live TV is an ad supported channel based video on demand service. The service was soft launched in early February 2020 with a nationwide launch on February 18. Nearly 30 channels were offered then - three self-branded channels: Redbox Rush (action and adventure), Redbox Comedy and Redbox Spotlight, featured and recommended titles. The service's launch content partner was Lionsgate. Other content suppliers include Cinedigm (Dove Now, Docurama and ConTV), Comedy Dynamics, Fremantle (“Family Feud”), FilmRise (“Unsolved Mysteries,” “Forensic Files” and a collection of movies), Gravitas, Group Nine (NowThis), Jukin Media (FailArmy and Pet Collective), Kabillion, Maverick Movies, People Are Awesome, TMZ, Vin Di Bona Production's “AFV and USA Today.[59]

Redbox Instant[edit]

Redbox began internally testing a video streaming service, dubbed Redbox Instant, in July 2012. The service was a joint effort between Redbox and Verizon.[60] On March 14, 2013 Redbox Instant by Verizon officially went public, offering customers a free 1-month trial of an $8/month unlimited streaming service that includes 4 disc rentals from kiosks ($1 more for Blu-ray).[61] The service launched with 4,600 titles from movie companies such as EPIX, Lionsgate, NBCUniversal, Paramount Pictures, Relativity, and Sony Pictures. According to early reports, Redbox Instant also planned to allow users to download content to mobile devices for offline viewing; titles could be either rented or purchased, in SD or HD quality, with rental customers having 30 days to begin viewing their title and 48 hours of unlimited views thereafter.[62]

In June 2013, Sony made the official announcement at E3 that Redbox Instant would be available on the PlayStation 4 console, and it was released in late 2013. Android and iOS apps also enabled streaming content on mobile devices.[63]

Redbox Instant disabled sign-ups for new users in mid 2014 owing to a growing number of people using the website to verify stolen credit cards.[64] In Q2 2014 earning call, Outerwall, Redbox's parent company, stated that they were "not pleased" with Redbox Instant subscription numbers.[64] Finally on October 4, 2014, it was announced that Redbox Instant would be shutting down on October 7, only 19 months after its initial launch.[65]

Redbox On Demand[edit]

On December 13, 2017, Redbox offered a new service called Redbox On Demand. Like Redbox Instant, it is a streaming service, but based on a different model. It does not require any membership, and the list will contain new releases as well as several titles that it is claimed will never be available on services like Netflix.[54] The service launched with 6,000 titles for on demand rental or electronic sell-through in line with its kiok operations. The titles come the Major film studio's libraries except for Disney plus Lionsgate.[66]

Kiosk design and operation[edit]

A Redbox kiosk in front of a Loaf 'N Jug in Gillette, Wyoming
The carousel of discs inside of a Redbox machine.

Redbox began in 2004, using re-branded kiosks manufactured and operated by Silicon Valley-based DVDPlay, at 140 McDonald's restaurants in Denver and other test markets.[67] In April 2005, Redbox phased out the DVDPlay-manufactured machines and contracted the Solectron facility in Creedmoor, NC — later purchased by Flextronics International, in October 2007 (Flextronics is also known as the manufacturer of the Zune, Xbox and Xbox 360) — to create and manufacture a custom kiosk design.[68] The new kiosk was designed by Flextronics' Creedmoor design team, which included engineers Steven Hancock and John Rupert as key contributors under the direction of Franz Kuehnrich at GetAMovie Inc.[69] (which was bought by RedBox). Other key contributors from Flextronics included Flextronics Global Account Manager Dave Stadelmaier and Global Supply Chain Manager Ben Wheeler (The KioskGuy). Redbox was innovative[70] in that its carousel design not only decreased the number of robotic movements necessary to dispense and restock inventory, it also dramatically increased the number of discs (from 100 to 700+)[71] that could be stored within a kiosk. In addition, the software, designed and developed by Enterprise Logic Systems,[72][73] was also innovative in that it allowed RedBox to remotely monitor and manage inventory at all kiosks throughout the country.

A Redbox barcoded DVD tray, delivered by and returned to the kiosk.
Back of a Redbox Blu-ray tray; with a Men in Black 3 disc

The company's typical self-service vending kiosk combines an interactive touch screen and sign. It uses a robotic disc array system containing a stacked carousel of DVDs[74] and web-linked electronic communications. Kiosks can be located indoors or out and can hold more than 600 DVDs with 70–200 titles, updated weekly.[75] The kiosks are built as modules, and in areas with higher sales figures, a second machine can be connected to the first one in order to offer a wider selection. The customer pays with a credit card or debit card. DVDs can be returned the next day to any of the company's kiosks; charges accrue up to 25 days, after which the customer then owns the DVD (without the original case) and rental charges cease. Customers can also reserve DVDs online, made possible by real-time inventory updates on the company's website.[76] While customers can buy used DVDs from the kiosks (with unsold used DVDs returned to suppliers), Redbox estimates only 3% of the company's revenue comes from used-disc sales.[77]

A Redbox kiosk rents its average DVD 15 times at an average of $2 per transaction plus any applicable taxes.[16]

Redbox Entertainment[edit]

Redbox Entertainment is a content acquisition and production division of Redbox.

On April 23, 2019, Redbox acquired the indie film Benjamin for an exclusive 90-day release period via its kiosks and on demand service as a Redbox Original.[56] In October 2019, Redbox formed its film and TV series acquisition division, Redbox Entertainment, with Marc Danon as senior advisor of content acquisition.[57]

Filmography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Redbox Careers". Redbox.com. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  2. ^ Redbox Company Statistics – Statistic Brain
  3. ^ Pomerantz, Dorothy (6 March 2009). "Red Menace".
  4. ^ Parnell, John A. (15 January 2013). Strategic Management. SAGE. p. 542. ISBN 9781452234984 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Hahn, Jim (13 May 2013). The Best 100 Free Apps for Libraries. Scarecrow Press. p. 153. ISBN 9780810885837 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ a b "COINSTAR INC, Form 10-Q, Quarterly Report, Filing Date Aug 7, 2008". secdatabase.com. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
  7. ^ Keating, Gina (11 October 2012). Netflixed: The Epic Battle for America's Eyeballs. Penguin. p. 163. ISBN 9781101601433 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ Staff, Edit (February 13, 2009). "DVD Kiosk Firm Redbox Bought Out By Coinstar For Up To $176 Million; McDonald's Paid Out". gigaom.com. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  9. ^ Dixon, Wheeler Winston (19 April 2013). Streaming: Movies, Media, and Instant Access. University Press of Kentucky. p. 56. ISBN 978-0813142180 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ "Redbox surpasses Blockbuster in number of U.S. locations". Kioskmarketplace.com. November 26, 2007. Archived from the original on August 31, 2010.
  11. ^ "Redbox surpasses 100 million DVD rentals Redbox surpasses Blockbuster in number of U.S. locations". Kioskmarketplace.com, February 2008. Archived from the original on 2010-08-31.
  12. ^ "Redbox Hits One Billionth Rental". Gigaom.com. September 6, 2010. Archived from the original on October 26, 2011.
  13. ^ "Info | Redbox Corporate Information". Redbox. Retrieved 2011-12-12.
  14. ^ Ellingson, Annlee (26 July 2013). "Redbox controls 50% disc-rental share". L.A. Biz.
  15. ^ "Six Questions: Redbox's Mitch Lowe". Home Media Magazine. July 31, 2009. Retrieved September 7, 2009.
  16. ^ a b c d e Barnes, Brooks (September 6, 2009). "Movie Studios See a Threat in Growth of Redbox". The New York Times.
  17. ^ Greenfield, Richard (August 18, 2009). "Redbox's Lawsuit Now Stands On Only One Shaky Leg as Court Dismisses First Sale Complaint". Pali Research.[permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "Analyst: Dismissal of Redbox Claims Could Undermine Kiosk Viability." Home Media Magazine, Erik Gruenwedel, October 5, 2009. Archived October 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "Redbox Files Lawsuit Against Universal." Redbox Press Release, October 13, 2008
  20. ^ "Redbox sues 20th Century Fox over DVD rentals." Reuters, Tom Hals and Sue Zeidler, August 12, 2009.
  21. ^ Pearson, Sophia; Milford, Phil (August 19, 2009). "Coinstar's Redbox Sues Warner Unit Over Video Terms". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on January 22, 2009.
  22. ^ Tribbey, Chris (August 17, 2009). "Judge Throws Out Some Redbox Claims in Universal Suit". Home Media Magazine. Archived from the original on August 27, 2009. Retrieved October 5, 2009.
  23. ^ Gruenwedel, Erik (October 1, 2009). "Fox Says Redbox Lawsuit is Flawed". Home Media Magazine. Archived from the original on October 5, 2009. Retrieved October 5, 2009.
  24. ^ a b Gruenwedel, Erik (October 2, 2009). "Warner Also Seeks Redbox Lawsuit Dismissal". Home Media Magazine. Archived from the original on October 8, 2009.
  25. ^ Heath, Chip; Heath, Dan (26 March 2013). Decisive: How to Make Better Choices in Life and Work. Random House of Canada. p. 192. ISBN 9780307361141 – via Google Books.
  26. ^ Lowe, Mitch (October 2, 2009). "Redbox Chief: 'We Are an Engine for Industry Growth'". TheWrap.com.
  27. ^ "Warner Bros. Home Entertainment and Redbox Announce a Multi-year Distribution Agreement" (Press release). Redbox, Warner Bros. Home Entertainment. February 16, 2010. Archived from the original on May 30, 2010. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
  28. ^ "Universal Studios Home Entertainment and Redbox Forge Distribution Agreement" (Press release). Redbox, Universal Studios Home Entertainment. April 22, 2010. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
  29. ^ "Twentieth Century Fox and redbox Announce Distribution Agreement" (Press release). Redbox, Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment. April 23, 2010. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
  30. ^ "BRIEF-Redbox, Paramount announce new distribution agreement". 19 January 2017 – via Reuters.
  31. ^ Lawler, Richard (26 August 2017). "Redbox deals with Sony and Lionsgate bring discs with no delay". Endgaget. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  32. ^ "Redbox launches Blu-ray rentals". Redbox.com. July 29, 2010.
  33. ^ "Redbox launches program for video game rentals". USA Today. June 17, 2011.
  34. ^ Ferrell, O. C.; Hartline, Michael (20 December 2012). Marketing Strategy, Text and Cases. Cengage Learning. p. 28. ISBN 9781285607139 – via Google Books.
  35. ^ "Redbox pays $100 million for NCR's Blockbuster Express". February 6, 2012. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  36. ^ "Redbox Completes Blockbuster Express Purchase". Convenience Store News. 27 June 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  37. ^ "Coinstar sheds inactive Blockbuster kiosks". Kiosk Marketplace. June 12, 2013. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  38. ^ "Redbox bringing DVD vending machines to Canada". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. February 8, 2012.
  39. ^ "Redbox Will Be Leaving Canada". Redbox.ca. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  40. ^ Gagliordi, Natalie (October 16, 2012). "Coins, coffee and concerts: Coinstar's on the move". Kiosk Marketplace. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  41. ^ Katje, Chris (June 6, 2012). "Coinstar: Diversification Through Coffee Kiosks Is Only The Beginning". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  42. ^ Spangler, Todd (December 10, 2013). "Redbox Chief Saunders Out, Outerwall to Cut 8.5% of Workforce". Variety. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  43. ^ Jed, Emily (April 8, 2015). "Rubi Micro Caf Expands Vending Agreement With WinCo Supermarket Chain". www.vendingtimes.com. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  44. ^ "Redbox Founder Gregg Kaplan Exits Coinstar; Anne Saunders Named Prexy". The Vending Times. August 25, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  45. ^ "Three Cheers! America Rents 3 Billionth Redbox Disc". Wall Street Journal. July 30, 2013. Archived from the original on August 4, 2013. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
  46. ^ "Redbox: number of kiosk rentals 2015 - Statistic". Statista.
  47. ^ "Redbox DVD rental company shutting down in Canada, moving 1,400 kiosks to U.S."
  48. ^ Lang, Brent (5 June 2014). "Redbox Makes Up Half of DVD Rental Market, Exec Says".
  49. ^ "Redbox 101". Retrieved 15 July 2016.
  50. ^ Levy, Nat (September 28, 2016). "CEO of Redbox and Coinstar maker Outerwall out as businesses split into separate enterprises following acquisition". Geekwire.com. Retrieved October 24, 2016.
  51. ^ "Redbox Is Not Pulling Kiosks From NYC Locations". Loc8Nearme.com. January 27, 2017.
  52. ^ "Is Redbox Removing Its Kiosks, Or Just Moving Them?". 3 January 2017.
  53. ^ Faughnder, Ryan (2017-12-01). "Disney sues Redbox to stop digital movie sales, in the latest feud between the companies". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  54. ^ a b Channick, Robert (2017-12-13). "Redbox rolls out streaming video service". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2019-05-04.
  55. ^ "Redbox Ups Q4 Usage, Tops iTunes, Google, YouTube, Vudu". Media Play News. JCH Media Inc. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
  56. ^ a b Spangler, Todd (April 9, 2019). "Redbox Sets First Original Release: Bob Saget Drug-Addiction Dark Comedy 'Benjamin'". Variety. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved September 4, 2019. The DVD-rental kiosk operator is calling Saget’s indie film a “Redbox Original.” What that means: Redbox has rights to an exclusive 90-day window on “Benjamin,” to be available starting April 23, both to rent at its network of U.S. kiosks and to rent or purchase through its Redbox On Demand streaming service.
  57. ^ a b Spangler, Todd (October 25, 2019). "Redbox Forms Division to Fund and Acquire Original Content, Led by Ex-Lionsgate Exec Marc Danon". Variety. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
  58. ^ Peters, Jay (December 9, 2019). "Redbox no longer rents video games, and it will end game sales this year". The Verge. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
  59. ^ a b c d Spangler, Todd (February 18, 2020). "Why Redbox Is Moving Into Free, Ad-Supported Streaming Video". Variety. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  60. ^ Johnston, Casey. "Redbox and Verizon's Netflix competitor goes into alpha test". Ars Technica.
  61. ^ Hokenson, Christian (March 19, 2013). "Redbox Instant Streaming Available To Public". HD Report. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
  62. ^ Sawers, Paul (December 12, 2012). "Redbox Instant by Verizon launches its $8/month Netflix rival this month, with 4 majors on board".
  63. ^ Chaim Gartenberg, The Verge. "Sony PlayStation Live from E3 2017: start time, live stream, and schedule." Jun 12, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  64. ^ a b Roettgers, Janko. "Why the writing may be on the wall for Redbox Instant". Gigaom. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  65. ^ Janko Roettgers, Gigaom. "Redbox Instant is shutting down October 7." October 4, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2017.
  66. ^ Spangler, Todd (December 13, 2017). "Redbox Launches Digital Movie and TV Service, Without Disney Titles". Variety. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  67. ^ Wagner, Holly J. (May 2, 2005). "McDonald's Orders More McDVD". Home Media Magazine.
  68. ^ "Redbox names Solectron worldwide manufacturer of DVD kiosks". EMSNOW.com. April 28, 2005. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved October 3, 2009.
  69. ^ "Company Overview of GetAMovie, Inc". Businessweek.com. Bloomberg. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  70. ^ "Franz Kuehnrich, Bartlett US". faqs.org. Advameg. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  71. ^ "Flextronics and Redbox in Successful Partnership to Build DVD Rental Kiosks" (PDF). popai.com. POPAI. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  72. ^ Biju Kulathakal Co-Founder of Redbox - Part 1. 16 June 2011 – via YouTube.
  73. ^ "Biju Kulathakal". Forbes.com. Forbes. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  74. ^ "SSKA's official show wraps up in Orlando". Kiosks.org. February 20, 2006. Archived from the original on February 18, 2009.
  75. ^ "Is Redbox friend or foe what to know if you invest in movie industry stocks". Pali Research.[permanent dead link]
  76. ^ Yackey, Bill (August 20, 2007). "Rise of redbox. Some kiosks are located outside store location in parking areas". Selfserviceworld.com. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007.
  77. ^ "DVD kiosks like Redbox have rivals seeing red - USATODAY.com". usatoday30.usatoday.com.
  78. ^ "Instant Pictures Picks Up 'The Lost Husband' Rights". Variety. December 1, 2014. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  79. ^ Grater, Tom. "'Capone': Debut Trailer Shows Tom Hardy As Notorious Gangster, Film Heading To VOD May 12". Deadline. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  80. ^ N'Duka, Amanda (April 29, 2020). "Quiver, Redbox Team On Rights To Tribeca Thriller 'Becky' Starring Lulu Wilson, Kevin James & Joel McHale". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  81. ^ "Malin Akerman, Alec Baldwin Action Comedy 'Chick Fight' Nabbed by Quiver, Redbox | Hollywood Reporter". www.hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved 2020-11-17.

External links[edit]