School (left) and Town Hall
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Éric Narbais-Jauréguy|
|• Land1||14.55 km2 (5.62 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||19/km2 (50/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64036 / 64120|
|Elevation||56–195 m (184–640 ft)
(avg. 105 m or 344 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and Heritage
- 8 Amenities
- 9 Gallery
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes and references
Arbouet-Sussaute is located in the former province of Lower Navarre some 30 km south-east of Peyrehorade and 5 km north-east of Saint-Palais. The D933 road from Saint-Palais in the south-west passes north through the western part of the commune and continues to Osserain-Rivareyte. Access to the village is by the D134 road from the D29 in the north passing south through the village and the commune and continuing south to join the D11 just west of Domezain-Berraute. The intercity bus network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques currently has a stop on its route 865 which goes from Saint-Palais to Orthez. There is also the hamlet of Sussaute to the south-east of the village. A disused line of railway passes from the north to the south-west through the commune.
- Bel Air
- Church of Sussaute
- Early Records
The name Arbouet appears in the forms:
- Arbute (12th century, Cartulary of the Abbey of Sorde)
- Arbet (1119)
- Arbut (1125)
- Sanctus Martinus de Arbut (1160)
- Arbbet (1268)
- Arboet (1316, 1350, 1413, and 1472, Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche for the 1472 record)
- Arbuete and Arbuet (1621 for the two forms: Martin Biscay)
The name Sussaute appears in the forms:
- Sansctus Martinus de Sosaute (1160)
- Sosaute (1219 and 1350)
- Sosaute and Sossaute (respectively 1384 and 1405, Notaries of Navarrenx)
- Susauta (1513, Titles of Pamplona)
- Susaute (1519, Titles of Mixe)
- Sussante (1793).
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggests a basque origin of zozoeta meaning "Place of blackbirds".
The hamlet Beheity was mentioned in 1863, in the Topographic Dictionary Béarn-Basque Country with the spelling Béhéity.
Mauhourat was a former hamlet in Arbouet-Sussaute.
- Basque Spelling
The village of Sussaute was joined with Arbouet on 14 June 1842.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of six inter-communal structures:
- The Community of communes of Amikuze;
- the AEP association of Mixe Country;
- the Education regrouping association of Arbérats-Sillègue, Arbouet-Sussaute, Aroue, and Etcharry;
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the inter-communal association for the functioning of schools in Amikuze;
- the association for the promotion of Basque culture.
The fiscal census of 1412-1413, made on the orders of Charles III of Navarre, compared with the census of men and weapons that are in this Kingdom of Navarre below the ports in 1551 reveals a demography with strong growth. The first indicated the presence in Arbouet of 12 fires, the second with 31 (24 + 7 secondary fires). Similarly in Sussaute, the census of 1412-1413 had 7 fires while that of 1551 had 23 (19 + 4 side lights).
In 2009 the commune had 280 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and Heritage
The Church of Saint John the Baptist at Arbouet dates from 1860. It has been registered in the General Inventory of Cultural Heritage since 2003.
The town has a kindergarten.
- Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- ARBOTI-ZOHOTA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (Spanish)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of placenames - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
- Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 22 December 2011 (French)
- Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of Béarn-Basque Country, 1863 (French)
- Cartulary of the Abbey of Saint John of Sorde, published in extracts in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
- Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Derecho de naturaleza que la merindad de San-Juan-del-pie-del-puerto, una de las seys de Navarra, tiene en Castilla, 1622, petit in-4° (Spanish)
- Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda
- Titles of Mixe - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Sussaute page on the Cassini Preoject website of EHESS (French)
- Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the basque language
- List of Mayors of France
- Inter-communality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 19 December 2011 (French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, Collective work, Amikuze - the Mixe Country, Éditions Izpegi, 1992, ISBN 2 909262 05 7, page 77 (French)
- Census cited by Manex Goyhenetche in his General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, page 26. The same work by Manex Goyhenetche indicated (page 284) that there were an average of 5.5 inhabitants per fire. (French)
- Transcribed and published by Ricardo Cierbide, Censos de población de la Baja Navarra, Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen, 1993 (Spanish)
- Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E 575, transcribed by Louis Baratchart in The Friends of old Navarre, January 1995, pages 44-54 (French)
- Bibliothèque nationale, 6956, Moreau register 979, cited by Manex Goyhenetche in General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, page 299. (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000684 Church of St. John the Baptist (French)
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