Armendarits

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Armendarits
Armendarits Town Hall
Armendarits Town Hall
Coat of arms of Armendarits
Coat of arms
Armendarits is located in France
Armendarits
Armendarits
Coordinates: 43°18′09″N 1°10′20″W / 43.3025°N 1.1722°W / 43.3025; -1.1722Coordinates: 43°18′09″N 1°10′20″W / 43.3025°N 1.1722°W / 43.3025; -1.1722
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Bayonne
Canton Iholdy
Intercommunality Iholdi-Ostibarre
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Lucien Delgué
Area
 • Land1 17.27 km2 (6.67 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 381
 • Population2 density 22/km2 (57/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64046 / 64640
Elevation 99–403 m (325–1,322 ft)
(avg. 182 m or 597 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Armendarits (Basque: Armendaritze) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Armendariztar.[1][2]

Lower Navarre House from 1775
Sculpted Lintel
Sculpted Lintel

Geography[edit]

Amendarits is located some 12 km south-west of Saint-Palais and some 8 km north-east of Irissarry and is in the former province of Lower Navarre. Access to the commune is by road D300 from Iholdy in the south to the village. The D8 going east from Iholdy also passes through the southern part of the commune. The D245 from Hélette in the west passes through the commune and the village and continues north to join the D14 just south-east of Méharin. There is also the D408 which links the village to the D8 road inside the commune. Apart from a few patches of forest the commune is entirely farmland.[3]

Numerous streams rise in the commune: the Erreka Handia and its tributaries flows north past the village, the Iharte also flows north to the east of the village, and the Ossinako Erreka forms part of the south-western border as it flows south.[3]

Places and Hamlets[4][edit]

  • Aguerréa[5]
  • Aïntziondoa
  • Albinoritzéko Borda (2 toponyms)
  • Albinoritzia
  • Altchia
  • Alziéta
  • Ameztoya
  • Arbéletchia
  • Armandegia
  • Baratchartéa
  • Barnetchia
  • Bazterrechia
  • Behamendy
  • Béhitia
  • Bidondoa
  • Bigégaïnéa
  • Bistaberry
  • Bordaberria
  • Bordaberriko Borda
  • Bordamaria
  • Bordécharria
  • Bourdinateguia
  • Carrica
  • Céhabia
  • Chichabalé
  • Chimounénéa
  • Chingolaénéa
  • Chocohonia
  • Curutzétako Borda[5]
  • Donamaria
  • Donapétria
  • Donapétriko Borda
  • Donamaria
  • Donastéya
  • Elhina
  • Elinume
  • Elizabéhéréko Borda
  • Elizatchéko Borda
  • Errékartéa
  • Etchartéa
  • Etchebarne[5]
  • Etchébazterréa
  • Etchégoïnberria
  • Etchégoïnberriko Borda
  • Etchégorria
  • Etchénika
  • Etchéparéa
  • Eyhérabidé
  • Eyhéraldéa
  • Eyhéramounoa
  • Fermindéguia
  • Ferminéko Borda
  • Gaïneko-Etchebarnéa
  • Gaïneko-Meharu
  • Garatéa
  • Garatéko Borda
  • Haramburua
  • Harizhanditéguia
  • Hatsandigaraia
  • Iparréa
  • Iribarnéa
  • Irigaraya
  • Ithurburua
  • Ithurburuko Borda
  • Jauregia[6]
  • Jauréguicharria
  • Landetxeberri
  • Larraldéa
  • Larramendia
  • Lazalen Borda
  • Legartoa
  • Lekunberria
  • Marihanditéguia
  • Mehatzia
  • Mendihilia
  • Mendiondo
  • Mendirigaraya
  • Olhanéko Borda
  • Olharanéa
  • Orgalitegia
  • Ossina
  • Oyhanburua
  • Oyhénartéa
  • Pékoborda
  • Pochulua
  • Salla
  • Sallaberria
  • Sallaberriko Borda
  • Sallagoitinéa
  • Sorhoéta
  • Sorogaraia[7] or Sorhogaraya
  • Suhartéko Borda
  • Teïleria
  • Uhaldea[8]
  • Uhartéa
  • Urrutia[9]
  • Urritiko Borda
  • Zedarria

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Armendarits appears in the forms:

Aguerréa was a former fief the vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre that the Topographic Dictionary mentioned with the spelling Aguerre.[5]

Curutzétako Borda (from the basque gurutze, derived from the medieval Latin cruce meaning "cross") could be the places of pilgrimage mentioned in the same dictonary with the name la croix Boria.[5]

The same dictionary indicated[5] that Etchebarne was a place of pilgrimage.

Paul Raymond mentioned in 1863,[5] the fief of Élissetche, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre.

The commune's name today in Basque is Armendaritze.[2]

History[edit]

Paul Raymond[5] noted that Armendarits was a former Barony, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Armendarits
These arms were adopted by the town council in 2002 and are those of the Lords of Armendarits.[15] The blazon of quarters 2 and 3 are those of the village of Armendarits

Blazon:
Quarterly, 1 and 4 Azure with a castel turreted masoned in Sable, port and windows the same; 2 and 3 two cows Gules horned, hoofed, collared, and belled in Argent arranged in pale.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[16]

From To Name Party Position
1939 1964 Bertrand Ilharreborde
1964 1986 Juliette Richard
1986 1989 Laurent Garat
1989 2014 Lucien Delgue UMP President of the Community of Communes

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

Armendarits is part of seven inter-communal structures:[17]

  • the Community of communes of Iholdi-Ostibarre;
  • the AEP association of Arberoue;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for school transport and educational grouping of Méharin and Armendarits;
  • the inter-communal association for development and management of the slaughterhouse at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port;
  • the joint association Garbiki;
  • the association to support Basque culture.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 381 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
706 764 799 805 840 792 809 840 818
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
812 784 751 746 715 705 681 632 638
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
631 623 600 562 510 506 559 512 420
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
446 420 396 386 372 357 - 381 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Armendarits

Economy[edit]

Economic activity is mainly agricultural. The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil Heritage[edit]

  • There is a protohistoric fortified place (a gaztelu zahar) at a place called Elhina.
  • Several Farms date to the 17th century. They are:[18]
  • The Jauregia Manor dates to the 17th century.[6]

Religious Heritage[edit]

  • The Church of Saint Peter[19] dates from the 12th and 18th centuries.

Its cemetery contains many Hilarri:

Facilities[edit]

Education[edit]

The commune has a primary school.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Bernard Renau d'Eliçagaray (Eñaut d'Elizagarai), called little Renau, born in 1652 at Armendarits and died in 1719, was a mathematician, Inspector General of the Navy, in 1689 author of the Theory of Operation of Vessels.[20] He was especially famous for his Bomb vessels.[21] The pastoral of Soule in 2007 (at Camou-Cihigue) was dedicated to him.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  2. ^ a b Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque Language (Basque)
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 1 March 2012 (French)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary Béarn-Basque Country
  6. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000771 Jauregia Manor (French)
  7. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000768 Sorogaraia Farm (French)
  8. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000769 Uhaldea Farm (French)
  9. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000077 Urrutia Farm (French)
  10. ^ a b c d e f French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000792 Presentation of the commune (French)
  11. ^ a b c d e f Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
  12. ^ Cartulary of Bayonne or Book of Gold - Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ Duchesne Collection, volumes 99 to 114, containing the paper by Oihenart, the former imperial librarian - Bibliothèque nationale de France (French)
  14. ^ Chapter of Bayonne - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  15. ^ Arms of France (French)
  16. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  17. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 29 February 2012 (French)
  18. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000819 the farms of Armendarits (French)
  19. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000818 Church of St. Peter (French)
  20. ^ Manex Goyhenetche, General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, page 225. (French)
  21. ^ Stephen Bull (2004). Encyclopedia of military technology and innovation. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-57356-557-8.