South Carolina's 5th congressional district
|South Carolina's 5th congressional district|
South Carolina's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
The 5th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in northern South Carolina bordering North Carolina. From 2003 to 2013 it included all of Cherokee, Chester, Chesterfield, Darlington, Dillon, Fairfield, Kershaw, Lancaster, Marlboro, Newberry and York counties and parts of Florence, Lee and Sumter counties. Outside the rapidly growing city of Rock Hill, the district is mostly rural and agricultural. The district borders were contracted from some of the easternmost counties in the 2012 redistricting.
The district's character is very similar to other mostly rural districts in the South. Democrats still hold most offices outside Republican-dominated York County. However, few of the area's Democrats can be described as liberal by national standards; most are fairly conservative on social issues, but less so on economics. The largest blocs of Republican voters are in the fast-growing suburbs of Charlotte, North Carolina and Cherokee County, which shares the Republican tilt of most of the rest of the Upstate.
In November 2010, the Republican Mick Mulvaney defeated longtime Congressman John Spratt and became the first Republican since Robert Smalls and the end of Reconstruction to represent the district. Following Mulvaney's confirmation as the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, a special election will be held in 2017 to determine his successor.
List of representatives
|Name||Took Office||Left Office||Party||District Residence||Notes|
|Thomas Tudor Tucker||March 4, 1789||March 4, 1793||Anti-Administration|
|Alexander Gillon||March 4, 1793||October 6, 1794||Anti-Administration||Died|
|Robert Goodloe Harper||February 9, 1795||March 3, 1795||Pro-Administration|
|March 4, 1795||March 4, 1801||Federalist|
|William Butler||March 4, 1801||March 3, 1803||Democratic-Republican||Mount Willing||redistricted to the 2nd district|
|Richard Winn||March 4, 1803||March 3, 1813||Democratic-Republican||Winnsboro||redistricted from the 4th district|
|David R. Evans||March 4, 1813||March 3, 1815||Democratic-Republican||Winnsboro|
|William Woodward||March 4, 1815||March 3, 1817||Democratic-Republican||unknown|
|Starling Tucker||March 4, 1817||March 3, 1823||Democratic-Republican||Mountain Shoals||redistricted to the 9th district|
|George McDuffie||March 4, 1823||March 3, 1825||Jacksonian D-R||Charleston|
|March 4, 1825||March 3, 1831||Jacksonian|
|March 4, 1831||1834||Nullifier|
|Francis W. Pickens||December 8, 1834||March 3, 1839||Nullifier||Edgefield|
|March 4, 1839||March 4, 1843||Democratic|
|Armistead Burt||March 4, 1843||March 3, 1853||Democratic||Abbeville|
|James L. Orr||March 4, 1853||March 3, 1859||Democratic||Anderson|
|John D. Ashmore||March 4, 1859||December 21, 1860||Democratic||Greenville||Resigned|
|District eliminated in 1867 - Civil War - Occupation and Reconstruction|
|District re-established 1875|
|Robert Smalls||March 4, 1875||March 3, 1879||Republican||Beaufort|
|George D. Tillman||March 4, 1879||July 19, 1882||Democratic||Edgefield||Lost contested election|
|Robert Smalls||July 19, 1882||March 3, 1883||Republican||Beaufort||Won contested election|
|John J. Hemphill||March 4, 1883||March 3, 1893||Democratic||Chester|
|Thomas J. Strait||March 4, 1893||March 3, 1899||Democratic||Lancaster|
|David E. Finley||March 4, 1899||January 26, 1917||Democratic||York||Died|
|Paul G. McCorkle||February 21, 1917||March 3, 1917||Democratic||York|
|William F. Stevenson||March 4, 1917||March 3, 1933||Democratic||Cheraw|
|James P. Richards||March 4, 1933||January 3, 1957||Democratic||Lancaster|
|Robert W. Hemphill||January 3, 1957||May 1, 1964||Democratic||Chester||Resigned after being appointed as judge to United States District Court for the District of South Carolina|
|Thomas S. Gettys||November 3, 1964||December 31, 1974||Democratic||Rock Hill|
|Kenneth L. Holland||January 3, 1975||January 3, 1983||Democratic||Gaffney|
|John M. Spratt, Jr.||January 3, 1983||January 3, 2011||Democratic||York||Defeated for re-election|
|Mick Mulvaney||January 3, 2011||February 16, 2017||Republican||Lancaster||Resigned to serve as Director of the Office of Management and Budget|
|Vacant||February 16, 2017||Present||South Carolina's 5th congressional district special election, 2017|
Historical district boundaries
In popular culture
- In House of Cards, protagonist Frank Underwood represents the district in the United States House of Representatives as a Democrat.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
|United States House of Representatives|
Massachusetts's 7th congressional district
|Home district of the Speaker of the House
December 7, 1857 – March 3, 1859
New Jersey's 5th congressional district