Wayne County, Indiana

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Wayne County, Indiana
Wayne County Courthouse in Richmond, front.jpg
Wayne County Courthouse in Richmond
Map of Indiana highlighting Wayne County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1811
Named for Anthony Wayne
Seat Richmond
Largest city Richmond
Area
 • Total 404.34 sq mi (1,047 km2)
 • Land 401.74 sq mi (1,041 km2)
 • Water 2.60 sq mi (7 km2), 0.64%
Population
 • (2010) 68,917
 • Density 176/sq mi (68/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website co.wayne.in.us
Footnotes: Indiana county number 89

Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 68,917.[1] The county seat is Richmond.[2]

History[edit]

Wayne County was formed in 1811. It was named for Gen. "Mad" Anthony Wayne, who was an officer during the Revolutionary War. Wayne is mainly remembered for his service in the 1790s in the Northwest Indian War, which included many actions in Indiana and Ohio.

The first county seat was Salisbury, Indiana, a town which no longer exists and later moved to Centerville, Indiana where it remained until a move to Richmond.

In the 1920s, Indiana had the strongest Ku Klux Klan organization in the country under Grand Dragons D. C. Stephenson and Walter F. Bossert, with control over the state legislature and an ally in Governor Ed Jackson.[3] At its height, national membership during the second Klan movement reached 1.5 million, with 300,000 from Indiana.[4] Records show that Wayne County was home to Whitewater Klan No. 60.[4] Robert Lyons, of Richmond, was national chief of staff for the Klan.[5]

Geography[edit]

Richmond is the county seat.

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 404.34 square miles (1,047.2 km2), of which 401.74 square miles (1,040.5 km2) (or 99.36%) is land and 2.60 square miles (6.7 km2) (or 0.64%) is water.[6] Wayne County includes Indiana's highest natural elevation, Hoosier Hill, at 1,257 feet (383 m).

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Richmond, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.5
 
 
34
17
 
 
2.3
 
 
39
21
 
 
3.2
 
 
50
30
 
 
3.8
 
 
62
39
 
 
4.4
 
 
73
49
 
 
4.3
 
 
81
58
 
 
3.8
 
 
85
62
 
 
3.6
 
 
83
59
 
 
2.5
 
 
76
52
 
 
3
 
 
64
40
 
 
3.3
 
 
51
32
 
 
2.9
 
 
39
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[7]

In recent years, average temperatures in Richmond have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 100 °F (38 °C) was recorded in July 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.27 inches (58 mm) in February to 4.41 inches (112 mm) in May.[7]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[8][9]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[8][9]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[9]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 12,119
1830 18,571 53.2%
1840 23,290 25.4%
1850 25,320 8.7%
1860 29,558 16.7%
1870 34,048 15.2%
1880 38,613 13.4%
1890 37,628 −2.6%
1900 38,970 3.6%
1910 43,757 12.3%
1920 48,136 10.0%
1930 54,809 13.9%
1940 59,229 8.1%
1950 68,566 15.8%
1960 74,039 8.0%
1970 79,109 6.8%
1980 76,058 −3.9%
1990 71,951 −5.4%
2000 71,097 −1.2%
2010 68,917 −3.1%
Est. 2013 67,893 −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 68,917 people, 27,551 households, and 18,126 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 171.5 inhabitants per square mile (66.2/km2). There were 31,242 housing units at an average density of 77.8 per square mile (30.0/km2).[6] The racial makeup of the county was 90.2% white, 5.0% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.1% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.6% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 24.4% were German, 11.8% were Irish, 11.0% were English, and 10.9% were American.[15]

Of the 27,551 households, 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.2% were non-families, and 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 40.2 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $51,155. Males had a median income of $40,644 versus $30,194 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,789. About 12.6% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Notable people[edit]

School Corporations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wayne County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Indiana State Library, Ku Klux Klan Resources from the Indiana Division, http://www.statelib.lib.in.us/www/isl/indiana/Klan.html, URL accessed May 30, 2006
  4. ^ a b "Historical Sketch" in "Ku Klux Klan, Wayne County, Indiana Records, 1916–1933, Collection Guide" (PDF). Indiana Historical Society. 2004-02-02. Retrieved 2012-11-05. 
  5. ^ Klan issue in Democrat race for president. (May 14, 1924). Richmond Evening Item, p. 1.
  6. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Richmond, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  17. ^ "Kansas Governor Walter Roscoe Stubbs". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 29, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°52′N 85°01′W / 39.86°N 85.01°W / 39.86; -85.01