Andrein

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Andrein
Landscape of Andrein and the Valley of the Gave d'Oloron
Landscape of Andrein and the Valley of the Gave d'Oloron
Andrein is located in France
Andrein
Andrein
Coordinates: 43°23′36″N 0°53′59″W / 43.3933°N 0.8997°W / 43.3933; -0.8997Coordinates: 43°23′36″N 0°53′59″W / 43.3933°N 0.8997°W / 43.3933; -0.8997
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Canton Sauveterre-de-Béarn
Intercommunality Sauveterre-de-Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (1995–2020) Alain Martin
Area1 7.80 km2 (3.01 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 132
 • Density 17/km2 (44/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64022 / 64390
Elevation 57–221 m (187–725 ft)
(avg. 74 m or 243 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Andrein is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Andreinais or Andreinaises[1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Andrein is a béarnaise commune located on the left bank of the Gave d'Oloron 5 kilometres east of Sauveterre-de-Béarn and some 16 km south-west of Orthez. Access to the commune is by road D27 from Sauveterre-de-Bearn passing through the commune and the village and continuing east to Laàs. The D23 road from Burgaronne to L'Hôpital-d'Orion also passes through the north of the commune. The commune is mixed forest and farmland.[2]

Hydrography[edit]

Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the southern border of the commune is formed by the Gave d'Oloron. Numerous streams flow south through the commune to the Gave d'Oloron including the Malourau and the Lourou which forms the eastern border. The northern border is formed by the Arrec Heurre which flows west to eventually join the Gave d'Oleron east of Abitain.[2]

Localities and hamlets[3][edit]

  • Araspy[4]
  • Arrouzère[4]
  • Bachoué Château[4]
  • Baillenx
  • Balespet
  • La Baronnie
  • Bétouzet[4]
  • Bonnemaison
  • Bordenave (2 places)
  • Braile
  • Les Camous
  • Casamayou
  • Castagnède
  • Casteret
  • Charrie[4]
  • Cousté
  • Esploubet
  • Hieyte
  • Hourcade
  • Hourquet
  • Laborde
  • Lagouarde
  • Lauga[4]
  • Lée
  • Louhau
  • Lourou
  • Loustau
  • Maysonnave
  • Monplaisir
  • Moulinau
  • Pellou
  • Pouyau
  • Quartier de Pouyau
  • La Salle[4]
  • Sarrail
  • Suberborde
  • Temboury
  • Téoulé
  • Tinguerot
  • Touroun.[4]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in Béarnese dialect and in Gascon Occitan is Andrenh. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval[5] indicated that the name actually came from the family name Andréas with the suffix -enh. She also mentioned that the villagers were once called "cherry eaters".

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Andrein Andrenh 1385 Raymond
6
Census Village
Andreinh 1544 Raymond
6
Reformation
Sanctus Petrus d'Andrein 1674 Raymond
6
Insinuations
Araspy Araspin 1385 Raymond
8
Census Farm
Araspin de haut 1614 Raymond
8
Reformation
Araspin de baig 1614 Raymond
8
Reformation
Arrouzère Arrosere 1385 Raymond
13
Census Farm
Arrozere 1391 Raymond
13
Navarrenx
Bachoué Bachoué 1641 Raymond
18
Reformation Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn
Bétouzet Bétouzet 1611 Raymond
30
Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn
Carjuzan Carjuzan Raymond
41
Barony, subject to the Viscounts of Béarn
Charrie L'ostau de Xarre 1385 Raymond
48
Census Farm
Charrie 1614 Raymond
48
Reformation
Charie 1863 Raymond
48
Espiubeg Espiubeig 1780 Raymond
61
Denombrement Place
Espiubeigt 1780 Raymond
61
Denombrement
Larsun Larsuno 1540 Raymond
95
Reformation Hamlet
Lauga Lauga 1728 Raymond
96
Denombrement Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn
Le Poey Le Poey 1863 Raymond
136
Place
Sahores Saƒores 1397 Raymond
145
Navarrenx Farm
La Salle La Sale d'Andrenh 1385 Raymond
154
Census Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn, subject to the bailiwick of Sauveterre
La Sala d'Andrenh 1538 Raymond
154
Reformation
Touroun La maison noble du Touron 1728 Raymond
169
Denombrement Fief
Le Turon 1863 Raymond

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond on page 6 of his 1863 dictionary noted that the commune had a Lay Abbey, a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn.[4]

In 1385 Andrein reported 17 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Sauveterre.[4]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[11]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2020 Alain Martin

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of five intercommunal structures:[12]

  • the inter-communal centre for Social Action of Sauveterre-de-Béarn;
  • the community of communes of Sauveterre-de-Béarn;
  • the inter-communal association for the gaves and of Saleys;
  • the AEP association for the Saleys region;
  • the energy association for Pyrénées-Atlantiques

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 132 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
378 238 402 271 286 373 372 364 331
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
327 325 332 289 275 278 242 236 248
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
268 246 231 218 212 210 214 184 142
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
111 110 99 105 103 111 123 132 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Andrein

Economy[edit]

Economic activity is mainly agricultural. The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Environmental heritage[edit]

The Touron de Larochelle is 195 metres high.[3]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Emmanuel Berl, born 2 August 1892 in Vésinet (Seine-et-Oise) and died 21 September 1976 in Paris, was a journalist, historian and French essayist. In 1920 he married Jacqueline Bordes in Andrein.
  • Arthur Hugenschmidt (1862-1929) stayed in Andein in 1928 and 1929 with the Countess of Viforano (daughter of Dr. Joseph Marie Alfred Beni-Barde) according to correspondence from the Presidency of the Republic.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ a b Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  5. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of placenames - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  6. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  7. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  8. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  9. ^ Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th and 18th centuries in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ List of Mayors of France
  12. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011 (French)