Pearl River (China)

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Coordinates: 22°46′N 113°38′E / 22.767°N 113.633°E / 22.767; 113.633

Pearl River (珠江)
Zhū Jiāng
Pearl river, Guangzhou.JPG
Pearl River in Guangzhou
Nickname: Pl
Countries China, Vietnam
States Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macau, Cao Bằng, Lạng Sơn
Source various sources of its tributaries
Mouth South China Sea
Length 2,400 km (1,491 mi) [1]
Basin 453,700 km2 (175,175 sq mi) [2]
Discharge
 - average 9,500 m3/s (335,489 cu ft/s) [3]
The course of the Pearl River system through China and Vietnam
Pearl River
Chinese name
Chinese 珠江
Portuguese name
Portuguese Rio das Pérolas
Canton River
Traditional Chinese 粵江
Simplified Chinese 粤江
Literal meaning Yue River
Guangdong River

The Pearl River, also known by its Chinese name Zhujiang and formerly often known as the Canton River, is an extensive river system in southern China. The name "Pearl River" is also often used as a catch-all for the watersheds of the Xi ("West"), Bei ("North"), and Dong ("East") rivers of Guangdong. These rivers are all considered tributaries of the Pearl River because they share a common delta, the Pearl River Delta. Measured from the farthest reaches of the Xi River, the Pearl River system is China's third-longest river, 2,400 kilometres (1,500 mi), after the Yangtze River and the Yellow River, and second largest by volume, after the Yangtze. The 409,480-square-kilometre (158,100 sq mi) Pearl River Basin (珠江流域) drains the majority of Liangguang (Guangdong and Guangxi provinces), as well as parts of Yunnan, Guizhou, Hunan and Jiangxi in China; it also drains parts of Vietnam's Northeast Cao Bằng and Lạng Sơn provinces.

As well as referring to the system as a whole, the Pearl River (Zhu Jiang) name is also applied to a specific branch within the system. This Pearl River is the widest distributary within the delta, although considerably short. The waters that converge east of the Bei Jiang are first referred to as the Pearl River just north of Guangzhou. The Pearl River is famed as the river that flows through Guangzhou. The Pearl River's estuary, Bocca Tigris, is regularly dredged so as to keep it open for ocean vessels. The mouth of the Pearl River forms a large bay in the southeast of the delta, the Pearl River Estuary, the Bocca Tigris separates Shiziyang in the north, Lingdingyang in the south, and Jiuzhouyang at the southern tip of the estuary surrounded by the Wanshan Archipelago. This bay separates Macau and Zhuhai from Hong Kong and Shenzhen.

The Pearl River is named this because of all the pearl colored shells that lie at the bottom of the river in the section that flows through the city of Guangzhou.

A 500 kV-power line, suspended from three of the tallest pylons in the world, the Pylons of Pearl River Crossing, crosses the river near its mouth.

Zhujiang Brewery, one of the three largest domestic breweries in China, is located on the Pearl River Delta within the city of Guangzhou.

Image gallery[edit]

Settlements[edit]

Crossings[edit]

Tributaries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]