Armendarits Town Hall
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Lucien Delgué|
|• Land1||17.27 km2 (6.67 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||22/km2 (57/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64046 / 64640|
|Elevation||99–403 m (325–1,322 ft)
(avg. 182 m or 597 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and Heritage
- 8 Facilities
- 9 Notable people linked to the commune
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes and references
Amendarits is located some 12 km south-west of Saint-Palais and some 8 km north-east of Irissarry and is in the former province of Lower Navarre. Access to the commune is by road D300 from Iholdy in the south to the village. The D8 going east from Iholdy also passes through the southern part of the commune. The D245 from Hélette in the west passes through the commune and the village and continues north to join the D14 just south-east of Méharin. There is also the D408 which links the village to the D8 road inside the commune. Apart from a few patches of forest the commune is entirely farmland.
Numerous streams rise in the commune: the Erreka Handia and its tributaries flows north past the village, the Iharte also flows north to the east of the village, and the Ossinako Erreka forms part of the south-western border as it flows south.
- Albinoritzéko Borda (2 toponyms)
- Bordaberriko Borda
- Curutzétako Borda
- Donapétriko Borda
- Elizabéhéréko Borda
- Elizatchéko Borda
- Etchégoïnberriko Borda
- Ferminéko Borda
- Garatéko Borda
- Ithurburuko Borda
- Lazalen Borda
- Olhanéko Borda
- Sallaberriko Borda
- Sorogaraia or Sorhogaraya
- Suhartéko Borda
- Urritiko Borda
The name Armendarits appears in the forms:
- Armandarys (1249)
- Armendariz and Sancta Maria de Armendarids (1256 for the two forms, Cartulary of Bayonne, page 38)
- Armendaridz (1256)
- armendariz (1264)
- armendarriz (1292)
- Armendaritz (1366 and 1413),
- Armendaritz (1428, Duchesne collaction volume CXIV, page 169)
- Arbendaritz (1529, Chapter of Bayonne)
- Armendaritz (1650)
Curutzétako Borda (from the basque gurutze, derived from the medieval Latin cruce meaning "cross") could be the places of pilgrimage mentioned in the same dictonary with the name la croix Boria.
The same dictionary indicated that Etchebarne was a place of pilgrimage.
|These arms were adopted by the town council in 2002 and are those of the Lords of Armendarits. The blazon of quarters 2 and 3 are those of the village of Armendarits
List of Successive Mayors
|1989||2014||Lucien Delgue||UMP||President of the Community of Communes|
(Not all data is known)
Armendarits is part of seven inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of Iholdi-Ostibarre;
- the AEP association of Arberoue;
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the inter-communal association for school transport and educational grouping of Méharin and Armendarits;
- the inter-communal association for development and management of the slaughterhouse at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port;
- the joint association Garbiki;
- the association to support Basque culture.
In 2009 the commune had 381 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and Heritage
- There is a protohistoric fortified place (a gaztelu zahar) at a place called Elhina.
- Several Farms date to the 17th century. They are:
- The Jauregia Manor dates to the 17th century.
- The Church of Saint Peter dates from the 12th and 18th centuries.
Its cemetery contains many Hilarri:
The commune has a primary school.
- Bernard Renau d'Eliçagaray (Eñaut d'Elizagarai), called little Renau, born in 1652 at Armendarits and died in 1719, was a mathematician, Inspector General of the Navy, in 1689 author of the Theory of Operation of Vessels. He was especially famous for his Bomb vessels. The pastoral of Soule in 2007 (at Camou-Cihigue) was dedicated to him.
- Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Armendaritze in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (Spanish)
- Armendarits on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
- Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque Language (Basque)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 1 March 2012 (French)
- Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary Béarn-Basque Country
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000771 Jauregia Manor (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000768 Sorogaraia Farm (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000769 Uhaldea Farm (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000077 Urrutia Farm (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000792 Presentation of the commune (French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
- Cartulary of Bayonne or Book of Gold - Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Duchesne Collection, volumes 99 to 114, containing the paper by Oihenart, the former imperial librarian - Bibliothèque nationale de France (French)
- Chapter of Bayonne - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Arms of France (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 29 February 2012 (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000819 the farms of Armendarits (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000818 Church of St. Peter (French)
- Manex Goyhenetche, General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, page 225. (French)
- Stephen Bull (2004). Encyclopedia of military technology and innovation. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-57356-557-8.