南宁市 • Nanzningz Si
Location of Nanning City jurisdiction in Guangxi
|• Party Secretary||Wang Xiaodong|
|• Mayor||Zhou Hongbo|
|• Prefecture-level city||22,189 km2 (8,567 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||6,913,800|
|• Density||310/km2 (810/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|License plate prefixes||桂A|
|Literal meaning||"Southern tranquility"|
Nanning (Chinese: 南宁; pinyin: Nánníng; Zhuang: Nanzningz) is the capital of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. It is known as the "Green City" because of its abundance of lush tropical foliage. As of 2014 it had a population of 6,913,800 with 4,037,000 in its urban area.
- 1 History
- 2 Administrative divisions
- 3 Cityscape
- 4 Economy
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Flora and fauna
- 7 Geography
- 8 Sister cities
- 9 Demographics
- 10 Culture
- 11 Tourism
- 12 Colleges and universities
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
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Nanning, an ancient city with a long history and rich culture, was part of Baiyue ethnic groups in the ancient time. In the first year of Daxing period of Eastern Jin Dynasty (318 AD), Jinxing County, established here as one of the county towns, ushered a history of 1700 years of Nanning organizational system. During the Zhenguan period of Tang dynasty (632 AD), it was renamed Yong state and established Yong government seat, which is why it has been called Yong for short. In the first year of Taiding period of Yuan Dynasty (318 AD), Road Yong State was renamed Road Nanning, referring to a peaceful southern border of our country, which is the origin of Nanning.
In 1076 during the Lý–Song War Yongshou was besieged by Lý forces. Under the leadership of Su Jian, the garrison held out for forty-two days before succumbing: The city was razed to the ground and its people massacred.
In the Yuan dynasty in 1324, it was renamed Nanning Lu (an administrative division) of Yongzhou Lu meaning "May peace maintain in the southern frontier", hence the name Nanning. Historically, Nanning was famous for trade, and had permanent business offices from other areas in China since the Song dynasty.
On December 4, 1949, Nanning was liberated; in January 1950, Nanning municipality was set up, and identified as the capital city of Guangxi on February 8 of the same year; in March 1958, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region was established, and Nanning municipality was the capital city.
Nanning serves as host for the annual China-ASEAN EXPO (CASEAN EXPO) which began in 2005 and was the venue for the 2006 "World Robotics Olympiad".
|Qingxiu District||青秀区||Qīngxiù Qū||Cinghsiu Gih||440,000||872||505|
|Xingning District||兴宁区||Xīngníng Qū||Singhningz Gih||260,000||751||346|
|Jiangnan District||江南区||Jiāngnán Qū||Gyanghnanz Gih||360,000||1,154||312|
|Xixiangtang District||西乡塘区||Xīxiāngtáng Qū||Sihsienghdangz Gih||660,000||1,118||590|
|Liangqing District||良庆区||Liángqìng Qū||Liengzcing Gih||290,000||1,369||212|
|Yongning District||邕宁区||Yōngníng Qū||Yunghningz Gih||320,000||1,295||247|
|Suburb and Rural|
|Wuming District||武鸣区||Wǔmíng Qū||Vujmingz Gih||650,000||3,367||193|
|Heng County||横县||Héng Xiàn||Hwngz Yen||1,080,000||3,464||312|
|Binyang County||宾阳县||Bīnyáng Xiàn||Binhyangz Yen||980,000||2,314||424|
|Shanglin County||上林县||Shànglín Xiàn||Sanglinz Yen||460,000||1,876||245|
|Long'an County||隆安县||Lóng'ān Xiàn||Lungzanh Yen||370,000||2,264||163|
|Mashan County||马山县||Mǎshān Xiàn||Majsanh Yen||510,000||2,345||217|
- Nanning High-Tech Business DZ (南宁高新技术产业开发区)
- Nanning Economic and technology DZ (南宁经济技术开发区)
- Nanning Overseas Chinese Investment Zone (南宁华侨投资区)
- Nanning Qingxiu Mountain Resort/ Tourism Area (南宁青秀山风景名胜旅游区)
- Nanning Xiangsi Lake New Area (南宁相思湖新区)
- Nanning Liujing Industrial Park (南宁六景工业园区)
Nanning is home of the 21st tallest building in the People's Republic of China, the Diwang International Commerce Center, at 276 m (906 ft), currently the tallest building in Guangxi and southwestern China (excluding Chongqing). The second tallest building in Nanning is the World Trade Commerce City at 218 meters. The city currently has seven buildings taller than 100 m (330 ft), built or under construction.
Nanning has many parks with tropical lush green landscape, it is one of the "greenest" cities in China, and it's known as "Green City"(绿城). Nanning's downtown skyline is rapidly changing and the city is becoming an important hub in China.
Recently, the government has begun a citywide beautification plan which aimed to further clean up the city and improve its image. This involved curtailing the number of street-side food vendors operating without proper licenses and restricting parking in busy streets. The program has achieved initial success, long-term efforts are still needed to deliver lasting results.
Foreign exports in 2007 were 10 billion USD. Foreign fixed asset investment was 34.3 billion RMB. Nanning has six development zones and industrial parks, three of which accounted for 6 billion RMB of Nanning's GDP, more than 8 percent of Nanning's total.
Mineral resources include gold, iron, manganese, aluminum, quartz, silver, indium, coal, marble, and granite. One third of China's different types of mineral resources are found in Nanning.
- Guilin High-tech Industrial Development Zone
- Nanning Economic & Technological Development Area
Nanning Metro system is known for its Nanning Rail Transit (NNRT), expected to comprise a total of nine lines. The first has been completed and put into operation in June 2016, while lines 2, 3 and 4 are now under construction. Line 1 connects the East and West of Nanning, linking the financial and political center and the academic and research center of Nanning.
Stations of Line 1 from the West to East are: Shi Bu—Nan Zhi Yuan—Peng Fei— Xi Xiang Tang Coach Station—Minzu Daxue— Qing Chuan—Nanning Zoo— Lu Ban Road—Guangxi University— Bai Cang Ling—Train Station— Chao Yang Plaza—Xin Min Road—Minzu Plaza—Ma Cun,—Nan Hu— Jin Hu Plaza—International Expo—MixCity—China-ASEAN business center—Feng Lin—Lang Dong Coach Station—Bai Hua Lin—Fo Zi Lin—Nanning East Train Station.
Nanning railway station is a railway junction for the Nanning–Kunming, Nanning–Guangzhou and Hunan–Guangxi Railways. There are also plans to build a high-speed railway to Pingxiang on the Vietnamese border. The goal is to better integrate Pan-Pearl River Delta and southeast China with members of the ASEAN.
Guangxi is also a conjunction of Guangdong-Guiyang Highspeed Rail.
Flora and fauna
Nanning's warm climate gives it a large amount of biodiversity. There are many species of animals and more than 3,000 species of plants. The city flower is the Jaba flower, an evergreen shrub, and the city tree is the almond tree which is regarded as the backbone tree used for greening and landscaping throughout the city.
Nanning is situated in a hilly basin with elevations between 70 and 500 m (230 and 1,640 ft) above sea-level. Qingxiu Mountain dominates the southern part of town.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Nanning has a warm, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with an annual mean temperature of 21.82 °C (71.3 °F). Summers are hot and humid with July, the hottest month, having a 24-hour average temperature of 28.4 °C (83.1 °F). Winters are mild and somewhat damp with January, the coolest month, averaging 12.9 °C (55.2 °F) in January. From February to August, rain is most frequent and relative humidity consistently averages above 80 percent; the annual rainfall is 1,310 millimetres (51.6 in). The area is also frost-free for all but 3 or 4 days a year and snowfall is virtually unheard of in the city, with a unique exception since 1900: in December 1975 snow fell on the city albeit without sticking to the ground. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −2.1 to 40.4 °C (28 to 105 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 17 percent in March to 51 percent in September, the city receives 1,585 hours of bright sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Nanning (normals 1971−2000, extremes 1951−2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||32.6
|Average high °C (°F)||16.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||12.9
|Average low °C (°F)||10.0
|Record low °C (°F)||−2.1
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||35.3
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||11.1||13.2||13.8||13.6||16.6||16.3||16.8||16.2||10.5||8.5||6.8||5.9||149.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||78||81||82||81||80||82||82||82||78||75||74||74||79.1|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||69.6||56.7||61.8||91.4||144.0||161.1||196.8||186.1||185.6||163.7||144.2||123.7||1,584.7|
|Percent possible sunshine||21||18||17||24||35||40||48||47||51||46||44||37||35.7|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration, all-time extreme temperature|
- Bundaberg, Australia (1998)
- Khon Kaen, Thailand (2001)
- Crema, Italy (2015)
- Cupertino, United States (2017)
- Davao City, Philippines (2007)
At 2010 census, the total population of Nanning was 6,611,600, among which 2,875,220 were urban residents (after the adjustment of administrative divisions) and 2,480,340 in the built up area made of 5 out of 6 urban districts. Nanning is a city in which Zhuang ethnic group live in compact communities. Thirty-five ethnic groups live in compact communities in Nanning, including people of Zhuang, Han, Yao, Hui, Miao, Dong, and Man minorities.
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Nanning is the center of science and technology, education, culture and health in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. There are altogether 54 scientific research institutes subordinate to districts. 10 colleges and 50 trade schools are training specialised personnel of all kinds. Now there are 62 mass cultural organizations, 13 performing groups, 8 cinemas, 285 projecting units, over 70 karaoke halls and over 1000 newsstands. Bookshops and cultural markets can be found everywhere.
Nanning has not only local cuisine but also food from other areas of China and abroad. Traditional food culture can be found around most streets of Nanning. Nanning food shares the style of Cantonese food and of Southeast Asia. Chinese cuisine including Guangdong, Szechuan, Hunan and Jiangsu as well as Japanese, Thai and Western cuisines can be found.
Rice noodles are very popular among the Nanning people. Laoyou rice noodles are the most famous, while other noodle dishes such as Guilin rice noodles and hand made noodles can be found. Laoyou rice noodles (means old friend rice noodles) made of fry up pepper, sour bamboo shots, black beans and garlic, then pork, and then soup and rice noodles. The sour spicy tasted noodles are very popular and cheep favorable street food for all meals in Nanning. (breakfast, lunch, dinner)
Other places of interest include Nanhu Park, Shishan Park and Nanning Zoo.
Colleges and universities
- Guangxi University (founded 1928) includes Xingjian College (as of 2005)
- Guangxi Arts College
- Guangxi Medical University
- Guangxi University for Nationalities
- Guangxi Teachers Education University (广西师范学院）(founded 1953)
- Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine (广西中医药大学） （founded 1956）
- Guangxi University of Finance and Economics
Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.
- "Illuminating China's Provinces, Municipalities and Autonomous Regions". PRC Central Government Official Website. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
- "3-5主要年份各市按居住地分的城乡人口(2005-2014年)-数析网". www.tjsql.com. Retrieved 2016-03-06.
- According to the table on List of tallest buildings in the People's Republic of China
- 艳梅, 黄; 志雄, 杨 (25 March 2008). "2007南宁市GDP总量首次突破一千亿元人民币". 中新广西网 (in Chinese). Retrieved 23 July 2015.
- "High-speed railway to boost trade". Retrieved 19 February 2011.
- "China starts construction of Nanning-Guangzhou high-speed rail line". Xinhua. 9 November 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- Nanning train schedule (in Chinese)
- 广西再开通运营9对动车组 陈武宣布高铁开通 (Guangxi opens new CRH service, with 9 pairs of train a day. Chen Wu announces the opening of high-speed service), 2013-12-31
- "Profile of Nanning" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 10 June 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2008.
- "Extreme Temperatures Around the World". Retrieved 2013-02-21.
- 中国气象局 国家气象信息中心 (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2010-05-04.
- 南宁市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. 广西壮族自治区统计局 (in Chinese). 南宁市统计局. 6 July 2011.
- China's Southwest. Lonely Planet. 2007. p. 192. ISBN 978-1-74104-185-9.
- Ancient Town of Yangmei
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