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Roshaniya ("the enlightened") was a populist, nonsectarian Sufi reformation/enlightenment movement founded in 16th-century Afghan by Bāyazīd Ansārī (Pashto: بايزيد انصاري‎), also known as Pīr Roshān or Pīr Rokhān (Pashto: پیر روښان‎, "the enlightened Pir (sufi master)"; Persian: پیر روشن‎‎) (1525 – 1581/1585).[1] Pīr Roshān was a Pashtun warrior, poet, Sufi master and intellectual from the Ormur tribe. He challenged the inequality and social injustice he imputed to the Moghul rulers of the day, instead advocating an egalitarian and even communistic social system, and taught doctrines that questioned some widely accepted teachings within Islam.[2] Its adherents were inducted into the order through a series of secret initiation rituals.


  1. ^ "Bayazid Ansari on Khyber.Org". 
  2. ^ Bosin, Yury V (2009). "Roshaniya movement and the Khan Rebellion". In Ness, Immanuel. International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest. Blackwell Publishing. p. 2869. ISBN 9781405184649. Retrieved 23 November 2015.