Anoye

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Anoye
Town hall
Town hall
Anoye is located in France
Anoye
Anoye
Coordinates: 43°23′44″N 0°08′11″W / 43.3956°N 0.1364°W / 43.3956; -0.1364Coordinates: 43°23′44″N 0°08′11″W / 43.3956°N 0.1364°W / 43.3956; -0.1364
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Lembeye
Intercommunality Canton de Lembeye en Vic-Bilh
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean Puyo
Area
 • Land1 9.65 km2 (3.73 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 149
 • Population2 density 15/km2 (40/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64028 / 64350
Elevation 199–344 m (653–1,129 ft)
(avg. 275 m or 902 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Anoye is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

Geography[edit]

The Léez River
Entry to Anoye.
The War Memorial.
The Church of Notre-Dame.
The Town Hall.

Anoye is located some 25 km north-east of Pau and 15 km west of Vic-en-Bigorre. It can be accessed by the D604 road coming north from the D7 just west of Baleix and continuing through the village and the commune north to Maspie-Lalonquere-Juillacq. The D224 road also goes east from the village to Momy and the D207 road forms part of the western border of the commune. The commune is heavily forested in the east and central west however there is a large area of farmland in a central north-south strip and also in the west.

The Léez river, a tributary of the Adour, flows from south to north in the east of the commune with a tributary forming the north-western border of the commune and another tributary forming part of the southern border. A further tributary flows east just south of the village into the Lees.[1]

Historical Places and Hamlets[2][edit]

  • Astis[3][4]
  • Bourdallé[5]
  • Cantou[6]
  • Capdepont
  • Chambord
  • la Commande[7] or Lacommande
  • Dibat
  • Fustié[8]
  • Gassiabère
  • Gué
  • l'Honoré[9]
  • Hourticq[10]
  • Lasbarthes
  • Latare
  • Lermanou[11]
  • Mandou[12]
  • Mouly d'Anoye[13]
  • Mouly deu Poun[14]
  • Nouaou[15]
  • Perrieu
  • Pessarthou[16]
  • Talabot
  • Teulé
  • Trianon
  • Les Trois Fontaines
  • Les Tuquets

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Anoye appears in the forms:

Its name in Bearnais is Anoja (according to the classical norm of Occitan).

Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[24] states that the origin of the name is Latin (noda or noia) and refers to a "marshland".

La Brouste was a wood in the commune of Anoye mentioned in 1778[19] (Census of Anoye[25]) and 1863[19] (Topographical dictionary of Béarn Basque-Country).

According to Paul Raymond, La Cave was a hamlet in Anoye in 1863.[19]

The Chemin de la Commande, connecting Momy to Anoye is part of the Romiu Way - the name applied to all the paths followed from the 11th century by pilgrims to Saint Jacques de Compostela, commonly bordered by command posts, hospitals or hostels. This name appears as lo molin deu Pont sur le Lés (1538,[19] reformation of Béarn[26]) which meant a mill dependent on the Commandery of the Order of Saint-John of Jerusalem at Caubin and Morlaàs.

In 1863 Paul Raymond cited[19] the hamlet Caubin de Sendets as the former commandery of the Order of Malta: cited with the spellings:

  • los Ospitals Sendegs e de Caubin de l'ordie de Sent Johan de Jherusalem (1341,[19] Titles of the Order of Malta[22])
  • L'Espitau de Sendetz d'Anoya (1492 Notaries of Pau[27])
  • L'Espitau de Scendetz and L'Espitau quy lo comanday de Cauby thien (respectively 1538 and 1548, Reformation of Béarn[26])
  • Caubii de Sendets, Boirie Saint-Jacques and La Commande de Sendets (1585 for these three forms, Titles of Anoye[28]).

History[edit]

Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[24] indicates that the village, a stop on the Way of Saint James of Compostela, was identified in the 11th century. There was also a hospital at Anoye run by the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem under the responsibility of the Commander of Caubin.

In 1385, according to the census demanded by Gaston Phoebus, the village of Anoye had 45 fires and depended on the Bailiwick of Lembeye. There was a market, three to four bakeries, and seven shops.[29]

In 1648[19] the Barony of Lons became a marquisate which included Abitain, Anoye, Baleix, Castillon, Juillacq, Le Leu (a hamlet in Oraàs), Lion, Lons, Maspie, Oraàs, Peyrède (fief of Oraàs), Sauvagnon, and Viellepinte. Paul Raymond[19] noted that Anoye was a former archpreisthood of the diocese of Lescar, a member of the Commandery of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Caubin, and of Morlaàs.

Anoye was the chief town of a district called the Clau of Anoye[19] comprising Anoye, Maspie, Juillacq, and Lion.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[30]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2014 Jean Puyo

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

Anoye is a member of four inter-communal structures:[31]

  • The Community of communes of the Canton de Lembeye en Vic-Bilh;
  • The SIVU of Highways of the Canton de Lembeye;
  • The AEP association of the Lembeye Region;
  • The Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 149 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
498 454 480 557 605 543 547 552 535
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
500 438 433 360 379 337 339 330 298
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
294 279 277 233 230 215 202 183 176
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
171 123 111 121 139 142 - 149 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Anoye

Anoye is part of the urban area of Pau.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

A fortified complex[32] (Motte-and-bailey castle, outer courtyard, moat, entry portal, church, castle) was a lordship present in the 11th century.

There are also the ruins of a hospital[7] of the Hospitallers of Saint John of Jerusalem and the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem of Sendets, founded in 1315. They contained two boundary markers,[33] called maltaises, from the 18th century: one being now at the Museum of Morlaàs, the second has disappeared.

Anoye has a grouping of houses[10][34] (including a former Lay Abbey at a place called Astis[3]) and farms[5][6][8][9][11][12][15][16][35] dating from the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries.

The House called the Castle of Salettes[36] was also built in the 17th century and rebuilt in the following centuries. The presbytery,[37] however, dates from the beginning of the 18th century (1701) and was repaired in the 19th century.

Opposite the church, was the commune house[38] dating from 1771.

Also in the commune are a fountain[39] dating from 1652 and two mills[13][14] from the 18th and 19th centuries.

The Bridge[40] over the Léez dates to 1784 and 1790. It is registered in the General Inventory of Cultural Heritage.

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Notre Dame,[41] a former chapel from the 12th, 13th, and 14th centuries, was built and rebuilt in 1757, 1764, and 1878.

It contains furniture,[42] seven windows,[43] paintings,[44] statues,[45] and objects[46] enrolled in the general inventory of cultural heritage, plus a cross,[47] and a tombstone[48] in the cemetery.

Until the end of the 18th century Anoye had another church (Saint-Orens church[4]) at a place called Astis.

Anoye is a step on the via Tolosane (or Toulouse route), the Latin name of one of the four French paths France for the pilgrimage to Saint Jacques de Compostela.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 29 November 2011 (French)
  3. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026870 The Lay Abbey (French)
  4. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026421 Church of Saint-Orens (French)
  5. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026428 The Farm at the place called Bourdallé (French)
  6. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026423 The Farm at the place called Cantou (French)
  7. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027520 The Hospital of the Order of Malta (French)
  8. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026424 The Farm at the place called Fustié (French)
  9. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026430 The Farm at the place called l’Honoré (French)
  10. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026426 The House called Hourticq (French)
  11. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026429 The Farm at the place called Lermanou (French)
  12. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026437 The Farm called the House of Puyo-Ladevèse (French)
  13. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027287 The Mouly d'Anoye (French)
  14. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027508 The Mouly deu Poun (French)
  15. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026433 The Farm at the place called Nouaou (French)
  16. ^ a b French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026434 The Farm at the place called Pessarthou (French)
  17. ^ a b c d Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (French)
  18. ^ a b According to Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn (French)
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of Béarn-Basque Country (French)
  20. ^ According to Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn, page 126 (French)
  21. ^ a b Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  22. ^ a b c Titles of the Order of Malta, Caubin - Departmental archives of Haute-Garonne
  23. ^ The Cassini villages in the communes of today, School of Higher Studies and Social Sciences website (French)
  24. ^ a b Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of Place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  25. ^ Manuscripts from the 12th and 18th centuries - Departmental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  26. ^ a b Manuscript from the 16th to the 18th century - Departmental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  27. ^ Notaries of Pau - Departmental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  28. ^ Titles from the Town Hall of Anoye
  29. ^ Paul Raymond, General Census of Houses in the Viscounty of Béarn in 1385 by order of Gaston Fébus, reprint Manucius, Pau, (ISBN 2-84578-018-4) (French)
  30. ^ List of Mayors of France
  31. ^ Inter-communality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 26 November 2011 (French)
  32. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027289 The Fortified Complex (French)
  33. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64002095 The Maltese markers of the Hospital of Malta (French)
  34. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026422 IA00026440 IA00026439 IA00026438 IA00026432 IA00026425 The Ancient Houses of Anoye (French)
  35. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026435 IA00026431 IA00026427 The Ancient Farms of Anoye (French)
  36. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026419 The Castle of Salettes (French)
  37. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026436 The Presbytery (French)
  38. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026418 The Commune House (French)
  39. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027521 The Fountain of 1652 (French)
  40. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027291 The Bridge over the Léez (French)
  41. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00026420 The Church of Notre Dame (French)
  42. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000031 PM64002085 PM64002084 PM64002083 PM64002082 PM64002081 PM64002080 PM64002079 PM64002076 PM64002073 PM64002072 PM64002071 PM64002070 The Furniture in the Church of Notre Dame (French)
  43. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64002069 The Windows in the Church of Notre Dame (French)
  44. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64002089 PM64002088 The Paintings in the Church of Notre Dame (French)
  45. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64002087 PM64002086 PM64002075 PM64002074 The Statues in the Church of Notre Dame (French)
  46. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64002094 PM64002093 PM64002092 PM64002091 PM64002090 PM64002078 The Objects in the Church of Notre Dame (French)
  47. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64002067 The Funerary Cross (French)
  48. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64002068 The Funerary Slab in the Cemetery (French)