Allahabad High Court

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Allahabad High Court
Allahabad high court.jpg
High Court Building
Established 1869 in Allahabad
1866 in Agra
Country India
Location Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates 25°27′11″N 81°49′14″E / 25.45306°N 81.82056°E / 25.45306; 81.82056Coordinates: 25°27′11″N 81°49′14″E / 25.45306°N 81.82056°E / 25.45306; 81.82056
Composition method Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.
Authorized by Constitution of India
Decisions are appealed to Supreme Court of India
Judge term length Till 62 years of age
Number of positions 160
Website http://www.allahabadhighcourt.in/
Chief Justice
Currently Hon'ble Justice Dhananjay Y. Chandrachud
Since 31 October 2013

The Allahabad High Court or the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad is a high court having jurisdiction over the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh since 1869. It was one of the first high courts to be established in India.

History[edit]

Allahabad became the seat of Government of North-Western Provinces and a High Court was established in 1834 but was shifted to Agra within a year.[1] In 1868 it shifted back to Allahabad.[2][3] The former High Court was located at the Accountant General's office at the University of Allahabad complex.[3]

It was originally founded as the High Court of Judicature for the North-Western Provinces at Agra on 17 March 1866 by the Indian High Courts Act 1861 replacing the old Sadr Diwani Adalat. Sir Walter Morgan, Barrister-at-Law and Mr. Simpson were appointed the first Chief Justice and the first Registrar respectively of the High Court of North-Western Provinces.

The location High Court for the North-Western Provinces was shifted from Agra to Allahabad in 1869 and the name was correspondingly changed to the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad from 11 March 1919.

On 2 November 1925, the Oudh Judicial Commissioner's Court was replaced by the Oudh Chief Court at Lucknow by the Oudh Civil Courts Act of 1925, enacted by the United Provinces Legislature with the previous sanction of the Governor General the passing of this Act.

On 25 February 1948, the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed a resolution requesting the Governor to submit to the Governor General the request of the Assembly to the effect that the High Court of Judicature at Allahabad and the Oudh Chief Court be amalgamated. Consequently, the Chief Court of Oudh was amalgamated with the High Court of Allahabad.

When the state of Uttaranchal, now known as Uttarakhand, was carved out of Uttar Pradesh in 2000, this high court ceased to have jurisdiction over the districts falling in Uttaranchal. Allahabad High court was built by Khan saheb Nizamuddin of Loha Mundi, Agra, India. He also donated the water fountain to the High court.

The Principal Seat seat and benches[edit]

The seat of the court is at Allahabad. Allahabad High Court maintains a permanent circuit bench at Lucknow. The bench consists three highly qualified ex-officio jurists, the administrative capital of the state.

Its maximum number of sanctioned judges is 160, the highest in India.

Chief Justice[edit]

The Chief Justice is Justice Dhananjaya Y. Chandrachud. He was sworn in as Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court on 31 October 2013. He also served as the sitting judge of the Bombay High Court.[4]

Former Chief Justices[edit]

# Chief Justice Term
1 Walter Morgan 1866–1871
2 Robert Stuart 1871–1884
3 William Comer Petheram 1884–1886
4 John Edge 1886–1898
5 Louis Addin Kershaw 1898
6 Arthur Strachey 1898–1901
7 John Stanley 1901–1911
8 Henry Richards 1911–1919
9 Edward Grimwood Mears 1919–1932
10 Shah Muhammad Sulaiman 1932–1937
11 John Gibb Thom 1937–1941
12 Iqbal Ahmad 1941–1946
13 Kamala Kanta Verma 1946–1947
14 Bidhu Bhushan Malik 1947–1955
15 O.H. Mootham 1955–1961
16 Manulal Chunilal Desai 1961–1966
17 Vashishtha Bhargava 25 February 1966 – 7 August 1966
18 Nasirullah Beg 1966–1967
19 Vidyadhar Govind Oak 1967–1971
20 Shashi Kanta Verma 1971–1973
21 Dhatri Saran Mathur 1973–1974
22 Kunwar Bahadur Asthana 1974–1977
23 D. M. Chandrashekhar 1977–1978
24 Satish Chandra 1978–1983
25 Mahesh Narain Shukla 1983–1985
26 Hriday Nath Seth 1986
27 Kalmanje Jagannatha Shetty 1986–1987
28 Dwarka Nath Jha 1987
29 Amitav Banerji 1987–1988
30 Brahma Nath Katju 1988–1989
31 B. P. Jeevan Reddy 1990–1991
32 M. K. Mukherjee 1991–1993
33 S. S. Sodhi 1994–1995
34 A. Lakshman Rao 1995–1996
35 D. P. Mohapatra 1996–1998
36 N. K. Mitra 1999–2000
37 Shyamal Kumar Sen 8 May 2000 – 24 November 2002
38 Tarun Chatterjee 31 January 2003 – 26 August 2004
39 Ajoy Nath Ray 11 January 2005 – 26 January 2007
40 Hemant Laxman Gokhale 7 March 2007 – 8 March 2009
41 Chandramauli Kumar Prasad 20 March 2009 – 7 February 2010
42 Ferdino Inacio Rebello 26 June 2010 – 30 July 2011
43 Syed Rafat Alam 4 August 2011 – 8 August 2012
44 Shiva Kirti Singh 17 October 2012 – 18 September 2013
45 Dhananjay Y. Chandrachud 31 October 2013 – present

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ashutosh Joshi (1 January 2008). Town Planning Regeneration of Cities. New India Publishing. p. 93. ISBN 8189422820. 
  2. ^ Ashutosh Joshi (1 January 2008). Town Planning Regeneration of Cities. New India Publishing. p. 122. ISBN 8189422820. 
  3. ^ a b Ashutosh Joshi (1 January 2008). Town Planning Regeneration of Cities. New India Publishing. p. 118. ISBN 8189422820. 
  4. ^ "Hon'ble Dr. Justice Dhananjaya Yashwant Chandrachud (CJ)". Allahabadhighcourt.in. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]