|Operator(s)||China Railway High-speed|
|Line length||502.4 km (312 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Operating speed||200 km/h (124 mph)|
|Xiamen-Shenzhen High-speed Railway|
|Line length:||502.4 km (312 mi)|
|Track gauge:||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Maximum speed:||200 km/h (124 mph)|
The Xiamen–Shenzhen Railway (simplified Chinese: 厦深铁路; traditional Chinese: 廈深鐵路; pinyin: Xiàshēn Tiělù) is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line on the southern coast of China. The line, also known as the Xiashen Railway, is named after its two terminal cities Xiamen in Fujian Province and Shenzhen in Guangdong Province, next to Hong Kong. The line has a total length of 502.4 km and forms part of China's Southeast Coast High-Speed Rail Corridor. Construction of the Xiashen Line began on November 23, 2007, and the line entered into operation on December 28, 2013.
The line is designed for trains running at top speeds of 250 kilometres per hour, and has reduced travel time between Xiamen and Shenzhen from 11 hours to 3 hours and 40 minutes.
The Xiamen–Shenzhen Railway follows the rugged southern coast of China. Major cities and towns along route include Zhangzhou, Zhao'an, Raoping, the Chaoshan region (Chaozhou and Shantou), Puning, Shanwei, Huidong and Huizhou.
The Xiamen–Shenzhen Railway is the first railway to be built on the southern coast of China. Most high-speed rail lines in China follow the routes of older conventional railroads, but there were no railways on the southeast coast before the arrival of high-speed rail.
Historically, the southeast coastal region relied on maritime transportation, and rugged terrain made railway construction more expensive. In the first half of the 20th century, warfare and political instability delayed railway construction. During the Cold War, the southeast coast faced the threat of invasion from Republic of China on Taiwan and all railways were built inland. Only when political tensions across the Taiwan Strait eased in the late 1990s did planning of the Xiashen Line proceed.
Construction of the Xiashen Line commenced in November 2007 and the line was initially expected to open in 2011. But the anticipated completion was repeatedly delayed due to further safety reviews and inspections after the Wenzhou High-Speed rail crash. In December 2012, the anticipated opening date was pushed to October 2013. Test runs did not commence until November 2013,. The line officially opened on December 28, 2013 with trains service from Shenzhen North to Shanghai Hongqiao.
At the time of the line's opening, the price of a ticket between Xiamen and Shenzhen was Y181.50 and Y160, respectively, for first and second class seats.
- Xiamen: Fuzhou–Xiamen Railway, Yingtan–Xiamen Railway
- Zhangzhou: Longyan–Xiamen Railway
- Chaoshan: Guangzhou–Meizhou–Shantou Railway (Although the two railways cross, there is no track connection between them, nor a direct transfer station. A transfer between the two lines would involve a several kilometers' bus or car ride)
- Shenzhen: Guangzhou–Shenzhen Railway
- "Xiamen-Shenzhen High-speed railway to open to traffic in 2011" 2010-04-26
- 厦深铁路将于12月26日开通 杭州坐动车去深圳约10小时 Archived October 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. (The Xia-Shen Railway will open for service on December 26 ; 10 hours travel time from Hangzhou to Shenzhen), Qingnian Shibao (青年时报), 2013-10-17
- "Xiamen-Shenzhen high-speed railway expected to open in Oct, 2013" WhatsonXiamen 2012-12-02
- "Rail line starts trial runs" Shenzhen Daily 2013-12-02
- "New rail brings delta cities closer" Shenzhen Daily 2013-12-30
- "Tickets now available for Xiamen-Shenzhen High Speed Railway" 2013-12-26