|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Jean-Pierre Casaux|
|• Land1||60.68 km2 (23.43 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||7.1/km2 (18/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64006 / 64490|
|Elevation||420–2,458 m (1,378–8,064 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Administration
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Culture and Heritage
- 7 Facilities
- 8 Notable People linked to the common
- 9 Other pictures
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes and References
Accous is located in the Aspe Valley, one of the three valleys of the High-Béarn, the other valleys being the Ossau Valley in the east and Barétous Valley in the west. From the Spanish border on its southern edge it stretches along Le Labadie river to the point where it joins the Gave d'Aspe. From this river junction the Gave d'Aspe forms the western border of the rest of the commune which extends a further 10 kilometres to the east with the Lac du Montagnon at the north-eastern edge.
The commune is accessed from the north by the Highway N134 which is also Motorway E7. This highway follows the western border of the commune along the Gave d'Aspe then crosses the narrow neck of the commune before continuing to the Spanish border near Candanchu. To access Accous village it is necessary to follow one of a number of country roads - the Daban Athas road probably being the most direct. Apart from country roads within the commune there is no other road access.
The commune is traversed by some tributaries of the Gave d'Oloron, the Besse stream and the Gave d'Aspe, as well as tributaries of the latter such as the Gave Lescun (itself joined in the commune by the Labadie creek) and the Berthe (Accous is fed by the torrent of Araille).
The Cotcharas stream and its tributary, the Congaets stream also flow in the territory of Accous, as tributaries of the Gave d'Aydius, the Gave de Bouren and the Sahun stream.
N.B. Out of the 60 villages noted in the French Wikipedia (for a population of 436) the above are the only ones traceable on google maps and google earth.
Neighboring Communes and Villages
- Achoss and Achost (1154 for both forms, Jean-Louis Vignau)
- Acos (1247, for Aspe)
- Aquos Aspe (1376 from Béarnais military)
- Aquos (1385, Béarn census)
- Abadie de Cos (1538, reformation of Béarn)
- Sanctus Martinus de Acous (1608, insinuations of the diocese of Oloron) and
- Acous (18th century, Cassini map and 1801, Bulletin des lois).
The name of the commune in Gascon dialect is Acós.
The name Appatie (cf. Basque Aphatea) indicates a fief of lay abbots, who were present at Jouers (Abadie in standard Gascon). Note that in the Aspe Valley the voiceless consonants of Latin are preserved. This fief was a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn.
Le Bois d'Arapoup is attested in 1863 in the Topographical Dictionary of the Bearn-Basque Region.
Aület is mentioned in the form Aulet in 1863 by the Topographical Dictionary of the Bearn-Basque Region. Lhers is also cited in the dictionary.
Despourins is also mentioned in 1863 in the Topographical Dictionary of the Bearn-Basque Region.
The name Jouers /juèrs/ was formerly Joertz (1345, Homages of Béarn), probably a metathesis of a Basque word Oïhartz a derivative of Oihan meaning 'forest'. It is found in the spelling Joers (1345) then Jouers (in 1712), and again Joers (1863).
There was a chapel, mentioned by the dictionary of 1863, at a place called Saint-Christau.'
Tillabé was a hamlet of Accous, reported by the dictionary in 1863, and also mentioned in the 18th century 2 in the form Tillaber (record of the proceedings of Accous). Paul Raymond said that Tillabé "was the place of meeting of the aldermen of the Aspe valley."
List of Successive Mayors of Accous
(Not all data is known)
The town is part of five intercommunal organisations:
- the community of communes of the Aspe Valley
- the Energy union in the Pyrenees-Atlantiques
- the Television union of Oloron - Aspe Valley
- the inter-communal union to aid education in the Aspe Valley
- the joint union of Upper-Béarn.
At 15 February 2012, Accous was paired with:
In 2010, the commune had 426 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]
The economy of the town is primarily oriented toward agriculture and animal husbandry. The cheese-making farms are also one of the resources of the commune, which is part of the zone of appellation of Ossau-iraty.
The Toyal plant (a subsidiary of Toyo Aluminium, which produces aluminum powders and pigments, and anti-corrosive coatings), located at the edge of the commune, provides income to Accous through business tax, making of it the richest communes in the valley. This activity has created hundreds of jobs in the valley.
The 2006 INSEE classification, indicated that the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households (30,687 communes out of the 36,681 communes identified) ranked Accous at 24495, for an average income per household of €14,199.
Culture and Heritage
The Accous railway station on the Pau to Canfranc line has been closed to traffic since 1970.
The eco-museum of the Aspe valley is located in an old cheese factory. The manufacturing techniques of making mountain cheese and local culinary traditions are highlighted in the displays.
- The Church of St. Martin
The Church of St. Martin dated partially to the 17th century. It contains four wooden candlesticks from the 18th century and an altar and statues of the same age, classified under "objects" as a historical monuments.
- The chapel of Saint-Saturnin at Jouers
The Romanesque chapel of Saint-Saturnin at Jouers is partially dated from the 12th century.
- The Chapel of Saint-Christau at Aület was rebuilt in the 17th century near three miraculous fountains. Only the first remains, on the east side, consisting of a medieval stone basin and cover. Bathing there permits the casting away of evil spells and to cure fevers, sciatica and epilepsy. It has been renovated.
- The Chapel of Saint-Christophe at Aület was built at the end of the 18th century, rebuilt at the end of the 19th century, then restored in the 20th century.
- The Chapel of St. John the Baptist at Lhers dates from the early 18th century, and was rebuilt in the 19th century.
An abbey of the order of Norbertine is also present in Accous commune.
Accous is on the route of the "via Tolosane": Latin name of one of the four trails in France for pilgrimage to St-Jacques-de-Compostolla. The via Tolosane starts in Arles via Toulouse (hence the name) to the Spanish border at Col du Somport.
Some nearby peaks are:
- Bergon peak: 2148 m
- Marere peak: 2221 meters
- Labigouer peak: 2175 m
- Permayou peak: 2344 m
- Isabe peak: 2463 meters
The town has a primary school, the école du bourg.
Sport and sports structures
Accous is a famous spot for paragliding in the Pyrenees. There are two paragliding schools in the commune:
Accous also has communal lodgings.
- Born in the 17th century
- Born in the 18th century
Bernard Lacoarret (early 18th century), a native of Accous, a lawyer at the Parliament of Navarre.
- Born in the 19th century
Henri Lillaz, born in 1881 in Sainte-Colombe-lès-Vienne and died in 1949 in Paris. He was a politician and general counsel for Accous from 1919 to 1937 Bertrand Lacaste (1897-1994), was born and died in Accous. He was Bishop of Oran from 1946 to 1972.
Notes and References
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc.. , as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE
- Google Maps.
- Topographic Dictionary of Béarn-Basque - Paul Raymond
- Géoportail - IGN, consulted on 14 October 2011
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymical Dictionary of Communes, Béarn, Ed. Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, isbn 2-35068-005-3, page 36
- Archeological Promenade in the Aspe Valley
- Manuscript of the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Manuscrip of 1376 - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Manuscript of the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives des of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Manuscripts of the 17th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Cassini Villages are common today from the website of the University of Social Sciences
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of names for the country - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Ed. Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9
- Hommages de Béarn, Folio 39 - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- The death of Jean-Pierre Cazaux on 30 August 2010 resulted in a commune by-election on 19 September 2010. Reconstitution of the council lead to the election of a new mayor, Eric Bergez. The Republic of the Pyrenees, 15 September 2010
- Intercommunality of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011
- French Atlas of decentralised cooperation and other external actions, website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, consulted on 15 February 2012.
- Statistical Summary by commune, département, and employment category, INSEE website consulted on 9 September 2009
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64001028 House & Farms from 15th to 19th century (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000995 House at rue de Baix (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000994 House at rue de Haut (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000993 House at rue de Haut (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000996 House at rue Madrih (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64001029 Fortified House of 13th and 14th centuries (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000974 Church of Saint-Martin (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000002 4 candlesticks (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000001 Altar and Statues (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000973 Chapel of Saint-Saturnin (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000978 Chapel of Saint-Christophe (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64001073 Chapel of Saint-Jean-Baptiste (Fr)
- Fonds IGN
- Site de l'école de parapente Ascendance
- Site de l'école de parapente Air-attitude
- website for the Aspe Valley
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Accous.|