65th United States Congress

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65th United States Congress
64th ←
→ 66th
USCapitol1906.jpg
March 4, 1917 – March 4, 1919
Senate President Thomas R. Marshall (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem Willard Saulsbury, Jr. (D)
House Speaker Champ Clark (D)
Members 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority Democratic
House Majority Democratic (coalition)
Sessions
Special: March 5, 1917 – March 16, 1917
1st: April 2, 1917 – October 6, 1917
2nd: December 3, 1917 – November 21, 1918
3rd: December 2, 1918 – March 3, 1919

The Sixty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1917 to March 4, 1919, during the fifth and sixth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Republican plurality but the Democrats remained in control with the support of the Progressives and Socialist Representative Meyer London.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

After war was declared, war bond posters demonized Germany

Constitutional amendments[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 55 41 96 0
Begin 54 42 96 0
End 49 47
Final voting share 51.0% 49.0%
Beginning of the next congress 47 49 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Progressive Socialist Prohibition Republican Farmer Labor Vacant
End of previous Congress 230 6 1 1 196 0 435 0
Begin 213 3 1 1 215 0 434 1
End 211 212 429 6
Final voting share 50.2% 0.2% 49.5% 0.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 192 0 1 1 240 1 435 0

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate[edit]

Because of the 17th Amendment, starting in 1914 U.S. Senators were directly elected instead of by the state legislatures. However, this did not affect the terms of U.S. Senators whose terms had started before that Amendment took effect, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1918; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1920; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1922.

House of Representatives[edit]

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • Replacements: 17
  • Deaths: 10
  • Resignations: 1
  • Vacancy: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 17
State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Oregon
(2)
Harry Lane (D) Died May 23, 1917.
Successor was appointed.
Charles L. McNary (R) May 29, 1917
Wisconsin
(3)
Paul O. Husting (D) Died October 21, 1917.
Successor was elected.
Irvine Lenroot (R) April 18, 1918
Nevada
(3)
Francis G. Newlands (D) Died December 24, 1917.
Successor was appointed and subsequently elected.
Charles Henderson (D) January 12, 1918
Idaho
(3)
James H. Brady (R) Died January 13, 1918.
Successor appointed and subsequently elected.
John F. Nugent (D) January 22, 1918
New Jersey
(2)
William Hughes (D) Died January 30, 1918.
Successor appointed and subsequently elected.
David Baird Sr. (R) February 23, 1918
Louisiana
(3)
Robert F. Broussard (D) Died April 12, 1918.
Successor was appointed.
Walter Guion (D) April 22, 1918
Missouri
(3)
William J. Stone (D) Died April 14, 1918.
Successor was appointed.
Xenophon P. Wilfley (D) April 30, 1918
South Carolina
(2)
Benjamin Tillman (D) Died July 3, 1918.
Successor was appointed.
Christie Benet (D) July 6, 1918
New Hampshire
(3)
Jacob H. Gallinger (R) Died August 17, 1918.
Successor was appointed.
Irving W. Drew (R) September 2, 1918
Kentucky
(2)
Ollie M. James (D) Died August 28, 1918.
Successor was appointed.
George B. Martin (D) September 17, 1918
Louisiana
(3)
Walter Guion (D) Interim appointee replaced by elected successor. Edward Gay (D) November 6, 1918
Missouri
(3)
Xenophon P. Wilfley (D) Interim appointee replaced by elected successor. Selden P. Spencer (R) November 6, 1918
New Hampshire
(3)
Irving W. Drew (R) Interim appointee replaced by elected successor. George H. Moses (R) November 6, 1918
Oregon
(2)
Charles L. McNary (R) Interim appointee replaced by elected successor. Frederick W. Mulkey (R) November 6, 1918
South Carolina
(2)
Christie Benet (D) Interim appointee replaced by elected successor. William P. Pollock (D) November 6, 1918
Oregon
(2)
Frederick W. Mulkey (R) Resigned December 17, 1918 to give successor preferential seniority.
Successor was appointed.
Charles L. McNary (R) December 18, 1918

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 23
  • deaths: 15
  • resignations: 12
  • contested elections: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 31
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
New York 15th Vacant Rep. Michael F. Conry died during previous congress.
Successor was elected.
Thomas F. Smith (D) April 12, 1917
New Hampshire 1st Cyrus A. Sulloway (R) Died March 11, 1917.
Successor was elected.
Sherman E. Burroughs (R) May 29, 1917
Pennsylvania 28th Orrin D. Bleakley (R) Resigned April 3, 1917 after being convicted and fined under the Federal Corrupt Practices Act.
Successor was elected.
Earl H. Beshlin (D) November 6, 1917
North Dakota 1st Henry T. Helgesen (R) Died April 10, 1917.
Successor was elected.
John M. Baer (R) July 20, 1917
Massachusetts 6th Augustus P. Gardner (R) Resigned May 15, 1917 to join the U.S. Army.
Successor was elected.
Willfred W. Lufkin (R) November 6, 1917
Indiana 6th Daniel W. Comstock (R) Died May 19, 1917.
Successor was elected.
Richard N. Elliott (R) June 29, 1917
Connecticut 4th Ebenezer J. Hill (R) Died September 27, 1917.
Successor was elected.
Schuyler Merritt (R) November 6, 1917
Illinois 4th Charles Martin (D) Resigned October 28, 1917.
Successor was elected.
John W. Rainey (D) April 2, 1918
Michigan 2nd Mark R. Bacon (R) Lost contested election December 13, 1917.
Successor was elected.
Samuel Beakes (D) December 13, 1917
Georgia 4th William C. Adamson (D) Resigned December 18, 1917.
Successor was elected.
William C. Wright (D) January 6, 1918
Ohio 14th Ellsworth R. Bathrick (D) Died December 23, 1917.
Successor was elected.
Martin L. Davey (D) November 5, 1918
New York 7th John J. Fitzgerald (D) Resigned December 31, 1917.
Successor was elected.
John J. Delaney (D) March 5, 1918
New York 8th Daniel J. Griffin (D) Resigned December 31, 1917 after being elected Sheriff of Kings County, New York.
Successor was elected.
William E. Cleary (D) March 5, 1918
New York 22nd Henry Bruckner (D) Resigned December 31, 1917.
Successor was elected.
Anthony J. Griffin (D) March 5, 1918
New York 21st George M. Hulbert (D) Resigned January 1, 1918 to become Commissioner of Docks and Director of the Port of New York.
Successor was elected.
Jerome F. Donovan (D) March 5, 1918
New Jersey 5th John H. Capstick (R) Died March 17, 1918.
Successor was New Jersey.
William F. Birch (R) November 5, 1918
Virginia 1st William A. Jones (D) Died April 17, 1918.
Successor was elected.
S. Otis Bland (D) July 2, 1918
Wisconsin 11th Irvine Lenroot (R) Resigned April 17, 1918 after being elected to the U.S. Senate.
Successor was elected.
Adolphus P. Nelson (R) November 5, 1918
Wisconsin 6th James H. Davidson (R) Died August 6, 1918.
Successor was elected.
Florian Lampert (R) November 5, 1918
Maryland 2nd Fred Talbott (D) Died October 5, 1918.
Successor was elected.
Carville Benson (D) November 5, 1918
Missouri 10th Jacob E. Meeker (R) Died October 16, 1918.
Successor was elected.
Frederick Essen (R) November 5, 1918
Illinois 17th John Allen Sterling (R) Died October 17, 1918.
Successor was elected.
Seat remained vacant until next Congress.
Virginia 6th Carter Glass (D) Resigned December 6, 1918 after being appointed United States Secretary of the Treasury. James P. Woods (D) February 25, 1919
Pennsylvania At-large John R. K. Scott (R) Resigned January 5, 1919. Seat remained vacant until next Congress.
New York 4th Harry H. Dale (D) Resigned January 6, 1919 after being appointed judge of magistrate court. Seat remained vacant until next Congress.
Alaska Territory Charles A. Sulzer (D) Lost contested election January 7, 1919. James Wickersham (R) January 7, 1919
Pennsylvania 22nd Edward E. Robbins (R) Died January 25, 1919. Seat remained vacant until next Congress.
Missouri 5th William P. Borland (D) Died February 20, 1919. Seat remained vacant until next Congress.
North Carolina 10th Zebulon Weaver (D) Lost contested election March 1, 1919.
Successor was elected.
James J. Britt (R) March 1, 1919
Kentucky 8th Harvey Helm (D) Died March 3, 1919. Seat remained vacant until next Congress.
Texas 12th James C. Wilson (D) Resigned March 3, 1919 to become judge of United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas. Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (6 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Joint committees[edit]

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hiram Johnson (R-California) didn't take his seat until March 16, 1917 as he wanted to remain Governor of California. However, he was still elected and qualified as Senator.