List of wildflowers of Soldiers Delight

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The Soldiers Delight Natural Environment Area, consists of about 1,900 acres (7.7 km2) of land in Owings Mills, Maryland, USA.[1][2][3] Much of the area of Soldiers Delight contains a serpentine barren that contains a number of rare and endangered species of plants.[4] [5]

The following list of herbaceous plants is based greatly on the work of Ed Uebel [6] and comes from the publications by Fleming et al. 1995,[7] Monteferrante 1973,[8] Reed 1984,[9] Wennerstrom 1995,[10] and the unpublished data by Worthley 1955-1985.[11]

List of Wildflowers of the Soldiers Delight Natural Environment Area.[edit]

Division Magnoliophyta - Angiosperms

Class Magnoliopsida - Dicotyledons

Amaranthaceae - (Amaranth Family)

Apiaceae - (Carrot Family)

Apocynaceae - (Dogbane Family)

Asteraceae - (Aster Family)

Balsaminaceae - (Touch-me-not Family)

Boraginaceae - (Borage Family)

Brassicaceae - (Mustard Family)

Campanulaceae - (Bellflower family)

Caryophyllaceae - (Pink Family)

Chenopodiaceae - (Goosefoot Family)

Cistaceae - (Rockrose Family)

Clusiaceae - (Mangosteen Family)

Convolvulaceae - (Morning glory Family)

Ericaceae - (Heath Family)

Fabaceae - (Bean Family)

Gentianaceae - (Gentian Family)

Lamiaceae - (Mint Family)

Linaceae - (Flax Family)

  • Linum medium (Planch.) Britton - Common Yellow Flax[8][9][11]
  • Linum sulcatum Riddel - Grooved Yellow Flax[10] {G5, S1, E}
  • Linum virginianum L. - Virginia Yellow Flax[7]

Lythraceae - (Loosestrife Family)

Melastomataceae - (Meadow-beauty Family)

Onagraceae - (Evening Primrose Family)

Oxalidaceae - (Wood-sorrel Family)

Papaveraceae - (Poppy Family)

Phytolaccaceae - (Pokeweed Family)

Plantaginaceae - (Plantain Family)

Polemoniaceae - (Phlox Family)

Polygalaceae - (Milkwort Family)

Polygonaceae - (Buckwheat Family)

Portulacaceae - (Purslane Family)

Primulaceae - (Primrose Family)

Pyrolaceae - (Shinleaf Family)

Ranunculaceae - (Buttercup Family)

Rosaceae - (Rose Family)

Rubiaceae - (Madder Family)

Santalaceae - (Sandalwood Family)

  • Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. - Bastard Toadflax[9]

Saxifragaceae - (Saxifrage Family)

Scrophulariaceae - (Figwort Family)

Solanaceae - (Nightshade Family)

Urticaceae - (Nettle Family)

  • Laportea canadensis (L.) Gray - Wood-nettle[11]

Violaceae - (Violet Family)

Class Liliopsida - Monocotyledons

Amaryllidaceae - (Amaryllis Family)

Araceae - (Arum Family)

Commelinaceae - (Spiderwort Family)

Dioscoreaceae - (Yam Family)

Iridaceae - (Iris Family)

Lemnaceae - (Duckweed Family)

Liliaceae - (Lily Family)

Orchidaceae - (Orchid Family)

Smilacaceae - (Greenbrier Family)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maryland Department of Natural Resources (August 15, 2007). "Soldiers Delight Natural Environment Area". Patapsco Valley State Park. Archived from the original on December 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  2. ^ Maryland Department of Natural Resources (August 15, 2007). "Soldiers Delight Natural Environment Area". Trail Guide. Patapsco Valley State Park. Archived from the original on December 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  3. ^ Bob Conkwright, Division of Coastal and Estuarine Geology. "Soldiers Delight Serpentine Barrens, Baltimore County". Maryland's Geologic Features. Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  4. ^ Flanagan-Brown, Riley E., Geological Society of America (November 6, 2001). "Soldiers delight natural environment area, Maryland, USA: Toward preservation of a rare, serpentinite-based ecosystem". GSA Annual Meeting, November 5–8, 2001. Johns Hopkins University. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  5. ^ Ann Prince; Josephine Thoms; John Prince (October 22, 2004). "Natural Communities - Serpentine Grasslands". Learn More About It. Wildlife and Heritage Service, National Office of The Nature Conservancy. Archived from the original on October 30, 2004. Retrieved 2007-12-23. 
  6. ^ Ed Uebel. "- - An Ongoing Survey - -". The Botanical Diversity of Soldiers Delight Natural Environment Area. Retrieved 2007-12-23. [permanent dead link]
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Fleming, Cristol, Marion B. Lobstein, and Barbara Tufty (1995). Finding Wildflowers in the Washington-Baltimore Area. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 312 pages. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt Monteferrante, Frank (1973). "Phytosociological Study of Soldiers Delight, Baltimore County, Maryland". Towson State College, Towson, Maryland. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz Reed, Clyde F. (1984). Floras of the Serpentinite Formations in Eastern North America, with descriptions of geomorphology and mineralogy of the formations. Baltimore Maryland: Reed Herbarium. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca Wennerstrom, Jack (1995). Soldiers Delight Journal - Exploring a Globally Rare Ecosystem. Pittsburg and London: University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 247 pages. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg Worthley, Elmer G. (1955–1985). List of Plants of Soldier's Delight. Unpublished. 

Additional reading[edit]

Other Lists of Plants from Soldiers Delight (and Maryland).[edit]

Woody Plants of Soldiers Delight

Graminoids of Soldiers Delight

Ferns of Soldiers Delight

Lichens of Soldiers Delight

Lichens of Maryland

External links[edit]