The Mielle at Agnos
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||André Bernos|
|• Land1||9.18 km2 (3.54 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||96/km2 (250/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64007 / 64400|
|Elevation||247–535 m (810–1,755 ft)
(avg. 250 m or 820 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Agnosiens or Agnosiennes
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and heritage
- 8 Facilities
- 9 Notable People linked to the commune
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes and references
Agnos is located just 2 km south of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and some 25 km south-west of Pau. It can be accessed on the D155 road from Bidos in the north-east coming south-west to the village then continuing south-east to Gurmençon. The D555 road also passes through the commune from the north and joins the D155 north-east of the village. The commune is mixed farmland and forests with the forests scattered throughout the commune.
Located in the Adour basin, the Mielle river flows from south of the commune forming part of the southern border then continuing north through the village and together with several tributaries rising in the commune joins the Gave d'Oloron north of Oloron-Sainte-Marie.
Historical Places and Hamlets
N.B. None of the above places still exist on modern maps.
The name Agnos appears in the forms:
- Anhos (1364, Fors de Bearn and 1385, Census of Béarn)
- Aynhos (14th century, Census de Béarn)
- Aignos (1675, Reformation of Béarn)
- Agnos (end of 18th century, Cassini Map).
The name of the commune in Béarnese is Anhos.
La Baig designating a wood is a place name mentioned in 1863 by the Bearn-Basque Country topographical dictionary.
This commune was merged with Gurmençon on 1 February 1973 to form the commune called Val-du-Gave d'Aspe. It was restored to its previous status on 1 January 1983.
List of Successive Mayors of Agnos
(Not all data is known)
The town is part of five inter-communal organisations:
- the Community of communes of Piedmont Oloronais
- the SIVU to limite floods in Agnos
- the AEP Union for Agnos-Gurmençon
- the Intercommunal Union for Satitisation for the Aspe gateway
- the energy union for Pyrénées-Atlantiques
In 2010, the commune had 880 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Agnos is part of the urban area of Oloron-Sainte-Marie.
The 2006 classification by INSEE showed the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households (30,687 communes out of 36,681 communes identified). It classed Agnos at the rank of 6,323, for an average income of €18,420.
Culture and heritage
The church of Agnos has a Trinitarian steeple (the presence of a Bell-gable or campenard). It contains furniture  and objects which have been registered as historical monuments since 1993 and 1997 although they were partially destroyed during the fire of 1968.
The Forests of Bugangue and Labaigt are interunion woods managed by the National Office of Forests (ONF) and provide valuable shelter for preserving local flora and fauna. Many species are protected. An arboretum is a result of collaboration with the ONF.
The Mielle, a small stream that rises in Agnos, is listed in the Natura 2000 program for three rare species: white-clawed crayfish, European pond turtles, and the rare European mink which does not exist anywhere in France except in the south-west.
The Pyrenees are rich in scenery and the village of Agnos is the starting point of one of the most attractive routes for cycling across the foothills: From Agnos to Mail Arrouil and back (four hours of cycling or seven hours of walking) in a variety of environments, moors, rocks, meadows with views of the Pyrenees. This route, like many others, is managed by the local hiking plan of the Community of communes of Piémont Oloronais (CCPO).
The model aircraft club welcomes its members in the Sayette neighborhood.
The town has a primary school.
- Multi-Media Library
The Milti-media library project of the CCPO identified the municipal library of Agnos as a relay point.
- Sports and sports equipment
The basketball club merged with that of Asasp in 2006 to form BCHB (Basketball Club of Haut-Bearn).
Catherine Capdevielle, born in 1938 in Agnos, is an athlete specialising in ordeal sprinting.
- Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Official website of the Town Hall (French)
- Official website of the commune (French)
- Community of communes of Piémont oloronais (French)
- INSEE commune file (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Notice of Sandre on Agnos, consulted on 27 September 2009 (French)
- Google Maps
- Paul Raymond, Topographical Dictionary of Béarn-Pays basque
- Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 14 October 2011 (French)
- Manuscript of the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn, 2006, ISBN 2 35068 005 3, page 284 (French)
- Manuscript of the 16th and 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Intercommunalities of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011 (French)
- Statistical Summary by commune, department, and sector of employment, consulted on 9 September 2009 (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000537 Furniture of the Church (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000536 Furniture of the Church (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000535 Furniture of the Church (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000534 Furniture of the Church (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000004 Furniture of the Church (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000003 Furniture of the Church (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000005 Objects of the Church (French)
- Friends of Bugangue website (French)
- National Office of Forests website (French)
- The arboretum is mentioned on the commune website (French)
- CCPO website (French)
- Model Aircraft Club website (French)
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