|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Jean-Paul Bidart|
|• Land1||14.64 km2 (5.65 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||20/km2 (51/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64008 / 64220|
|Elevation||207–788 m (679–2,585 ft)
(avg. 265 m or 869 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The people of the commune are known as Ahastarr.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Heraldry
- 5 Administration
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Economy
- 8 Culture and heritage
- 9 Facilities
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
- 12 Notes and References
The commune is part of the Cize country (or Garazi in Basque) which was a historical province in Lower Navarre. It includes three former parishes, sometimes counted as four groups of houses in the Middle Ages and with five toponyms: Alciette, Ahaxe, Garatehegi, Ligeta and Bascassan at the confluence of the Laurhibar and Esteneko streams.
Alciette is the parish farthest away to the north-east in the combination of the three parishes.
Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is located some 6 km south-east of Saint-John-Pied-de-Port and can be accessed by Highway D18 running from close to there through the heart of the commune south-east to Lecumberry. The village is not on the highway and is left onto the country road Vierge-d'Ahaxe off the D18 heading south-east. There is a country road from Aincille in the west to the village of Bascassin in the commune and there are other country roads entering from the north and the south-east.
The commune is located in the watershed of the Adour, the commune lands are watered by the Laurhibar, a tributary of the Nive, and a tributary of that, the Esteneko stream. The Apatéko stream, a tributary of the Arzubiko stream also crosses the territory of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan.
- Ahatsaxilo (ancienne paroisse)
- Bernetcheko Borda
- Curutchet (ou Garat)
- Erromatéguia (2 places)
- Garatéko Eyhéra
N.B. Of the above list of historical names from the French Wikipedia only the following are still known to exist today:
Neighbouring Communes and Villages
The commune's name in Basque is Ahatsa-Altzieta Bazkazane.
The toponym Ahaxe appears in the forms:
- Hatce (1167)
- Fax (1194)
- domine de ahacha (1194)
- Assa, Aassa, and Hassa (1249 for these three forms)
- Ahatxa (1300)
- Ahaxa (1302
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicates that the toponym comes from the Basque oronymic base of (h)aitz meaning "rock" or "height".
The people of the commune are called in Basque Ahatsarr.
The toponym Alciette appears in the forms:
- Alsuete (1249)
- La Grange Alsuete (1302, chapter on Bayonne)
- Alçueta (1305)
- Alzueta (1513, titles of Pamplona)
- Alçuete and Alçueta (1350 for these two forms)
- Alchuete (1387)
- Alchuette (1387)
- Alçueta (1621, Martin Biscay)
- Alsiette (1667, settlement of the States of Navarre)
The Basque name for the people of this area is Alzietarr.
According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, Alciette is derived from the medieval Alzueta which itself comes from the Basque alzu meaning "place where there are abundant alder trees".
The name Bascassan appears in the forms:
- Bazquazen (1208),
- Bascaçen (1292),
- Bascacen (1350),
- Bazcacen (1366),
- Basquacen (1413),
- Bazcacen (1513, Titles of Pamplona)
- Vazquacen (1613),
- Vazcazen and Vazaçan (1621 for the last two forms, Martin Biscay)
- Bascassan (1789).
Ahatsaxilo is mentioned in the forms:
- Ahaxachilo (1863)
Bastida is also indicated by Raymond. Errékaldéa is mentioned with the spelling Errecaldia referring to the flowing stream of Bascassan flowing into the Laurhibar.
Curutchet (also called Garat) was a former fief of Ahaxe, a vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre.
The name Garatehegi appears in the forms:
- Garateguia (1350)
- sent jullian et garateheguj (1366)
- la parropie de garatehegi (1413)
- Garatteguy (1518, Titles of Pamplona)
- Garatéhéguy (1708, Regulation of the commander of Irissarry)
- Garateguy (1863)
Garatehegi from Basque means "summit of the high country".
Gaztelua appears with the spelling Gastellu in 1863.
Libiéta is a toponym that appears in the forms:
Ligeta is mentioned in the forms:
List of Successive Mayors of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan
(Not all data is known)
The commune belongs to seven intercommunal structures:
- the community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri;
- the AEP union of Ahaxe-Lecumberry-Mendive;
- the energy union of Pyrenees-Atlantiques;
- the RPI (Intercommunal Education) union Hergaray;
- the intercommunal union for the development and management of the abattoir of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port;
- the joint association for the watershed of the Nive ;
- the union to support Basque culture.
In the census of 1791 there were 337 inhabitants in Ahaxe.
In 2010, the commune had 291 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1][Note 2]
From 1793 to 1836 the population figures shown were only for Ahaxe as Alciette-Bascassan was still separate. Alciette-Bascassan population during that period is shown below.
Economic activity is mainly agricultural. The commune is part of the zone designation of the Ossau-iraty.
The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicating the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households (30,687 communes out of the 36,681 communes identified) classed Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan at a rank of 27,645 with an average income of €13,257.
Culture and heritage
According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the Basque dialect spoken in Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is eastern low Navarrese.
There is a gaztelu zahar (a prehistoric fortified complex) at a place called Gaztalepo (Ahaxe), located 550 metres above sea level. There is also a "lice" or a fence surrounding a fortification running at 313 metres above sea level at a place called Gaztelua or Gastellia. These artifacts represent the ancient past of the commune.
The castle called Château Saint-Julien dates to the 12th century.
The former "benoîterie" (guardian of the church) of Bascassan has been ranked as a historical monument since 30 May 1997.
The church of Saint-André de Bascassan dates to the 17th century.
Those properties classified as historic monuments on 30 May 1997 also concerned their interiors and the cemetery. The Church of Bascassan is the subject of a painting by François-Maurice Roganeau.
The chapel St. Andrew de Bascassan dates to the 12th and 17th centuries. There are items of furniture   from the 17th and 18th centuries, and other objects    registered by the Ministry of Culture.
The church Saint Julien of Antioch  at Ahaxe dates from the middle of the Middle Ages. Its cemetery has been listed in the General Inventory of Cultural Heritage since 21 September 2004. It contains a remarkable collection of "steles discoidales" which are funerary monuments very common in Basque country.
The church Saint-Sauveur-d'Alciette dates to the 12th and 17th centuries and has been listed as a historical monument since 28 April 1987 for its interior painted wood. It contains furniture of the 17th and 18th centuries, a painting and some objects   identified by the Ministry of Culture.
The Cross from the Cemetery at Ahaxe dates from 1827 (inscription on the historic monument dated 28 April 1987).
The commune has a kindergarten.
- AHATSA-ALZIETA-BASKAZANE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (Spanish)
Notes and References
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc.. , as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of country names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Ed. Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Ed. Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2867813964, page 140 (French)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, consulted on 15 October 2011
- Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of Béarn-Pays basque
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000854 Gohonetxea Farm (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000845 Chateau of Saint-Julien (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00084304 The church Saint-Sauveur-d'Alciette (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000871 Presentation nof the Commune (French)
- Chapitre de Bayonne - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Manuscript of the 18th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Manuscripts from the 17th to the 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of des Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Titles publiushed by don José Yanguas y Miranda
- Derecho de naturaleza que la merindad de San-Juan-del-pie-del-puerto, una de las seys de Navarra, tiene en Castilla - 1622 petit in-4° (Spanish)
- Titles of the command of Irissarry - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Duchesne Collection, volumes 99 to 114, closing the papers of Arnauld Oihénart, former Imperial Librarian - Bibliothèque nationale de France
- Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011
- Bibliothèque nationale, 6956, Moreau register 979, cited by Manex Goyhenetche, in General History of the Basque Country - Volume 3, Ed. Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2913156347, page 300 (French). In the same work Manex Goyhenetche indicated (on page 284) an average number of 5.5 people per fire.
- Census cited by Manex Goyhenetche in General History of the Basque Country - Volume 3, Ed. Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2913156347, page 283 (French)
- Fiche of Alciette-Bascassan on the Cassini website of EHESS
- Statistical Summary by commune, départment, and employment sector, INSEE, consulted on 9 September 2009
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000856 Kapila House (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000855 Idioinea Farm (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000851 The benoîterie of Bascassan (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00084303 The church of Saint-André de Bascassan (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000850 The chapel Saint-André (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000021 Furniture from the chapel of Bascassan (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000020 Furniture from the chapel of Bascassan (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000019 Furniture from the chapel of Bascassan (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000018 Referenced objects from the chapel Saint-André (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000017 Referenced objects from the chapel Saint-André (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000016 Referenced objects from the chapel Saint-André (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000844 The church Saint Julien of Antioch (Fr)
- See "Stèle discoïdale" in French Wikipedia
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000015 Furniture from the chapel of Alciette (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000014 Furniture from the chapel of Alciette (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000013 Furniture from the chapel of Alciette (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000012 Furniture from the chapel of Alciette (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000011 Furniture from the chapel of Alciette (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000010 The Painting from the chapel of Alciette (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000009 Objects referenced from the chapel of Alciette (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000008 Objects referenced from the chapel of Alciette (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000007 Objects referenced from the chapel of Alciette (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00084302 The Cross from the cemetery at Ahaxe (Fr)
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