Arbouet-Sussaute

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Arbouet-Sussaute
School (left) and Town Hall
School (left) and Town Hall
Arbouet-Sussaute is located in France
Arbouet-Sussaute
Arbouet-Sussaute
Coordinates: 43°22′17″N 1°00′00″W / 43.3714°N 1°W / 43.3714; -1Coordinates: 43°22′17″N 1°00′00″W / 43.3714°N 1°W / 43.3714; -1
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Bayonne
Canton Saint-Palais
Intercommunality Amikuze
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Éric Narbais-Jauréguy
Area
 • Land1 14.55 km2 (5.62 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 280
 • Population2 density 19/km2 (50/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64036 / 64120
Elevation 56–195 m (184–640 ft)
(avg. 105 m or 344 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arbouet-Sussaute (Basque: Arboti-Zohota) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arbotiar.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Arbouet-Sussaute is located in the former province of Lower Navarre some 30 km south-east of Peyrehorade and 5 km north-east of Saint-Palais. The D933 road from Saint-Palais in the south-west passes north through the western part of the commune and continues to Osserain-Rivareyte. Access to the village is by the D134 road from the D29 in the north passing south through the village and the commune and continuing south to join the D11 just west of Domezain-Berraute. The intercity bus network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques currently has a stop on its route 865 which goes from Saint-Palais to Orthez. There is also the hamlet of Sussaute to the south-east of the village. A disused line of railway passes from the north to the south-west through the commune.[3]

Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is traversed 3 by tributaries of the Bidouze: the Ruisseau de Récalde and the Lauhirasse and its tributary the Berd.

Historical places and hamlets[4][edit]

  • Achtokotcho
  • Ahutchunia
  • Alguria
  • Amensteya
  • Arbouet
  • Arosteguy
  • Arracouenia
  • Arracumbeheria
  • Arrain
  • Beheity[5]
  • Bel Air
  • Bellaix
  • Berhamborda
  • Bidetoua
  • Bordagnia
  • Celhay
  • Chapar
  • Church of Sussaute
  • Copaenia
  • Elgart
  • Etchart
  • Gallos
  • Hachgarat
  • Harambure
  • Idiartia
  • Iratchetoa
  • Joanconia
  • Lacounia
  • Landutchia
  • Larramendy
  • Laugueroteguia
  • Léchénia
  • Lessaho
  • Mendibure
  • Mendiscoua
  • Mendiskoborda
  • Mitchot
  • Ochaharretta
  • Orania
  • Oxobiçale
  • Pochulia
  • Putchetenia
  • Salanbeheria
  • Sallaberry[5]
  • Saspithurry
  • Sussaute
  • Urchamendy

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Early Records

The name Arbouet appears in the forms:

For Jean-Baptiste Orpustan[7] Arboti is the spelling preserved in basque but the meaning is uncertain. If it is from the Latin (borrowed from arbor(e)), the name may signify a wooded place.

The name Sussaute appears in the forms:

Jean-Baptiste Orpustan[7] suggests a basque origin of zozoeta meaning "Place of blackbirds".

The hamlet Beheity was mentioned in 1863,[5] in the Topographic Dictionary Béarn-Basque Country with the spelling Béhéity.

The Élichetche Farm was cited in 1621[5] (Martin Biscay[9]), with the spelling Eliceche.

Etcheverry is a former fief subject to the Kingdom of Navarre and cited in the 1863 dictionary.[5]

Mauhourat was a former hamlet in Arbouet-Sussaute.[5]

Sallaberry, a farm in the commune, appears with the spelling Salaverri in 1621[5] (Martin Biscay[9]).

Basque Spelling

The current commune name in basque is Arboti-Zohota.[14]

History[edit]

The village of Sussaute was joined with Arbouet on 14 June 1842.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[15]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2001 Jean-Marie Larroque
2001 2014 Éric Narbais-Jauréguy

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of six inter-communal structures:[16]

  • The Community of communes of Amikuze;
  • the AEP association of Mixe Country;
  • the Education regrouping association of Arbérats-Sillègue, Arbouet-Sussaute, Aroue, and Etcharry;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the functioning of schools in Amikuze;
  • the association for the promotion of Basque culture.

Demography[edit]

In 1350 there were 11 fires in Sussaute.[17]

The fiscal census of 1412-1413,[18] made[19] on the orders of Charles III of Navarre, compared with the census of men and weapons that are in this Kingdom of Navarre below the ports in 1551[20] reveals a demography with strong growth. The first indicated the presence in Arbouet of 12 fires, the second with 31 (24 + 7 secondary fires). Similarly in Sussaute, the census of 1412-1413 had 7 fires while that of 1551 had 23 (19 + 4 side lights).

The census of the population of Lower Navarre in 1695[21] counted 52 fires in Arbouet and 50 in Sussaute.

In 2009 the commune had 280 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
615 559 593 572 568 554 530 510 522
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
479 495 504 475 461 654 502 480 444
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
437 477 479 415 373 342 335 368 337
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
320 324 293 289 252 227 249 280 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population Graph

Economy[edit]

The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint John the Baptist[22] at Arbouet dates from 1860. It has been registered in the General Inventory of Cultural Heritage since 2003.

Amenities[edit]

Education[edit]

The school in Arbouet

The town has a kindergarten.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of placenames - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  2. ^ Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language
  3. ^ a b Google Maps
  4. ^ Géoportail, Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 22 December 2011 (French)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of Béarn-Basque Country, 1863 (French)
  6. ^ Cartulary of the Abbey of Saint John of Sorde, published in extracts in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (French)
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
  8. ^ Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  9. ^ a b c Derecho de naturaleza que la merindad de San-Juan-del-pie-del-puerto, una de las seys de Navarra, tiene en Castilla, 1622, petit in-4° (Spanish)
  10. ^ Notaries of Navarrenx - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda
  12. ^ Titles of Mixe - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ Sussaute page on the Cassini Preoject website of EHESS (French)
  14. ^ Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the basque language
  15. ^ List of Mayors of France
  16. ^ Inter-communality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 19 December 2011 (French)
  17. ^ Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, Collective work, Amikuze - the Mixe Country, Éditions Izpegi, 1992, ISBN 2 909262 05 7, page 77 (French)
  18. ^ Census cited by Manex Goyhenetche in his General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, page 26. The same work by Manex Goyhenetche indicated (page 284) that there were an average of 5.5 inhabitants per fire. (French)
  19. ^ Transcribed and published by Ricardo Cierbide, Censos de población de la Baja Navarra, Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen, 1993 (Spanish)
  20. ^ Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E 575, transcribed by Louis Baratchart in The Friends of old Navarre, January 1995, pages 44-54 (French)
  21. ^ Bibliothèque nationale, 6956, Moreau register 979, cited by Manex Goyhenetche in General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, page 299. (French)
  22. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000684 Church of St. John the Baptist (French)